66,728 results match your criteria groups physiological


Impacts of group stunning on the behavioral and physiological parameters of pigs and sheep in a small abattoir.

Meat Sci 2021 May 5;179:108538. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address:

This study investigated reactions of pigs (N = 148) and sheep (N = 77) to group stunning where animals were present for the slaughter of others. Mock stunning with an isolated animal was used as the control. In both species, there was little evidence to suggest a difference in blood glucose and cortisol with stun order (P ≥ 0. Read More

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Mothers' voices and white noise on premature infants' physiological reactions in a neonatal intensive care unit: A multi-arm randomized controlled trial.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Mar 26;119:103934. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Associate Professor, Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Health System, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: A few positive effects of mothers' voice on physiological outcomes have been studied and limited studies have focused on the level of cortisol. In addition, white noise has recently been found to be beneficial for human sleep, but studies in premature infants were limited and no study has compared the effects of mothers' voice and white noise on premature infants.

Objective: To examine the effects of mothers' voice and white noise on sleep-wake patterns, salivary cortisol levels, weight gain, heart rate, and oxygen saturation of premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Read More

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Effect of Staphylococcus aureus infection on the heat stress protein 70 (HSP70) level in chicken embryo tissues.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 11;100(6):101119. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Zoology and Animal Welfare, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Mickiewicza 24/28 30-059 Krakow, Poland. Electronic address:

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are components of physiological biocenosis of skin or mucous membranes in some animals' genera but also they are dangerous opportunistic pathogens responsible for infections of various localization, course or manifestations. Proteins produced by these bacteria destroy tissues, leukocytes and cause haemolysis of erythrocytes. Host organisms respond by defence mechanisms. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Sea Salt-Derived Physiological Saline Nasal Spray as Add-On Therapy in Patients with Acute Upper Respiratory Infection: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study.

Med Sci Monit 2021 May 11;27:e929714. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of seawater on nasal congestion and runny nose symptoms in adults with an acute upper respiratory infection (URI). MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a multicenter retrospective cohort trial of patients with acute URI and symptoms of nasal congestion and runny nose. The patients were assigned to 2 groups and were administered regular non-drug supportive treatment or supportive treatment with nasal irrigation with sea salt-derived physiological saline. Read More

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The effect of feeding patterns on serum zonulin levels in infants at 3-4 months of age.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Patras, Rion, Patras, Greece.

Zonulin so far is the only known endogenous modulator of intercellular tight junctions which regulate the intestinal permeability. Breastfeeding is considered to enhance the integrity of the gastrointestinal tract; however, limited data are available about the effect of feeding patterns on intestinal permeability. We aimed to investigate the potential association between the mode of feeding (breast versus formula milk) and the serum zonulin levels as a marker of intestinal permeability. Read More

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Can Myogenic Tone Protect Endothelial Function? Integrating Myogenic Activation and Dilator Reactivity for Cerebral Resistance Arteries in Metabolic Disease.

J Vasc Res 2021 May 10:1-15. Epub 2021 May 10.

Departments of Medical Biophysics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

The obese Zucker rat (OZR) manifests multiple risk factors for impaired cerebrovascular function, including hypertension and insulin resistance although how they combine to produce integrated vascular function is unclear. As studies have suggested that myogenic activation (MA) severity for middle cerebral arteries (MCAs) may be proportional to hypertension severity, we hypothesized that MA will negatively correlate with dilator reactivity in OZR. MA of MCA from OZR was divided into low, medium, and high based on the slope of MA, while MCA reactivity and vascular metabolite bioavailability were assessed in all groups. Read More

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Thermal tolerance, safety margins and vulnerability of coastal species: Projected impact of climate change induced cold water variability in a temperate African region.

Mar Environ Res 2021 Apr 29;169:105346. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, Makhanda, 6140, South Africa; Department of Ichthyology and Fisheries Science, Rhodes University, Makhanda, 6140, South Africa.

Anthropogenic induced climate change is predicted to increase the thermal variability in coastal waters, which can have strong physiological effects on individuals and populations of marine ectotherms. The magnitude and direction of these thermal effects varies depending on species, life stage, biogeography, habitat and season. This study aimed to compare the thermal tolerance of a range of juvenile fish and adult macro-invertebrates from intertidal and estuarine habitats in a warm-temperate, thermally variable region on the south-east coast of South Africa. Read More

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Deletion of a putative promoter-proximal Tnfsf11 regulatory region in mice does not alter bone mass or Tnfsf11 expression in vivo.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0250974. Epub 2021 May 10.

