111,144 results match your criteria haemodialysis patients


Relationship of abdominal aortic calcification with lumbar vertebral volumetric bone mineral density assessed by quantitative computed tomography in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

Arch Osteoporos 2022 Jan 26;17(1):24. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Clinical Epidemiology Research Center, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Introduction: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), which is a marker of vascular calcification, and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.

Methods: All participants underwent lumbar vertebral vBMD measurement by QCT. Eight cross-sections were extracted sequentially and analyzed by ImageJ software to obtain the ratio of the calcified area to the abdominal aortic area (the calcification ratio). Read More

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January 2022

Fragmented QRS complex on a 12-lead electrocardiogram predicts cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in dialysis patients.

Semin Dial 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ionic-Molecular Function of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Institute of Cardiology, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Fragmented QRS complex (fQRS) has been reported as a helpful marker in evaluating various cardiovascular pathologies. We aimed to investigate the value of the fQRS complex clinical decision of ESRD patients receiving dialysis. Read More

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January 2022

Positive coping style reduction in elderly end-stage renal disease patients: mediating role of white matter mean diffusivity.

Neuroradiology 2022 Jan 26. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Department of Radiology, Geriatric Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210024, Jiangsu, China.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore elderly patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) white matter changes, the relationship between white matter (WM) abnormalities and emotional regulation strategies, coping styles in elderly ESRD patients.

Methods: Twenty-eight elderly ESRD patients and twenty-eight sex and age matched healthy controls (HC) were included in this study. Tract-based spatial statistic (TBSS) was used to investigate the microstructural changes of WM. Read More

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January 2022

Urinary Tract Infection in Hemodialysis-Dependent End-Stage Renal Disease Patients.

Res Rep Urol 2022 16;14:7-15. Epub 2022 Jan 16.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyze urinalysis findings and urinary bacterial culture in hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients. The research goal was to understand the proportion, risk factors, and the causative organisms of urinary tract infection in hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients.

Materials And Methods: Between May 2020 and June 2021, this study included 100 hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease patients (50 male patients and 50 female patients). Read More

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January 2022

Transplantation Mediates Much of the Racial Disparity in Survival from Childhood-onset Kidney Failure.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

S Mendley, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, United States

The role of kidney transplantation in differential survival in Black and White patients with childhood-onset kidney failure is unexplored. We analyzed 30-year cohort data of children beginning renal replacement therapy (RRT) before age 18 between January 1980 and December 2017 (n=28,337) in the U.S. Read More

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January 2022

Validation of the ACS-NSQIP Risk Calculator: A Machine-Learning Risk Tool for Predicting Complications and Mortality Following Adult Spinal Deformity Corrective Surgery.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Dec;15(6):1198-1204

Departments of Orthopaedic and Neurologic Surgery, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital; New York Spine Institute, New York, New York, USA

Objective: To calculate the risk for postoperative complications and mortality after corrective surgery of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) surgical risk calculator (SRC).

Methods: Patients aged ≥18 years undergoing corrective surgery for ASD were identified. Current procedural terminology (CPT) codes of 22800, 22802, 22804, 22808, 22801, 22812, 22818, 22819, 22843, 22844, 22846, 22847, 22842, and 22845 were assessed if the patient had an (ICD-9) scoliosis diagnosis (737. Read More

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December 2021

Cohort profile: Alliance for Quality Assessment in Healthcare-Dialysis (AQuAH-D) prospective cohort study of patients on haemodialysis in Japan.

BMJ Open 2022 Jan 25;12(1):e054427. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Section of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Community Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Purpose: The global burden of kidney failure is increasing, but the treatment of kidney failure varies widely between patients, between dialysis facilities and over time. The Alliance for Quality Assessment in Healthcare-Dialysis (AQuAH-D) aims to conduct efficient and timely cohort studies on associations between those variations and clinical and patient-reported outcomes.

Participants: Included are outpatients aged 20 years old or older who are undergoing haemodialysis and have consented to participate. Read More

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January 2022

[Left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis patient: Prevalence, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic study and associated risk factors].

