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Quantum parameter analysis of the adsorption mechanism by freshly formed ferric hydroxide for synthetic dye and antibiotic wastewaters.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 16;280:130577. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai, 200092, China; Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200127, PR China. Electronic address:

In this study, the adsorption effect by freshly formed ferric hydroxide (FFFH) for the removal of 47 synthetic dye and antibiotic wastewaters under different pH conditions (i.e., pH = 4, 7, and 10) was investigated. Read More

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Comparison of ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness in exfoliative glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 May 7:102335. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Health Sciences University, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.

Purpose: To determine and compare the thickness of the ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), the thickness of the retina nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the parameters of the optic nerve head (ONH) in exfoliative glaucoma (XFG), primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and control eyes using optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Methods: The study was a retrospective observational cross-sectional study of 43 eyes of patients with XFG, 44 eyes of patients with POAG, and 37 eyes of healthy participants. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, rim-area, disc-area, average cup/disc ratio, vertical cup/disc ratio, cup volume, average RNFL thickness, and GCIPL (average, minimum, superior, superotemporal, superonasal, inferior, inferotemporal, and inferonasal) thicknesses were determined. Read More

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Predictors of Serious, Preventable, and Costly Medical Complications in a Population of Adult Spinal Deformity Patients.

Spine J 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California Davis, Davis, CA.

Background Context: In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) established a list of hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) with significant deleterious effects on both patients and providers. Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery is complex and highly invasive, and as such may result in significant morbidity including these HACs.

Purpose: Identify predictors for developing the most common HACs among adult spinal deformity(ASD) patients undergoing corrective surgery. Read More

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Effects of Cryopreservation on Acrosin Activity and DNA Damage of Russian Sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii) Semen.

Cryo Letters 2021 May-Jun;42(3):129-136

Key Laboratory of East China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation, Ministry of Agriculture, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences; Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Fisheries Stock Enhancement and Habitat Restoration of the Yangtze Estuary, Shanghai, China.

Background: Cryopreservation of sturgeon sperm can be successful, but there can be a decrease in sperm viability and the reasons are not clear.

Objective: To investigate variations in the acrosin activity and the DNA integrity of Acipenser gueldenstaedtii semen during cryopreservation at -196ºC.

Materials And Methods: Fish semen samples were randomly divided into three groups: [1] fresh control; [2] native semen diluted 1:1 with 23. Read More

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Environmentally triggered shifts in steelhead migration behavior and consequences for survival in the mid-Columbia River.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0250831. Epub 2021 May 10.

Ocean Associates, Under Contract to the Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, Seattle, WA, United States of America.

The majority of Columbia River summer-run steelhead encounter high river temperatures (near or > 20°C) during their spawning migration. While some steelhead pass through the mid-Columbia River in a matter of days, others use tributary habitats as temperature refuges for periods that can last months. Using PIT tag detection data from adult return years 2004-2016, we fit 3-component mixture models to differentiate between "fast", "slow", and "overwintering" migration behaviors in five aggregated population groups. Read More

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Donor Recipient Chimeric Cells Induce Chimerism and Extend Survival of Vascularized Composite Allografts.

Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) 2021 May 10;69(1):13. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedics, University of Illinois At Chicago, Molecular Biology Research Building, 900 S. Ashland Ave. Room# 3356, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA.

This study evaluated the efficacy of donor recipient chimeric cell (DRCC) therapy created by fusion of donor and recipient derived bone marrow cells (BMC) in chimerism and tolerance induction in a rat vascularized composite allograft (VCA) model. Twenty-four VCA (groin flaps) from MHC-mismatched ACI (RT1) donors were transplanted to Lewis (RT1) recipients. Rats were randomly divided into (n = 6/group): Group 1-untreated controls, Groups 2-7-day immunosuppression controls, Group 3-DRCC, and Group 4-DRCC with 7-day anti-αβTCR monoclonal antibody and cyclosporine A protocol. Read More

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Patient Portal Use, Perceptions of Electronic Health Record Value, and Self-Rated Primary Care Quality Among Older Adults: Cross-sectional Survey.

