N Engl J Med 2021 Jun;384(25):2418-2427
From the University of Melbourne (A.L., F.Y.S.K., S.P., E.P.F.C., N.C., J.S.H.), the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (C.K.F., M.Y.C., C.S.B., E.P.F.C., J.S.H.), and Monash University (C.K.F., M.Y.C., C.S.B., E.P.F.C.), Melbourne, VIC, Macquarie University, Macquarie, NSW (J.A.), Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney (D.J.T.), Sydney Sexual Health Centre (A.M., B.D.), and the School of Population Health (A.M.) and the Kirby Institute (D.J.T., M.L., B.D., D.G.R., J.K., J.A.), University of New South Wales, Sydney, the Department of Sexual Health Medicine and Sexual Assault Medicine, Sydney Local Health District, Camperdown, NSW (D.J.T.), Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Parramatta, NSW, and Westmead Clinical School, University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW (D.A.L.), the Adelaide Sexual Health Centre (C.K., M.R.) and the University of Adelaide (M.A.B.), Adelaide, SA, and the University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, QLD (P.T.) - all in Australia.
Background: Rectal chlamydia is a common bacterial sexually transmissible infection among men who have sex with men. Data from randomized, controlled trials are needed to guide treatment.
Methods: In this double-blind trial conducted at five sexual health clinics in Australia, we randomly assigned men who have sex with men and who had asymptomatic rectal chlamydia to receive doxycycline (100 mg twice daily for 7 days) or azithromycin (1-g single dose). Read More