Nephrol Ther 2022 Jan 22. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Service de médecine interne A, hôpital Charles Nicolle, Tunis, Tunisie.

Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy is the most prevalent cardiac abnormality in hemodialysis patients. The diagnosis of this abnormality is possible by electrocardiogram and/or echocardiography. Our study aimed to assess the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis patients and the accuracy of different electrocardiographic criteria. Read More

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January 2022

Long-term glycemic variability and the risk of mortality in diabetic patients receiving peritoneal dialysis.

PLoS One 2022 25;17(1):e0262880. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Research and Development Center at Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden.

Background: The large amount of glucose in the dialysate used in peritoneal dialysis (PD) likely affects the glycemic control. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between HbA1c variability, as a measure of long-term glycemic variability, and the risk of all-cause mortality in diabetic patients with PD.

Methods: 325 patients with diabetes and ESRD were followed (2008-2018) in the Swedish Renal Registry. Read More

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January 2022

Omental Procedures During Peritoneal Dialysis Insertion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

World J Surg 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Objectives: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an option for ultrafiltration for patients with end-stage renal disease. Once placed, PD catheters may malfunction often due to omental wrapping. Omental procedures such as omentectomy and omentopexy may reduce this risk. Read More

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January 2022

The emerging role of magnesium in CKD.

Authors:
Yusuke Sakaguchi

Clin Exp Nephrol 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Inter-Organ Communication Research in Kidney Diseases, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, 565-0871, Japan.

Increasing evidence has suggested a clinical relevance of magnesium in the context of vascular calcification and mortality among patients with CKD. Hypomagnesemia is not rare among non-dialysis CKD patients despite their decreased glomerular filtration rates; the prevalence rate was about 15% even in CKD stages G4 and G5. Among several potential causes of hypomagnesemia, tubular dysfunction/interstitial fibrosis may play a pivotal role in the development of hypomagnesemia in CKD, which impairs tubular magnesium reabsorption. Read More

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January 2022

Mortality and Resource Use Among Individuals With Chronic Kidney Disease or Cancer in Alberta, Canada, 2004-2015.

JAMA Netw Open 2022 Jan 4;5(1):e2144713. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Importance: Although the public is aware that cancer is associated with excess mortality and adverse outcomes, the clinical consequences of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are not well understood.

Objective: To compare the clinical consequences of incident severe CKD and the first diagnosis with a malignant tumor, focusing on the 10 leading causes of cancer in men and women residing in Canada.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based cohort study enrolled individuals aged 19 years and older with severe CKD or certain types of cancer between 2004 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada. Read More

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January 2022

Proportional integral feedback control of ultrafiltration rate in hemodialysis.

Int J Artif Organs 2022 Jan 25:3913988211069395. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Renal Research Institute, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Most hemodialysis patients without residual kidney function accumulate fluid between dialysis session that needs to be removed by ultrafiltration. Ultrafiltration usually results in a decline in relative blood volume (RBV). Recent epidemiological research has identified RBV ranges that were associated with significantly better survival. Read More

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January 2022

Quantification of dissolved H and continuous monitoring of hydrogen-rich water for haemodialysis applications: An experimental study.

Int J Artif Organs 2022 Jan 25:3913988211070588. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Institute of Physiology, RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Aachen, Germany.

The prevalence of oxidative and inflammatory stress in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients has often been associated with chronic haemodialysis therapies. Over the past decades, several reports have shown the potential of hydrogen molecule as an antioxidant in the treatment of various medical conditions in animal models, as well as in pilot studies with human patients. Recently, a hydrogen-enriched dialysate solution has been introduced, holding promise in reducing the oxidative and/or inflammatory complications arising during haemodialysis. Read More

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January 2022

Impact of the nature of the capillary wall on plasma refilling during hemodialysis.

Int J Artif Organs 2022 Jan 25:3913988211070596. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Division of Medical Engineering, Faculty of Medical Care Sciences, Himeji Dokkyo University, Himeji City, Hyogo, Japan.

Objectives: Our aim was to clarify the impact of the nature of the capillary wall, defined by the contribution of large (LP), small (SP), and ultrasmall (UP) pores, on plasma refilling in a hemodialysis session.

