72,888 results match your criteria glomerular filtration


Kidney Function and Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized with Heart Failure.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Background: Few contemporary data exist evaluating care patterns and outcomes in HF across the spectrum of kidney function.

Objectives: To characterize differences in quality of care and outcomes in patients hospitalized for HF by degree of kidney dysfunction.

Methods: We evaluated quality metrics among patients hospitalized with HF at 418 sites in the GWTG-HF registry from 2014-2019 by discharge CKD-EPI-derived eGFR. Read More

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Pesticide Use and Kidney Function Among Farmers in the Biomarkers of Exposure and Effect in Agriculture Study.

Environ Res 2021 May 11:111276. Epub 2021 May 11.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address:

Background: Pesticides have been reported to be associated with malignant and non-malignant kidney disease. Few studies have examined the relationship between individual pesticides and kidney dysfunction.

Objective: We evaluated the associations of pesticide use with measured kidney function among male pesticide applicators in the Biomarkers of Exposure and Effect in Agriculture (BEEA) study, a subcohort in the Agricultural Health Study. Read More

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Quantitative evaluation of COVID-19 pneumonia severity by CT pneumonia analysis algorithm using deep learning technology and blood test results.

Jpn J Radiol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka, 545-8585, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate whether early chest computed tomography (CT) lesions quantified by an artificial intelligence (AI)-based commercial software and blood test values at the initial presentation can differentiate the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included 100 SARS-CoV-2-positive patients with mild (n = 23), moderate (n = 37) or severe (n = 40) pneumonia classified according to the Japanese guidelines. Univariate Kruskal-Wallis and multivariate ordinal logistic analyses were used to examine whether CT parameters (opacity score, volume of opacity, % opacity, volume of high opacity, % high opacity and mean HU total on CT) as well as blood test parameters [procalcitonin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), C-reactive protein, % lymphocyte, ferritin, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase, hemoglobin A1c, prothrombin time, activated partial prothrombin time (APTT), white blood cell count and creatinine] differed by disease severity. Read More

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Risk factors for post-nephrectomy hypotension in pediatric patients.

Pediatr Nephrol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Division of Nephrology and Rheumatology, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1, Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan.

Background: Although hypotension is a life-threatening complication of nephrectomy in children, risk factors for its development remain unknown. We evaluated the incidence, clinical course, and associated risk factors of pediatric post-nephrectomy hypotension in an observational study.

Methods: This retrospective observational study included the clinical data of children who underwent nephrectomy in our center between 2002 and 2020. Read More

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A narrative review of new treatment options for chronic kidney disease in type 2 diabetes.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):716

Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Denmark.

Diabetic kidney disease is a frequent and costly complication to type 2 diabetes. After many years with a lack of successful trials there are now significant developments that will change treatment, guidelines and future outcome. Since the last two decades blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is standard treatment, but new antidiabetic treatments have shown potential for kidney protection. Read More

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Combined grip strength and calf circumference as a useful prognostic system in patients with liver diseases: a large cohort study.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):624

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Background: Sarcopenia and body composition can be associated with mortality in chronic liver diseases (CLDs). We sought to identify predictors in CLD patients (n=631, 309 males) and create a prognostic model using easily available indexes.

Methods: Reference values for low-grip strength (GS) were 26 kg in men and 18 kg in women. Read More

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Association between renal function and retinal neurodegeneration in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):560

Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are two serious complications of diabetes. However, the association between retinal neurodegeneration in DR and renal function decline is still unclear. Our objective was to evaluate the association by measure estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL), and ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Read More

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Blood Omega-3 Fatty Acids Are Inversely Associated With Albumin-Creatinine Ratio in Young and Healthy Adults (The Omega-Kid Study).

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 27;8:622619. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cantonal Hospital of Baden, Baden, Switzerland.

