10 results match your criteria habits appetite-regulating

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Effects of melatonin supplementation on eating habits and appetite-regulating hormones: a systematic review of randomized controlled clinical and preclinical trials.

Chronobiol Int 2021 Aug 2;38(8):1089-1102. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Epidemiology, Public Health Graduate Program, Catholic University of Santos, SP, Brazil.

Melatonin is a hormone involved in appetite regulation and food intake. Circadian chronorrupture caused by its absence has been associated with excessive food consumption, and there is evidence that exogenous melatonin supplementation can restore homeostasis. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesize evidence from randomized controlled clinical and preclinical trials that evaluated the effects of exogenous melatonin supplementation on eating habits and appetite-regulating hormones. Read More

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Effects of Ramadan Intermittent Fasting on Gut Hormones and Body Composition in Males with Obesity.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 08 3;17(15). Epub 2020 Aug 3.

ISSEP Ksar Said, University of La Manouba, Tunis 2000, Tunisia.

We studied the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) on gut hormones (leptin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), cholecystokinin (CCK), and ghrelin) in males with obesity. Thirty sedentary males were randomly allocated to either an experimental group (EG, = 15) or a control group (CG, = 15). The EG group completed their Ramadan fasting rituals (30 days), whereas the CG continued with their normal daily habits. Read More

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Magnetic resonance assessment of the cerebral alterations associated with obesity development.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 2020 11 23;40(11):2135-2151. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas "Alberto Sols" CSIC/UAM, Madrid, Spain.

Obesity is a current threat to health care systems, affecting approximately 13% of the world's adult population, and over 18% children and adolescents. The rise of obesity is fuelled by inadequate life style habits, as consumption of diets rich in fats and sugars which promote, additionally, the development of associated comorbidities. Obesity results from a neuroendocrine imbalance in the cerebral mechanisms controlling food intake and energy expenditure, including the hypothalamus and the reward and motivational centres. Read More

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November 2020

Effects of fasting on the gene expression of appetite regulators in three Characiformes with different feeding habits (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi, Metynnis argenteus and Exodon paradoxus).

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2019 01 11;227:105-115. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Departments of Biology and Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address:

In order to assess potential interspecific differences in the endocrine mechanisms regulating feeding in Characiformes, we used three fish species with different feeding habits: two Characidae, the omnivore black widow tetra and the carnivore bucktooth tetra, and one Serrasalmidae, the herbivore silver dollar, as models. cDNAs encoding for appetite-regulating peptides (orexin, cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript CART, cholecystokinin CCK and leptin) were isolated and their tissue distribution examined. The protein sequences of the three species showed most similarities with those of other Characiformes, followed by Cypriniformes and Siluriformes. Read More

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January 2019

Diabetes Management by Probiotics: Current Knowledge and Future Pespective.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2016 Jun 24;86(3-4):215-227. Epub 2017 Apr 24.

5 Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I. R. Iran.

Diabetes mellitus, a multifactorial disorder, is related to the intestinal microbiota via numerous molecular mechanisms. The vast increase in the prevalence of diabetes and its associated complications requires a natural and safe solution. There is a growing evidence of gut microbiota effi ciency in improving insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and metabolic complications in diabetic patients. Read More

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The Future of Diabetes Management by Healthy Probiotic Microorganisms.

Curr Diabetes Rev 2017 ;13(6):582-589

Student of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz. Iran.

Background: Diabetes mellitus, a condition of multifactorial origin, is related to the intestinal microbiota by numerous molecular mechanisms. Controlling the vast increase in the prevalence of diabetes needs a natural and safe solution. Probiotics, known as live microorganisms that exert health benefits to the host, have anti-diabetic property. Read More

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Appetite-regulating hormones from the upper gut: disrupted control of xenin and ghrelin in night workers.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2013 Dec 5;79(6):807-11. Epub 2013 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Investigation in Metabolism and Diabetes (LIMED)/Gastrocentro, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: Shift work is associated with circadian rhythm disorder, impaired sleep and behavioural changes, including eating habits, predisposing to obesity and metabolic dysfunctions. It involves a neuro-hormonal dysregulation of appetite towards positive energy balance, including increased ghrelin and decreased leptin, but little is known about other hormones, such as xenin, derived from the upper gut (like ghrelin), and lower gut hormones. Our objective was to compare night workers with day workers in relation to appetite-regulating hormones and other metabolic parameters. Read More

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December 2013

Psychological and hormonal features of smokers at risk to gain weight after smoking cessation--results of a multicenter study.

Horm Behav 2011 Jun 3;60(1):58-64. Epub 2011 Mar 3.

Dept. of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health (CIMH), University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.

Preclinical and clinical data suggest modulating effects of appetite-regulating hormones and stress perception on food intake. Nicotine intake also interferes with regulation of body weight. Especially following smoking cessation gaining weight is a common but only partially understood consequence. Read More

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The role of transcriptional regulators in central control of appetite and body weight.

Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab 2009 Mar;5(3):160-6

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Hypothalamic Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9077, USA.

Individuals who live in industrialized countries often eat a calorie-rich diet and perform little physical activity. These habits are thought to be critical contributors to the rapidly rising incidence of obesity, a condition that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. High-calorie intake alters metabolic-sensing pathways in central nervous system neurons, and these changes have pathogenic roles in the development of obesity. Read More

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[Prevalence and significance of carbohydrate craving in Austria].

Acta Med Austriaca 1997 ;24(5):188-94

Institut für Sozialmedizin, Universität Wien.

Among disorders of appetite and eating frequent craving of carbohydrate containing snacks between meals is well known. Excessive carbohydrate consumption causes increased caloric intake and may lead to overweight and risks of obesity regarding metabolism and vascular remodelling. Up to now prevalence and consequences of that disorder have never been studied in the Austrian population. Read More

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February 1998
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