162,022 results match your criteria health promotion

Penetrating aortic ulcer post migration of thoracic aortic endoprosthesis: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 20;85:106219. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Vascular Surgery Unit, AOUP Policlinico 'P. Giaccone', Palermo, Italy; Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the first treatment option for many thoracic aortic pathologies. Especially after aortic dissections, it is possible to have progression during follow-up with appearance of new lesions on arterial wall. Herein, we report a case of Penetrating Aortic Ulcer (PAU) post release of Thoracic endoprosthesis. Read More

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Transcervical approach for carotid artery stenting with transitory reversal flow: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 17;85:106206. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Vascular Surgery Unit, AOUP Policlinico 'P. Giaccone', Palermo, Italy; Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been indicated as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy in high risk patients. Sometimes, an aortic arch can be anatomically unfavourable for CAS. Herein we report our experience in a case of CAS with transcervical approach. Read More

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Sleep-related problems and eating habits during COVID-19 lockdown in a southern Brazilian youth sample.

Sleep Med 2021 Jul 7;85:150-156. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Sports and Computer Science, Universidad Pablo de Olavide (UPO), 41013 Seville, Spain; PDU EFISAL, Centro Universitario Regional Noreste, Universidad de la República (UDELAR), 40000 Rivera, Uruguay. Electronic address:

The pandemic has affected children's behaviors and this fact has an effect on their healthy habits, such as sleep and diet. The aim of the current study was to determinate the prevalence of sleep-related problems and its relationship with eating habits in children from the south of Brazil during the pandemic. Parents/legal guardians of 3-17 years old participants responded to a online survey distributed using the snowball sampling strategy in Brazil. Read More

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Dystrophin and metalloproteinase 9 in myocardial ischemia: A post-mortem immunohistochemical study.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Jul 25;53:101948. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, via Consolare Valeria, 1, 98125 Messina, Italy.

The presented study evaluated the expression of dystrophin and MMP-9 in cases of sudden cardiac death (SCD) due to coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) in order to analyze the characteristics and the chronology of their expression, providing evidence on the possible role in post-mortem diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. The expression of these proteins was also compared to C5b-9 complex and fibronectin expression to evaluate any differences. Two groups of CAD-related SCD, respectively group 1 with gross and/or histological evidence and group 2 with no specific histological signs of myocardial ischemia, were used. Read More

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Hand hygiene in health care: 20 years of ongoing advances and perspectives.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Aug;21(8):e209-e221

Infection Control Programme, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Health-care-associated infections are the most prevalent adverse events of hospital care, posing a substantial threat to patient safety and burden on society. Hand hygiene with alcohol-based hand rub is the most effective preventive strategy to reduce health-care-associated infections. Over the past two decades, various interventions have been introduced and studied to improve hand hygiene compliance among health-care workers. Read More

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Cameroon's bold response to the COVID-19 pandemic during the first and second waves.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Aug;21(8):1064-1065

Public Health Emergency Operations Coordination Centre, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Epicentre, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Electronic address:

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Effects of Intuitive Eating on the Quality of Life and Wellbeing of Yoga Practitioners, Physical Activity Practitioners and Sedentary Individuals.

Altern Ther Health Med 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

This study is a comparative analysis of the effects of intuitive eating and correlations with quality of life and wellbeing in Yoga practitioners, physical activity practitioners and sedentary individuals. The study involved 204 participants, comprising 66 Yoga practitioners, 74 physical activity practitioners and 64 sedentary individuals, between the ages of 20 and 59, who were resident in Brazil at the time of the study. Quantitative research was conducted through Facebook and the application questionnaires via Google Forms to measure intuitive eating, food consumption, quality of life, stress level, satisfaction with body image and level of mindfulness. Read More

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"Real world" eligibility for aducanumab.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Geriatric Unit, IRCCS Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, Milan, Italy.

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The impact of air pollution on COVID-19 pandemic varied within different cities in South America using different models.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Center for Excellence in Regional Atmospheric Environment, Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China.

There is a rising concern that air pollution plays an important role in the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the results were not consistent on the association between air pollution and the spread of COVID-19. In the study, air pollution data and the confirmed cases of COVID-19 were both gathered from five severe cities across three countries in South America. Read More

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Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in school children at the Thai-Myanmar border.

Parasitol Res 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

Few data are available on the genetic identity of enteric protists Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Enterocytozoon bieneusi in humans in Thailand. In this study, 254 stool samples were collected from primary school children from Ratchaburi Province at the Thai-Myanmar border and examined for Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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Prevalence and patterns of gestational parent's own milk feeds among infants with major congenital surgical anomalies in the NICU.

J Perinatol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, St Louis, MO, USA.

Objective: To describe the prevalence and patterns of gestational parent's own milk (GPOM) feedings among infants undergoing major surgery during their neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission.

Study Design: We analyzed de-identified electronic medical records of all infants admitted to a regional NICU 2014-2015 who underwent surgery for a gastrointestinal, cardiac, or other major organ system defect(s).