J Med Internet Res 2021 May 10;23(5):e22549. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, IL, United States.

Background: Older adults are increasingly accessing information and communicating using patient-facing portals available through their providers' electronic health record (EHR). Most theories of technology acceptance and use suggest that patients' overall satisfaction with care should be independent of their chosen level of portal engagement. However, achieving expected benefits of portal use depends on demonstrated support from providers to meet these expectations. Read More

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U.S. trends in elective and emergent major abdominal surgical procedures from 2002 to 2014 in older adults.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: The U.S. population is aging and projected to undergo an increasing number of general surgical procedures. Read More

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Repeat hepatectomy versus radiofrequency ablation in management of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma: an average treatment effect analysis.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Academia Level 5, 20 College Road, Singapore, 169856, Singapore.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver with high rates of recurrence post-resection. Repeat hepatectomy (RH) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are the mainstays for managing recurrent HCC following initial curative resection. This retrospective study aims to determine the average treatment effect of RH and RFA in patients with recurrent HCC. Read More

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The Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Among Pakistani Adults in Lahore.

Front Public Health 2021 21;9:578366. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College: A Chartered University, Lahore, Pakistan.

In the wake of the worldwide spread of the novel coronavirus and the resultant restrictive measures, mental health has become a crucial issue. Physical health is not the only aspect of humans that is at risk. Globally, the rates and severity of mental illness are being significantly impacted by this pandemic. Read More

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NEOGAMES: A Serious Computer Game That Improves Long-Term Knowledge Retention of Neonatal Resuscitation in Undergraduate Medical Students.

Front Pediatr 2021 21;9:645776. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Education and Training, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Serious games are potential alternatives for supplementing traditional simulation-based education for neonatal resuscitation training. However, evidence regarding the benefits of using serious games to improve long-term knowledge retention of neonatal resuscitation in undergraduate medical students is lacking. We designed a serious computer game "NEOGAMES" to train undergraduate medical students in neonatal resuscitation in a cost-friendly and accessible way and to examine whether serious game-based training improves long-term knowledge retention in medical students. Read More

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Pre-Immunotherapy Contrast-Enhanced CT Texture-Based Classification: A Useful Approach to Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Immunotherapy Efficacy Prediction.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:591106. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Radiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, China.

To investigate the utility of the pre-immunotherapy contrast-enhanced CT-based texture classification in predicting response to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) immunotherapy treatment. Sixty-three patients with 72 lesions who received immunotherapy were enrolled in this study. We extracted textures including histogram, absolute gradient, run-length matrix, gray-level co-occurrence matrix, autoregressive model, and wavelet transform from pre-immunotherapy contrast-enhanced CT by using Mazda software. Read More

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Cardiac magnetic resonance derived left atrial strain after ST-elevation myocardial infarction: an independent prognostic indicator.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):383-393

Cardiology Department, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: The prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) derived left atrial (LA) strain, ejection fraction (LAEF) and indexed volumes (LAVI and LAVI) after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between LA function and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after STEMI.

Methods: A total of 202 prospectively recruited patients who underwent CMR at median day 4 after STEMI had complete CMR data for feature tracking assessment. Read More

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Influence of BMI, Age, and Gender on the Thickness of Most Common Thinned Flaps.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Mar 30;9(3):e3409. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centro Medico ABC, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Since the description of superficial fascia flap harvesting, a new window of opportunity has been open in obese patients, where a higher subcutaneous thickness of tissue is present. To our knowledge, the impact of body mass index on superficial fascial flaps has not been reported.

Methods: We recruited 122 patients from April 2019 to January 2020. Read More

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The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on emergency surgery in a tertiary hospital in Jordan. A cross sectional study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 1:102339. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Since the emergence of COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world reacted by implementing curfews and sometimes nation-wide lockdowns intended to control the spread of the disease and help the already overwhelmed healthcare systems from imminent collapse. The Jordanian government was one of those countries that implemented a complete nation-wide lockdown which lasted for 3 months during the peak months of 2020. The aim of this study is to shed the light on the impact of this lockdown on the surgical emergency practice at a tertiary referral center in Amman, the capital of Jordan. Read More

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Brief Report: Sexual Wellbeing in Heterosexual, Mostly Heterosexual, and Bisexually Attracted Men and Women.

