26 results match your criteria group 8 weeks

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Phase Angle and Bio-Impedance Values during the First Year after Delivery in Women with Previous Excessive Gestational Weight Gain: Innovative Data from the Belgian INTER-ACT Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 13;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Research Unit Woman and Child, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Phase angle (PhA) is a body composition parameter that measures changes in the amount and quality of soft tissue. Few studies have explored PhA in pregnancy or postpartum. The aim of this study was to explore the PhA during the first year postpartum in a Belgian cohort using data from the control group of the INTER-ACT study, an intervention trial targeting those with excess gestational weight gain. Read More

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Evolution of Postpartum Weight and Body Composition after Excessive Gestational Weight Gain: The Role of Lifestyle Behaviors-Data from the INTER-ACT Control Group.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 11;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Centre for Research and Innovation in Care (CRIC), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

Women with excessive gestational weight gain are at increased risk of postpartum weight retention and potentially also unfavorable body composition. Insight into the lifestyle behaviors that play a role in the evolution of postpartum weight and body composition among these women could aid identification of those at highest risk of long-term adverse outcomes. This secondary analysis of the INTER-ACT randomized controlled trial investigates control group data only (n = 524). Read More

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The INTER-ACT E-Health Supported Lifestyle Intervention Improves Postpartum Food Intake and Eating Behavior, but Not Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior-A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 14;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Centre for Research and Innovation in Care (CRIC), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

Unhealthy postpartum lifestyle is related to long-term adverse psychological, metabolic and cardiovascular health outcomes as well as to complications in the next pregnancy. Especially women with preceding excessive gestational weight gain are at risk. This paper aims to evaluate the effect of the postpartum phase of the INTER-ACT randomized controlled trial (RCT) on food intake, eating behavior, physical activity and sedentary time at the end of the intervention (six months postpartum) and at six-months follow-up (12 months postpartum). Read More

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High-resolution, large-scale laboratory measurements of a sandy beach and dynamic cobble berm revetment.

Sci Data 2021 01 20;8(1):22. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Forschungszentrum Küste (FZK), Merkurstraße 11, 30419, Hannover, Germany.

High quality laboratory measurements of nearshore waves and morphology change at, or near prototype-scale are essential to support new understanding of coastal processes and enable the development and validation of predictive models. The DynaRev experiment was completed at the GWK large wave flume over 8 weeks during 2017 to investigate the response of a sandy beach to water level rise and varying wave conditions with and without a dynamic cobble berm revetment, as well as the resilience of the revetment itself. A large array of instrumentation was used throughout the experiment to capture: (1) wave transformation from intermediate water depths to the runup limit at high spatio-temporal resolution, (2) beach profile change including wave-by-wave changes in the swash zone, (3) detailed hydro and morphodynamic measurements around a developing and a translating sandbar. Read More

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January 2021

Balance Right in Multiple Sclerosis (BRiMS): a feasibility randomised controlled trial of a falls prevention programme.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Jan 4;7(1). Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Faculty of Health, School of Health Professions, Peninsula Allied Health Centre, University of Plymouth, Derriford Road, Plymouth, PL6 8BH, England.

Background: Balance, mobility impairments and falls are problematic for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The "Balance Right in MS (BRiMS)" intervention, a 13-week home and group-based exercise and education programme, aims to improve balance and minimise falls. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of undertaking a multi-centre randomised controlled trial and to collect the necessary data to design a definitive trial. Read More

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January 2021

Vestibular rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis comparing customised with booklet based vestibular rehabilitation for vestibulopathy and a 12 month observational cohort study of the symptom reduction and recurrence rate following treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

BMC Neurol 2020 Nov 27;20(1):430. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Medical Statistics Group and Peninsula Clinical Trials Unit, Faculty of Health: Medicine, Dentistry and Human Science, Plymouth Science Park, 1 Davy Rd, Derriford, Plymouth, PL6 8BX, UK.

Background: Symptoms arising from vestibular system dysfunction are observed in 49-59% of people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Symptoms may include vertigo, dizziness and/or imbalance. These impact on functional ability, contribute to falls and significant health and social care costs. Read More

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November 2020

Randomised Controlled Trial Of The Effect Of Tai Chi On Postural Balance Of People With Dementia.

