3,521 results match your criteria gender-based violence

Administering gender: Trans men's sexual and reproductive challenges in Argentina.

Int J Transgend Health 2021 25;22(1-2):54-64. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of Sociology, American University, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: There is dearth of experiential information about transgender men's sexual and reproductive rights needs and challenges in Argentina, a country that passed the first, and then most comprehensive, Gender Identity Law. Local rules, and administrative, social service, and medical policies fail to meet the transformative scope of the law, thus, creating a tension between trans identity recognition, and medical services.

Aims: This study aimed to illustrate Argentinean trans men's challenges with the medical and healthcare system, when seeking to become pregnant, in prenatal care, or when needing an abortion. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence and correlates of having sexual and reproductive health priorities met by HIV providers among women living with HIV in a Canadian setting.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2021 Sep 6;30:100666. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Division of Social Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Centre for Gender and Sexual Health Equity, 1190 Hornby Street/ 647 Powell Street, Vancouver, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To: (1) describe the prevalence of key reproductive health outcomes (e.g., pregnancy, unintended pregnancy; abortion); and (2) examine social-structural correlates, including HIV stigma, of having key sexual and reproductive health (SRH) priorities met by participants' primary HIV provider, among women living with HIV. Read More

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September 2021

Factors Associated with Attitude towards Wife-Beating among Married Women of the Reproductive Ages in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

ScientificWorldJournal 2021 13;2021:9980268. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Health Extension, Arba Minch College of Health Sciences, Arba Minch, P.O. Box: 155, Ethiopia.

Evidence from demographic and health surveys in various countries and Ethiopia too showed that more women are generally believed to justify intimate partner violence (IPV) than men do. An attitude that justifies IPV is one of the factors affecting victimization and perpetration from IPV. However, women's justification about the violence and factors affecting the justification are not well documented, particularly by addressing household factors such as household food conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Next Steps in Untangling the Web of Violence: A Research Agenda.

Child Maltreat 2021 Sep 23:10775595211034472. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

School of Social Work, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

In this commentary, we outline four key trends in violence and trauma research and describe needed research to advance our ability to understand, prevent, and respond these problems. The trends are the move toward evidence-based policy, the recognition of the importance of trauma dosage, the shift to strengths-based approaches, and increased attention to race, gender, and other personality and community characteristics regarding health disparities and culturally appropriate interventions. For each trend, we have identified needed research areas, taking care to identify low-resource and high-resource studies that can help us reduce the burden of trauma. Read More

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September 2021

LGBTQ Student Health: A Mixed-Methods Study of Unmet Needs in Massachusetts Schools.

J Sch Health 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Director of Transgender Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Director of Transgender Health Research and Affiliated Research Scientist, The Fenway Institute at Fenway Health, 221 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA, 02215.

Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer and questioning (LGBTQ) youth experience poor physical and mental health outcomes relative to their non-LGBTQ peers. School health professionals (SHPs), such as school nurses, play a key role in addressing LGBTQ student health needs. However, few studies examine school health needs of LGBTQ students from both the youth and SHP perspective. Read More

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September 2021

Sexual Violence and Chemsex among Substance-Using Sexual and Gender Minorities in Texas.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 Sep 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, Texas, USA.

Introduction: Chemsex is the use of methamphetamine or other substances to enhance sexual experiences, and is most often associated with sexual minority men. Within the chemsex literature, questions of sexual violence emerge due, in part, to ambiguity about what constitutes consent within sexualized environments with co-occurring substance use.

Methods: To understand the context in which sexual violence occurs, data from an online survey of sexual and gender minority Texans were analyzed using bivariate and logistic regression ( = 1273), and qualitative interviews with substance-using sexual minority men from a separate sample were thematically analyzed ( = 22). Read More

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September 2021

Psychopathological symptom network structure in transgender and gender queer youth reporting parental psychological abuse: a network analysis.

BMC Med 2021 09 22;19(1):215. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Vanke School of Public Health, Tsinghua University, No.30, Shuangqing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Background: This is the first study to investigate the effect of parental psychological abuse on potential psychopathological symptoms in gender minority youth subgroups, including transgender women, transgender men, and gender queer individuals.