Methods: This study included data from 78 patients. The relative blood volume change (ΔBV%) was monitored using a Crit-Line monitor. Read More

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January 2022

Increasing trends in hemodialysis and living donor kidney transplantation for children and young people in the United Kingdom.

Pediatr Transplant 2022 Jan 24:e14232. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

NIHR Great Ormond Street Hospital Biomedical Research Centre, University College London Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Background: The UK Renal Registry is responsible for the national collection and reporting of data on all children receiving long-term kidney replacement therapy [KRT], including kidney transplantation.

Methods: All 13 UK pediatric nephrology centers contributed to providing individual patient data from the pediatric population incident to and prevalent to KRT as per the date 31 December 2018. Data for children aged 16-<18 years were presented separately as some were managed under adult care settings with different methods of data collection. Read More

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January 2022

Association of anemia and iron parameters with mortality among prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients in Taiwan: the AIM-PD study.

Sci Rep 2022 Jan 24;12(1):1269. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

In 1996, the National Health Insurance Administration of Taiwan applied a restrictive reimbursement criteria for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) use in patients with chronic kidney disease. The maximal ESAs dosage allowed by insurance is capped at 20,000 U of epoetin per month. Nephrologists avoided the use of high ESA dosages to achieve a hemoglobin level of 10-11 g/dL using iron supplementation. Read More

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January 2022

Health-Related Quality-of-Life Trajectories over Time in Older Men and Women with Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association Registry, Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background And Objectives: The effect of sex on longitudinal health-related quality of life remains unknown in CKD. Here we assess differences in the sex-specific evolution of health-related quality of life in older men and women with advanced CKD.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: The European Quality Study on Treatment in Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease is a European observational prospective cohort study in referred patients with CKD and an incident eGFR<20 ml/min per 1. Read More

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January 2022

Factors affecting arteriovenous access patency after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in chronic haemodialysis patients under vascular access monitoring and surveillance: a single-centre observational study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jan 24;12(1):e055763. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

School of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, Taiwan

Objectives: Maintenance of vascular access (VA) patency after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is important and remains a challenge despite VA monitoring and surveillance. The aim of this study was to examine factors affecting the post-PTA arteriovenous access (AVA) patency in patients who have been on close VA monitoring and surveillance for access flow.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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January 2022

Influence of Dynamic and Static Obstructive Renal Artery on Early Prognosis in Standford Type A Aortic Dissection.

Heart Lung Circ 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after acute Stanford type A aortic dissection (STAAD) surgery has a high mortality rate. Clarifying what type of renal artery problem (dynamic obstructive renal artery, DORA, or static obstructive renal artery, SORA) secondary to STAAD benefits from true lumen opening is helpful in providing a reference for the indication of renal artery intervention.

Methods: From May 2018 to December 2019, 292 acute STAAD patients who underwent aortic surgery were enrolled in this study. Read More

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January 2022

Trends in the incidence and prevalence of end-stage kidney disease requiring dialysis in Taiwan: 2010-2018.

J Formos Med Assoc 2022 Jan 22. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Taiwan has the highest incidence and prevalence of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. However, the epidemiologic features of ESKD requiring dialysis in Taiwan are unclear.

Methods: Our study population included all patients undergoing chronic dialysis (i. Read More

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January 2022

Multiple Gouty Arthritis With Tophi Formation in a Patient With End-Stage Kidney Disease Treated After Kidney Transplant.

Transplant Proc 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Hyperuricemia is a common condition in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease. It occurs even after kidney transplant because of the use of calcineurin inhibitors and transplanted kidney failure. We describe the case of a patient with end-stage kidney disease who had multiple gouty arthritis with tophi formation despite receiving appropriate treatment but was successfully cured after kidney transplant. Read More

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January 2022

Protocol of a pilot-scale, single-arm, observational study to assess the utility and acceptability of a wearable hydration monitor in haemodialysis patients.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2022 Jan 24;8(1):17. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Background: Fluid overload has a high prevalence in haemodialysis patients and is an important risk factor for excess mortality and hospitalisations. Despite the risks associated with chronic fluid overload, it is clinically difficult to assess and maintain fluid status adequately. Current methods of fluid status assessment are either imprecise or time intensive. Read More

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January 2022

Six-minute walk test distance does not reflect oxygen uptake in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.