Results: Of 79 infants, 85% received any GPOM during the NICU hospitalization. Read More

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Preanalytic and analytic factors affecting the measurement of haemoglobin concentration: impact on global estimates of anaemia prevalence.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 Jul;6(7)

Population Health and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

The accuracy of haemoglobin concentration measurements is crucial for deriving global anaemia prevalence estimates and monitoring anaemia reduction strategies. In this analysis, we examined and quantified the factors affecting preanalytic and analytic variation in haemoglobin concentrations. Using cross-sectional data from three field studies (in children, pregnant and nonpregnant women), we examined the difference in haemoglobin concentration between venous-drawn and capillary-drawn blood measured by HemoCue (ie, preanalytic) and modelled how the bias observed may affect anaemia prevalence estimates in population surveys and anaemia public health severity classification across countries. Read More

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Physical activity and sedentary behavior in people with spinal cord injury: Mitigation strategies during COVID-19 on behalf of ACSM-EIM and HL-PIVOT.

Disabil Health J 2021 Jul 24:101177. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Healthy Living for Pandemic Event Protection (HL - PIVOT) Network, Chicago, IL, USA.

People with spinal cord injury (SCI) face unique challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic, including greater risk of poor COVID-19-related outcomes, increased social isolation, and restricted access to important services. Furthermore, COVID-19 related restrictions have decreased already low levels of physical activity (PA) in this population. Therefore, the purpose of this commentary is to: 1) address the impact of COVID-19 on PA and sedentary behavior (SB) in people with SCI; 2) provide potential SB reduction strategies to guide future research; and 3) provide recommendations to increase PA and reduce SB on behalf of the American College of Sports Medicine Exercise is Medicine (ACSM-EIM) and Healthy Living for Pandemic Event Protection (HL-PIVOT) using a social-ecological model targeting the individual-, social environment-, physical environment-, and policy-level determinants of behavior in people with SCI. Read More

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Barriers to hepatitis C treatment among secondary needle and syringe program clients and opportunities to intervene.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Jul 27:103387. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Disease Elimination Program, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Epidemiology and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: At least 160,000 Australians are living with hepatitis C (HCV), many of whom are people who inject drugs and access needle and syringe programs (NSP). Secondary NSPs provide injecting equipment via health services that are not dedicated to the provision of services to people who inject drugs; these sites could be a suitable space to increase engagement of people who inject drugs in HCV treatment. Drawing on data from a pilot study exploring the potential of upscaling linkage to HCV care in secondary NSPs, the aim of this research was to explore barriers and enablers to HCV treatment for clients who use these services. Read More

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Prevalence of breastfeeding in children with congenital heart diseases and down syndrome.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021 Aug 15;44:458-462. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia (IC/FUC), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: According to the World Health Organization, the worldwide incidence of Down syndrome is one in a thousand live births a year. Of these, it is estimated that 20-60% have congenital heart disease, a factor that hinders breastfeeding. Considering the numerous benefits of breastfeeding, a study verifying this prevalence in children with Down syndrome and congenital heart disease is indispensable, and this is not yet evidenced in the literature. Read More

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Normative data for handgrip strength in Iranian healthy children and adolescents aged 7-18 years: comparison with international norms.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jul 30;47(1):164. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands.

Background: Grip strength is an essential component of physical fitness. The objective of this study was to develop normative handgrip strength data for Iranian healthy boys and girls comparing their handgrip strength with international reference values.

Methods: Handgrip strength was measured in 2637 healthy children/adolescents (1391 boys and 1246 girls), aged 7-18 years, using a standard adjustable Jamar hand dynamometer (Model 5030 J1, Sammons Preston Rolyan, Bolingbrook, IL, USA). Read More

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Efficacy of IVRS-based mHealth intervention in reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome: A cluster randomized trial.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jun 21;15(5):102182. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Academic Research Development Unit, Rajasthan University of Health Sciences, 302033, Jaipur, India.

Aims: Efficacy of mobile-phone based intervention for reducing cardiovascular risk in metabolic syndrome (MetSyn).

Methods: We screened adults 20-60 years in 10 villages in India for MetSyn using stratified cluster sampling. Lifestyle and biochemical risk factors were assessed. Read More

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Complementary and alternative medicine mind-body approaches used among racially and ethnically diverse adolescents.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Jul 27;61:254-259. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Marquette University College of Nursing, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among racially and ethnically diverse adolescents. Greater understanding of CAM use among this group is warranted to better inform health care providers in delivering a culturally relevant health promotion approach.

Design And Methods: A secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2012 Child Complementary and Alternative Medicine Supplement of the National Health Interview Survey (CAM-NHIS) data, which was collected from a national sample of adolescents aged 12-17 years. Read More

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Physiologically based serum ferritin thresholds for iron deficiency in children and non-pregnant women: a US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) serial cross-sectional study.

Lancet Haematol 2021 Aug;8(8):e572-e582

Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Serum ferritin concentrations are the most widely used indicator for iron deficiency. WHO determined that insufficient data are available to revise the serum ferritin thresholds of less than 12 μg/L for children and less than 15 μg/L for women, which were developed on the basis of expert opinion, to define iron deficiency. We aimed to derive new physiologically based serum ferritin concentration thresholds for iron deficiency in healthy young children and non-pregnant women using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Read More

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Integrating mental health connections in community academic partnerships.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Helen S. Breidegam School of Nursing and Public Health, Moravian College, Bethlehem, USA.