Omega-3 fatty acids are associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and with beneficial effects on CV risk factors. The albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) is a risk factor for CVD, all-cause mortality and accelerated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline in the general population. We aimed to investigate the association between n-3 PUFAS and ACR in heathy individuals with preserved GFR. Read More

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Prognostic Factors of Fatal and Nonfatal Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: The Role of Renal Function Biomarkers.

Clin Diabetes 2021 Apr;39(2):188-196

Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC-CNR), Clinical Epidemiology and Physiopathology of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, Reggio Calabria, Italy.

In this study, 158 patients with different degrees of renal function were followed for 7 years to assess the prognostic value of various risk factors, including carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and biomarkers of renal function, for incident cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. The investigators found that estimated glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, and history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) can be used for prognosis of CVD, whereas cIMT adds little to the accuracy of this prediction. Read More

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Distribution of estimated glomerular filtration rate and determinants of its age dependent loss in a German population-based study.

Sci Rep 2021 May 13;11(1):10165. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) declines with age by approx. 1 ml/min/m per year beginning in the third decade of life. At 70 years of age > 40 ml/min/m of GFR will be lost. Read More

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Loss of diacylglycerol kinase ε causes thrombotic microangiopathy by impairing endothelial VEGFA signaling.

JCI Insight 2021 May 10;6(9). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Loss of function of the lipid kinase diacylglycerol kinase ε (DGKε), encoded by the gene DGKE, causes a form of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome that is not related to abnormalities of the alternative pathway of the complement, by mechanisms that are not understood. By generating a potentially novel endothelial specific Dgke-knockout mouse, we demonstrate that loss of Dgke in the endothelium results in impaired signaling downstream of VEGFR2 due to cellular shortage of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate. Mechanistically, we found that, in the absence of DGKε in the endothelium, Akt fails to be activated upon VEGFR2 stimulation, resulting in defective induction of the enzyme cyclooxygenase 2 and production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Read More

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Long-term renal outcome in methylmalonic acidemia in adolescents and adults.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 May 13;16(1):220. Epub 2021 May 13.

Adult Nephrology and Transplantation Department, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, APHP, 149 rue de Sèvres, 75015, Paris, France.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the main long-term prognosis factors in methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), a rare disease of propionate catabolism. Our objective was to precisely address the clinical and biological characteristics of long-term CKD in MMA adolescent and adult patients.

Patients And Methods: In this retrospective study, we included MMA patients older than 13 years who had not received kidney and/or liver transplantation. Read More

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β-Cell Function and Clinical Outcome in Nondiabetic Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Stroke 2021 May 14:STROKEAHA120031392. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. (T. Kiyohara, R.M., J.H., K.N., Y.W., T. Kitazono, T.A.).

Background And Purpose: Little is known about how β-cell dysfunction affects clinical outcome after ischemic stroke. We examined whether β-cell function is associated with clinical outcome after acute ischemic stroke and if so, whether insulin resistance influences this association in a prospective study of patients with acute stroke.

Methods: A total of 3590 nondiabetic patients with acute ischemic stroke (mean age, 71 years) were followed up for 3 months. Read More

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Plasma levels of bigEndothelin-1 are associated with renal insufficiency and in-hospital mortality of immune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Thromb Haemost 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, United States.

Immune thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (iTTP) is caused by severe deficiency of plasma ADAMTS13 activity. Despite advances in early diagnosis and management, the mortality rate of acute iTTP remains high in a large part of world where access to some of the most novel therapies is limited. To determine the role of plasma bigEndothelin-1 (bigET-1) or its bioactive product ET-1 as a biomarker and/or a pathogenic factor in acute iTTP, plasma levels of bigET-1 were determined using an immunoassay in patients with iTTP on admission and during remission, as well as in healthy controls; moreover, the biological effect of ET-1 in thrombus formation was determined by a microfluidic assay. Read More

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Association between Kidney Function, Proteinuria and the Risk of Kidney Cancer: a Nationwide Cohort Study involving 10 Million Participants.