Clin Interv Aging 2019 19;14:2017-2029. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Psychology and Ageing & Dementia Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole House, Talbot Campus, Poole, Dorset BH12 5BB, UK.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of Tai Chi exercise on postural balance among people with dementia (PWD) and the feasibility of a definitive trial on falls prevention.

Patients And Methods: Dyads, comprising community-dwelling PWD and their informal carer (N=85), were randomised to usual care (n=43) or usual care plus weekly Tai Chi classes and home practice for 20 weeks (n=42). The primary outcome was the timed up and go test. Read More

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A randomised controlled trial of a smartphone application for improving oral hygiene.

Br Dent J 2019 Apr;226(7):508-511

National University of Singapore, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore.

Aim The study aimed to test the effectiveness and acceptability of a smartphone application used in conjunction with a movement sensor toothbrushing attachment for promoting plaque control. Method One hundred and eight dental practice patients were recruited to the study from two general dental practices. Participants were randomised to test and control groups, and both groups offered oral hygiene instruction according to a single protocol. Read More

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A randomised controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of tai chi alongside usual care with usual care alone on the postural balance of community-dwelling people with dementia: protocol for the TACIT trial (TAi ChI for people with demenTia).

BMC Geriatr 2018 11 3;18(1):263. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Psychology and Ageing & Dementia Research Centre, Faculty of Science & Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole House, Talbot Campus, Poole, Dorset, BH12 5BB, UK.

Background: Falls are a public health issue for the older adult population and more so for people with dementia (PWD). Compared with their cognitively intact peers, PWD are at higher risk of falls and injurious falls. This randomised controlled trial aims to test the clinical and cost effectiveness of Tai Chi to improve postural balance among community-dwelling PWD and to assess the feasibility of conducting a larger definitive trial to reduce the incidence of falls among PWD. Read More

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November 2018

The feasibility of following up prisoners, with mental health problems, after release: a pilot trial employing an innovative system, for engagement and retention in research, with a harder-to-engage population.

Trials 2018 Oct 1;19(1):530. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

The University of Manchester, Oxford Rd, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Background: Following up released prisoners is demanding, particularly for those prisoners with mental health problems, for whom stigma and chaotic lifestyles are problematic. Measurement of mental health outcomes after release is challenging. To evaluate mental healthcare for offender populations, using high-quality randomised controlled trials, evidenced-based methods must be developed to engage them while in custody, to locate and re-interview them after release, and to collect potentially stigmatising mental health outcomes data. Read More

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October 2018

How patient participation was used to develop a questionnaire that is fit for purpose for assessing quality of life in severe asthma.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Jan 27;16(1):24. Epub 2018 Jan 27.

Plymouth Hospital's NHS Trust, Plymouth, UK.

Background: Previous research shows that existing asthma quality of life questionnaires fail to measure the burden of oral corticosteroids that can be used to treat severe asthma, and are therefore not fit for purpose for severe asthma according to the USA's Federal Drug Authority's (FDA) criteria for content validity. Patient input and documentation of that input is key to achieving content validity according to FDA guidelines. This paper describes the process of constructing a new questionnaire to measure the burden of asthma symptoms and burden of treatment in severe asthma, using criteria specified by the FDA. Read More

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January 2018

Clinical outcomes to exercise training in type 1 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2018 May 6;139:380-391. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Schools of Rural Medicine and Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: To establish the relationship between exercise training and clinical outcomes in people with type I diabetes.

Methods: Studies were identified through a MEDLINE search strategy, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and Science Citation Index. The search strategy included a mix of key concepts related to trials of exercise training in people with type 1 diabetes; glycaemic control. Read More

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Balance Right in Multiple Sclerosis (BRiMS): a guided self-management programme to reduce falls and improve quality of life, balance and mobility in people with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis: a protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2018 27;4:26. Epub 2017 Jul 27.

Faculty of Health and Human Sciences, School of Health Professions, Plymouth University, Peninsula Allied Health Centre, Derriford Rd, Plymouth, PL6 8BH UK.

