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Current status of haemophilia inhibitor management in mainland China: a haemophilia treatment centres survey on treatment preferences and real-world clinical practices.

Br J Haematol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin Laboratory of Blood Disease Gene Therapy, CAMS Key Laboratory of Gene Therapy for Blood Diseases, CAMS Center for Stem Cell Medicine, PUMC Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Tianjin, China.

To investigate the current experience and expertise for haemophilia inhibitor patient management in haemophilia treatment centres (HTCs) in mainland China. Questionnaires were distributed to 'tertiary tier A' hospital HTCs across China to collect information on treatment preferences for bleeding control, prophylaxis and inhibitor eradication, as well as their regimens in real-world clinical practice. Of 40 questionnaires distributed, 39 were returned. Read More

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Meta-Analyses of Multiple Gene Expression Profiles to Screen Hub Genes Related to Osteoarthritis.

Public Health Genomics 2021 Aug 2:1-13. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Orthopedics, Taizhou People's Hospital, Taizhou, China.

Background: This study aimed to screen and validate the crucial genes involved in osteoarthritis (OA) and explore its potential molecular mechanisms.

Methods: Four expression profile datasets related to OA were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from 4 microarray patterns were identified by the meta-analysis method. Read More

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The Association between TREM2 Gene and Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease in Chinese Han Population.

Gerontology 2021 Aug 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute of Literature in Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in triggering receptor expressed on the myeloid cells 2 protein (TREM2) gene and their interaction with environmental factors and haplotypes on late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD).

Methods: DNA was extracted from the whole blood of the participants and genotyped using PCR and followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium test was used in the control group. Read More

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Blood compatibility evaluations of CaCOparticles.

Biomed Mater 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Jinan University, guangzhou, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510632, CHINA.

CaCO3 particles, due to their unique properties such as biodegradation, pH-sensitivity, and porous surface, have been widely used as carrier materials for delivering drugs, genes, vaccines, and other bioactive molecules. In these applications, CaCO3 particles are often administered intravenously. In this sense, the interaction between CaCO3 particles and blood components plays a key role in their delivery efficacy and biosafety, though the hemocompatibility of CaCO3 particles has not been evaluated until now. Read More

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The Future of Parallel Tumor and Germline Genetic Testing: Is There a Role for All Patients With Cancer?

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2021 Jul 28;19(7):871-878. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

1Clinical Genetics Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Under the traditional paradigm of genetic testing in cancer, the role of germline testing was to assess for the inherited risk of cancer, whereas the role of tumor testing was to determine therapeutic selection. Parallel tumor-normal genetic testing uses simultaneous genetic testing of the tumor and normal tissue to identify mutations and allows their classification as either germline or somatic. The increasing adoption of parallel testing has revealed a greater number of germline findings in patients who otherwise would not have met clinical criteria for testing. Read More

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Larotrectinib in a Patient With Advanced Pleomorphic Liposarcoma of the Uterus.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2021 Jul 28;19(7):775-779. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

3Division of Medical Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Arthur G. James Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Pleomorphic liposarcoma of the uterus (PLU) is an extremely rare disease with poor prognosis. Limited treatment options exist for these patients, and disease recurrence usually occurs rapidly within months of initial diagnosis. Few case reports of metastatic PLU are available in the literature. Read More

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Deep transcriptomic profiling of Dahl salt-sensitive rat kidneys with mutant form of Resp18.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jul 29;572:35-40. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, 43614, USA; Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 45701, USA; Diabetes Institute, Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 45701, USA. Electronic address:

Expression of Regulated endocrine specific protein 18 (Resp18) is localized in numerous tissues and cell types; however, its exact cellular function is unknown. We previously showed that targeted disruption of the Resp18 locus in the Dahl SS (SS) rat (Resp18) results in higher blood pressure (BP), increased renal fibrosis, increased urinary protein excretion, and decreased mean survival time following a chronic (6 weeks) 2% high salt (HS) diet compared with the SS rat. Based on this prominent renal injury phenotype, we hypothesized that targeted disruption of Resp18 in the SS rat promotes an early onset hypertensive-signaling event through altered signatures of the renal transcriptome in response to HS. Read More

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Clinical profile, antifungal susceptibility, and molecular characterization of Candida auris isolated from patients in a South Indian surgical ICU.

J Mycol Med 2021 Jul 21;31(4):101176. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 1600012. Electronic address:

Background: Candida auris is an emerging multidrug resistant yeast which causes blood stream infection especially among critically ill patients. This yeast can also colonize patients and are isolated from hospital environment causing outbreaks in hospital settings.