Am J Epidemiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Chronic kidney disease in its later stages is associated with increased kidney cancer risk. We investigated whether chronic kidney disease at milder stages is associated with increased risk of kidney cancer, using a retrospective cohort of 9,809,317 adults in Republic of Korea who participated in a nationwide health screening (2009-2016). We examined the impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), dipstick proteinuria, and interactive associations of the two factors on the risk of incident kidney cancer. Read More

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Outcome Stratified Analysis of Biomarker Trajectories for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Am J Epidemiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Biostatistics Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore Maryland.

Longitudinal trajectories of vital signs and biomarkers during admission remain poorly characterized for COVID-19 patients despite their potential to provide critical insights about disease progression. We studied 1884 patients with SARS-CoV2 infection from 3/4/2020-6/25/2020 within one Maryland hospital system and used a retrospective longitudinal framework with linear mixed-effects models to investigate relevant biomarker trajectories leading up to three critical outcomes: mechanical ventilation, discharge, and death. Trajectories of four vital signs (respiratory rate, SpO2/FiO2, pulse, and temperature) and four lab values (C-reactive protein (CRP), absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and D-dimer) clearly distinguished the trajectories of COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Improvement of renal function after transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with chronic kidney disease.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251066. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Cardiology, Heart Institute (InCor), Clinical Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Chronic kidney disease is commonly found in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and has marked impact in their prognosis. It has been shown however that TAVR may improve renal function by alleviating the hemodynamic barrier imposed by AS. Nevertheless, the predictors of and clinical consequences of renal function improvement are not well established. Read More

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Role of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the evolution of renal function in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Nephrology, University Hospital "12 de Octubre", Madrid, Spain.

Background: Increasing prevalence in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have influenced in an increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Little is known about the influence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) on progression of CKD. The aim of this study was to analyse the role of NAFLD and its severity in the progression of renal function in patients with T2DM. Read More

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Screening for Cognitive Dysfunction Using the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale in Adults With Sickle Cell Disease.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 May 3;4(5):e217039. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Department of Medicine, University Health Network (UHN), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Importance: Adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) disproportionally experience early cognitive decline; however, guidance on the optimal screening strategy for cognitive dysfunction is lacking, and several available tools are biased by language, educational level, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) was specifically designed for cognitive screening in multicultural populations.

Objective: To ascertain the prevalence of suspected dementia in adults with SCD using the RUDAS, and to identify whether age, sex, educational level, several biological variables, and SCD complications were associated with RUDAS scores. Read More

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Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Is Associated With an Increased Risk of Death in Heart Failure Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 26;8:643358. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Cardiovascular Diseases Center, National Clinical Research Center for Chinese Medicine Cardiology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Renal dysfunction is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF), but its impact on patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. 3,392 subjects of the TOPCAT (Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist) trial were assigned to two groups by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m or 30-59 ml/min/1. Read More

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Clinicopathological Analysis of 34 Cases of Primary Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis in Chinese Children.

Front Pediatr 2021 26;9:656307. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

This study aimed to summarize the clinicopathological features and prognostic risk factors of primary antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) in children. Clinical and prognostic data for children admitted to our center with AAV between September 2003 and September 2020 were studied retrospectively. The incidence and risk factors of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were calculated and analyzed. Read More

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Associations of Microvascular Complications With the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 Diabetes.

Diabetes Care 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Biostatistics Center, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Rockville, MD.

Objective: We examined whether the presence of microvascular complications was associated with increased subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among participants with type 1 diabetes in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial and Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) study followed for >35 years.

Research Design And Methods: Standardized longitudinal data collection included: ) stereoscopic seven-field retinal fundus photography centrally graded for retinopathy stage and clinically significant macular edema; ) urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); ) cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) reflex testing; and ) adjudicated CVD events, including death from CVD, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, subclinical myocardial infarction on electrocardiogram, confirmed angina, or coronary artery revascularization. Cox proportional hazard models assessed the association of microvascular complications with subsequent risk of CVD. Read More

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Varying Outcomes among Patients with Large Angiomyolipomas according to the Treatment Method.

