1,352,069 results match your criteria growth factor


Exposure to prolonged unpredictable light impairs spatial memory via induction of oxidative stress and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in rats.

J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Neuroscience and Oral Physiology Unit, Department of Physiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Objectives: The human body physiology rapidly changes and adapt to several environmental stimuli, including light. Abnormal artificial light exposures have been shown to affect sleep cycle, cognition, and mood. Although studies have reported inconsistent effects of short-term or constant long-term light exposures, human exposures to artificial lights occur at varying, unpredictable times and duration daily. Read More

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Hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue promotes survival of adipose tissue transplantation.

Biomed Mater 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Breast Surgery, Clinical Research Center for Breast, Sichuan University West China Hospital, No.37 Guoxuexiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, CHINA.

Lipofilling is a popular technique for soft tissue augmentation, limited by unpredictable graft survival. This study aimed at exploring the effect of hydrogel from acellular porcine adipose tissue (HAPA) on angiogenesis and survival of adipose tissue used for lipofilling. The effect of HAPA on adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) proliferation, adipogenic differentiation, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion were evaluated in hypoxia and normoxia in vitro. Read More

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A GDF5 frameshift mutation segregating with Grebe type chondrodysplasia and Brachydactyly Type C+ in a 6 generations family: Clinical report and mini review.

Eur J Med Genet 2021 Apr 16:104226. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Human Molecular Genetics Laboratory, National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE) College, PIEAS, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Different mutations in the Growth/Differentiation Factor 5 gene (GDF5) have been associated with varying types of skeletal dysplasia, including Grebe type chondrodysplasia (GTC), Hunter-Thompson syndrome, Du Pan Syndrome and Brachydactyly type C (BDC). Heterozygous pathogenic mutations exert milder effects, whereas homozygous mutations are known to manifest more severe phenotypes. In this study, we report a GDF5 frameshift mutation (c. Read More

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Genome wide CRISPR screening reveals a role for sialylation in the tumorigenesis and chemoresistance of acute myeloid leukemia cells.

Cancer Lett 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Convergence Medicine, Asan Institute for Life Sciences, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Aberrant activation of cytokine and growth factor signal transduction pathways confers enhanced survival and proliferation properties to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the deregulation of signaling pathways in leukemia cells are unclear. To identify genes capable of independently supporting cytokine-independent growth, we employed a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9-mediated loss-of-function screen in GM-CSF-dependent human AML TF-1 cells. Read More

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Environmental estrogens inhibit the expression of insulin-like growth factor mRNAs in rainbow trout in vitro by altering activation of the JAK-STAT, AKT-PI3K, and ERK signaling pathways.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 Apr 16:113792. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA. Electronic address:

Environmental estrogens (EE) have been found to disrupt a host of developmental, reproductive, metabolic, and osmoregulatory process in a wide-range of animals, particularly those in aquatic ecosystems where such compounds concentrate. Previously, we showed that EE inhibited post-embryonic organismal growth of rainbow trout in vivo, but the precise mechanism(s) through which EE exert their growth inhibiting effects remain unknown. In this study, we used rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model to investigate the direct effects of 17β-estradiol (E2), β-sitosterol (βS), and 4-n-nonylphenol (NP) on the synthesis of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and to elucidate the mechanism(s) by which EEs exert such effects. Read More

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Actionable driver DNA variants and fusion genes can be detected in archived cytological specimens with the Oncomine Dx Target Test Multi-CDx system in lung cancer.

Cancer Cytopathol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Gastroenterology, Yamanashi Central Hospital, Kofu, Japan.

Background: Molecular testing is critical for identifying actionable variants in lung cancer for precision medicine. When tumor tissue samples are unavailable, archived cytological specimens (ACSs) can be used. The authors examined whether oncogenic variants could be accurately detected in ACSs versus paired formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissues with in vitro diagnostic tests. Read More

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Synthesis and biological evaluation of new coumarin derivatives as cytotoxic agents.

Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2021 Apr 19:e2100029. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

New coumarin derivatives 9a-f, 10a-e, and 11a-f were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against a human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). All compounds exhibited good activity in the nanomolar range, using doxorubicin and erlotinib as positive controls. The most active compound 9d with IC of 21 nM was tested against the HCT-116, HepG-2, A549, and SGC-7901 cell lines, with IC values of 0. Read More

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Topical application of Jatyadi Ghrita and Jatyadi Taila accelerates wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats: a study in gamma-radiation-induced skin wound model.

Int J Radiat Biol 2021 Apr 19:1-17. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India, New Delhi, India.

