3,250 results match your criteria gdm compared


Screening of postpartum diabetes in women with gestational diabetes: high-risk subgroups and areas for improvements-the STRONG observational study.

Acta Diabetol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

AMD-SID Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group, Rome, Italy.

Aims: To assess the proportion of women with gestational diabetes (GDM) by performing postpartum Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and to identify GDM phenotypes at high-risk of postpartum dysglycemia (PPD).

Methods: Observational, retrospective, multicenter study involving consecutive GDM women. Recursive partitioning (RECPAM) analysis was used to identify distinct and homogeneous subgroups of women at different PPD risk. Read More

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Association between maternal folate status and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Apr 17;9(4):2042-2052. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology Metabolic Syndrome Research Center Key Laboratory of Diabetes Immunology Ministry of Education National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University Changsha China.

Studies on the association between maternal folate status and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have yielded inconsistent results. This meta-analysis was performed to determine whether there may exist some association between maternal folate status and GDM. Unrestricted searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Embase were conducted. Read More

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The Effect of Mild Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Treatment on Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 26;12:640004. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.

Objectives: It is uncertain whether the treatment of mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) improves pregnancy outcomes. The aim of this systemic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of mild GDM treatment on adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on the databases of PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar to retrieve studies that compared interventions for the treatment of mild GDM with usual antenatal care. Read More

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Thin endometrium is associated with the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in fresh IVF/ICSI embryo transfer cycles: a retrospective cohort study of 9,266 singleton births.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2021 Apr 9;19(1):55. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Shandong University, No.157 Jingliu Road, Jinan, 250021, China.

Background: Thin endometrial thickness (EMT) has been suggested to be associated with reduced incidence of pregnancy rate after in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment, but the effect of thin endometrium on obstetric outcome is less investigated. This study aims to determine whether EMT affects the incidence of obstetric complications in fresh IVF/ICSI-embryo transfer (ET) cycles.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study collecting a total of 9266 women who had singleton livebirths after fresh IVF/ICSI-ET treatment cycles at the Center for Reproductive Medicine Affiliated to Shandong University between January 2014 and December 2018. Read More

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Macular vascular changes in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus by optical coherence tomography angiography.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 9;21(1):170. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital affiliated with Tongji University, 301 Middle Yan Chang Road, Shanghai, 200072, People's Republic of China.

Background: Retinal capillary is vulnerable to diabetes, whether gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) eyes without clinical retinopathy have capillary abnormalities has not been well studied. To observe the microvasculature changes in eyes of GDM women compared with normoglycemic pregnant women and non-pregnant women by optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A).

Methods: GDM women, age-matched normoglycemic pregnant women and non-pregnant women were included in this study. Read More

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The effect of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on the fetal compartment.

J Reprod Immunol 2021 Mar 24;145:103314. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Departamento de Obstetrícia, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), Rua Pedro de Toledo 669, 9 andar - 04939032, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

In indicated preterm births such a Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), little is known about the role of the amnion membranes. Investigating the role of amnion membrane inflammation in response GDM may suggest novel pathophysiologic mechanisms. We hypothesize that increased GDM inflammatory mediators may weaken the amnion membrane predisposing them to infection. Read More

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The effect of intermittent energy restriction on weight loss and diabetes risk markers in women with a history of gestational diabetes: a 12-month randomized control trial.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

University of South Australia, Clinical and Health Sciences, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Weight loss after gestational diabetes (GDM) can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Intermittent energy restriction (IER) may offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction (CER) for weight loss.

Objectives: We compared the effects of IER (2 days per week) to daily CER over 12 mo on weight loss and diabetes risk markers in overweight women with previous GDM. Read More

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Bihormonal dysregulation of insulin and glucagon contributes to glucose intolerance development at one year post-delivery in women with gestational diabetes: a prospective cohort study using an early postpartum 75-g glucose tolerance test.

Endocr J 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Division of Advanced Preventive Medical Sciences, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki 852-8501, Japan.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is known to be a significant risk factor for the future development of type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated whether a precise evaluation of β- and α-cell functions helps to identify women at high risk of developing glucose intolerance after GDM. Fifty-six women with GDM underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at early (6-12 weeks) postpartum. Read More

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Risks of Macrosomia Associated with Catechol--Methyltransferase Genotypes and Genetic-Epigenetic Interactions among Children with and without Gestational Diabetes Exposure.

