Can J Cardiol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Research Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Division of General Internal Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:
The prevalence of maternal cardiovascular disease (CVD) has risen throughout the developed world, reflecting an increase in acquired cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and diabetes, and the improved life expectancy of those living with congenital CVD due to advances in care. Because many cardiovascular risk factors or cardiovascular conditions are associated with infertility, reproductive-aged women with CVD may increasingly seek reproductive assistance. The worldwide use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or intrauterine insemination following pharmacological ovulation induction have increased steadily over the last several decades. Read More