Center for Musculoskeletal Disease Research, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States of America.

The cytokine RANKL is essential for osteoclast formation during physiological and pathological bone resorption. RANKL also contributes to lymphocyte production, development of lymph nodes and mammary glands, as well as other biological activities. Transcriptional control of the Tnfsf11 gene, which encodes RANKL, is complex and involves distant regulatory regions. Read More

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Mechanism of and Ameliorates Hypertensive Renal Damage.

Biomed Res Int 2021 21;2021:5598351. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250011, China.

Hypertensive-induced renal damage (HRD) is an important public health and socioeconomic problem worldwide. The herb pair - (RA-) (RS) is a common prescribed herbal formula for the treatment of HRD. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Read More

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Clinical Findings in Healthy Dogs Fed With Diets Characterized by Different Carbohydrates Sources.

Front Vet Sci 2021 22;8:667318. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

In recent years, pet owners have become more interested in the ingredients, and quality of pet-food, and several studies have demonstrated that feed management could affect healthy status. Recently, some authors indicated that commercial diets formulated without cereals, or using unconventional protein, and starch sources, can cause a reduction in taurine levels in both whole blood, and plasma. Nevertheless, the specific mechanism by means of which nutritional factors determine this reduction is not completely clear. Read More

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Analysis of pelvic floor electrical physiological parameters in nulliparous women with stress urinary incontinence.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Apr;10(4):1620-1626

The State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Rehabilitation Medical Center, Jiangsu Province People's Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210036, China.

Background: To investigate the changes in pelvic floor electrical physiological parameters in nulliparous women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Methods: A retrospective survey was conducted on 922 women aged 20-40 years who received health examinations at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between July 2017 and December 2019. The women were split into two groups: those who had SUI (n=87) and those that did not (n=835). Read More

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Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Sorghum: Exploring Native Variability for Traits Under Variable N-Regimes.

Front Plant Sci 2021 21;12:643192. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid and Tropics, Patancheru, India.

Exploring the natural genetic variability and its exploitation for improved Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) in sorghum is one of the primary goals in the modern crop improvement programs. The integrated strategies include high-throughput phenotyping, next generation sequencing (NGS)-based genotyping technologies, and selected candidate gene studies that help understand the detailed physiological and molecular mechanisms underpinning this complex trait. A set of sixty diverse sorghum genotypes was evaluated for different vegetative, reproductive, and yield traits related to NUE in the field (under three N regimes) for two seasons. Read More

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Lipid Droplets in Unicellular Photosynthetic Stramenopiles.

Front Plant Sci 2021 22;12:639276. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale, INRAE, CNRS, CEA, IRIG, CEA Grenoble, Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

The Heterokonta or Stramenopile phylum comprises clades of unicellular photosynthetic species, which are promising for a broad range of biotechnological applications, based on their capacity to capture atmospheric CO via photosynthesis and produce biomolecules of interest. These molecules include triacylglycerol (TAG) loaded inside specific cytosolic bodies, called the lipid droplets (LDs). Understanding TAG production and LD biogenesis and function in photosynthetic stramenopiles is therefore essential, and is mostly based on the study of a few emerging models, such as the pennate diatom and eustigmatophytes, such as and species. Read More

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The Brain Alteration of Seafarer Revealed by Activated Functional Connectivity Mode in fMRI Data Analysis.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 22;15:656638. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Artificial Intelligence and Neuro-Informatics Engineering (ARINE) Laboratory, School of Computer Engineering, Jiangsu Ocean University, Lianyungang, China.

As a special occupational group, the working and living environments faced by seafarers are greatly different from those of land. It is easy to affect the psychological and physiological activities of seafarers, which inevitably lead to changes in the brain functional activities of seafarers. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the neural activity rules of seafarers' brain. Read More

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Plant CSR types in the north: comparing the morphological and morpho-physiological approaches.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Apr 22;27(4):665-673. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Institute of Biology of Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Kommunisticheskaya st., 28, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic Russia.

Grime's competition-stress-ruderal (CSR) theory is widely used to study plant species' responses to multiple environmental factors. We compared two models to allocate CSR types the global "StrateFy" model (Pierce et al. Funct Ecol, 31:444-457, 2017) and a locally developed morpho-physiological model (Novakovskiy et al. Read More

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Gene Expression of Prox-1 and Hif-1a in Primo Vessels Inside Lymph Vessels of the Rabbit.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1269:387-391

Department of Oriental Biomedical Engineering, College of Health Sciences, Sangji University, Wonju, Republic of Korea.

