21,514 results match your criteria genders males


Existence of Gender-Based Difference in Morphology of Convex Lateral Tibial Plateau in Korean Population Primary Knee Joint Osteoarthritis.

Biomed Res Int 2021 25;2021:6641717. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Morphological differences in the knee joints of females and males have been reported in a previous study. These differences have realized the need of developing a gender-specific prosthesis. However, anatomical studies on gender-based differences in the proximal tibial plateau's sagittal curvature have rarely been conducted. Read More

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Gender-Based Performance in Mathematical Facts and Calculations in Two Elementary School Samples From Chile and Spain: An Exploratory Study.

Front Psychol 2021 17;12:703580. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Departamento de Psicología, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Sevilla, Spain.

Gender differences in mathematical performance are not conclusive according to the scientific literature, although such differences are supported by international studies such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). According to TIMSS 2019, fourth-grade male students outperformed female students in Spanish-speaking countries, among others. This work approaches the study on gender difference by examining the basic calculation skills needed to handle more complex problems. Read More

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Acupuncture Reduced the Risk for Insomnia in Stroke Patients: A Propensity-Score Matched Cohort Study.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 13;13:698988. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Post-stroke insomnia (PSI) affects the quality of life for stroke patients, reduces the likelihood of successful rehabilitation, and produces additional complications following stroke. Previous reports have provided some information regarding PSI risk factors, but little is known concerning protective factors for PSI. This study analyzed the relationship between acupuncture and insomnia in stroke patients and explored the use of acupuncture as a preventive treatment. Read More

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ADHD Symptoms in Females of Childhood, Adolescent, Reproductive and Menopause Period.

Mater Sociomed 2021 Jun;33(2):114-118

Department of Midwifery, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.

Background: The attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was initially considered a male disorder. As it has recently been shown, however, its presentation in girls is a topic of increasing scientific interest and research. There have been quite a few studies so far showing the differences in the symptoms between genders and the progression of the condition depending on the individual's profile. Read More

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[GENDER-SPECIFIC MEDICINE IN UROLOGY].

Harefuah 2021 Sep;160(9):603-607

Department of Urology, Rambam Health Care Campus.

Introduction: Gender-specific medicine seeks to identify and understand differences in the ways in which diseases manifest in men and women. This article claims that, in urology, gender awareness is crucial to providing female patients with apposite medical treatment. While the majority of urological patients are men and a number of urological diseases are male-specific, urologic practitioners must nevertheless be familiar with urologic issues in women. Read More

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September 2021

Application of non-parametric models for analyzing survival data of COVID-19 patients.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Instituto de Matemáticas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela 15782, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: COVID-19 Coronavirus variants are emerging across the globe causing ongoing pandemics. It is important to estimate the case fatality ratio (CFR) during such an epidemic of a potentially fatal disease.

Methods: Firstly, we have performed a non-parametric approach for odds ratios with corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) and illustrated relative risks and cumulative mortality rates of COVID-19 data of Spain. Read More

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Air pollution increased risk of reproductive system diseases: a 5-year outcome analysis of different pollutants in different seasons, ages, and genders.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Central Laboratory & Respiratory Pharmacological Laboratory of Chinese Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, 19 Renmin Road, Zhengzhou, 450000, Henan, China.

Air pollution remains a serious environmental problem worldwide, and the effects of air pollutants with reproductive system diseases have already attracted extensive attention. The present study investigated the risk of air pollutants on reproductive system diseases, based on daily medical visits (DMV) of the past 5 years in central China. Data of DMV outpatients with reproductive system diseases were obtained from a general hospital in Zhengzhou, October 28, 2013 to May 31, 2018, as well as atmospheric pollutants data. Read More

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September 2021

Complications of Cochlear Implant Surgery: A Public Implant Centre Experience.

Pak J Med Sci 2021 Sep-Oct;37(5):1519-1523

Dr. Mobeen Kausar, MPH Deputy Medical Superintendent, Healthcare Commission Coordinator, DHQ Hospital, Rawalpindi - Pakistan.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of complications of cochlear implant surgery in children with congenital profound sensorineural hearing loss.