Methods: Data was analysed from the Chinese National Transgender Survey in 2017; the survey was distributed through community-based organizations to transgender adolescents and adults residing in China, with representation from all 32 provinces and autonomous regions. A total of 1293 youth that self-identified as transgender or gender queer completed the study. Read More

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September 2021

Working Against Gender-Based Violence in the American South: An Analysis of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality in Advocacy.

Qual Health Res 2021 Sep 18:10497323211041327. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Non-profit organizations that address gender-based violence must create diverse, inclusive, and equitable workplaces for advocates so that they can adequately serve diverse survivors. Despite recent efforts, differential treatment and high turnover among minority advocates continue. Further strategies to eliminate discriminative organizational practices are needed. Read More

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September 2021

Work situation of rheumatologists and residents in times of COVID-19 : Findings from a survey in Germany.

Z Rheumatol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Klinik für Rheumatologie und Immunologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, OE 6830, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background And Objective: The work situation is an important dimension of professional life and wellbeing, and a policy lever to strengthen recruitment and retention. This study aims to explore the work situation of physicians and residents in internal medical rheumatology, considering the impact of the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19.

Methods: A questionnaire-based online survey was conducted in early 2021 at the Hannover Medical School, supported by the German Society of Rheumatology. Read More

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September 2021

Women as users and dealers of inhalants in the streets of Mexico city: A study on empowerment, cooperation, and trust at the margins.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Sep 14:103440. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, 09340. Mexico City, Mexico; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Insurgentes Sur 1582, 08400, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Introduction: People who live on the streets in Mexico commonly use inhalants to induce psychoactive effects. Research on the distribution, sale, and consumption of these substances is scarce and mostly focuses on men, which limits the understanding of their use and possible public policies. Our ethnographic research concentrates on women who live and work on the street under marginalized conditions in Mexico City. Read More

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September 2021

Preventing Gender-Based Homelessness in Canada During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: The Need to Account for Violence Against Women.

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 17:10778012211034202. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Women's Shelters Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to increases in intimate partner violence (IPV), a leading cause of women's homelessness. Although the Canadian Government provided emergency funding to the violence against women and housing and homelessness sectors in response to COVID-19, Canada lacks a national legislative and funding framework to support coordinated prevention efforts. We review the context of IPV and homelessness among women and international policy exemplars. Read More

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September 2021

"We are Forgotten": Forced Migration, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, and Coronavirus Disease-2019.

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 17:10778012211030943. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Baobab Women's Project, Birmingham, UK.

Adopting a structural violence approach, this article explores, with survivors and practitioners, how early coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic conditions affected forced migrant sexual and gender-based violence survivors' lives. Introducing a new analytical framework combining violent abandonment, slow violence, and violent uncertainty, we show how interacting forms of structural violence exacerbated by pandemic conditions intensified existing inequalities. Abandonment of survivors by the state increased precarity, making everyday survival more difficult, and intensified prepandemic slow violence, while increased uncertainty heightened survivors' psychological distress. Read More

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September 2021

Exploring Variations in Individuals' Relationships to Sexual Fantasies: A Latent Class Analysis.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Departement of Sexology, Université du Québec À Montréal, Downtown Station, PO Box 8888, Montreal, QC, H3T 1C5, Canada.

Sexual fantasies represent a vast and highly personal dimension of human sexuality that remains understudied empirically. This article used a person-oriented approach to examine the reactions of arousal and discomfort that individuals experienced in response to four proposed fantasy scenarios depicting themes of romance, power dynamics (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Client-perpetrated gender-based violence among female sex workers in conflict-affected Northern Uganda: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 13;11(9):e046894. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Study Objective: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of client-perpetrated gender-based violence among female sex workers in conflict-affected Northern Uganda.

Design And Settings: We conducted a cross-sectional study among female sex workers in Gulu district in conflict-affected Northern Uganda.

Participants: The study participants included 300 female sex workers aged 18+ years. Read More

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September 2021

Gendered Attributions of Blame and Failure to Protect in Child Welfare Responses to Sexual Abuse: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis.

