2,044 results match your criteria ganglia capsaicin

[Involvement of Pirt /TRPV1 signaling in acupuncture-induced reduction of visceral hypersensitivity in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome rats].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2021 Apr;46(4):278-83

School of Acupuncture-moxibustion and Tuina, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu 610075, China.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of Pirt (a regulator of TRPV1) in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1, a molecular sensor of noxious heat and capsaicin) in the colonic mucosa in rats suffering from diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), so as to explore its mechanisms underlying alleviation of visceral hypersensitivity of IBS-D.

Methods: Forty SD rats (half male and half female) were randomly assigned to control, model, EA, and medication groups by lottery, with 10 rats in each group. The IBS-D model was established by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and gavage of senna soaking fluid. Read More

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Nociceptive receptors are expressed differently in trigeminal nociception after lingual nerve injury and unilateral external carotid artery occlusion in rats.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Apr 16;126:105128. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Faculty of Medicine, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objectives: To investigate the different changes in nociceptive activity between two animal models of trigeminal neuropathic pain: unilateral external carotid artery ischemic reperfusion and lingual nerve crush in rats.

Design: In this study, changes in nociceptive activity were investigated in unilateral external carotid artery ischemic reperfusion and lingual nerve crush models of trigeminal neuropathic pain in rats. Field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) evoked by capsaicin application on the tongue of rats were recorded in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis. Read More

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Lipopolysaccharides induce a RAGE-mediated sensitization of sensory neurons and fluid hypersecretion in the upper airways.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 16;11(1):8336. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Pharmacology (APP), College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 107 Wiggins Road, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5E5, Canada.

Thoracic dorsal root ganglia (tDRG) contribute to fluid secretion in the upper airways. Inflammation potentiates DRG responses, but the mechanisms remain under investigation. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) underlies potentiation of DRG responses in pain pathologies; however, its role in other sensory modalities is less understood. Read More

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Petasin and isopetasin reduce CGRP release from trigeminal afferents indicating an inhibitory effect on TRPA1 and TRPV1 receptor channels.

J Headache Pain 2021 Apr 13;22(1):23. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Universitätsstraße 17, 91054, Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Butterbur root extract with its active ingredients petasin and isopetasin has been used in the prophylactic treatment of migraine for years, while its sites of action are not completely clear. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is known as a biomarker and promoting factor of migraine. We set out to investigate the impact of petasins on the CGRP release from trigeminal afferents induced by activation of the calcium conducting transient receptor potential channels (TRPs) of the subtypes TRPA1 and TRPV1. Read More

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No functional TRPA1 in cardiomyocytes.

Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2021 Apr 5:e13659. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Center for Physiology and Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Aim: There is mounting evidence that TRPA1 has a role in cardiac physiology and pathophysiology. We aim to clarify the site of TRPA1 expression in the heart and in particular whether the channel is expressed in cardiomyocytes.

Methods: Due to the high calcium conductance of TRPA1, and marginal calcium changes being detectable, microfluorimetry in primary mouse cardiomyocytes, and in the cardiomyocyte cell lines H9c2 and HL-1, was applied. Read More

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Ca Signalling Induced by NGF Identifies a Subset of Capsaicin-Excitable Neurons Displaying Enhanced Chemo-Nociception in Dorsal Root Ganglion Explants from Adult Mouse.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 4;22(5). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

International Centre for Neurotherapeutics, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, D09 V209 Dublin, Ireland.

Nociceptors sense hazards via plasmalemmal cation channels, including transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). Nerve growth factor (NGF) sensitises TRPV1 to capsaicin (CAPS), modulates nociceptor excitability and induces thermal hyperalgesia, but cellular mechanisms remain unclear. Confocal microscopy was used to image changes in intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]) across neuronal populations in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) explants from adult mice, which express a fluorescent reporter in their sensory neurons. Read More

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Sex-dependent Cav2.3 channel contribution to the secondary hyperalgesia in a mice model of central sensitization.

Brain Res 2021 Mar 19;1764:147438. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Central sensitization (CS) is characteristic of difficult to treat painful conditions, such as fibromyalgia and neuropathies and have sexual dimorphism involved. The calcium influx in nociceptive neurons is a key trigger for CS and the role of Cav2.1 and Cav2. Read More

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TRPV1 Activation Promotes β-arrestin2 Interaction with the Ribosomal Biogenesis Machinery in the Nucleolus:Implications for p53 Regulation and Neurite Outgrowth.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Feb 25;22(5). Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Inflammation Research Network-Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases and Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada.

Transient receptor potential vanilloids TRPV1) are non-selective cation channels that sense and transduce inflammatory pain signals. We previously reported that activation of TRPV1 induced the translocation of β-arrestin2 (ARRB2) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, raising questions about the functional role of ARRB2 in the nucleus. Here, we determined the ARRB2 nuclear signalosome by conducting a quantitative proteomic analysis of the nucleus-sequestered L395Q ARRB2 mutant, compared to the cytosolic wild-type ARRB2 (WT ARRB2), in a heterologous expression system. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of morphine preconditioning on TRPV1 sensitization and ERK1/2 phosphorylation induced by TGFβ1 in neurocytes.