Methods: This study retrospectively & consecutively reviewed charts of children who underwent cochlear implantation from July 2015 to July 2019 at Cochlear Implant Centre of Otolaryngology Department of Capital Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan. These included cases of both genders aged one to 12 years operated at least one year before the time of data collection. Read More

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November 2020

Increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 infection among indigenous people living in the urban area of Manaus.

Sci Rep 2021 09 2;11(1):17534. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Laboratório de Imunologia e Virologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Coordenação Sociedade, Ambiente e Saúde, Av. André Araújo, 2936-Petrópolis, Manaus, Amazonas, CEP 69.067-375, Brazil.

The COVID-19 pandemic threatens indigenous peoples living in suburban areas of large Brazilian cities and has thus far intensified their pre-existing socio-economic inequalities. We evaluated the epidemiological situation of SARS-CoV-2 infection among residents of the biggest urban multiethnic indigenous community of the Amazonas state, Brazil. Blood samples of 280 indigenous people living in the surrounding area of Manaus were tested for the presence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgA or IgG antibodies. Read More

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September 2021

Resting state functional brain imaging in obsessive-compulsive disorder across genders.

World J Biol Psychiatry 2021 Sep 3:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China.

Objectives: Epidemiological and clinical gender differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been reported; however, gender differences in brain functional connectivity and the relationship between resting brain functional imaging and clinical symptoms has not been studied in OCD.

Methods: A total of 62 drug-naive patients with OCD (31 males, 31 females) and 60 healthy controls (HCs) (30 males, 30 females) matched for age, sex, and education underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) over the whole brain and seed-based connectivity analyses were evaluated to examine the intrinsic cerebral activity of the subjects. Read More

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September 2021

Early Postoperative Results of On-Pump Coronary Endarterectomy: Is Gender a Risk Factor?

Heart Surg Forum 2021 Jul 28;24(4):E662-E669. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Yıldırım/Bursa, Turkey.

Background: Coronary endarterectomy (CE) combined with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an effective but still controversial surgical strategy for the treatment of diffuse coronary artery disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of gender differences on operative and early postoperative results of patients who underwent CABG with CE.

Methods: This retrospective study included 141 patients who had undergone CE combined with CABG from January 2015 to December 2020, as well as 141 patients without CE as the control group. Read More

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Pilot study of the usability and functionality of a smart ph meter and a mobile medical application for urine ph monitoring.

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Sep;74(7):692-698

Devicare, S.L. Cerdanyola del Vallès. Barcelona. Spain.

Objectives: Portable pH meters are robust and reliable tools for measuring urinary pH bypatients at home. This study evaluated the usability of a prototype smart Lit-Control® pH Meter and an associated mobile medical app, with the aim of identifying possible design and functionality issues along with usability problems among non-expert voluntary users.

Matherials And Methods: Twenty-one individuals of both genders, between 26 and 61 years old, tested the dyad pH meter/app for 14 days (three readings per day). Read More

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September 2021

Association Between Chinese Visceral Adiposity Index and Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Japanese Adults.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 24;14:3743-3751. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong Medicine and Health Key Laboratory of Cardiac Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of China.

Background: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Studies have shown that the Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI), a novel visceral adiposity indicator, is positive associated with the risk of T2DM in the Chinese population. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between CVAI and incident T2DM in a Japanese population. Read More

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Evaluation of transverse maxillary growth on cone-beam computed tomography images.

Sci Rep 2021 Aug 31;11(1):17462. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Division of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, 6-320 Moos Health Science Tower, 515 Delaware Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

This study aimed at quantifying the annual transverse growth of the maxilla using skeletal landmarks in three different regions on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. CBCT scans taken before and after orthodontic treatment of 100 child and adolescent patients (50 male, 50 female) without maxillary transverse deficiencies were used to determine the transverse linear distances between the greater palatine foramina (GPFd), the lateral walls of the nasal cavity (NCd), and the infraorbital foramina (IOFd). We found that all distances increased significantly with growth in both genders (p < 0. Read More

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Free-breathing MR elastography of the lungs: An in vivo study.

Magn Reson Med 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Purpose: Lung stiffness alters with many diseases; therefore, several MR elastography (MRE) studies were performed earlier to investigate the stiffness of the right lung during breathhold at residual volume and total lung capacity. The aims of this study were 1) to estimate shear stiffness of the lungs using MRE under free breathing and demonstrate the measurements' repeatability and reproducibility, and 2) to compare lung stiffness under free breathing to breathhold and as a function of age and gender.