Objective: To describe possible outbreak of C. Read More

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An adverse outcome pathway based in vitro characterization of novel flame retardants-induced hepatic steatosis.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jul 28;289:117855. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Faculty of Science, RECETOX, Masaryk University, Kamenice 5, CZ62500, Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

A wide range of novel replacement flame retardants (nFRs) is consistently detected in increasing concentrations in the environment and human matrices. Evidence suggests that nFRs exposure may be associated with disruption of the endocrine system, which has been linked with the etiology of various metabolic disorders, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is a multifactorial disease characterized by the uncontrolled accumulation of fats (lipids) in the hepatocytes and involves multiple-hit pathogenesis, including exposure to occupational and environmental chemicals such as organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs). Read More

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Artemisia ordosica Polysaccharide Alleviated Lipopolysaccharide-induced Oxidative Stress of Broilers via Nrf2/Keap1 and TLR4/NF-κB Pathway.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jul 30;223:112566. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

College of Animal Science, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot 010018, PR China. Electronic address:

Artemisia ordosica is one of the main shrubby perennials belonging to Artemisia species of Asteraceae and could be used in folk Chinese/Mongolian medicine to treat symptoms of various inflammatory ailments. The present study was conducted to investigate the protective effects of dietary Artemisia ordosica polysaccharide (AOP) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced oxidative stress in broilers via Nrf2/Keap1 and TLR4/NF-κB pathway. A total of 192 1-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers were randomly allotted to four treatments with 6 replicates (n = 8): (1) CON group, non-challenged broilers fed basal diet; (2) LPS group, LPS-challenged broilers fed basal diet; (3) AOP group, non-challenged broilers fed basal diet supplemented with 750 mg/kg AOP; (4) LPS+AOP group, LPS-challenged broilers fed basal diet supplemented with 750 mg/kg AOP. Read More

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Increased T-cell responses that control bovine leukemia virus proviral load in beef cattle under dietary vitamin A restriction for marbling.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2021 Jul 21;239:110301. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Cooperative Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, Iwate, 020-8550, Japan; Food Animal Medicine and Food Safety Research Center (FAMS), Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Morioka, Iwate, 501-1193, Japan; Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Iwate University, Morioka, Iwate, 020-8550, Japan. Electronic address:

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) proviral load is controlled by T-cell responses, which require vitamin A (VA) derived from food. However, whether dietary VA restriction for marbling impairs the T-cell responses that control BLV proviral load in beef cattle is unknown. We assessed T-cell subsets, interferon (IFN)-γ gene expression, and BLV proviral load in naturally BLV-infected Japanese Black cattle that were fed a diet with decreased VA levels. Read More

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Potential inhibitors of the main protease of SARS-CoV-2 and modulators of arachidonic acid pathway: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs against COVID-19.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jul 29;136:104686. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address:

The main protease of SARS-CoV-2 is one of the key targets to develop and design antiviral drugs. There is no general agreement on the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in COVID-19. In this study, we investigated NSAIDs as potential inhibitors for chymotrypsin-like protease (3CLpro) and the main protease of the SARS-CoV-2 to find out the best candidates, which can act as potent inhibitors against the main protease. Read More

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Identifying molecular insight of synergistic complexities for SARS-CoV-2 infection with pre-existing type 2 diabetes.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jul 23;136:104668. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Healthy Ageing Theme, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2010, Australia; WHO Collaborating Centre on eHealth, UNSW Digital Health, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UNSW Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address:

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2, has posed a massive threat to global public health, especially to people with underlying health conditions. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is lethal comorbidity of COVID-19. However, its pathogenetic link remains unclear. Read More

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Knockout of FER decreases cadmium concentration in roots of Arabidopsis thaliana by inhibiting the pathway related to iron uptake.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 28;798:149285. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Identifying the genes that affect cadmium (Cd) accumulation in plants is a prerequisite for minimizing dietary Cd uptake from contaminated edible parts of plants by genetic engineering. This study showed that Cd stress inhibited the expression of FERONIA (FER) gene in the roots of wild-type Arabidopsis. Knockout of FER in fer-4 mutants downregulated the Cd-induced expression of several genes related to iron (Fe) uptake, including IRT1, bHLH38, NRAMP1, NRAMP3, FRO2 andFIT. Read More

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Microplastics deteriorate the removal efficiency of antibiotic resistance genes during aerobic sludge digestion.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 30;798:149344. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Centre for Technology in Water and Wastewater, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia. Electronic address:

Sludge from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is considered to be reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which can be efficiently removed by sludge treatment processes, e.g., aerobic sludge digestion. Read More

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Incubation trial indicated the earthworm intestinal bacteria as promising biodigestor for mitigating tetracycline resistance risk in anthropogenic disturbed forest soil.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 30;798:149337. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Soil Ecology Lab, College of Resources and Environmental Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; Key Laboratory of Plant Immunity, Jiangsu Collaborative Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

The continuous input of antibiotics due to frequent anthropogenic activities have increased the dissemination risk of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in forest soil. As soil engineers, it remains unclear whether earthworm intestinal microbial communities might play a role in controlling the ARG proliferation in forest soil. This study collected forest soil in the Yangtze River Delta, China, and its resident Metaphire guillelmi to investigate the interaction between tetracycline (50 μg kg) and the bacteria in worm gut and soil. Read More

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hns mRNA downregulates the expression of galU and attenuates the motility of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.

