J Reprod Immunol 2021 Apr 5;144:103286. Epub 2021 Feb 5.
Department of Chemistry and Biological Sciences, Institute of Biosciences, Botucatu, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:
This study evaluated the in vitro modulatory effect of progesterone (PG) and vitamin D (VD) on NLRP1/NLRP3 inflammasomes and TLR4/NF-κB pathway in monocytes from pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE). Monocytes from 20 preeclamptic and 20 normotensive (NT) pregnant women, and THP-1 cells were cultured with/without hyaluronan (HA), PG, or VD to determine gene and protein expression of TLR4 receptor, phosphorylated NF-κB, IκBα, TLR4, MYD88, NF-κB, NLRP1, NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, IL-18, TNF-α, and IL-10. Higher endogenous activation of inflammatory genes and higher protein expression of TLR4 and NF-κB was detected in monocytes of PE group and decreased after PG or VD treatment. Read More