8,534 results match your criteria gdm


Distribution of complete blood count constituents in gestational diabetes mellitus.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26301

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shenzhen Longhua District Central Hospital, Guangdong Medical University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Background Trial Design: The incidence rate of gestational diabetes is high. In the long run, it harms the health of both the mother and child. In order to understand the distribution of hematological cells with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a longitudinal cohort study was conducted from 2012 to 2018. Read More

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Association of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus with Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes and Its Interaction with Maternal Age in Chinese Urban Women.

J Diabetes Res 2021 18;2021:5516937. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 10034, China.

Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been dramatically increasing worldwide. The aims of this study were to examine associations of GDM with pregnancy outcomes in Chinese urban women and to evaluate the interaction between GDM and other major risk factors for the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective analysis included 8844 women who delivered live singletons at ≥28 weeks of gestation between June 2012 and March 2013 among Chinese urban women. Read More

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Maternal Plasma Betaine in Middle Pregnancy Was Associated with Decreased Risk of GDM in Twin Pregnancy: A Cohort Study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 3;14:2495-2504. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Clinical Research Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Center for Healthcare Quality Management in Obstetrics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Although previous studies have shown that choline-related metabolites in one carbon metabolism (OCM) were related to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk in singleton pregnancy, their role in twin gestations remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the associations between choline, betaine, methionine, dimethylglycine (DMG), trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and GDM risk among women with twin gestations.

Patients And Methods: This hospital-based cohort study included 187 women with dichorionic twin gestations. Read More

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The pregnancy-related anxiety characteristics in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: why should we care?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 10;21(1):424. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Nursing, Xinjiang Medical University, No. 567, Shangde North Road, Urumqi, 830000, Xinjiang, China.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is very commonly-seen in clinical settings, and GDM patients may have higher levels of anxiety. It's necessary to evaluate the anxiety level and potentially influencing factors in patients with GDM, to provide insights for the management of anxiety of GDM patients.

Methods: Patients with GDM treated in our hospital from May, 2018 to May, 2020 were included. Read More

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Maternal Diabetes and Infant Sex Ratio.

Curr Diab Rep 2021 Jun 10;21(8):24. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 390 HPER, 1914 Andy Holt Ave, Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Evolutionary hypotheses on the ratio of males to females at birth posit that women terminate pregnancies with low likelihood of surviving and producing grandchildren. Thus, females are preferred to males under unfavorable conditions. Much of this literature has focused on catastrophic disruptions that induce maternal stress and result in fewer males. Read More

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Hyperglycemia at 1h-OGTT in Pregnancy: A Reliable Predictor of Metabolic Outcomes?

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 24;12:612829. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, University of Rome-Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Identifying among GDM women those who are at high risk may help prevent T2DM and, possibly CVD. Several studies have shown that in women with GDM, hyperglycemia at 1 h during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (1-h PG) is not only associated with an increase in adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes but is also an independent predictor of T2DM. Read More

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Predictors of later insulin therapy for gestational diabetes diagnosed in early pregnancy.

Endocr J 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), diagnosed in early pregnancy, have been a topic of controversy. This study aimed to elucidate factors that predict patients with GDM diagnosed before 24 gestational weeks (early GDM: E-GDM) who require insulin therapy later during pregnancy. Furthermore, we identified patients whose impaired glucose tolerance should be strictly controlled from early gestation onward. Read More

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MicroRNA-362-5p promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of trophoblast cells via targeting glutathione-disulfide reductase.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):2410-2419

First Department of Obstetrics, Chongqing Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Chongqing, China.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a common complication of pregnancy, harms the health of pregnant women and fetuses. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) dysregulation in placenta is involved in GDM. Herein, we explored the roles of miR-362-5p in GDM. Read More

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December 2021

The effect of combined supplementation with vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids on blood glucose and blood lipid levels in patients with gestational diabetes.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 May;10(5):5652-5658

Obstetrics Department, Haikou Hospital of the Maternal and Child Health, Haikou, China.

Background: To investigate the effects of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids on glucose and blood lipid metabolism in gestational diabetes (GDM) women.

Methods: A total of 150 patients with GDM aged 18-40 who were admitted to our hospital from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into test and control groups according to whether they took vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. Read More

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Relationship between ABO blood group and gestational diabetes mellitus: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25877

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common metabolic disorder syndrome in women during pregnancy. If effective measures are not taken to intervene in the early stage of GDM, severe effects will damage maternal and infant health. ABO is the most important human blood group system. Read More

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Inadequate post-partum screening for type 2 diabetes in women with previous gestation diabetes mellitus: a retrospective audit of practice over 17 years.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9:e14447. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University Hospitals of the North Midlands NHS Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Introduction: Women with gestational diabetes (GDM) are at greatly increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The UK guidance recommends screening for T2DM at around 6 weeks post-partum and annually thereafter. We evaluated conformity to this guidance in two separate time periods. Read More

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Influence of MiRNAs in gestational diabetes mellitus development.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gynecology and Gynecological Oncology, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder that is considered a prediabetes state. According to the International Diabetes Federation every year an increase in the number of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes is being noticed. It is known that GDM can cause many complications during pregnancy and labor. Read More

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First trimester fasting glucose and glycated haemoglobin cut-offs associated with abnormal glucose homeostasis in the post-partum reclassification in women with hyperglycaemia in pregnancy.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Serviço de Endocrinologia do Centro Hospitalar do Tâmega e Sousa, Avenida do Hospital Padre Américo 210, Guilhufe, 4564-007, Penafiel, Portugal.