Int J Med Microbiol 2021 Jul 26;311(6):151525. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, 212013, China. Electronic address:

Recently, multiple bifunctional RNAs have been discovered, which can both be translated into proteins and play regulatory roles. hns encodes the global gene silencing factor H-NS, which is widespread in Gram-negative bacteria. This study reported that hns mRNA of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Read More

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Abnormalities of the type I interferon signaling pathway in lupus autoimmunity.

Cytokine 2021 Jul 30;146:155633. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Medical Genetics and Molecular Biochemistry, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Fels Cancer Institute for Personalized Medicine, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Type I interferons (IFNs), mostly IFNα and IFNβ, and the type I IFN Signature are important in the pathogenesis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune chronic condition linked to inflammation. Both IFNα and IFNβ trigger a signaling cascade that, through the activation of JAK1, TYK2, STAT1 and STAT2, initiates gene transcription of IFN stimulated genes (ISGs). Noteworthy, other STAT family members and IFN Responsive Factors (IRFs) can also contribute to the activation of the IFN response. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms underlying responses of the Antarctic coral Malacobelemnon daytoni to ocean acidification.

Mar Environ Res 2021 Jul 24;170:105430. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales.,Cátedra de Ecología Marina, Av. Vélez Sarsfield 299, X5000JJC, Córdoba, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto de Diversidad y Ecología Animal (IDEA), Ecosistemas Marinos Polares, Av. Vélez Sarsfield 299, X5000JJC, Córdoba, Argentina. Electronic address:

Benthic organisms of the Southern Ocean are particularly vulnerable to ocean acidification (OA), as they inhabit cold waters where calcite-aragonite saturation states are naturally low. OA most strongly affects animals with calcium carbonate skeletons or shells, such as corals and mollusks. We exposed the abundant cold-water coral Malacobelemnon daytoni from an Antarctic fjord to low pH seawater (LpH) (7. Read More

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Effect of long-term intergenerational exposure to ocean acidification on ompa and ompb transcripts expression in European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax).

Mar Environ Res 2021 Jul 27;170:105438. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Integrative Ecophysiology, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany.

Since sensory system allows organisms to perceive and interact with their external environment, any disruption in their functioning may have detrimental consequences on their survival. Ocean acidification has been shown to potentially impair olfactory system in fish and it is therefore essential to develop biological tools contributing to better characterize such effects. The olfactory marker protein (omp) gene is involved in the maturation and the activity of olfactory sensory neurons in vertebrates. Read More

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Effect of high-intensity light on the photosynthetic activity, pigment content and expression of light-dependent genes of photomorphogenetic Solanum lycopersicum hp mutants.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 28;167:91-100. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

K.A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya Street 35, Moscow, 127276, Russia. Electronic address:

The relationship between photosynthesis, pigment accumulation, and the expression of key light-regulated genes in Solanum lycopersicum hp-1, hp-2 and hp-1.2 photomorphogenetic mutants under conditions of high-intensity light (2000 μm (photons) ms) was studied. The hp-2 mutant (LA3006) and the hp-1 mutants (LA4012 and LA3538) are deficient in DET1 (De-etiolated 1 and DDB1 (DNA DAMAGE-BINDING PROTEIN 1), respectively, which are components of the CDD complex (COP10, DDB1, DET1). Read More

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Permissive action of HO mediated ClUGT75 expression for auxin glycosylation and Al- tolerance in watermelon.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 24;167:77-90. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Laboratory of Germplasm Innovation and Molecular Breeding, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, PR China; Hainan Institute of Zhejiang University, Yazhou District, Sanya, 572025, PR China; Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture, Hangzhou, 310058, PR China.