Authors:
Tierney K Lorenz

Int J Sex Health 2019 5;31(3):339-349. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraksa, USA.

Objective: To assess differences in sexual wellbeing among men and women with exclusively heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, and bisexual attractions.

Method: An anonymous online survey in a convenience sample of 597 young adults (394 women, 203 men; average age = 20.04) assessed patterns of sexual attraction, desire, sexual functioning, and sexual satisfaction using validated questionnaires. Read More

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Reverse Remodeling in Human Heart Failure after Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Is Associated With Reduced RHO-Kinase Activation.

Front Pharmacol 2021 23;12:565724. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Sótero del Río, Santiago, Chile.

Reverse remodeling is a clinically relevant endpoint in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Rho-kinase (ROCK) signaling cascade activation correlates with cardiac remodeling and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in HFrEF patients. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is effective in HFrEF, especially when there is a left bundle block, as this treatment may stimulate reverse remodeling, thereby improving quality of life and prolonging survival for patients with this severe condition. Read More

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Telehealth Can Be Implemented Across a Musculoskeletal Service Line Without Compromising Patient Satisfaction.

HSS J 2021 Feb 21;17(1):36-45. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to changes to in-office orthopedic care, with a rapid shift to telemedicine. Institutions' lack of established infrastructure for these types of visits has posed challenges requiring attention to confidentiality, safety, and patient satisfaction. : The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of telemedicine in orthopedics during the pandemic and its effect on efficiency and patient satisfaction. Read More

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February 2021

Exploring genetic variations in threatened medicinal orchids using start codon targeted (SCoT) polymorphism and marker-association with seed morphometric traits.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Apr 23;27(4):769-785. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Organismal Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden.

We aimed to study the genetic diversity and population structure of eight Iranian terrestrial orchid species, including (L.) R. M. Read More

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Hypertension and Hypercholesterolemia Modify Dementia Risk in Relation to APOEɛ4 Status.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Background: There is significant interest in understanding the role of modifiable vascular risk factors contributing to dementia risk across age groups.

Objective: Risk of dementia onset was assessed in relation to vascular risk factors of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia among cognitively normal APOEɛ4 carriers and non-carriers.

Methods: In a sample of prospectively characterized longitudinal cohort from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center database, 9,349 participants met criteria for normal cognition at baseline, had a CDR-Global (CDR-G) score of zero, and had concomitant data on APOEɛ4 status and medical co-morbidities including histories of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. Read More

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Pain, symptom distress, and pain barriers by age among patients with cancer receiving hospice care: Comparison of baseline data.

J Geriatr Oncol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Biobehavioral Nursing Science and Center for Palliative Care Research and Education, College of Nursing, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Age group differences have been reported for pain and symptom presentations in outpatient and inpatient oncology settings, but it is unknown if these differences occur in hospice. We examined whether there were differences in pain, symptom distress, pain barriers, and comorbidities among three age groups (20-64 years, 65-84 years, and 85+) of hospice patients with cancer.

Materials And Methods: Participants were recruited from two hospices. Read More

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Effect of aging on lower urinary tract symptoms and urodynamic parameters in women.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May;60(3):513-516

Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei, 252, Taiwan; Division of Urogynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, 104, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Mackay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing, and Management, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common in women. However, due to multifactorial etiologies, it is difficult to determine the prevalence, and functional changes with age. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of age on female LUTS, urethral and bladder function after their midlife. Read More

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[Effect of Gaseous Pollutant Concentration on the Number of Daily Outpatient Visits for Acne in Lanzhou].

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2021 Apr;43(2):180-187

Information Center,Lanzhou University Second Hospital,Lanzhou 730000,China.