The gene expression of Prox-1 and Hif-1a for the isolated primo vessels (PVs) and composite lymphatic vessels (LVs) containing PVs (LVs + PVs) was investigated by RNA-sequencing (Seq) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. RNA-Seq on the passed 10 samples on RNA-QC for two experimental groups with PVs and PVs + LVs proceeded to the library construction stage automatically and analyzed differentially expressed genes (DEGs). From the real-time qRT-PCR analysis data, we found the marker genes of Prox-1 and Hif-1a were enriched and decreased in an isolated PVs compared to LVs, respectively. Read More

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Effects of a high-fat diet and global aryl hydrocarbon receptor deficiency on energy balance and liver retinoid status in male Sprague-Dawley rats.

J Nutr Biochem 2021 May 6:108762. Epub 2021 May 6.

FCLAP, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

The physiological functions of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) are only beginning to unfold. Studies in wildtype and AHR knockout (AHRKO) mice have recently disclosed that AHR activity is required for obesity and steatohepatitis to develop when mice are fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). In addition, a line of AHRKO mouse has been reported to accumulate retinoids in the liver. Read More

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Role of temperature and co-infection in mediating the immune response of goldfish.

Microb Pathog 2021 May 6:104896. Epub 2021 May 6.

Aquatic Environment and Health Management Division, ICAR- Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, 400061, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

Aquatic Pathogens are expected to encounter tremendous levels of variation in their environment - both abiotic and biotic. Here we examined the change in innate immune parameters and mortality pattern of Carassius auratus during the interaction of co-infection due to an ectoparasite, Argulus and bacteria Aeromonas hydrophila, along with a temperature gradient. Experimental fish were assigned randomly to six treatment groups (T1-T6). Read More

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Long-Term Administration of Metformin Ameliorates Age-Dependent Oxidative Stress and Cognitive Function in Rats.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 6:113343. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran; Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Aging is an inevitable physiological process, associated with a decline in cognitive function. Recently, metformin, as the first-line treatment for type II diabetes, has been shown to increase the life expectancy of diabetic patients. Therefore, researchers are paying increasing attention to its anti-aging properties. Read More

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Metabolomic insights into the browning of the peel of bagging 'Rui Xue' apple fruit.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 May 8;21(1):209. Epub 2021 May 8.

College of Horticulture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Xianyang, 712100, Shaanxi, China.

Background: Bagging is one of the most important techniques for producting high-quality fruits. In the actual of cultivating, we found a new kind of browning in peel of apple fruit that occurs before harvest and worsen during storage period. There are many studies on metabonomic analysis of browning about storage fruits, but few studies on the mechanism of browning before harvest. Read More

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Combination of optimized tissue engineering bone implantation with heel-strike like mechanical loading to repair segmental bone defect in New Zealand rabbits.

Cell Tissue Res 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 909th Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Affiliated Southeast Hospital of Xiamen University, 269 Zhanghua Middle Road, Fujian Province, 363000, Zhangzhou, People's Republic of China.

In this study, effects of combining optimized tissue engineering bone (TEB) implantation with heel-strike like mechanical loading to repair segmental bone defect in New Zealand rabbits were investigated. Physiological characteristics of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), compact bone cells (CBCs), and bone marrow and compact bone coculture cells (BMMSC-CBCs) were compared to select the optimal seed cells for optimized TEB construction. Rabbits with segmental bone defects were treated in different ways (cancellous bone scaffold for group A, cancellous bone scaffold and mechanical loading for group B, optimized TEB for group C, optimized TEB and mechanical loading for group D, n = 4), and the bone repair were compared. Read More

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Toxic effects of acute exposure to polystyrene microplastics and nanoplastics on the model insect, silkworm Bombyx mori.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 30;285:117255. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Max Planck Partner Group, Institute of Sericulture and Apiculture, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Key Laboratory for Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Microplastics and nanoplastics (MPs and NPs, respectively) are major contaminants of environmental concern due to their potentially detrimental effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, little is known about their potential toxicity in terrestrial organisms. Here, we used the model insect silkworm (Bombyx mori) to evaluate the potential hazardous effects of acute exposure (72 h) to polystyrene (PS) MPs and NPs at physiological, molecular, and biochemical levels as well as their impact on pathogen infection. Read More

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[Contribution of sympathetic activation to antihypertrophic memory after regression of exercise-induced physiological myocardial hypertrophy in mice].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):495-503

Department of Cardiology, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Shock and Microcirculation, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To investigate whether anti-hypertrophic memory exists after regression of exercise-induced physiological myocardial hypertrophy (PMH) and explore the contribution of sympathetic activation to hypertrophic memory formation.

