1,516,448 results match your criteria gene expression


Secretory Leukocyte Proteinase Inhibitor Protects Acute Kidney Injury Through Immune and Non-Immune Pathways.

Shock 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de lnvestigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos (CEFYBO). Facultad de Medicina. Buenos Aires, Argentina Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Agrarias, BIOMED UCA-CONICET, Argentina Instituto de Trasplante y Alta Complejidad (ITAC), Nefrología de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina Fundación GADOR, Argentina Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Microbiología, Parasitología e Inmunología, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by rapid loss of excretory function and is the clinical manifestation of several disorders affecting the kidney. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of action of Secretory Leukocyte Proteinase Inhibitor (SLPI) that protects the kidneys form AKI. In vivo and in vitro experiments were performed to assess the effect of SLPI on kidney injury. Read More

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MiR-506-3p Promotes the Proliferation and Migration of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells via Targeting KLF4.

Pathobiology 2021 Apr 21:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Physiology & Pathophysiology, Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an, China.

Background: The dysregulation of proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is one of the major causes of atherosclerosis (AS). Accumulating studies confirm that Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) can regulate the proliferation and differentiation of VSMCs through multiple signaling pathways. However, the mechanism of KLF4 dysregulation remains unknown. Read More

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Piccolo is essential for the maintenance of mouse retina but not cochlear hair cell function.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 21;13. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

School of Life Science and Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Experimental Teratology, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.

Piccolo is a presynaptic protein with high conservation among different species, and the expression of Piccolo is extensive in vertebrates. Recently, a small fragment of Piccolo (Piccolino), arising due to the incomplete splicing of intron 5/6, was found to be present in the synapses of retinas and cochleae. However, the comprehensive function of Piccolo in the retina and cochlea remains unclear. Read More

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HucMSC exosome-delivered 14-3-3ζ alleviates ultraviolet radiation-induced photodamage via SIRT1 pathway modulation.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Apr 21;13. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medicine of Jiangsu Province, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China.

Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSC-ex) are nano-sized membrane-bound vesicles that have been reported to facilitate skin regeneration and repair. However, the roles played by hucMSC-ex in ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced skin photodamage and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. To investigate the functions of hucMSC-ex in a rat model of acute skin photodamage, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical staining, quantitative real-time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blot, and gene silencing assays were performed. Read More

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circUBAP2 exacerbates malignant capabilities of NSCLC by targeting KLF4 through miR-3182 modulation.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Mar 19;13. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou 350001, Fujian Province, China.

Chemo-resistance and refractoriness remain challenges for Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and the underlying molecular mechanisms haven't been fully explained. In this study, we investigated the influence of circUBAP2 on the NSCLC tumor cells. This study might provide novel therapeutic targets for NSCLC treatment. Read More

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Generation of an induced pluripotent stem cell line SDQLCHi026-A from a hereditary tyrosinemia type I patient carrying compound heterozygote mutations in FAH gene.

Stem Cell Res 2021 Apr 9;53:102331. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Pediatric Research Institute, Qilu Children's Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250022, China. Electronic address:

Here we describe the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a patient diagnosed as hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HT1) caused by FAH gene mutation. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) were developed using non-integrating episomal vectors containing OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, BCL-XL and MYC. The established iPSC line (SDQLCHi026-A) displayed pluripotent cell morphology, high expression levels of pluripotency markers, differentiation potential in vitro, normal karyotype, and remaining the original FAH gene mutation. Read More

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Molecular cloning, Immunological Characterization, and expression analysis of Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the brain of the Chinese alligator during different stages of reproductive cycle.

Gene 2021 Apr 18:145672. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory for Conservation and Use of Important Biological Resources of Anhui Province, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241000, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The neurohormone gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays an essential role in the control of reproductive functions in vertebrates. However, the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding the GnRHs precursor and it role in the reproductive cycles regulating has not been illustrated in crocodilian species. In the present study, full-length cDNAs encoding GnRH1 forms, its predominant localization within brain and peripheral tissues, and GnRH1 peptide concentrations in the hypothalamus and pituitary in relation to seasonal gonadal development of Chinese alligator were investigated. Read More

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Identification and expression analysis of group II C-type lectin domain containing receptors in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella.

