Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.
Department of Economics and Management, Research Laboratory in Management, Economics and Social Sciences (LARGESS), Faculty of Law, Economics and Social of El Jadida, Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco.
This study examines the influence of tourism, economic growth, and electricity consumption on carbon dioxide (CO) emission in the presence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) model for a panel of four countries of North Africa, namely, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Egypt, over the period 1980-2014. Since we find the existence of cross-sectional dependence, we apply the unit root tests of CIPS and CADF, the Westerlund cointegration test as well as the dynamic seemingly unrelated regression (DSUR), and the Dumitrescu-Hurlin Granger causality test. The empirical results show that electricity consumption has a positive effect on CO2 emissions. Read More