J Mol Biol 2013 Feb 28;425(3):546-62. Epub 2012 Nov 28.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1569, USA.
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNase III enzyme Rnt1p preferentially binds to double-stranded RNA hairpin substrates with a conserved (A/u)GNN tetraloop fold, via shape-specific interactions by its double-stranded RNA-binding domain (dsRBD) helix α1 to the tetraloop minor groove. To investigate whether conformational flexibility in the dsRBD regulates the binding specificity, we determined the backbone dynamics of the Rnt1p dsRBD in the free and AGAA hairpin-bound states using NMR spin-relaxation experiments. The intrinsic microsecond-to-millisecond timescale dynamics of the dsRBD suggests that helix α1 undergoes conformational sampling in the free state, with large dynamics at some residues in the α1-β1 loop (α1-β1 hinge). Read More