J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Sep-Oct;34(5):891-897
From the Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (SB); Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA (DJA); Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania (SB); Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (IJLH); Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, University of Chicago (ELT); Chicago Center for Diabetes Translation Research, University of Chicago (ELT); Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania (PFC); Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania (PFC); Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania (PFC).
Introduction: Evidence suggests that clinicians may view or label patients as nonadherent in a biased manner. Therefore, we performed a retrospective cohort analysis exploring associations between patient demographics and zip code-level income with the (ICD-10) diagnoses for nonadherence among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, comparing primary and specialty care settings. Providers in the primary care group included internal medicine and family medicine physicians. Read More