Purpose: Radiation-induced skin wounds/dermatitis can occur due to therapeutic, occupational, or accidental exposure to ionizing radiation. This study investigated the therapeutic efficacy of standardized Ayurvedic formulations [Jatyadi ghrita (JG) and Jatyadi taila (JT)] against Co-γ-radiation-induced acute skin wounds in rats.

Material And Methods: Animal's [Sprague-Dawley rats (200 ± 20 g)] flanked skin was locally exposed to 45 Gy radiation (R45Gy) in Cobalt-60-teletherapy unit (Bhabhatron) to generate radiation wounds. Read More

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Childhood Onset Strabismus: A Neurotrophic Factor Hypothesis.

J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil 2021 Apr 19:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Strabismus is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with complex molecular and neurophysiological causes. Evidence in the literature suggests a strong role for motor innervation in the etiology of strabismus, which connects central neural processes to the peripheral extraocular muscles. Current treatments of strabismus through surgery show that an inherent sensorimotor plasticity in the ocular motor system decreases the effectiveness of treatment, often driving eye alignment back toward its misaligned pre-surgical state by altering extraocular muscle tonus. Read More

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Carbon Arc Lamp Therapy Enhances the Repair Potential of Chronic Soft Tissue Injury in Rats Compared with the Ability of Photobiomodulation Therapy.

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Innovative Technology Research Institute of Tissue Repair and Regeneration, Key Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine, Ministry of Education, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

The effects of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) and carbon arc lamp therapy (CALT) on the repair of chronic soft tissue injury were compared. PBMT improves soft tissue repair of chronic injury. However, there has been no research on the effect of CALT. Read More

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Curcuma-Based Nutritional Supplement in Patients with Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

J Med Food 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Eye Center, Humanitas, Bergamo, Italy.

To investigate effectiveness and safety of a curcumin-based nutritional supplement in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We conducted a controlled retrospective study, reviewing the medical records of patients referred to the Eye Center, Humanitas Hospital, Bergamo due to neovascular AMD and treated with antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) intravitreal injections (IVIs) and oral administration of a curcumin-based nutritional supplement vehiculated by enterosoma-I. We retrospectively collected data of 18 naive patients who received IVI and daily oral nutritional supplement and 24 naive age-matched controls with the same diagnosis undergoing only IVI. Read More

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Growth performance, tissue precipitation, metallothionein and cytokine transcript expression and economics in response to different dietary zinc sources in growing rabbits.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

The impact of different dietary zinc sources on the growth, serum metabolites, tissue zinc content, economics and relative expression of cytokine and metallothionein genes was evaluated in this study. A total of 120 35-day-old male New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits were randomly distributed into four dietary experimental groups with 10 replicates per group and 3 animals per replicate. The control group was fed basal diet with a Zn-free vitamin-mineral premix; the other three groups received control basal diet supplemented with 50 mg/kg level with zinc oxide (ZnO; as inorganic source), Zn-methionine (Zn-Met; as organic source) and zinc oxide nanoparticles (nano-ZnO). Read More

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Transforming Growth Factor Beta (Tgfβ) Signaling: The Master Sculptor Of Fingers.

Dev Dyn 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Departamento de Anatomía y Biología Celular and IDIVAL., Universidad de Cantabria, Spain.

Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) constitutes a large and evolutionarily conserved superfamily of secreted factors that play essential roles in embryonic development, cancer, tissue regeneration and human degenerative pathology. Studies of this signaling cascade in the regulation of cellular and tissue changes in the three-dimensional context of a developing embryo have notably advanced in the understanding of the action mechanism of these growth factors. In this review, we address the role of TGFβ signaling in the developing limb, focusing on its essential function in the morphogenesis of the autopod. Read More

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The role of traditional growing rods in the era of magnetically controlled growing rods for the treatment of early-onset scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Orthopedics and Scoliosis, Rady Children's Hospital, 3020 Children's Way, MC 5062, San Diego, CA, 92123, USA.

Purpose: To describe the clinical and radiographic profile of early-onset scoliosis (EOS) patients treated with traditional growing rods (TGR) during the magnetically-controlled growing rod (MCGR) era.

Methods: A US multicenter EOS database was reviewed to identify (1) patients who underwent TGR after MCGR surgery was introduced at their institution, (2) patients who underwent MCGR during the same time period. Of 19 centers, 8 met criteria with all EOS etiologies represented. Read More

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Novel combinatorial strategies for boosting the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors in advanced breast cancers.

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, USA.