Methods: Twenty-five healthy volunteers were scanned on a 1. Read More

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Post-COVID-19 ergonomic school furniture design under fuzzy logic.

Authors:
Cetin O Incekara

Work 2021 ;69(4):1197-1208

BOTAS, Transit Pipeline Manager, Ankara, Turkey ORCID: 0000-0003-1927-8208; E-mail:

Background: Because of wrong sitting position, children have back-pain and related musculoskeletal pain (MPD). Due to inappropriate designed class furniture by not taking into account the children's anthropometric measurements have negative effect on children musculoskeletal systems. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis has changed the furniture industry's production trends. Read More

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The impact of an online intervention on the medical, dental and health sciences students about interprofessional education; a quasi-experimental study.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Aug 30;21(1):457. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) encompasses integration, communication, mutual trust and shared decision-making with a common goal of improved patient care and safety. Despite its crucial role, IPE has not gained its anticipated popularity. This study aims to determine the impact of an online educational intervention about IPE on medical, dental and health sciences students in the University of Sharjah (UoS). Read More

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An imaging measurement study of normal knee parameters in southeast China.

Curr Med Imaging 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Fuzhou Second Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Fuzhou, 350007. China.

Background: Imaging measurement of distal femur and proximal tibia has been the hot point in the research of total knee arthroplasty and prosthesis development, which is an important treatment for patients with advanced knee joint disease. This study retrospectively investigated the digital imaging measurement of normal knee parameters in southeast China and evaluated their clinical value.

Methods: From February 2010 to May 2014, and in accordance with the inclusion criteria, a total of 677 knees (334 female knees and 343 male knees) were categorized into 3 age groups. Read More

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Female disadvantage in risk of adverse outcomes after incident diabetic foot hospitalizations: A population cohort study.

Curr Diabetes Rev 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Epidemiology Unit, Agenzia Regionale Sanità, Florence. Italy.

Background: Diabetic foot disease (DFD) is more prevalent among males and is associated with an excess-risk of cardiovascular events or mortality.

Aims: This study explores the risk of next cardiovascular events, renal failure and all-cause mortality after incident DFD hospitalizations, separately in males and females to detect any gender difference in a cohort of 322,140 persons with diabetes retrospectively followed-up through administrative data-sources in Tuscany, Italy over years 2011-2018.

Methods: The hazard ratio (HR) for incident adverse outcomes after first hospitalizations for DFD categorized as: major/minor amputations (No. Read More

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Association of Elevated Serum Tryptase with Cutaneous Photodamage and Skin Cancers.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Aug 27:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Dermatology, University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Introduction: Mast cells and their major protein, the serine proteinase tryptase, can be involved in cutaneous photodamage and carcinogenesis. The serum test of tryptase (S-tryptase) measures total tryptase protein (active tryptase and inactive protryptases), and S-tryptase is elevated in a variety of diseases, for example, in mastocytosis and α-tryptasemia.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to study whether S-tryptase is a marker of cutaneous photodamage and carcinogenesis. Read More

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What symptoms best predict severe distress in an online survey of UK health and social care staff facing COVID-19: development of the two-item Tipping Point Index.

BMJ Open 2021 08 27;11(8):e047345. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Community Mental Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Objectives: COVID-19 has altered standard thresholds for identifying anxiety and depression. A brief questionnaire to determine when individuals are at a tipping point for severe anxiety or depression would greatly help decisions about when to seek assessment or treatment.

Design: Data were collected as part of the Frontline-COVID Study, a cross-sectional national online survey with good coverage of health and social care settings. Read More

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders in Indian Population.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021 Jun 5;13(Suppl 1):S398-S401. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Oral Pathology Private Practitioner, Patna, Bihar, India.

Background: The present study was conducted to assess risk factors and prevalence of potentially malignant disorders (PMDs) among Indian population.