Hyperglycaemia first detected during pregnancy is either gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or previous undiagnosed diabetes. We aimed to study if there were a first trimester fasting glycaemia (FTG) and a glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) cut-off values associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or abnormal glucose homeostasis (AGH) at the post-partum oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) reclassification. We retrospectively studied a group of pregnant women from the Portuguese National Registry of GDM. Read More

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Identification of Diagnostic CpG Signatures in Patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Epigenome-Wide Association Study Integrated with Machine Learning.

Biomed Res Int 2021 19;2021:1984690. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Obstetrics, Zibo Central Hospital, Zibo City, Shandong Province, 255000, China.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most prevalent metabolic disease during pregnancy, but the diagnosis is controversial and lagging partly due to the lack of useful biomarkers. CpG methylation is involved in the development of GDM. However, the specific CpG methylation sites serving as diagnostic biomarkers of GDM remain unclear. Read More

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The use of mobile health interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus: a descriptive literature review.

J Med Life 2021 Mar-Apr;14(2):131-141

Department of Health Information Management, Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

This study attempted to review the evidence for or against the effectiveness of mobile health (m-health) interventions on health outcomes improvement and/or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) management. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases were searched from 2000 to 10 July 2018 to find studies investigating the effect of m-health on GDM management. After removing duplications, a total of 27 articles met our defined inclusion criteria. Read More

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Feature and impact of guideline-directed medication prescriptions for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction accompanied by chronic kidney disease.

Int J Med Sci 2021 28;18(12):2570-2580. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Section of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, Republic of China.

With respect to total mortality and cardiovascular mortality, the feature and impact of guideline-directed medication (GDM) prescriptions for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are unknown. Therefore, we aimed to determine these aspects. GDM prescriptions and their impact on discharged patients with and without CKD were analyzed. Read More

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Effect of Experimental Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Mechanical Sensitivity, Capsaicin-Induced Pain Behaviors and Hind Paw Glabrous Skin Innervation of Male and Female Mouse Offspring.

J Pain Res 2021 2;14:1573-1585. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Unidad Académica Multidisciplinaria Reynosa-Aztlán, Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas, Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

Purpose: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) induces cardiovascular and metabolic disturbances in offspring. However, the effects of GDM in pain processing in offspring and whether male and female offspring are equally affected is not well known. Thus, we determined: i) whether GDM in mice affects offspring hindpaw mechanical sensitivity, capsaicin-induced spontaneous pain-like behaviors, and epidermal nerve fiber density (ENFD); and ii) whether there is sexual dimorphism in these parameters in offspring from GDM dams. Read More

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Estimating the Risk of Insulin Requirement in Women Complicated by Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Clinical Nomogram.

Authors:
Runyu Du Ling Li

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 1;14:2473-2482. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Endocrinology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: This study sought to develop a nomogram for the prediction of insulin requirement in a Chinese population with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 626 Chinese women with GDM, of whom 188 were treated with insulin. "Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator" regression was used to optimize the independent predictors of insulin requirement during pregnancies complicated with GDM. Read More

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Using a consumer-based wearable activity tracker for physical activity goal setting and measuring steps in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: exploring acceptance and validity.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 8;21(1):420. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

The University of Tennessee, Graduate School of Medicine, 1924 Alcoa Highway, Knoxville, TN, 37920, USA.

Background: Activity monitoring devices may be used to facilitate goal-setting, self-monitoring, and feedback towards a step-based physical activity (PA) goal. This study examined the performance of the wrist-worn Fitbit Charge 3™ (FC3) and sought opinions on walking and stepping-in-place from women with gestational diabetes (GDM).

Methods: Participants completed six 2-min metronome-assisted over ground bouts that varied by cadence (67, 84, or 100 steps per minute) and mode (walking or stepping-in-place; N = 15), with the sequence randomized. Read More

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Changes in Serum Total Bile Acid Concentrations are Associated with the Risk of Developing Adverse Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Pregnant Chinese Women.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Union Shenzhen Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: We aimed to investigate the association between total bile acid (TBA) concentrations changes during the second and third trimesters and the risk of developing adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes (AMPO).