Gene 2021 Apr 18:145668. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China; International Research Center for Marine Biosciences at Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Demonstration Center for Experimental Fisheries Science Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China. Electronic address:

Group II C-type lectin domain (CTLD) containing receptors belong to a large family of pattern recognition receptors which mainly act on the innate immunity. They are structurally related and consist of a cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and a single extracellular CTLD. Although they have been described in teleost fish, their involvement in immune responses is not well understood. Read More

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Mechanosensitive smooth muscle cell phenotypic plasticity emerging from a null state and the balance between Rac and Rho.

Cell Rep 2021 Apr;35(3):109019

Center for Engineering MechanoBiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Departments of Systems Pharmacology and Translational Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Reversible differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a critical role in vascular biology and disease. Changes in VSMC differentiation correlate with stiffness of the arterial extracellular matrix (ECM), but causal relationships remain unclear. We show that VSMC plasticity is mechanosensitive and that both the de-differentiated and differentiated fates are promoted by the same ECM stiffness. Read More

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Isoform-specific and signaling-dependent propagation of acute myeloid leukemia by Wilms tumor 1.

Cell Rep 2021 Apr;35(3):109010

Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B152TT, UK. Electronic address:

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is caused by recurrent mutations in members of the gene regulatory and signaling machinery that control hematopoietic progenitor cell growth and differentiation. Here, we show that the transcription factor WT1 forms a major node in the rewired mutation-specific gene regulatory networks of multiple AML subtypes. WT1 is frequently either mutated or upregulated in AML, and its expression is predictive for relapse. Read More

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High-content, targeted RNA-seq screening in organoids for drug discovery in colorectal cancer.

Cell Rep 2021 Apr;35(3):109026

Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research (ISREC), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne-(EPFL-SV), 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Organoids allow the recapitulation of intestinal homeostasis and cancerogenesis in vitro; however, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq)-based methods for drug screens are missing. We develop targeted organoid sequencing (TORNADO-seq), a high-throughput, high-content drug discovery platform that uses targeted RNA-seq to monitor the expression of large gene signatures for the detailed evaluation of cellular phenotypes in organoids. TORNADO-seq is a fast, highly reproducible time- and cost-effective ($5 per sample) method that can probe cell mixtures and their differentiation state in the intestinal system. Read More

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Impaired Differentiation of COPD Bronchial Epithelial Cells Grown on Bronchial Scaffolds.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Sweden;

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airway inflammation, small airway remodeling and emphysema. Airway remodeling in COPD patients involves both the airway epithelium and the subepithelial extracellular matrix (ECM). However, it is currently unknown how epithelial remodeling in COPD airways depends on the relative influence from inherent defects in the epithelial cells and alterations in the ECM. Read More

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Association of FOXP3 rs3761548 polymorphism and its reduced expression with Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions: A South Indian Study.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2021 Apr 21:e13431. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Maulana Azad National Urdu University, School of Sciences, Gachibowli, Hyderabad, 500 032, TS, India.

Problem: Fork Head Box Protein 3 (FOXP3) is an X-linked gene, codes for a master transcription regulatory protein that controls the development and function of immunosuppressive T regulatory (Treg) cells. They are crucial mediators of maternal foetal tolerance and successful pregnancy outcome. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of FOXP3 rs3761548 functional polymorphism and to assess the serum concentrations of full-length FOXP3 protein in Unexplained Recurrent Spontaneous Abortions (URSA) patients of Southern India. Read More

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A prospective clinical and transcriptomic feasibility study of oral-only hormonal therapy with radiation for unfavorable prostate cancer in men 70 years of age and older or with comorbidity.

Cancer 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves outcomes in unfavorable-risk prostate cancer (PCa) treated with radiation therapy (RT). It was hypothesized that replacing luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists with a 5-α-reductase inhibitor (5-ARI) would improve hormonal health-related quality of life (HRQOL) without differentially suppressing androgen-responsive (AR) gene expression.

Methods: Patients with localized unfavorable-risk PCa, aged ≥70 years or Charlson Comorbidity Index score ≥2 were treated with oral ADT (oADT), consisting of 4 months of bicalutamide, a 5-ARI, and RT at 78 Gy. Read More

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BC-TFdb: a database of transcription factor drivers in breast cancer.

Database (Oxford) 2021 Apr;2021

Department of Bioinformatics and Biological Statistics, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P.R. China.