Materials And Methods: 1280 Indian population of both genders were enrolled. Habits such as smoking bidi, cigarette, consumption of tobacco such as in the form of zarda, chaini khaini, pan masala, arecanut, and alcohol were recorded. Read More

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Evaluation of Oral Hygiene Status among 12-14-Year-Old School Children.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021 Jun 5;13(Suppl 1):S112-S115. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India.

Background: Oral diseases such as dental caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis are common among population. The present study was conducted to assess dental caries status and oral hygiene practice among school children.

Materials And Methods: This school-based study was conducted on 520 children of age group of 12-14 years of both genders. Read More

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Youth Perceptions of Sport-Confidence.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Deparment of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut; Department of Educational Leadership, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut; and Department of Athletic Training, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona.

Abstract: Zuk, EF, Maksymiw, K, Evanovich, J, McGarry, JE, Root, HJ, and Distefano, LJ. Youth perceptions in sport-confidence. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-Sport-confidence is an important construct that is often missed during physical activity interventions in youth. Read More

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Clinical Outcomes after Oat Beta-Glucans Dietary Treatment in Gastritis Patients.

Nutrients 2021 Aug 14;13(8). Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Department of Dietetics, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW-WULS), Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

The prevalence of gastritis in humans is constantly growing and a prediction of an increase in this health problem is observed in many countries. For this reason, effective dietary therapies are sought that can alleviate the course of this disease. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of chemically pure oat beta-glucan preparations with different molar masses, low or high, used for 30 days in patients with histologically diagnosed chronic gastritis. Read More

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The Gender-Specific Relationship between Nutritional Status, Physical Activity and Functional Mobility in Irish Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 10;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, Munster Technological University, Rossa Avenue, T12 P928 Cork, Ireland.

Research suggests that both nutrition and physical activity can protect mobility in older adults, but it is yet to be determined whether these relationships are affected by gender. Thus, we investigated the gender-specific relationship between nutritional status, physical activity level and functional mobility in Irish older adults. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 176 community-dwelling older adults (73. Read More

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Analysis of Gender Differences in the Rotational Alignment of the Distal Femur in Kinematically Aligned and Mechanically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 20;10(16). Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea.

To compare the angle between the external rotation references of the femoral components in the axial plane by gender and lower limb alignment in Korean patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Magnetic resonance (MR) images of 1273 patients were imported into a modeling software and segmented to develop three-dimensional femoral bony and cartilaginous models. The surgical transepicondylar axis (sTEA), posterior condylar axis (PCA), the kinematically aligned axis (KAA), and anteroposterior axis were used as rotational references in the axial plane for mechanically aligned (MA) TKA. Read More

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Morphometry of the Entire Internal Carotid Artery on CT Angiography.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Aug 17;57(8). Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, "Ovidius" University, 900470 Constanta, Romania.

: Knowledge of the internal carotid artery's (ICA) morphometric features is influential in outlining surgical and minimally invasive procedures in the neurovascular field. Many studies have shown divisive numbers regarding the ICA's caliber, with the measuring point of the artery sometimes differing. This study presents ICA dimensions based on computed tomography angiography in each of its seven segments as per Bouthillier's classification, correlating vascular dimensions with anthropometric parameters. Read More

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Importance of a Follow-Up Ultrasound Protocol in Monitoring Posttraumatic Spleen Complications in Children Treated with a Non-Operative Management.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Jul 21;57(8). Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Pediatric Surgery Clinic, Clinical Center, 18000 Nis, Serbia.

: For the last three decades, non-operative management (NOM) has been the standard in the treatment of clinically stable patients with blunt spleen injury, with a success rate of up to 95%. However, there are no prospective issues in the literature dealing with the incidence and type of splenic complications after NOM. : This study analyzed 76 pediatric patients, up to the age of 18, with blunt splenic injury who were treated non-operatively. Read More

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Association of Nonalcoholic Hepatic Fibrosis with Body Composition in Female and Male Psoriasis Patients.

Life (Basel) 2021 Jul 29;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Oncodermatology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Akác u. 1., 7632 Pécs, Hungary.

Psoriasis has been associated with increased frequency of hepatic diseases. Psoriasis severity, obesity, insulin resistance, aspartate aminotransferase level, platelet count, and alcohol use are significant predictors for advanced fibrosis in psoriasis patients. Although psoriasis patients also present body composition changes (e. Read More

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