Methods: A total of 1569 pregnant Chinese women were enrolled. Serum TBA concentrations were measured during the 16-18 and 29-34 weeks of gestation. Read More

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Computerized cardiotocography in singleton gestations with diabetes mellitus: a retrospective study.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, School of Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the use of computerized cardiotocography (C-CTG) in women with diabetes mellitus.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with diabetes mellitus referred to University of Naples Federico II from January 2018 to January 2020 for antenatal monitoring. Only women who underwent antenatal monitoring with C-CTG were included in the study. Read More

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Starchy vegetable intake in the first trimester is associated with a higher risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective population-based study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jun 6:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between starchy vegetable consumption and subgroup consumption in the first trimester and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: A prospective study ( = 1444) was conducted in China. Dietary information was assessed by 24-hour dietary recalls for three days and then we calculated the consumption of total starchy vegetable and its subgroups, including (1) potato and (2) other starchy vegetable (pumpkin, lotus root, yam, taro, water chestnut, pea, and cowpea). Read More

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Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Gestational Diabetes-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Endocr Soc 2021 Jul 23;5(7):bvab051. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Centre for Molecular Medicine and Biobanking, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, MSD2080 Msida, Malta.

A growing body of evidence shows that the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a surrogate index of systemic inflammation in several chronic diseases. Conflicting associations between NLR and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been reported in individual studies. This meta-analysis sought to investigate the association between NLR and GDM. Read More

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Non-Coding RNAs and Extracellular Vehicles: Their Role in the Pathogenesis of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:664287. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition in the second or third trimester of pregnancy. GDM has a considerable impact on health outcomes of the mother and offspring during pregnancy, delivery, and beyond. Although the exact mechanism regarding GDM remains unclear, numerous studies have suggested that non-coding RNAs, including long non-coding (lnc)RNAs, microRNAs, and circular RNAs, were involved in the pathogenesis of GDM in which they played vital regulatory roles. Read More

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Does Universal Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Improve Neonatal Outcomes in a Socially Vulnerable Population: A Prospective Study in French Guiana.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 21;12:644770. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Andrée Rosemon, Cayenne, French Guiana.

Aims/introduction: French Guiana has a high prevalence of metabolic diseases, which are risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus. Despite routine screening for gestational diabetes, treatment is still challenging because of health inequalities and different cultural representations of disease and pregnancy. This study was conducted to assess the role of early and universal GDM screening on obstetrical and neonatal complications in a socially deprived population. Read More

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Cell death mechanisms and their roles in pregnancy related disorders.

Adv Protein Chem Struct Biol 2021 27;126:195-225. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Mother and Child Health, Interactive Research School for Health Affairs (IRSHA), Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Pune, India. Electronic address:

Autophagy and apoptosis are catabolic pathways essential for homeostasis. They play a crucial role for normal placental and fetal development. These cell death mechanisms are exaggerated in placental disorders such as preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Read More

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February 2021

High pre-pregnancy BMI with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in Korean women.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252442. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Home Economics Education, Korea National University of Education, Cheongju, Republic of Korea.

Despite the importance of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the progression of GDM to type 2 diabetes, few studies have evaluated the combined effect of high pre-pregnancy BMI and GDM status on the future development of type 2 diabetes in Korean women. This study aimed to examine the relationship of pre-pregnancy BMI and GDM history with the risk of type 2 diabetes among Korean women. In addition, the effects of pre-pregnancy BMI and current BMI on the risk of type 2 diabetes were evaluated. Read More

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The cardio-ankle vascular index as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

J Hypertens 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Internal medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

Objective: To assess the association between maternal hemodynamic parameters; cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), representing arterial stiffness; mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (Ut-PI), and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia (PE), fetal growth restriction (FGR), and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on low-risk pregnancies. All were serially measured for the mean CAVI, MAP, and Ut-PI for four times at gestational age (GA) 11-14, 18-22, 28-32, and after 36 weeks. Read More

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Experimental resin-modified calcium-silicate cement containing N-(2-hydroxyethyl) acrylamide monomer for pulp tissue engineering.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jul 27;126:112105. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Department of Oral Health Sciences, BIOMAT - Biomaterials Research group & UZ Leuven (University Hospitals Leuven), Dentistry, Leuven, Belgium.

Aim: Our study aimed to measure (1) the flexural strength, (2) shear bond strength to dentin, (3) pH, and (4) calcium (Ca) release of a series of innovative resin-modified calcium-silicate pulp-capping cements (Rm-CSCs). Using an ex-vivo human vital tooth-culture model, we additionally assessed (5) their pulp-healing initiation when brought in direct contact with human dental pulp tissue.

Methodology: Three experimental Rm-CSCs, being referred to 'Exp_HEAA', 'Exp_GDM' and 'Exp_HEAA/GDM', contained either 20 wt% N-(2-hydroxyethyl) acrylamide (HEAA), 20 wt% glycerol dimethacrylate (GDM) or 10 wt% HEAA plus 10 wt% GDM, added to a common base composition consisting of 25 wt% urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA), 10 wt% 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-MET), and 5 wt% N,N'-{[(2-acrylamido-2-[(3-acrylamidopropoxy)methyl] propane-1,3-diyl)bis(oxy)]bis-(propane-1,3-diyl)}diacrylamide (FAM-401). Read More

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