Transcription factors (TFs) are DNA-binding proteins, which regulate many essential biological functions. In several cancer types, TF function is altered by various direct mechanisms, including gene amplification or deletion, point mutations, chromosomal translocations, expression alterations, as well as indirectly by non-coding DNA mutations influencing the binding of the TF. TFs are also actively involved in breast cancer (BC) initiation and progression. Read More

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Safe and effective two-in-one replicon-and-VLP minispike vaccine for COVID-19: Protection of mice after a single immunization.

PLoS Pathog 2021 Apr 21;17(4):e1009064. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Max von Pettenkofer Institute Virology, and Gene Center, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Vaccines of outstanding efficiency, safety, and public acceptance are needed to halt the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Concerns include potential side effects caused by the antigen itself and safety of viral DNA and RNA delivery vectors. The large SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein is the main target of current COVID-19 vaccine candidates but can induce non-neutralizing antibodies, which might cause vaccination-induced complications or enhancement of COVID-19 disease. Read More

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4-phenylbutyrate exerts stage-specific effects on cardiac differentiation via HDAC inhibition.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(4):e0250267. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA), a terminal aromatic substituted fatty acid, is used widely to specifically attenuate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inhibit histone deacetylases (HDACs). In this study, we investigated the effect of 4-PBA on cardiac differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Herein, we found that 4-PBA regulated cardiac differentiation in a stage-specific manner just like trichostatin A (TSA), a well-known HDAC inhibitor. Read More

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siRNAs and viruses: The good, the bad and the way forward.

Curr Mol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Virology, University of KwaZulu Natal/ National Health Laboratory Services, Durban, South Africa.

There are no available antivirals for many viruses or strains, while current antivirals are limited by toxicity and drug resistance. Therefore, alternative strategies, such as RNA interference (RNAi) are required. RNAi suppresses gene expression of any mRNA, making it an attractive candidate for antiviral therapeutics. Read More

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Coenzyme Q10 supplement rescues postovulatory oocyte aging by regulating SIRT4 expression.

Curr Mol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

Background: High-quality of the oocyte is crucial for embryo development and the success of human assisted reproduction. The postovulatory aged oocytes lose the developmental competence with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is widely distributed in the membranes of cells, and has an important role in the mitochondrial respiration chain, against oxidative stress and modulation of gene expression. Read More

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Retinoprotective Effects of Crocin and Crocetin via Anti-angiogenic Mechanism in High Glucose-Induced Human Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells.

Curr Mol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common side effects of diabetes. We aimed to investigate the effects of crocin and crocetin (as a deglycosylated form of crocin in blood stream) in gene expression or protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor-receptor1 (VEGFR-1), matrix metalloproteinases2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinases9 (MMP-9) and thrombospondin-2 (TSP-2) in high glucose cell culture media.

Methods: The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells were exposed to high glucose (HG, 30 mM glucose concentration) and normal glucose (NG, 24. Read More

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APLN: A potential novel biomarker for cervical cancer.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211011341

Department of Gynecology, Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Apelin (APLN) is recently demonstrated a direct association with many malignant diseases. However, its effects on cervical cancer remain unclear. This study therefore aims to evaluate the association between APLN expression and cervical cancer using publicly available data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Read More

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Expression Analysis of Same-Patient Metachronous and Synchronous Upper-Tract and Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma.

J Urol 2021 Apr 21:101097JU0000000000001788. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Urology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Purpose: To compare upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) in same-patient metachronous-(m) and synchronous-(s) UTUC and BUC using next generation sequencing.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive untreated same-patient samples of UTUC and BUC were macrodissected from unstained formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded slides after quality control. Samples were divided into 4 groups: 1) UTUC-mBUC, 2) BUC-mUTUC, 3) sUTUC-BUC, 4) UTUC without BUC. Read More

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Abrogation of mesenchyme-specific TGF-β signaling results in lung malformation with prenatal pulmonary cysts in mice.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, United States.

The TGF-β signaling pathway plays a pivotal role in controlling organogenesis during fetal development. Although the role of TGF-β signaling in promoting lung alveolar epithelial growth has been determined, mesenchymal TGF-β signaling in regulating lung development has not been studied in vivo due to a lack of genetic tools for specifically manipulating gene expression in lung mesenchymal cells. Therefore, the integral roles of TGF-β signaling in regulating lung development and congenital lung diseases are not completely understood. Read More

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Biophysical Properties of Self-Assembled Immune Signals Impact Signal Processing and the Nature of Regulatory Immune Function.