Corry Azzopardi

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 13:10778012211024263. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect Program, Division of Paediatric Medicine, 7979The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Gender-based relations of power and attributions of blame for child sexual abuse have been longstanding in child welfare policy and practice. Nonoffending mothers continue to be ascribed responsibility through the ideologically and institutionally entrenched doctrine of failure to protect. Feminist critical discourse analysis was used to (a) expose and disrupt dominant discourses of gender, motherhood, and risk that operate to construct and reinforce notions of blame and failure to protect, as enacted by way of child welfare text in context; and (b) build a credible case for social and organizational change grounded in an alternative discourse with greater explanatory power. Read More

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September 2021

Trusting Others During a Pandemic: Investigating Potential Changes in Generalized Trust and Its Relationship With Pandemic-Related Experiences and Worry.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:698519. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Oslo, Norway.

Generalized trust, the belief that most other people can be trusted, has positive consequences for health and wellbeing. An increased sense of community is often seen in times of crisis or disaster, but it is unclear whether this is the case in the COVID-19 pandemic. The objectives of the current study were to assess whether generalized trust increased in an early pandemic phase compared to pre-pandemic levels, and whether trust was lower in individuals who felt particularly threatened or burdened in the pandemic. Read More

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Sex as Boys' Fame, But Girls' Shame: Adversarial Adolescent Gender Roles and Gender-based Violence in Guyana.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 11:8862605211043585. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Western University, ON, Canada.

Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant issue for youth in Guyana, particularly among young women. Yet, discussions about sex, dating, and violence rarely occur at the community level. To understand the heightened risk for GBV with youth in Guyana, we utilized a critical qualitative design to explore adolescent dating violence with adolescents (14-16 years old), parents, and school officials in a public secondary school in Guyana. Read More

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September 2021

A scoping review of the determinants of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder in South Africa: an intersectional perspective.

Health Policy Plan 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Robert Sobukwe Road, Bellville 7535, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa.

Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) affects babies born to mothers who consume alcohol while pregnant. South Africa has the highest prevalence of FASD in the world. We review the social determinants underpinning FASD in South Africa and add critical insight from an intersectional feminist perspective. Read More

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September 2021

When "Stay at Home" Can Be Dangerous: Data on Domestic Violence in Italy during COVID-19 Lockdown.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 25;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.

The global pandemic caused by a new strain of Coronavirus has brought the Italian government to adopt quarantine, isolation, and lockdown strategies as restrictive measures to reduce the virus spread. Being forced to stay at home could significantly increase the likelihood of episodes of home-based violence and could also be accompanied by a limited possibility of complaints or defense by the victim. The present study aimed to document, through the use of newspaper articles, the characteristics of domestic violence during the lockdown period related to COVID-19 in Italy (from 9 March 2020 up to 18 May 2020) and compare the results with the same period in 2019. Read More

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Measuring gender-based violence risk mitigation in humanitarian settings: results from a comprehensive desk review and systematic mapping.

BMJ Open 2021 09 8;11(9):e050887. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard University T H Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: To systematically document measurement approaches used in the monitoring and evaluation of gender-based violence (GBV) risk mitigation activities, categorise the types of available literature produced by sector, identify existing tools and measures and identify knowledge gaps within the humanitarian sector.

Design: Systematic mapping and in-depth review.

Data Sources: Pubmed, Global Health, PsychInfo, ReliefWeb, OpenGrey (grey literature), Google Scholar, Web of Science (Social Science Index)Eligibility criteria: a structured search strategy was systematically applied to 17 databases as well as registers, websites and other resources to identify materials published between 1 January 2005 and 15 May 2019. Read More

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September 2021

"Validation of a cyberbullying questionnaire as a screening tool for other forms of intimate-partner violence towards young women".

BMC Public Health 2021 09 8;21(1):1639. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Epidemiology Area, General Subdirectorate of Epidemiology, General Directorate of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Community of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The use of electronic media is widespread among young people and is a potential tool for the perpetration of intimate-partner violence (IPV) towards women. The aim of this study is to validate two questions focused on harassment and control by electronic tools (HCE-2) as a screening tool for the detection of IPV in young women.

Methods: The data source was the third Community of Madrid IPV survey in 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Women's understanding of economic abuse in North-Western Tanzania.

Womens Health (Lond) 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17455065211042180

Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.

Introduction: Economic abuse is a form of intimate partner violence that still lacks a clear conceptualization and therefore is often overlooked next to physical, sexual and psychological abuse. While existing categorizations recognize economic intimate partner violence as economic control, economic exploitation and employment sabotage, current measurements of economic abuse rarely capture all its forms, and the issue has not been widely explored in low- and middle-income country settings.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 18 women in Mwanza, Tanzania to understand local perceptions and experiences of economic intimate partner violence. Read More

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September 2021

Early marriage and teenage pregnancy: The unspoken consequences of COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria.