Child Obes 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Center for Global Oncology, Institute for Global Health, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major macrosomia risk factor. Variations in the catechol--methyltransferase (COMT; rs4680) genotypes are associated with heightened susceptibility to environmental exposures and nutritional conditions. However, macrosomia risks associated with COMT genetics, epigenetics, and the interaction between genetic and epigenetics among children with and without exposure to GDM are unknown. Read More

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Pregnancy outcomes among women with class III obesity with normal early glucola.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr 4:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Because obese women are at increased risk for insulin resistance and development gestational diabetes (GDM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends early GDM screening in this population. For obese women with a normal early 1-hour 50 g oral glucose challenge test (eGCT), the risk of developing GDM later in the pregnancy is unknown. Thus, we aimed to assess the risk of developing gestational diabetes based on the value of a normal eGCT. Read More

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Effect of interventions in pregnant women with mildly impaired glucose tolerance.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Aim: In 2010, the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) changed the diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) to follow the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria. As a result, many pregnant women with mildly impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were newly diagnosed with GDM. This study aimed to verify the effects of interventions in pregnant women with mild IGT who were newly diagnosed with GDM based on the present JSOG criteria. Read More

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Compromised Renal and Hepatic Functions and Unsteady Cellular Redox State during Preeclampsia and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Arch Med Res 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Bhavnagar, Gujarat-364002, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: To assess renal and hepatic functions along with the redox state in preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) pregnancies.

Design And Method: The study was conducted on 33 PE (mean age = 30 ± 5 years), 33 GDM (mean age = 30 ± 6 years) and age, gravida, parity, and ethnicity matched 25 normal pregnancies (NP). Biomarkers of redox status, renal and hepatic functions; aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bilirubin, urea, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, uric acid, lipid peroxidation (MDA), total thiols (TSH), radical scavenging activities and ferric reducing antioxidant potentials of serum were measured. Read More

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First pregnancy risk factors and future gestational diabetes mellitus.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Purpose: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affect about 17% of all pregnancies and is associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences for the mother and her offspring. Early diagnosis and prompt interventions may reduce these adverse outcomes. We aimed to identify first pregnancy characteristics as risk factors for GDM in subsequent pregnancy. Read More

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Glycaemic Variability and Risk Factors of Pregnant Women with and without Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Measured by Continuous Glucose Monitoring.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 25;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Safarik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia.

: The aim of the study was to compare the continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)-determined glycaemic variability (GV) of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and without GDM (CG; control group). The secondary aim was to evaluate the association between risk factors of diabetes in pregnancy and parameters of glyceamic control. : Demographic, biometric and biochemical parameters were obtained for pregnant women (20-38 years old) who after an oral glucose tolerance test were examined by 7-day continuous glucose monitoring using a iPro2 Professional CGM. Read More

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Association between Chinese Dietary Guidelines Compliance Index for Pregnant Women and Risks of Pregnancy Complications in the Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 3;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China.

Background: Compliance with dietary guidelines among pregnant women can positively influence not only their own health but also the health of their babies. Measuring the compliance requires professional skills in nutrition and dietary counseling. In China, few simple and effective techniques assess dietary quality among pregnant women, especially in rural areas. Read More

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Higher Parity, Pre-Pregnancy BMI and Rate of Gestational Weight Gain Are Associated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Food Insecure Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 7;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen, The Netherlands.

Food insecurity may exacerbate adverse maternal health outcomes during pregnancy, however, this association has not been well established, particularly in the context of developing countries. This study aimed to identify the associations between household food insecurity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk among urban pregnant women. Household food insecurity was assessed using the translated 10-item Radimer/Cornell hunger scale. Read More

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Oestrogen receptor α in T cells controls the T cell immune profile and glucose metabolism in mouse models of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Diabetologia 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Aims/hypothesis: The imbalance between maternal insulin resistance and a relative lack of insulin secretion underlies the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Alterations in T cell subtypes and increased levels of circulating proinflammatory cytokines have been proposed as potential mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of insulin resistance in GDM. Since oestrogen modulates T cell immunity, we hypothesised that oestrogen plays a homeostatic role in visceral adipose tissue by coordinating T cell immunity through oestrogen receptor α (ERα) in T cells to prevent GDM. Read More

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Metabolomic profile associated with obstructive sleep apnoea severity in obese pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: A pilot study.

J Sleep Res 2021 Apr 1:e13327. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Research Informatics Core, Research Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is prevalent in obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The present pilot study explored associations between OSA severity and metabolites in women with GDM. A total of 81 obese women with diet-controlled GDM had OSA assessment (median gestational age [GA] 29 weeks). Read More

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Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: Association with glycaemic control in gestational diabetes.

Diabet Med 2021 Mar 30:e14574. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether the metabolic glucose profile, based on glycaemic control and insulin requirements, was different in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) compared to women with only GDM.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study comprised women with GDM and ICP matched with women with only GDM was undertaken at Aarhus University hospital, Denmark, from 2012 to 2019. A total of 46 cases and 184 controls were compared in relation to glycaemic control during pregnancy. Read More

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The Pregravid Vascular Risk Factor Profile of Low-Risk Women Who Develop Pregnancy Outcomes That Predict Future Cardiovascular Disease.

Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle) 2021 23;2(1):62-70. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Women with a history of certain adverse outcomes in pregnancy (preterm birth, delivery of a small-for-gestational age [SGA] infant, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes mellitus [GDM]) have an elevated lifetime prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease, compared with their peers. However, it is not known if MetS precedes the index pregnancy in young, nulliparous women who experience these antepartum outcomes. Thus, we sought to evaluate the relationship between pregravid cardiovascular risk factor profile and these pregnancy outcomes in low-risk women. Read More

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Placental neurotrophin levels in gestational diabetes mellitus.