Although Al-toxicity is one of the limiting factors for crop production in acidic soils, little is known about the Al-tolerance mechanism in watermelon, a fairly acid-tolerant crop. This work aimed to identify the interaction between the HO scavenging pathway and auxin glycosylation relevant to watermelon Al-tolerance. By analyzing expressions of hormone-related ClUGTs and antioxidant enzyme genes in Al-tolerant (ZJ) and Al-sensitive (NBT) cultivars, we identified ClUGT75s (B1, B2, and D1) and ClSOD1-2-ClCAT as crucial components associated with Al-tolerance. Read More

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Hydrogen sulfide and nitric oxide are involved in melatonin-induced salt tolerance in cucumber.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 28;167:101-112. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Life Sciences, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, 730070, China. Electronic address:

Hydrogen sulfide (HS) is a novel gaseous signaling molecule in response to adversity stress. Melatonin (MT) is a multifunctional molecule that plays an important role in regulating plant stress resistance. However, the interactions between HS and MT are still unknown. Read More

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Constitutive and differential expression of transport protein genes in Parascaris univalens larvae and adult tissues after in vitro exposure to anthelmintic drugs.

Vet Parasitol 2021 Jul 24;298:109535. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Section for Parasitology, Box 7036, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address:

The equine roundworm Parascaris univalens has developed resistance to the three anthelmintic substances most commonly used in horses. The mechanisms responsible for resistance are believed to be multi-genic, and transport proteins such as the P-glycoprotein (Pgp) family have been suggested to be involved in resistance in several parasites including P. univlaens. Read More

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Toxicogenomic differentiation of functional responses to fipronil and imidacloprid in Daphnia magna.

Aquat Toxicol 2021 Jul 27;238:105927. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Fraunhofer Attract Eco'n'OMICs, Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Schmallenberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Active substances of pesticides, biocides or pharmaceuticals can induce adverse side effects in the aquatic ecosystem, necessitating environmental hazard and risk assessment prior to substance registration. The freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna is a model organism for acute and chronic toxicity assessment representing aquatic invertebrates. However, standardized tests involving daphnia are restricted to the endpoints immobility and reproduction and thus provide only limited insights into the underlying modes-of-action. Read More

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Effects of biocontrol Bacillus and fermentation bacteria additions on the microbial community, functions and antibiotic resistance genes of prickly ash seed oil meal-biochar compost.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jul 27;340:125668. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Pest Integrated Management Key Laboratory of China Tobacco, Tobacco Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China.

This study evaluated the effects of biocontrol Bacillus and fermenting bacteria addition on the microbial community, metabolic functions and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) of new prickly ash seed oil meal (PSOM)-biochar composting. The results showed that the addition of Bacillus subtilis and fermentation bacteria significantly increased the NH-N, bacterial abundance and fungal diversity of compost while decreasing the relative abundances (RAs) of carbon metabolism genes in mature compost. NH-N was significantly correlated with microbial abundance and diversity, and its increase was closely related to microbial amino acid metabolism. Read More

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Improving stability of mainstream Anammox in an innovative two-stage process for advanced nitrogen removal from mature landfill leachate.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jul 21;340:125617. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

China Architecture Design and Research Group, Beijing 100044, PR China. Electronic address:

This study presents an innovative mainstream Anammox based on multiple NO-N supplement pathways to treat actual mature landfill leachate over 180 days. Desirable effluent quality of 11.8 mg/L total nitrogen (TN) and nitrogen removal efficiency of 98. Read More

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Insights of metallic nanoparticles and ions in accelerating the bacterial uptake of antibiotic resistance genes.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 24;421:126728. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC), The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address:

The increasing release of nanomaterials has attracted significant concerns for human and environmental health. Similarly, the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health crisis affecting approximately 700,000 people a year. However, a knowledge gap persists between the spread of AMR and nanomaterials. Read More

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Microbial reduction and resistance to selenium: Mechanisms, applications and prospects.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 20;421:126684. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PR China. Electronic address:

Selenium is an essential trace element for humans, animals and microorganisms. Microbial transformations, in particular, selenium dissimilatory reduction and bioremediation applications have received increasing attention in recent years. This review focuses on multiple Se-reducing pathways under anaerobic and aerobic conditions, and the phylogenetic clustering of selenium reducing enzymes that are involved in these processes. Read More

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A chemical window into the impact of RNAi silencing of the StNAC103 gene in potato tuber periderms: Soluble metabolites, suberized cell walls, and antibacterial defense.

Phytochemistry 2021 Jul 30;190:112885. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The City College of New York, City University of New York (CUNY) and CUNY Institute for Macromolecular Assemblies, New York, NY, 10031, USA; Ph.D. Program in Chemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, NY, 10016, USA; Ph.D. Program in Biochemistry, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, NY, 10016, USA. Electronic address:

The growth and survival of terrestrial plants require control of their interactions with the environment, e.g., to defend against desiccation and microbial invasion. Read More

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