Urol Int 2021 May 12:1-7. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Urology, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of large angiomyolipoma (AML) treatment by selective arterial embolization (SAE) versus nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) using a robotic surgical system.

Materials And Methods: Between January 2011 and June 2018, we retrospectively reviewed 25 patients who underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) or SAE for large AMLs. Ten patients underwent RAPN, and 15 underwent SAE. Read More

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Effect of Experimental Fanconi Syndrome on Tubular Reabsorption of Lithium in Rats.

Pharmacology 2021 May 12:1-5. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan.

Lithium, administered to patients of bipolar disorders, is mainly excreted into urine, and tubular reabsorption at the proximal tubule is involved in the renal handling of lithium. In this study, we examined the renal excretion of lithium in rats with Fanconi syndrome, characterized by defects of transports of various compounds at the proximal tubules, induced by maleic acid. After maleic acid was intravenously injected, mannitol and lithium chloride were infused in turn. Read More

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The influence of the antithymocyte globulin dose on clinical outcomes of patients undergoing kidney retransplantation.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0251384. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Nephrology, Hospital do Rim, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Optimizing antithymocyte globulin (rATG) dosage is critical for high immunological risk patients undergoing a repeat kidney transplant. This natural retrospective cohort study compared clinical outcomes of two successive cohorts of consecutive recipients of retransplants receiving 5 x 1 mg/kg (rATG-5, n = 100) or a single 3 mg/kg (rATG-3, n = 110) dose of rATG induction therapy. All patients had negative complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch and no anti-HLA A, B, DR donor-specific antibodies (DSA). Read More

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Cystatin C: best biomarker for acute kidney injury and estimation of glomerular filtration rate in childhood cirrhosis.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pediatric Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, 110070, India.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic role of serum cystatin C, urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and renal resistive index (RRI) in AKI among pediatric cirrhotics. The study included cirrhotic children under 18 years of age. AKI was diagnosed as per Kidney Diseases-Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines. Read More

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Nailfold videocapillaroscopic changes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue diseases.

Rheumatol Int 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Hippokration University Hospital, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 49 Konstantinoupoleos Street, 54642, Thessaloníki, Greece.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) represents one of the most devastating complications in connective tissue diseases (CTDs). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of peripheral microangiopathy in patients with PAH associated with CTDs (CTD-PAH) by exploring nailfold videocapillaroscopic (NVC) changes and identify possible associations of NVC characteristics with markers of disease severity. Α cross-sectional study was performed in 18 CTD-PAH patients [13 PAH due to systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH) and 5 with other types of CTD-PAH], 14 patients with SSc without PAH (SSc-non-PAH) and 20 healthy controls. Read More

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Exercise Induced Myoglobinuria is Determined by Haptoglobin Polymorphism.

Clin Lab 2021 May;67(5)

Background: In professional soccer players (n = 27), confounders of quantitative myoglobinuria following physical training were assessed in order to improve interpretation of post-exercise myoglobinuria.

Methods: Urine samples were collected in the morning before training sessions, 48 to 72 hours following a game. Urine myoglobin was assayed using immunoturbidimetry. Read More

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Impact of renal function on residual platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with clopidogrel.

Clin Cardiol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Cardiology, Peking University China-Japan Friendship School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common comorbidity in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and may potentially influence platelet function.

Hypothesis: We explored the influence of renal function on platelet reactivity to investigate whether high residual platelet reactivity (HRPR) is associated with cardiovascular events.

Methods: ACS patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel were prospectively enrolled. Read More

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Obstetric and long-term graft outcomes in pregnant kidney transplant recipients: a single-center experience.

Clin Transplant 2021 May 12:e14349. Epub 2021 May 12.

Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best option for many women with end-stage renal disease desiring pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate obstetric and graft outcomes among KT recipient women in our center.

Methods: Maternal and fetal data were assessed in 29 pregnancies of 18 female KT recipients. Read More

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