Background: Impaired mobility is a cardinal feature of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is rated by people with MS as their highest priority. By the secondary progressive phase, balance, mobility and physical activity levels are significantly compromised; an estimated 70% of people with secondary progressive MS fall regularly. Our ongoing research has systematically developed 'Balance Right in MS' (BRiMS), an innovative, manualised 13-week guided self-management programme tailored to the needs of people with MS, designed to improve safe mobility and minimise falls. Read More

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Physiological responses to ocean acidification and warming synergistically reduce condition of the common cockle Cerastoderma edule.

Mar Environ Res 2017 Sep 5;130:38-47. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Ghent University, Biology Department, Marine Biology Research Group, Krijgslaan 281-S8, B 9000 Ghent, Belgium.

The combined effect of ocean acidification and warming on the common cockle Cerastoderma edule was investigated in a fully crossed laboratory experiment. Survival of the examined adult organisms remained high and was not affected by elevated temperature (+3 °C) or lowered pH (-0.3 units). Read More

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September 2017

The effect of previous soft contact lens wear on corneal refractive surgery outcomes.

Cont Lens Anterior Eye 2017 Oct 10;40(5):301-310. Epub 2017 Jun 10.

Dublin Institute of Technology,Kevin Street, Dublin 8, Ireland.

Purpose: To examine the influence of previous soft contact lens (SCL) wear on corneal refractive surgery (CRS) outcomes when SCL wear is ceased for two weeks versus twenty-four hours, and also when compared to no wear, prior to CRS.

Methods: A retrospective examination of CRS patient records was carried out for two groups of patients- who ceased SCL wear for two weeks (n=45) and for twenty-four hours (n=49) prior to CRS and compared to a non-contact lens (NCL) control group (n=45 and n=49, respectively). CRS outcomes (efficacy, predictability, visual acuity and refractive error) were compared pre-operatively and one and six months post-operatively. Read More

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October 2017

Functional Imagery Training to reduce snacking: Testing a novel motivational intervention based on Elaborated Intrusion theory.

Appetite 2016 May 11;100:256-62. Epub 2016 Feb 11.

School of Psychology, Cognition Institute, Plymouth University, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK; Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation and School of Psychology & Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4000, QLD, Australia.

Functional Imagery Training (FIT) is a new theory-based, manualized intervention that trains positive goal imagery. Multisensory episodic imagery of proximal personal goals is elicited and practised, to sustain motivation and compete with less functional cravings. This study tested the impact of a single session of FIT plus a booster phone call on snacking. Read More

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Dietary administration of a commercial mixed-species probiotic improves growth performance and modulates the intestinal immunity of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Feb 7;49:427-35. Epub 2015 Dec 7.

Aquaculture and Fish Nutrition Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK. Electronic address:

The growth performance, immunological status, intestinal morphology and microbiology of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, were investigated after dietary administration of the commercial probiotic AquaStar(®) Growout. Tilapia (29.02 ± 0. Read More

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February 2016

Use of the distributions of adamantane acids to profile short-term temporal and pond-scale spatial variations in the composition of oil sands process-affected waters.

Environ Sci Process Impacts 2015 Aug 10;17(8):1415-23. Epub 2015 Jul 10.

Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK.

Oil industry produced waters, such as the oils sands process-affected waters (OSPW) of Alberta, Canada, represent a challenge in terms of risk assessment and reclamation due to their extreme complexity, particularly of the organic chemical constituents, including the naphthenic acids (NA). The identification of numerous NA in single samples has raised promise for the use of NA distributions for profiling OSPW. However, monitoring of the success of containment is still difficult, due to the lack of knowledge of the homogeneity (or otherwise) of OSPW composition within, and between, different industry containments. Read More

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Modulation of the intestinal microbiota and morphology of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, following the application of a multi-species probiotic.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2015 Oct 27;99(20):8403-17. Epub 2015 Jun 27.

Aquaculture and Fish Nutrition Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK.

The intestinal microbiota and morphology of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were investigated after the application of a multi-species probiotic containing Lactobacillus reuteri, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecium and Pediococcus acidilactici (AquaStar(®) Growout). Tilapia (55.03 ± 0. Read More

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October 2015

Impacts of discarded plastic bags on marine assemblages and ecosystem functioning.