Objective: Seventy-two mice were randomized equally into 6 groups, including sedentary sham-operated group, exercise hypertrophic preconditioning (EHP) + sham operation group, bisoprolol (an adrenergic β1 receptor blocker) + EHP + sham operation group (biso+Exe+Sham group), sedentary group with transverse aortic constriction (TAC) (Sed+TAC group), EHP+ TAC group (Exe+TAC group), and bisoprolol+EHP+TAC group (biso+Exe+TAC group). The mice in the EHP groups were subjected to 3 weeks of swimming training, and in the bisoprolol groups, bisoprolol was administered by gavage once daily from two days before till the end of the training. Read More

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Skeletal muscle metabolic responses to physical activity are muscle type specific in a rat model of chronic kidney disease.

Sci Rep 2021 May 7;11(1):9788. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads to musculoskeletal impairments that are impacted by muscle metabolism. We tested the hypothesis that 10-weeks of voluntary wheel running can improve skeletal muscle mitochondria activity and function in a rat model of CKD. Groups included (n = 12-14/group): (1) normal littermates (NL); (2) CKD, and; (3) CKD-10 weeks of voluntary wheel running (CKD-W). Read More

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Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) decisions in people admitted with suspected COVID-19: Secondary analysis of the PRIEST observational cohort study.

Resuscitation 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

ScHARR, University of Sheffield, Regent Court, Regent Street, Sheffield, S1 4DA, UK. Electronic address:

Aims: We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of adults admitted to hospital with suspected COVID-19 according to their DNACPR decisions, and identify factors associated with DNACPR decisions.

Methods: We undertook a secondary analysis of 13977 adults admitted to hospital with suspected COVID-19 and included in the Pandemic Respiratory Infection Emergency System Triage (PRIEST) study. We recorded presenting characteristics and outcomes (death or organ support) up to 30 days. Read More

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Computational modeling of gene-specific transcriptional repression, activation and chromatin interactions in leukemogenesis by LASSO-regularized logistic regression.

IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform 2021 May 7;PP. Epub 2021 May 7.

Many physiological and pathological pathways are dependent on gene-specific on/off regulation of transcription. Some genes are repressed, while others are activated. Although many previous studies have analyzed the mechanisms of gene-specific repression and activation, these studies are mainly based on the use of candidate genes, which are either repressed or activated, without simultaneously comparing and contrasting both groups of genes. Read More

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Sweating the big stuff: Arousal and stress as functions of self-uncertainty and identification.

Psychophysiology 2021 May 7:e13836. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA.

Groups serve a variety of crucial functions, one of which is the provision of an identity and belief system that impart self-referent information, thereby reducing self-uncertainty. Entitative groups are more attractive for highly uncertain participants seeking groups for identification and self-uncertainty reduction than less entitative groups. The purpose of the current study was to explore how self-uncertainty impacts physiological arousal and stress responses. Read More

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Functional trait relationships demonstrate life strategies in terrestrial prokaryotes.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Environmental Microbial Genomics, Laboratoire Ampère, École Centrale de Lyon, Université de Lyon, Écully, France 69134.

Functional, physiological traits are the underlying drivers of niche differentiation. A common framework related to niches occupied by terrestrial prokaryotes is based on copiotrophy or oligotrophy, where resource investment is primarily in either rapid growth or stress tolerance, respectively. A quantitative trait-based approach sought relationships between taxa, traits and niche in terrestrial prokaryotes. Read More

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Emotional stress & decision-making: an emotional stressor significantly reduces loss aversion.

Stress 2021 May 7:1-7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychobiology, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain.

Stress influences loss aversion, the principle that losses loom larger than gains, although the nature of this relationship is unclear. Studies show that stress reduces loss aversion; however, stress response has been only studied by means of physiological measures, but the stressor emotional impact remained unclear. Since emotions can modify stress response and increase the activity of the loss aversion neural substrates, it could be expected that an emotional stressor may produce the opposite effect, i. Read More

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Social isolation of goats: significance of visual contact with conspecifics on behavioral and physiological responses.

J Anim Sci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Agricultural Research Station, Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, GA 31030, USA.

Social isolation can increase distress in goats, particularly when they cannot maintain visual contact with conspecifics. This experiment was conducted to determine the behavioral and physiological responses in goats during isolation with or without visual contact with conspecifics. Male Spanish goats (uncastrated, 8-mo old, average weight 29. Read More

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