3,644,654 results match your criteria group n = 100


A Network Meta-Analysis Comparing Osteoporotic Fracture among Different Direct Oral Anticoagulants and Vitamin K Antagonists in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation.

J Bone Metab 2021 May 31;28(2):139-150. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Cardiology, Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiac Sciences and Research, Bengaluru, India.

Background: There are limited studies comparing the risk of osteoporosis and fractures between different direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Using a network meta-analysis (NMA), we compared osteoporotic fractures among 5 different treatment arms, viz. dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban, and VKA. Read More

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Comparison of Bone Mineral Density and Markers of Bone Turnover in Osteoporotic Women after 6-Month Treatment with Alendronate or Bazedoxifene: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Bone Metab 2021 May 31;28(2):131-137. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.

Background: In a randomized controlled trial, we compared the bone mineral densities (BMDs) and blood markers of bone turnover during short-term treatment of osteoporotic women with bisphosphonate alendronate or bazedoxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator.

Methods: Ten and eleven patients were randomized to the alendronate and bazedoxifene groups, respectively. BMDs were measured before and after 6 months of treatment. Read More

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The Characteristics of Women with Subsequent Distal Radius Fracture after Initial Distal Radius Fracture.

J Bone Metab 2021 May 31;28(2):123-129. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of women with subsequent distal radius fracture (DRF) and to compare bone fragility variables in women with initial and subsequent DRF.

Methods: We enrolled 227 women who experienced DRF (203 women with initial DRF and 24 women with subsequent DRF) between September 2016 and April 2019. We compared demographic characteristics and bone fragility variables, including bone mineral density, trabecular bone score, hip geometry, bicortical thickness of the distal radius, and fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX) scores between the 2 groups. Read More

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Does the power of the laser devices matter for a successful HoLEP procedure? A prospective comparative study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 15:e14531. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, Biruni University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The objectives of this prospective study were to evaluate the efficiency, safety and applicability of medium power (MP) holmium laser devices in the endoscopic enucleation of the enlarged prostate (HoLEP) compared to high power (HP) laser devices.

Methods: From October 2019 to July 2020, a total of 120 consecutive patients planned for HoLEP were divided randomly into two groups formed in terms of the power of the device used. While patients in Group 1 were treated with a MP device (50W) at 39. Read More

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Effects of Ultrashort Wave Therapy on Inflammation and Macrophage Polarization after Acute Lung Injury in Rats.

Bioelectromagnetics 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Rehabilitation Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People's Republic of China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) features dysregulated pulmonary inflammation. Ultrashort waves (USWs) exert anti-inflammatory effects but no studies have evaluated their activity in ALI. Herein, we used an in vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI model to investigate whether the anti-inflammatory activity of USWs is mediated by altering the polarization of M1 to M2 macrophages. Read More

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Abnormal functional connectivity within the prefrontal cortex in interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS): A pilot study using resting state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (rs-fNIRS).

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

School of Rehabilitation, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Purpose: To investigate the abnormalities of functional connectivity (FC) within the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) based on resting state functional near-infrared spectroscopy (rs-fNIRS) data using FC matrix analysis.

Materials And Methods: Ten patients with IC/BPS (females, 9; mean age, 56.9 ± 12. Read More

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Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Sunitinib Delays Platelet-Induced Coagulation: Additive Effects of Aspirin.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Background:  Sunitinib is a multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) used for cancer treatment. In platelets, sunitinib affects collagen-induced activation under noncoagulating conditions. We investigated (1) the effects of sunitinib on thrombus formation induced by other TK-dependent receptors, and (2) the effects under coagulating conditions. Read More

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The Biological Significance of von Willebrand Factor O-Linked Glycosylation.

Semin Thromb Hemost 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Haemostasis Research Group, Irish Centre for Vascular Biology, School of Pharmacy and Bimolecular Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Glycosylation is a key posttranslational modification, known to occur on more than half of all secreted proteins in man. As such, the role of N- and O-linked glycan structures in modulating various aspects of protein biology is an area of much research. Given their prevalence, it is perhaps unsurprising that variations in glycan structures have been demonstrated to play critical roles in modulating protein function and have been implicated in the pathophysiology of human diseases. Read More

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COVID-19 and Antiphospholipid Antibodies: Time for a Reality Check?

