N Engl J Med 2021 07;385(1):35-45
From the Institute of Translational Immunology and Celiac Center, Research Center for Immune Therapy, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz (D.S., T.F.-S.), the Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Sozialstiftung Bamberg, Bamberg (J.L.), the Department of Integrative Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg-Essen (J.L.), the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen (S.F.), the Department of Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases, and Rheumatology, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin (M. Schumann), the Department of Medicine II, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich (H.P.T.), the Department of Medicine 1, Hector Center for Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen (Y.Z.), the Department of Medicine I, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg (A.W.L.), the Department of Internal Medicine IV, University Hospital, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Jena (A.S.), and Dr. Falk Pharma, Freiburg (R.M., R.G.) - all in Germany; the Division of Gastroenterology and Celiac Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston (D.S.); the Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University and Tampere University Hospital (M.M., A.P., M.-L.L.), the Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University (J.I., J.T.), Jilab (J.I.), and the Department of Pediatrics, Tampere University Hospital (M.-L.L.), Tampere, the Department of Internal Medicine, Central Finland Central Hospital, Jyväskylä (J.T.), Lääkärikeskus Aava Helsinki Kamppi, Helsinki (J. Koskenpato), and Clinical Research Services Turku, Turku (M. Scheinin) - all in Finland; Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, and Stiftelsen K.G. Jebsen Celiac Disease Research Center, University of Oslo, Oslo (K.E.A.L.), the Medical Department, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Gjøvik (O.H.), and Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog (J.J.) - all in Norway; the University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Carol Davila" and the National Institute for Mother and Child Health "Alessandrescu-Rusescu," Bucharest, Romania (A.P.); the Gastroenterology Department and Institute for Digestive Research, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania (J. Kupcinskas); the Department of Gastroenterology, Internal Medicine Clinic, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia (K.K.); the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zurich (L.B., J.Z.), and the Swiss Celiac Center, Center of Gastroenterology, Clinic Hirslanden (J.Z.) - both in Zurich, Switzerland; and University College Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland (V.B.).
Background: In celiac disease, small intestinal transglutaminase 2 causes deamidation of glutamine residues in gluten peptides, which enhances stimulation of T cells and leads to mucosal injury. Inhibition of transglutaminase 2 is a potential treatment for celiac disease.
Methods: In a proof-of-concept trial, we assessed the efficacy and safety of a 6-week treatment with ZED1227, a selective oral transglutaminase 2 inhibitor, at three dose levels as compared with placebo, in adults with well-controlled celiac disease who underwent a daily gluten challenge. Read More