Public Health Pract (Oxf) 2021 Nov 18;2:100152. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Early marriage and its sad consequences to the girl child and socio-economic development of the nation has been an age-long issue being advocated against in many parts of Nigeria. At the onset of COVID-19, the teeming efforts to curb this issue almost got jeopardized with harsh economic situations in many households due to the lockdown and the willingness to marry off their girls to reduce this burden. Closure of schools and cases of sexual gender based violence also impacted the prevalence of early marriage during the pandemic in Nigeria. Read More

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November 2021

The role of moral neutralization of aggression and justification of violence against women in predicting physical teen dating violence perpetration and monitoring among adolescents in Switzerland.

New Dir Child Adolesc Dev 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Although dating violence poses a serious threat to adolescents' health and well-being around the globe, little evidence is available for Europe in general and Switzerland in particular. Also, evidence on the role of cognitive predictors related to a more general justification of aggressive behavior and gender-based violence is lacking. Therefore, this two-wave longitudinal study conducted with Swiss adolescents (N = 646) examined moral neutralization of aggression and justification of violence against women as predictors of physical dating violence perpetration and monitoring. Read More

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September 2021

The role of intimate partner violence and relationship satisfaction in couples' interpersonal emotional arousal.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Family Translational Research Group.

To inform interpersonal models of intimate partner violence (IPV), the present study examines patterns of vocally encoded emotional arousal during the conversations of mixed-gender couples who reported on the extent of physical and psychological IPV and degree of relationship satisfaction ( = 149). All couples completed two problem-solving discussions. Emotional arousal was measured continuously during each conversation using vocal fundamental frequency. Read More

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September 2021

Development and Validation of the Stalking and Obsessive Relational Intrusions Questionnaire (SORI-Q).

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 1:8862605211042808. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Psychology at Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Canada.

Stalking and obsessive relational intrusions both refer to a pervasive and unwanted pattern of pursuit behaviors, the former being a criminal offense evoking fear and a sense of menace in the victim, while the latter may be perceived as annoying or otherwise undesirable, but not necessarily fear inducing. While the individual and societal costs of stalking and obsessive relational intrusion are increasingly recognized, research regarding these behaviors and their consequences has been limited by measurement issues, as most studies have relied on questionnaires and checklists based on very limited validation data. The goal of the present study is to report on the development and validation of the Stalking and Obsessive Relational Intrusions Questionnaire (SORI-Q), a 28-item self-report questionnaire designed to probe for perpetration of stalking-like behaviors. Read More

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September 2021

Domestic Violence in Atlanta, Georgia Before and During COVID-19.

Violence Gend 2021 Sep 25;8(3):140-147. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Domestic violence is known to be one of the most prevalent forms of gender-based violence in emergency contexts and anecdotal data during the COVID-19 pandemic suggest that related restrictions on movement may exacerbate such violence. As such, the purpose of this study was to measure differences in domestic violence incident reports from police data in Atlanta, Georgia, before and during COVID-19. Thirty weeks of crime data were collected from the Atlanta Police Department (APD) in an effort to compare Part I offense trends 2018-2020. Read More

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September 2021

Experiences of Violence and Mental Health Concerns Among Sexual and Gender Minority Adults in Western Kenya.

LGBT Health 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations throughout Kenya as well as other sub-Saharan African countries face systemic discrimination and substantial human rights violations, yet scant literature documents the potentially harmful mental health effects of these experiences. This study sought to understand the relationship among experiences of violence, social support, and mental health among SGM adults in Kenya. Members of a local LGBT community-based organization collected survey data in Western Kenya from October 2017 to April 2018, recruiting 527 SGM participants through an array of community outreach methods. Read More

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Using a Continuous Traumatic Stress Framework to Examine Ongoing Adversity Among Indian Women from Slums: A Mixed-Methods Exploration.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Psychology, The University of Tulsa, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.

Gender-based violence (GBV) is pervasive among Indian women. Although posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychological outcome of GBV, it might not accurately capture the experiences of Indian women from slums, who face continued stressors (i.e. Read More

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