Semin Thromb Hemost 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Section of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) comprise a panel of autoantibodies that reflect a potential prothrombotic risk in several autoimmune conditions, most notably antiphospholipid (antibody) syndrome (APS). aPL can be divided into those that form part of the laboratory criteria for APS, namely, lupus anticoagulant (LA), as well as anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) and anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies (aβ2GPI) of the immunoglobulin G and M classes, and those that form a group considered as "noncriteria antibodies." The noncriteria antibodies include, for example, antiphosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS), antiprothrombin antibodies (aPT), and antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin complex antibodies (aPS/PT). Read More

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Adjuvant versus Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Clinical and Immunologic Perspectives.

Semin Liver Dis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Advancement in systemic therapy, particularly immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI)-based combination regimens, has transformed the treatment landscape for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The advancement in systemic therapy also provides new opportunities of reducing recurrence after curative therapy through adjuvant therapy or improving resectability through neoadjuvant therapy. Improved recurrence-free survival by adjuvant or neoadjuvant ICI-based therapy has been reported in other cancer types. Read More

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Expression of the fructose transporter GLUT5 in patients with fructose malabsorption.

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 15;59(6):531-539. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Specialist Practice for Internal Medicine, Oldenburg, Oldenburg Germany.

Background:  Patients with abdominal symptoms are frequently diagnosed with fructose malabsorption (FM). Fructose is absorbed by monosaccharide transporters located in the brush border of the human small intestine. The aim of this study was to investigate the histoanatomical distribution of the main fructose transporter GLUT5. Read More

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Cue-Based Feeding as Intervention to Achieve Full Oral Feeding in Preterm Infants Primarily Managed with Bubble CPAP.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Rehabilitation, the George Washington University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia.

Objective:  Cue-based feeding aims at matching introduction of per oral (PO) feeding with physiological readiness of preterm infants to facilitate PO intake and avoid oral aversion. It was claimed that cue-based feeding may lead to delay in the initiation or achieving full PO feeding in clinical setting primarily using bubble nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). The study aimed to examine the association of cue-based feeding with time of introduction and completing oral feeding in infants primarily managed with bubble CPAP. Read More

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MrgprdCre lineage neurons mediate optogenetic allodynia through an emergent polysynaptic circuit.

Pain 2021 Jul;162(7):2120-2131

Department of Neurobiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Abstract: Most cutaneous C fibers, including both peptidergic and nonpeptidergic subtypes, are presumed to be nociceptors and respond to noxious input in a graded manner. However, mechanically sensitive, nonpeptidergic C fibers also respond to mechanical input in the innocuous range, so the degree to which they contribute to nociception remains unclear. To address this gap, we investigated the function of nonpeptidergic afferents using the MrgprdCre allele. Read More

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Development of a Management Algorithm for Acute and Chronic Radiation Urethritis and Cystitis.

Urol Int 2021 Jun 15:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Urology, St. Antonius Hospital, Gronau, Germany.

Objective: The purpose of this review was to summarize the current literature on the assessment and treatment of radiation urethritis and cystitis (RUC) for the development of an evidenced-based management algorithm.

Material And Methods: The PubMed/MEDLINE database was searched by a multidisciplinary group of experts in January 2021.

Results: In total, 48 publications were identified. Read More

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Human Neutrophil Elastase Mediates MUC5AC Hypersecretion via the Tumour Necrosis Factor-α Converting Enzyme-Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signalling Pathway in vivo.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, China.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the role of the tumour necrosis factor-α converting enzyme-epidermal growth factor receptor (TACE-EGFR) pathway in human neutrophil elastase (HNE)-induced MUC5AC mucin expression in mice.

Method: Four groups of mice, treated with HNE alone (HNE group), HNE plus TACE inhibitor (HNE + TAPI-2 group), HNE plus EGFR inhibitor (HNE + AG1478 group), and untreated (control group), were used in the experiment. Histopathological changes were monitored by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. Read More

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Long-Term Outcomes of Kidney Transplants from Older/Marginal Donors: A Cohort Study.

Nephron 2021 Jun 15:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS, Bergamo, Italy.

Introduction: To safely expand the donor pool, we introduced a strategy of biopsy-guided selection and allocation to single or dual transplantation of kidneys from donors >60 years old or with hypertension, diabetes, and/or proteinuria (older/marginal donors). Here, we evaluated the long-term performance of this approach in everyday clinical practice.