Background: Community academic partnerships (CAPs) connect students to interprofessional collaborations and expand clinical experiences beyond traditional settings. Serious and persistent mental health problems represent an important action area within population health. Mental health disorders across the lifespan are often co-morbid with substance use, poverty, and community violence. Read More

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The influencing factors of sleep quality among Chinese junior and senior high school adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Trop Pediatr 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430071, China.

Background: Since coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, its terrible infectiousness has caused great panic, anxiety and poor sleep quality to the vulnerable adolescent populations.

Methods: This cross-sectional online survey recruited 10,569 Chinese junior and senior high school adolescents during January 31 to February 9, 2020. Basic sociodemographic information, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Fear of negative evaluation (FNE) were included in the survey. Read More

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Donor-derived ehrlichiosis: two clusters following solid organ transplantation.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Transplant Surgery, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA.

Ehrlichiosis has been infrequently described as transmissible through organ transplantation. Two donor derived clusters of ehrlichiosis are described here. During the summer of 2020, two cases of ehrlichiosis were reported to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for investigation. Read More

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High-frequency assessment of air and water quality at a concentration animal feeding operation during wastewater application to spray fields.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 16;288:117801. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Geological Sciences, Thomas Harriot College of Arts and Sciences, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.

Air and water quality at a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) in Eastern North Carolina that uses a covered lagoon and anaerobic digester was evaluated for 2 weeks in August 2020. Real-time PM mass concentrations were determined using a reference ADR-1500 nephelometer and high-frequency measurements of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) were evaluated using autonomously logging sensors. Air and water quality parameters were assessed before, during and after wastewater from the lagoon was irrigated onto adjacent spray fields. Read More

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Acute responses of airway oxidative stress, inflammation, and hemodynamic markers to ambient PM and their trace metal contents among healthy adolescences: A panel study in highly polluted versus low polluted regions.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 16;288:117797. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Health Office, Education Department of East Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran.

Particulate air pollutants are known contributors to global cardiorespiratory mortality through several pathways. We examined the effects of varied exposure to PM and trace metals on biological markers of airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and hemodynamic function of young individuals living in two different exposure settings. We enrolled and followed a panel of 97 healthy nonsmoking participants aged 15-18 years living in a highly polluted metropolitan city of Tabriz (TBZ) and a much less polluted semi-urban town of Hadishahr (HDS). Read More

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Australian men's initial pathways to mental health services.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Orygen, Parkville, Melbourne, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Many men are challenged by barriers to mental health help-seeking and engagement. For men who do access care, their pathways to engaging services can offer important insights to what might constitute gender-specific care.

Methods: Data were drawn from an online cross-sectional survey of N=2009 Australian men (aged 16-85; M=43. Read More

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[Psychosocial stress at work and disease risks : Scientific evidence and implications for practice].

Internist (Berl) 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Life Science Center, Merowingerplatz 1a, 40225, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

The modern working world makes a significant contribution to the development of diseases, which goes far beyond the field of traditional occupational diseases. Despite technological progress and successful medical healthcare, distinct widely disseminated psychosocial working conditions contribute to a remarkable burden of work-related diseases. By inducing chronic activation of psychobiological stress reactions, they promote the development of various physical and mental disorders. Read More

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Building an Interactive Geospatial Visualization Application for National Health Care-Associated Infection Surveillance: Development Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Jul 30;7(7):e23528. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) is the most widely used health care-associated infection (HAI) and antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance program in the United States. Over 37,000 health care facilities participate in the program and submit a large volume of surveillance data. These data are used by the facilities themselves, the CDC, and other agencies and organizations for a variety of purposes, including infection prevention, antimicrobial stewardship, and clinical quality measurement. Read More

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Email Patient-Provider Communication and Cancer Screenings Among US Adults: Cross-sectional Study.

JMIR Cancer 2021 Jul 30;7(3):e23790. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research, Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States.

Background: The growth of electronic medical records and use of patient portals have allowed for patients and health care providers to communicate via email and direct messaging between health care visits. Email patient-provider communication (PPC) may enhance traditional face-to-face PPC by allowing patients to ask questions, receive clear explanations, engage in shared decision-making, and confirm their understanding between in-person visits. Despite increasing trends in the use of email PPC since the early 2000s, few studies have evaluated associations between email PPC and the uptake of preventive services. Read More

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Central command-related increases in blood velocity of anterior cerebral artery and prefrontal oxygenation at the onset of voluntary tapping.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2021 07 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Applied Clinical Research, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States.

The anterior cerebral artery (ACA) supplies blood predominantly to the frontal lobe including the prefrontal cortex. Our laboratory reported that prefrontal oxygenated-hemoglobin concentration (Oxy-Hb) increases prior to and at exercise onset, as long as exercise is arbitrarily started. Moreover, the increased prefrontal oxygenation seems independent of both exercise intensity and muscle mass. Read More

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