The year 2019 witnessed the first approval of an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) for the management of triple negative breast cancers (TNBC) that are metastatic and programmed death ligand (PD)-L1 positive. Extensive research has focused on testing ICI-based combinatorial strategies, with the ultimate goal of enhancing the response of breast tumors to immunotherapy to increase the number of breast cancer patients benefiting from this transformative treatment. The promising investigational strategies included immunotherapy combinations with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2 for the HER2 + tumors versus cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4/6 inhibitors in the estrogen receptor (ER) + disease. Read More

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Transforming growth factor β as a possible independent factor in chronic hepatitis B.

Arch Virol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Hepatology Division 2, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100015, China.

To investigate the association between immune-cell-related cytokines and the development of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the immunotolerant (IT) phase (n = 30) or hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB (n = 250) were enrolled in this study. Serological indicators and plasma cytokine levels were measured at the time of enrollment. The results showed that there were significant differences in the median age of the patients (27 vs. Read More

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Arabidopsis NF-YCs play dual roles in repressing brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling during light-regulated hypocotyl elongation.

Plant Cell 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Key Laboratory of South China Agricultural Plant Molecular Analysis and Genetic Improvement & Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany, South China Botanical Garden, Innovative Academy of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Light functions as the primary environmental stimulus and brassinosteroids (BRs) as important endogenous growth regulators throughout the plant lifecycle. Photomorphogenesis involves a series of vital developmental processes that require the suppression of BR-mediated seedling growth, but the mechanism underlying the light-controlled regulation of the BR pathway remain unclear. Here, we reveal that nuclear factor YC proteins (NF-YCs) function as essential repressors of the BR pathway during light-controlled hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. Read More

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Improved diet quality is associated with decreased concentrations of inflammatory markers in adults with uncontrolled asthma.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Asthma has become one of the major public health challenges, and recent studies show promising clinical benefits of dietary interventions, such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine whether changes in diet quality are associated with changes in inflammatory markers important in asthma pathophysiology.

Methods: In this exploratory study in patients with poorly controlled asthma participating in a randomized controlled trial of a DASH intervention study, changes in concentrations of a broad panel of serum proteins (51-plex Luminex assay, Affymetrix) were determined, and their relation to diet quality (DASH score) assessed by combining data of both intervention and usual-care control groups. Read More

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An LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous determination of afatinib, alectinib, ceritinib, crizotinib, dacomitinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, and osimertinib in human serum.

Ther Drug Monit 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University of Science, Hokkaido, Japan Department of Pharmacy, University of Tsukuba Hospital, Ibaraki, Japan Pharmaceutical Division, Sapporo Minami-sanjo Hospital, Hokkaido, Japan Biotage Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan Department of Pharmacotherapy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University of Science, Hokkaido, Japan Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Sapporo Minami-sanjo Hospital, Hokkaido, Japan Nihon Pharmaceutical University, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Routine therapeutic drug monitoring is a promising approach for the rational use of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous determination of five EGFR-TKIs (afatinib, dacomitinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, and osimertinib) and three ALK inhibitors (alectinib, ceritinib, and crizotinib).

Methods: A 100-microliter aliquot of serum was diluted with 100 μL of 1% aqueous ammonia containing internal standards and then purified using the supported liquid extraction method. Read More

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Videoconference fatigue? Exploring changes in fatigue after videoconference meetings during COVID-19.

J Appl Psychol 2021 Mar;106(3):330-344

Strome College of Business, Old Dominion University.

In response to the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global health pandemic, many employees transitioned to remote work, which included remote meetings. With this sudden shift, workers and the media began discussing videoconference fatigue, a potentially new phenomenon of feeling tired and exhausted attributed to a videoconference. In the present study, we examine the nature of videoconference fatigue, when this phenomenon occurs, and what videoconference characteristics are associated with fatigue using a mixed-methods approach. Read More

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CDK14/β-catenin/TCF4/miR-26b positive feedback regulation modulating pancreatic cancer cell phenotypes in vitro and tumor growth in mice model in vivo.

J Gene Med 2021 Apr 19:e3343. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Post-anesthetic ICU, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Introduction: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy have been reported to be basically ineffective for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients; thus, gene therapy might provide a novel approach for them. CDK14, a new oncogenic member of CDK family involving in pancreatic cancer cell response to Gemcitabine (GEM) treatment, has been reported to be regulated by miRNAs. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether miR-26b regulated CDK14 expression to affect the phenotype of pancreatic cancer cells. Read More

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Ghrelin hormone might have a potential role in amelogenesis.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 19:e14223. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Biochemistry, Turkey.