Environ Sci Technol 2015 May 20;49(9):5380-9. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

⊥School of Marine Science and Engineering, Plymouth University, Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom PL4 8AA.

The accumulation of plastic debris is a global environmental problem due to its durability, persistence, and abundance. Although effects of plastic debris on individual marine organisms, particularly mammals and birds, have been extensively documented (e.g. Read More

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Probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici modulates both localised intestinal- and peripheral-immunity in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2013 Oct 18;35(4):1097-104. Epub 2013 Jul 18.

Aquaculture and Fish Nutrition Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, CARS, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK.

The application of probiotics in aquaculture has received concerted research efforts but the localised intestinal immunological response of fish to probiotic bacteria is poorly understood. Therefore, a study was conducted to evaluate the probiotic effect of Pediococcus acidilactici on Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with specific emphasis on intestinal health and probiotic levels as well as system level responses such as growth performance, feed utilization and haemato-immunological parameters under non-challenged conditions. Fish (9. Read More

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October 2013

The efficacy of chromium as a growth enhancer for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L): an integrated study using biochemical, genetic, and histological responses.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2012 Aug 18;148(2):187-97. Epub 2012 Feb 18.

School of Biomedical and Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK.

A growth trial was conducted on juvenile mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) for 8 weeks to compare the efficacy of three chromium (Cr) compounds (Cr chloride, Cr picolinate, and Cr yeast) at a level 0.5 mg/kg as a potential growth enhancer. Read More

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Dietary exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles in rainbow trout, (Oncorhynchus mykiss): no effect on growth, but subtle biochemical disturbances in the brain.

Ecotoxicology 2009 Oct 10;18(7):939-51. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Ecotoxicology and Stress Biology Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK.

Our laboratory recently reported gut pathology following incidental ingestion of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) during aqueous exposures in trout, but there are almost no data on dietary exposure to TiO(2) NPs in fish. The aim of this experiment was to observe the sub-lethal effects of dietary exposure to TiO(2) NPs in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Stock solutions of dispersed TiO(2) NPs were prepared by sonication without the use of solvents and applied to a commercial trout diet. Read More

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October 2009

Soybean meal alters autochthonous microbial populations, microvilli morphology and compromises intestinal enterocyte integrity of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum).

J Fish Dis 2009 Sep 28;32(9):755-66. Epub 2009 May 28.

Aquaculture and Fish Nutrition Research Group, School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK.

Abstract Rainbow trout were fed either a diet containing fishmeal (FM) as the crude protein source or a diet containing 50% replacement with soybean meal (SBM) for 16 weeks. An enteritis-like effect was observed in the SBM group; villi, enterocytes and microvilli were noticeably damaged compared with the FM group. The posterior intestine microvilli of SBM-fed fish were significantly shorter and the anterior intestine microvilli significantly less dense than the FM-fed fish. Read More

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September 2009

Uptake of the pharmaceutical Fluoxetine Hydrochloride from growth medium by Brassicaceae.

Phytochemistry 2008 Oct 22;69(13):2510-6. Epub 2008 Aug 22.

Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, School of Earth, Ocean and Environmental Sciences, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon PL4 8AA, UK.

Since the European Union banned disposal of sewage sludge (SS) at sea in 1998 the application rate of SS to land has risen significantly. Land application is thus possibly an important transport route for SS-associated organic chemicals, including pharmaceuticals, to soils and perhaps also to plants. The potential for the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor, Fluoxetine HCl, to undergo uptake into Brassicaceae tissues was therefore investigated in a tissue culture study under laboratory conditions for 12 weeks. Read More

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October 2008

[The experimental study on idiotypic DNA vaccine against human B-cell lymphoma to induce antitumor immune response].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2003 Dec;11(6):609-15

The Department of Oncology, Hospital 307, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing 100039, China.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the DNA vaccine containing idiotypic gene fragment of human B-cell lymphoma cell line Namalwa could elicit the specific anti-idiotypic immune response in vivo. The candidate gene fragment of the lymphoma cell, variable region of heavy chain (VH) of the membranous immunoglobulin, was amplified using Ig superfamily primers by means of RT-PCR. Also, the intact cDNA of murine monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-3) was cloned and used as the adjuvant molecular. Read More

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December 2003
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