Objective To determine the relationship between air pollutants [SO,NO,8 hours average concentration of ozone(O8h)] and outpatient visits for acne in Lanzhou,China. Methods Data of daily outpatient visits for acne and concentrations of air pollutants(SO,NO,and O8h)from January 2013 to December 2017 were collected.With the control of long-term trend and day-of-week effect,a distributed lag nonlinear model was used to analyze the lag and cumulative effects of air pollutants on the outpatient visits. Read More

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Long-term patency and comparisons of venous outflow in hemodialysis forearm arteriovenous grafts.

Vascular 2021 May 9:17085381211012565. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Introduction: This retrospective study investigated the factors and the effects of different venous outflows on forearm arteriovenous graft patency.

Methods: The venous outflow sites included basilic, cephalic, median antecubital, and deep veins. Comparisons among multiple groups were analyzed. Read More

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Reduced Scattering Coefficient During Incremental Exercise Is Constant Without Being Affected by Changes in Muscle Oxygenation or Hemodynamics.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1269:107-112

Department of Sports Medicine for Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Previous studies have reported that the reduced scattering coefficient (μ') in the vastus lateralis changes during ramp-incremental exercise due to blood volume changes or accumulation of metabolic by-products. We aimed to clarify the influences of deoxygenation and blood volume changes during exercise on μ' dynamics in subjects with various aerobic capacities. Twenty-three healthy young men participated in this study. Read More

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January 2021

Visual field-based grading of disease severity in newly diagnosed primary open angle glaucoma patients presenting to a tertiary eye care centre in India.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Aravind Eye Hospital, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Purpose: To evaluate the severity of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) at presentation using visual field analysis and its relationship to demographic and ocular factors in patients presenting to a tertiary eye care centre.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Newly diagnosed POAG patients were classified as early, moderate, or severe stage in the worse eye based on the Humphrey visual field testing using Hodapp-Parrish-Andersons criteria. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Patients with Hydrocephalus Secondary to Tectal Plate Glioma versus Idiopathic Aqueductal Stenosis: Results from a Single Center.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2021 May 7:1-11. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Introduction: Tectal plate gliomas (TPG) constitute a distinct entity of benign tumors of the brain stem which show an indolent clinical course. Adequate treatment of secondary hydrocephalus is undoubtedly a major factor in the outcome. However, little is known about to what degree the tumor itself determines the long-term outcome of these patients. Read More

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The Extended Center for Vein Restoration Study assessing comparative outcomes for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency in Medicare and Non-Medicare eligible patients.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Center for Vein Restoration, 7474 Greenway Center Drive, Suite 1000 Greenbelt, MD 20770.

Introduction: We have previously reported that chronic venous insufficiency treatments for Medicare eligible patients achieve similar outcomes as non-Medicare eligible patients. The goal of the current investigation is to assess long-term treatment outcomes and the effect of race in a larger patient cohort.

Methods: From January 2015 to December 2019, we retrospectively reviewed data from 131,268 patients who presented for a lower extremity venous evaluation. Read More

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Long-term adult congenital heart disease survival after heart transplantation: A restricted mean survival time analysis.

J Heart Lung Transplant 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Washington.

Background: Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) heart transplant recipients may have lower post-transplant survival resulting from higher peri-operative mortality than non-ACHD patients. However, the late risk of mortality appears lower in ACHD recipients. This study seeks to establish whether long-term heart transplant survival is reduced among ACHD recipients relative to non-ACHD recipients. Read More

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Comparison of two methods in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of clavicle: multicenter experience.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 May 8;16(1):301. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Orthopedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Background: Congenital pseudoarthrosis of the clavicle (CPC) is an uncommon entity. Owing to its scarce presentation, treatment of this disorder has not been well established. This study aimed (1) to compare surgical treatment methods that included excision of pseudoarthrosis and iliac crest bone graft and fixate with either the elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) or K-wires or plate and screws, and (2) to assess the clinical outcomes of two different surgical methods. Read More

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