Aims: Amelogenesis Imperfecta and Generalized Enamel Hypoplasia are developmental dental anomalies that affect dental enamel. While Amelogenesis imperfecta results from various gene mutations, the exact underlying mechanisms of the etiopathogenesis of both remain unclear. This study aims to evaluate Ghrelin hormone levels in children with generalized enamel hypoplasia to establish whether Ghrelin might have a potential role in enamel hypoplasia's etiology. Read More

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Establishment of primary reference measurement procedures and reference materials for variant detection in non-small cell lung cancer.

Anal Methods 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Center for Advanced Measurement Science, National Institute of Metrology, Beijing 100029, People's Republic of China.

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA)-based mutation detection is promising to change the clinical practice of genotype-directed therapy for cancer. A growing number of non-invasive tests for cancer screening and monitoring that involve the detection of ctDNA have been commercialized. Primary reference measurement procedures (PRMPs) and reference materials (RMs) are urgently needed to assess the non-invasive tests. Read More

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Mitochondria-Rich Fraction Isolated From Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Reduces Lung and Distal Organ Injury in Experimental Sepsis.

Crit Care Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Laboratory of Pulmonary Investigation, Carlos Chagas Biophysics Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. National Institute of Science and Technology for Regenerative Medicine, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Laboratory of Nano-Regenerative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, Santiago, Chile. Cells for Cells and Consorcio Regenero, Chilean Consortium for Regenerative Medicine, Santiago, Chile. Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT.

Objectives: To ascertain whether systemic administration of mitochondria-rich fraction isolated from mesenchymal stromal cells would reduce lung, kidney, and liver injury in experimental sepsis.

Design: Animal study.

Setting: Laboratory investigation. Read More

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Novel Peptide NT/K-CFY Derived from Kringle Structure of Neurotrypsin Inhibits Neovascularization.

Curr Eye Res 2021 Apr 19:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

: To assess the anti-neovascularization effect of a novel peptide NT/K-CFY derived from the kringle domain of neurotrypsin.: Cell migration, lumen formation and cell proliferation assays were performed to determine the anti-neovascularization effect of NT/K-CFY in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) models were established to assess the anti-angiogenic role of NT/K-CFY . Read More

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A Novel Polyculture Growth Model of Native Microalgal Communities to Estimate Biomass Productivity for Biofuel Production.

Biotechnol Prog 2021 Apr 18:e3156. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan.

Native polyculture microalgae is a promising scheme to produce microalgal biomass as biofuel feedstock in an open raceway pond. However, predicting biomass productivity of native polycultures microalgae is incredibly complicated. Therefore, developing polyculture growth model to forecast biomass yield is indispensable for commercial-scale production. Read More

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HOTAIR-Loaded Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cell Extracellular Vesicles Enhance Angiogenesis and Wound Healing.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 Apr 18:e2002070. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.

Chronic wounds remain a substantial source of morbidity worldwide. An emergent approach that may be well-suited to induce the complex, multicellular processes such as angiogenesis that are required for wound repair is the use of extracellular vesicles (EVs). EVs contain a wide variety of proteins and nucleic acids that enable multifactorial signaling. Read More

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Suitability of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration samples for programmed death ligand-1 testing in non-small cell lung cancer, the Bristol experience.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

North Bristol Lung Centre and University of Bristol, North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK.

Treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is now personalised using molecular mutation testing. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) biopsy suitability for anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing is established. Less is currently known about EBUS-TBNA suitability for PD-L1 (programmed death ligand-1) testing. Read More

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Minicircle-based expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) from diverse human tissues.

J Gene Med 2021 Apr 18:e3342. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Bioengineering and iBB - Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been exploited for the treatment of ischemic diseases given their angiogenic potential. Despite bone marrow (BM) being the most studied tissue source, cells with similar intrinsic properties can be isolated from adipose tissue (AT) and umbilical cord matrix (UCM). This study aims to compare the angiogenic potential of MSC obtained from BM, AT and UCM that were genetically modified with VEGF-encoding minicircle vectors. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 colonization of maternal and fetal cells of the human placenta promotes alteration of local renin-angiotensin system.

Med (N Y) 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, 63110, USA.

Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection appears to increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preeclampsia in pregnant women. The mechanism(s) by which this occurs remains unclear.

Methods: We investigated the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 at maternal-fetal interface in pregnant women who tested positive for the virus using RNA in situ hybridization (viral RNA), immunohistochemistry, and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Read More

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