Methods: In this single-center cohort study, we compared outcomes of 98 patients who received one or two biopsy-evaluated grafts from older/marginal donors ("recipients") and 198 patients who received nonhistologically assessed single graft from ideal donors ("reference-recipients") from October 2004 to December 2015 at the Bergamo Transplant Center (Italy). Read More

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Indoleamine-2,3-Dioxygenase Activates Wnt/β-Catenin Inducing Kidney Fibrosis after Acute Kidney Injury.

Gerontology 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Nephrology, Sir Run Run Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Introduction: As disorder of tryptophan metabolism is common in CKD, the rate-limiting enzyme of tryptophan, indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), has been reported to be involved in CKD, while the accurate mechanism remains unknown. This study was designed to explore correlations between IDO and kidney fibrosis after ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI).

Methods: Wild-type (WT) mice and IDO knockout (IDO-/-) mice were divided into the sham group and acute kidney injury (AKI) group. Read More

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Early Goal-Directed Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Patients with Cardiorenal Syndrome.

Blood Purif 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Nephrology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to clarify the efficacy of early goal-directed renal replacement therapy (GDRRT) for treatment of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) patients after acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).

Methods: In the retrospective, observational study, we enrolled 54 patients in the early GDRRT group and 63 patients in the late GDRRT group. Baseline characteristics, clinical data at initiation renal replacement therapy time, and the clinical outcome were collected and several parameters were compared and analyzed between 2 groups. Read More

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The inter-agency committee on radiation safety - 30 years of international coordination of radiation protection and safety matters.

J Radiol Prot 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

World Health Organization, Geneve, GE, SWITZERLAND.

The Inter-Agency Committee on Radiation Safety (IACRS) was constituted in 1990, as a forum for collaboration and coordination between international bodies with regards to radiation safety. It consists today of representatives of eight intergovernmental member organizations (EC, FAO, IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA, PAHO, UNSCEAR and WHO) and five observer non-governmental organizations (ICRP, ICRU, IEC, IRPA and ISO). The IACRS provides a platform for interaction between these relevant international bodies to contribute to a common understanding of the scientific basis and legal framework for the application of the system of radiation protection, towards global harmonization of radiation safety standards. Read More

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Analysis of longitudinal head impact exposure and white matter integrity in returning youth football players.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Jun 15:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Departments of1Biomedical Engineering.

Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize changes in head impact exposure (HIE) across multiple football seasons and to determine whether changes in HIE correlate with changes in imaging metrics in youth football players.

Methods: On-field head impact data and pre- and postseason imaging data, including those produced by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), were collected from youth football athletes with at least two consecutive seasons of data. ANCOVA was used to evaluate HIE variations (number of impacts, peak linear and rotational accelerations, and risk-weighted cumulative exposure) by season number. Read More

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Evaluation of lorcaserin as an anticonvulsant in juvenile Fmr1 knockout mice.

Epilepsy Res 2021 May 27;175:106677. Epub 2021 May 27.

Mercer University, College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3001 Mercer University Drive, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA. Electronic address:

Recent preclinical and clinical studies suggest that lorcaserin, a preferential serotonin 2C receptor (5-HTR) agonist that was approved for the treatment of obesity, possesses antiepileptic properties. Here, we tested whether lorcaserin (1, 3, 5.6, 10 mg/kg) is prophylactic against audiogenic seizures (AGSs) in juvenile Fmr1 knockout mice, a mouse model of fragile X syndrome (FXS). Read More

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Impairment of vestibulo-collic reflex and linear vestibulo-ocular reflex in pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis patients.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 May 24;132(8):1813-1819. Epub 2021 May 24.

Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the vestibulo-collic reflex (VCR) and linear vestibulo-ocular reflex (lVOR) and their correlation with brain lesions in pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS).

Methods: The study group consisted of 17 patients (34 ears) with POMS (mean age 18.73 ± 2. Read More

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Differential auditory brain response abnormalities in two intellectual disability conditions: SYNGAP1 mutations and Down syndrome.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 May 13;132(8):1802-1812. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Montreal, Montreal, Québec, Canada; CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: Altered sensory processing is common in intellectual disability (ID). Here, we study electroencephalographic responses to auditory stimulation in human subjects presenting a rare condition (mutations in SYNGAP1) which causes ID, epilepsy and autism.