Nano Lett 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.

Outcomes during immunotherapy are impacted not only by the specific therapeutic signals and pharmacodynamics, but also by the biophysical forms in which signals are delivered. This integration is determinative in autoimmunity because the disease is caused by immune dysregulation and inflammation. Unfortunately, the links between nanomaterial design, biophysical properties, and immune regulation are poorly defined. Read More

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Cloning, Expression, Characterization, and Tissue Distribution of Cystatin C from Silver Carp ().

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland.

Cystatins are proteins, which inhibit cysteine proteases, such as papain. In this study, the 336-bp gene (family II, Hm) of silver carp () was cloned and expressed in BL21 (DE3). Hm encodes the mature peptide of cystatin C (HmCystatin C), with 111 amino acids. Read More

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CDC20 and PTTG1 are Important Biomarkers and Potential Therapeutic Targets for Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Adv Ther 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Urology, The First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, No. 258 of Cultural North Road, Haigang District, Qinhuangdao, 066000, China.

Introduction: Metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) is responsible for most prostate cancer (PCa) deaths worldwide. The present study aims to explore the molecular differences between mPCa and PCa.

Methods: The authors downloaded GSE6752, GSE6919, and GSE32269 from the Gene Expression Omnibus and employed integrated analysis to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between mPCa and PCa. Read More

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Identification of dicyclohexyl phthalate as a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist by molecular docking and multiple in vitro methods.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute of Agro-Food Technology, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, 130033, Jilin, China.

The potential activities of phthalate esters (PAEs) that interfere with the endocrine system have been focused recently. However, information on modulating the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) of PAEs is scarce. Our aim was to evaluate the agonistic / antagonistic properties of PAEs on human GR. Read More

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Human cardiac fibroblasts produce pro-inflammatory cytokines upon TLRs and RLRs stimulation.

Mol Cell Biochem 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Immunology, University Hospital Zurich, Gloriastrasse 23, CH-8091, Zurich, Switzerland.

Heart inflammation is one of the major causes of heart damage that leads to dilated cardiomyopathy and often progresses to end-stage heart failure. In the present study, we aimed to assess whether human cardiac cells could release immune mediators upon stimulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and Retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG)-I-like receptors (RLRs).Commercially available human cardiac fibroblasts and an immortalized human cardiomyocyte cell line were stimulated in vitro with TLR2, TLR3, and TLR4 agonists. Read More

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OsPG1 Encodes a Polygalacturonase that Determines Cell Wall Architecture and Affects Resistance to Bacterial Blight Pathogen in Rice.

Rice (N Y) 2021 Apr 21;14(1):36. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Zhejiang, 310006, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Plant cell walls are the main physical barrier encountered by pathogens colonizing plant tissues. Alteration of cell wall integrity (CWI) can activate specific defenses by impairing proteins involved in cell wall biosynthesis, degradation and remodeling, or cell wall damage due to biotic or abiotic stress. Polygalacturonase (PG) depolymerize pectin by hydrolysis, thereby altering pectin composition and structures and activating cell wall defense. Read More

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Determinant Factors and Regulatory Systems for Anthocyanin Biosynthesis in Rice Apiculi and Stigmas.

Rice (N Y) 2021 Apr 21;14(1):37. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences/National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Beijing, 100081, China.

Anthocyanins cause purple, brown or red colors in various tissues of rice plants, but the specific determinant factors and regulatory systems for anthocyanin biosynthesis in almost all tissues remain largely unknown. In the present study, we mapped and isolated two complementary genes, OsC1 encoding a R2R3-MYB transcriptional factor and OsDFR encoding a dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, which are responsible for the purple coloration of apiculi and stigmas in indica cultivar Xieqingzao by the map-based cloning strategy. We also identified two tissue-specific pigmentation genes, OsPa for apiculi and OsPs for stigmas, by phylogenetic analysis of all anthocyanin biosynthesis-associated bHLH transcriptional factors in maize and rice, CRISPR/Cas9 knockout and transcriptional expression analysis. Read More

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