Dev Sci 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.
Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders, Neuroimaging for Language, Literacy, and Learning, College of Education and Human Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.
To explore the neural substrates of executive function (EF), we conducted an activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis of 408 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies (9639 participants, 7587 activation foci, 518 experimental contrasts) covering three fundamental EF subcomponents: inhibition, switching, and working memory. Our results found that activation common to all three EF subcomponents converged in the multiple-demand network across adolescence and adulthood. The function of EF with the multiple-demand network involved, especially for the prefrontal cortex and the parietal regions, could not be mature until adulthood. Read More