Methods: Auditory evoked potentials, time-frequency and inter-trial coherence analyses were used to compare subjects with SYNGAP1 mutations with Down syndrome (DS) and neurotypical (NT) participants (N = 61 ranging from three to 19 years of age). Read More

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Age-dependent modulation of motor network connectivity for skill acquisition, consolidation and interlimb transfer after motor practice.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 May 8;132(8):1790-1801. Epub 2021 May 8.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Groningen, the Netherlands; Institute of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Faculty of Sciences, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; Somogy County Kaposi Mór Teaching Hospital, Kaposvár, Hungary.

Objective: Age-related differences in neural strategies for motor learning are not fully understood. We determined the effects of age on the relationship between motor network connectivity and motor skill acquisition, consolidation, and interlimb transfer using dynamic imaging of coherent sources.

Methods: Healthy younger (n = 24, 18-24 y) and older (n = 24, 65-87 y) adults unilaterally practiced a visuomotor task and resting-state electroencephalographic data was acquired before and after practice as well as at retention. Read More

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Effects of lycopene in intestinal ischemia reperfusion injury via intestinal immunoglobulin A.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 12;267:63-70. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Abant İzzet Baysal University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, Bolu, Turkey.

Background: Intestinal ischemia causes an inflammatory response that may become intense by reperfusion and result in bacterial translocation. Intestinal immunoglobulin A is known to be a barrier against bacterial translocation. Lycopene is a compound with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Read More

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Analysis of Unintentional Falls in Pediatric Population and Predictors of Morbidity.

J Surg Res 2021 Jun 12;267:48-55. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Orange County, Orange, California.

Introduction: Unintentional falls are a leading cause of pediatric traumatic injury. This study evaluates clinical outcomes of fall-related injuries in children under the age of 10.

Methods: The National Trauma Database was queried for children who experienced an unintentional fall. Read More

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Utility of multi-parametric quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of the lacrimal gland for diagnosing and staging Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Jun 8;141:109815. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To explore radiological changes of the lacrimal gland (LG) in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) based on multi-parametric quantitative MRI and its clinical utility in LG diagnosis and activity in GO.

Methods: We enrolled 99 consecutive patients with GO (198 eyes) and 12 Graves' Disease (GD) patients (24 eyes) from July 2018 to June 2020. Clinical, laboratory, and MRI data were collected at the first visit. Read More

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A simplified model for simulating anaerobic digesters: Application to valorisation of bagasse and distillery spent wash.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jun 9;337:125395. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Multiphase Flows, Reactors and Intensification Group, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast BT9 5AG, United Kingdom; Bernal Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick V94T9PX, Ireland. Electronic address:

Current anaerobic digestion (AD) design methods rely on crude empirical models or sophisticated anaerobic digestion models (like ADM1) requiring a large number of parameters which are difficult to obtain experimentally. A simplified model for simulating AD was developed in this work. The model requires knowledge of CH/CO ratio in biogas or indigestible fraction in substrate and batch biomethane potential (BMP) data for estimating three kinetic parameters (maximum specific growth rate, half velocity constant and cell death rate). Read More

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Antimicrobial use, biosecurity, herd characteristics, and antimicrobial resistance in indicator Escherichia coli in ten Finnish pig farms.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Jun 10;193:105408. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Production Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.

We investigated connections between antimicrobial use (AMU), biosecurity, and the numbers of pigs and staff in ten Finnish farrow-to-finish herds. Data on AMU in each herd were collected for 12 months. AMU was quantified as treatment incidences per 1000 days at risk (TI) using the consensus defined daily dose calculation. Read More

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Mat pilates method improve postural alignment women undergoing hormone therapy adjunct to breast cancer treatment. Clinical trial.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2021 Jun 1;44:101424. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Physical Education at the Center for Health Sciences and Sports and Professor Postgraduate Program in Human Movement Sciences, Santa Catarina State University, Brazil.

The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of a mat Pilates intervention on the postural alignment and balance of breast cancer women receiving hormone therapy. A two-arm randomized clinical trial included 34 breast cancer survivors divided randomly between a mat Pilates group (n = 18), that performed 16 weeks of mat Pilates exercises, and a control group (n = 16), who were invited to maintain their daily routine activities and received three educational sessions. Data collection occurred at baseline and at post-intervention time. Read More

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