Clin Nephrol 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Aims: By evaluating the exercise capacity of patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD), this study aimed to determine the representability of a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance for the cardiopulmonary endurance capacity of patients on MHD.

Materials And Methods: The volume of oxygen uptake (VO) at a respiratory exchange ratio equal to 1 (VO) was measured during a graded cycling test, and the 6MWT distance was tested in 27 Chinese patients on MHD and 44 age-matched non-MHD subjects (CON).

Results: VO in MHD was lower than the levels of CON (834. Read More

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January 2022

Serum Potassium and Mortality Risk in Hemodialysis Patients: A Cohort Study.

Kidney Med 2022 Jan 22;4(1):100379. Epub 2021 Oct 22.

Department of Nephrology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Rationale & Objective: Both hypo- and hyperkalemia can cause fatal cardiac arrhythmias. Although predialysis serum potassium level is a known modifiable risk factor for death in patients receiving hemodialysis, especially for hypokalemia, this risk may be underestimated. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between predialysis serum potassium level and death in incident hemodialysis patients and whether there is an optimum level. Read More

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January 2022

Venous infarction secondary to congestive encephalopathy from central venous occlusive disease in a chronic hemodialysis patient: A case report.

Brain Circ 2021 Oct-Dec;7(4):277-280. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Central venous occlusive disease secondary to chronic hemodialysis catheterization rarely progresses to encephalopathy, cerebral infarction, and/or hemorrhage. A 59-year-old male with 15 years of haemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease presented with acutely altered mental status, extensor rigidity with left hemiparesis and equal, but small and nonreactive pupils. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated infarction and cerebral edema. Read More

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December 2021

The efficacy of Roxadustat for the treatment of anemia in dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease patients: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Dec;9(23):1714

Nephrology Department, McLaren Health Care, Flint, MI, USA.

Background: Anemia is a common complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) with increased morbidity and mortality. Recently published RCTs were conducted to compare the effect of the new medication roxadustat (ROX) with erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) in dialysis-dependent CKD (DD-CKD) patients. Our article aimed to meta-analyze published RCTs to investigate the efficacy and safety of ROX for anemia in DD-CKD patients and update the effect of the new studies on overall analysis with subsequent impact on management. Read More

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December 2021

Clinical Relevance of Absolute BK Polyoma Viral Load Kinetics in Patients With Biopsy Proven BK Polyomavirus Associated Nephropathy.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 6;8:791087. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

The absolute BK viral load is an important diagnostic surrogate for BK polyomavirus associated nephropathy (PyVAN) after renal transplant (KTX) and serial assessment of BK viremia is recommended. However, there is no data indicating which particular viral load change, i.e. Read More

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January 2022

A Prospective Multicenter Trial to Evaluate Urinary Metabolomics for Non-invasive Detection of Renal Allograft Rejection (PARASOL): Study Protocol and Patient Recruitment.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 7;8:780585. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

In an earlier monocentric study, we have developed a novel non-invasive test system for the prediction of renal allograft rejection, based on the detection of a specific urine metabolite constellation. To further validate our results in a large real-world patient cohort, we designed a multicentric observational prospective study (PARASOL) including six independent European transplant centers. This article describes the study protocol and characteristics of recruited better patients as subjects. Read More

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January 2022

High Level of Aristolochic Acid Detected With a Unique Genomic Landscape Predicts Early UTUC Onset After Renal Transplantation in Taiwan.

Front Oncol 2021 6;11:828314. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Center for Precision Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.

Background: The unusual high dialysis prevalence and upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) incidence in Taiwan may attribute to aristolochic acid (AA), which is nephrotoxic and carcinogenic, exposure. AA can cause a unique mutagenic pattern showing A:T to T:A transversions (mutational Signature 22) analyzed by whole exome sequencing (WES). However, a fast and cost-effective tool is still lacking for clinical practice. Read More

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January 2022