Int J Dev Neurosci 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Mother and Child Health, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be) University, Pune, India.

Objective: Neurotrophins are known to influence the development and maturation of the feto-placental unit and affect fetal growth trajectories. This study reports the levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived growth factor (BDNF) in the placenta of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: A total number of 60 women with GDM and 70 women without GDM (non-GDM) were included in the study. Read More

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Association of chemerin gene promoter methylation in maternal blood and breast milk during gestational diabetes.

J Dev Orig Health Dis 2021 Mar 30:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, 74800, Pakistan.

The intrauterine environment and early-life nutrition are regulated by maternal biomarkers in the blood and breast milk. We aimed to explore epigenetic modifications that may contribute to differential chemerin expression in maternal plasma, colostrum, and breast milk and find its association with fetal cord blood and infant weight at 6 weeks postpartum. Thirty-three gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) mothers and 33 normoglycemic mothers (NGT) were recruited. Read More

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Maternal Diabetes Impairs Insulin and IGF-1 Receptor Expression and Signaling in Human Placenta.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 10;12:621680. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania Medical School, Catania, Italy.

Background: Maternal high blood glucose during pregnancy increases the risk for both maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. The mechanisms underlying the regulator effects of hyperglycemia on placental development and growth have not been fully illustrated yet. The placenta expresses high amounts of both insulin receptor (IR) and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R). Read More

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The diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and its impact on In Vitro Fertilization pregnancies. A pilot study.

J Diabetes Complications 2021 Mar 20:107914. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Diabetes Center and Clinic, Hygeia General Hospital, 4 Erythrou Stavrou, 151 23 Marousi, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is increasingly becoming a necessary mode of reproduction. This high risk group is prone to Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) which further exposes these pregnancies to an increased risk of adverse outcomes. In light of the limited data in the current literature, further investigation is needed regarding the time of GDM diagnosis in IVF pregnancies as well as the outcome of IVF pregnancies complicated by GDM. Read More

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Different Gestational Diabetes Phenotypes: Which Insulin Regimen Fits Better?

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 9;12:630903. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Biomedical, Experimental and Clinical Sciences, University of Florence, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Objective: Maternal characteristics and OGTT values of pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were evaluated according to treatment strategies. The goal was to identify different maternal phenotypes in order to predict the appropriate treatment strategy.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study among 1,974 pregnant women followed up for GDM in a tertiary referral hospital for high-risk pregnancies (Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy) from 2013 to 2018. Read More

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Selective morphological and volumetric alterations in the hippocampus of children exposed in utero to gestational diabetes mellitus.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Prior epidemiological studies have found that in utero exposure to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. However, brain alterations associated with GDM are not known. The hippocampus is pivotal for cognition and emotional regulation. Read More

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Impact of gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosed during the third trimester on pregnancy outcomes: a case-control study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Mar 24;21(1):246. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

Background: In 2010, the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) proposed new criteria indicating that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can be diagnosed if the fasting threshold of ≤92 mg/dL, 1-h threshold of ≤180 mg/dL, or 2-h threshold of ≤153 mg/dL are exceeded during the 75-g 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) performed at 24-28 weeks of gestation. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends using the proposed diagnostic threshold values of the IADPSG to diagnose GDM; however, it does not limit the timing of the 75-g OGTT. Since 2010 in Japan, GDM has been diagnosed using the same criteria as that proposed by the WHO. Read More

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Racial and ethnic disparities in chronic health conditions among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Health Promot Perspect 2021 7;11(1):54-59. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

College of Medicine, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, CA, USA.

This study aims to examine and determine the role of race/ethnicity in chronic conditions in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during any of their previous pregnancies. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from2007-2016 to identify women who self-reported prior GDM and chronic disease diagnoses such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, depression, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).We used bivariate analysis using the chi-square test (χ²) and multiple logistic regressions to perform statistical test for associations, taking into consideration design and sample weight. Read More

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February 2021

Adiponectin DNA methylation in South African women with gestational diabetes mellitus: Effects of HIV infection.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(3):e0248694. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Biomedical Research and Innovation Platform (BRIP), South African Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa.

DNA methylation is increasingly recognized as a potential biomarker of metabolic disease. However, there is limited information on the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on the candidacy of DNA methylation to serve as molecular biomarkers. This study investigated the effect of HIV infection on DNA methylation patterns in the peripheral blood of South African women with (n = 95) or without (n = 191) gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Read More

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Gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain predicts fetal growth and neonatal outcomes.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021 Apr 12;42:307-312. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Nutrition & Food Hygiene, Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, MOE Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, 13 Hangkong Road, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are salient predictors of pregnancy-outcomes. However, findings on the association between GDM, BMI, and GWG with fetal growth measures are limited.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of GDM on fetal growth measures and birth outcomes. Read More

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