Neuroreport 2021 Mar;32(5):339-344

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China.

Objective: Myocardium ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the major cause of cardiac dysfunction. While intrathecal morphine preconditioning (MPC) can alleviate IRI in animal model, the molecular processes underlying IRI and MPC remain elusive. This study aims to test whether pretreatment with morphine can ameliorate the increased activity of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) induced by transforming growth beta1 (TGFβ1) in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons as a model of the effects of cardiac ischemia on nociceptive primary afferent neurons. Read More

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How do neurons in sensory ganglia communicate with satellite glial cells?

Brain Res 2021 Jun 22;1760:147384. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Laboratory of Experimental Surgery, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem 91240, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address:

Neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs) in sensory ganglia maintain bidirectional communications that are believed to be largely mediated by chemical messengers. Nerve injury leads to SGC activation, which was proposed to be mediated by nitric oxide (NO) released from active neurons, but evidence for this is lacking. Here we tested the idea that increased neuronal firing is a major factor in NO release. Read More

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Extracellular vesicle-encapsulated microRNA-23a from dorsal root ganglia neurons binds to A20 and promotes inflammatory macrophage polarization following peripheral nerve injury.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 02 17;13(5):6752-6764. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu University, Chengdu 610081, P.R. China.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are capable of transferring microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) between two different types of cells and also serve as vehicles for delivery of therapeutic molecules. After peripheral nerve injury, abnormal expression patterns of miRNAs have been observed in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons. We hypothesized that sensory neurons secrete miRs-containing EVs to communicate with macrophages. Read More

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February 2021

Cross-effect of TRPV1 and EP3 receptor on coughs and bronchopulmonary C-neural activities.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(2):e0246375. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Pathophysiology Program, Lovelace Biomedical Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America.

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-induced coughs in vivo and vagal nerve depolarization in vitro are inhibited by systemic and local administration of prostaglandin EP3 receptor (L-798106) and TRPV1 antagonists (JNJ 17203212). These results indicate a modulating effect of TRPV1 on the EP3 receptor-mediated cough responses to PGE2 likely through the vagal sensory nerve. This study aimed to determine whether 1) inhalation of aerosolized JNJ 17203212 and L-798106 affected cough responses to citric acid (CA, mainly stimulating TRPV1) and PGE2; 2) TRPV1 and EP3 receptor morphologically are co-expressed and electrophysiologically functioned in the individual of vagal pulmonary C-neurons (cell bodies of bronchopulmonary C-fibers in the nodose/jugular ganglia); and 3) there was a cross-effect of TRPV1 and EP3 receptor on these neural excitations. Read More

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February 2021

Satellite Glial Cells Give Rise to Nociceptive Sensory Neurons.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2021 Jan 3. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Cell Biology, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China.

Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons can transmit information about noxious stimulus to cerebral cortex via spinal cord, and play an important role in the pain pathway. Alterations of the pain pathway lead to CIPA (congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis) or chronic pain. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that nerve damage leads to the regeneration of neurons in DRG, which may contribute to pain modulation in feedback. Read More

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January 2021

Sexually dimorphic response of colorectal motility to noxious stimuli in the colorectum in rats.

J Physiol 2021 03 28;599(5):1421-1437. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Basic Veterinary Science, Laboratory of Physiology, The United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan.

Key Points: This study showed a remarkable sex difference in responses of colorectal motility to noxious stimuli in the colorectum in rats: colorectal motility was enhanced in response to intracolonic administration of a noxious stimulant, capsaicin, in male rats but not in female rats. The difference in descending neurons from the brain to spinal cord operating after noxious stimulation could be responsible for the sex difference. In male rats, serotoninergic and dopaminergic neurons are dominantly activated, both of which activate the spinal defaecation centre. Read More

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Electronic Cigarette Liquid Constituents Induce Nasal and Tracheal Sensory Irritation in Mice in Regionally Dependent Fashion.

Nicotine Tob Res 2020 12;22(Suppl 1):S35-S44

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD.

Introduction: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are currently used by millions of adults and adolescents worldwide. Major respiratory symptoms, such as coughing reported by e-cig users, including patients with e-cig, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), indicate e-cig constituent-induced sensory irritation. However, e-cig constituent-induced nociceptive activity in nasal and tracheal respiratory epithelia (RE) and neuronal activation in the trigeminal ganglia and brainstem nuclei, which receive airway chemosensory inputs have not been examined and compared. Read More

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December 2020

Differentiation of the 50B11 dorsal ganglion cells into NGF and GDNF responsive nociceptor subtypes.

Mol Pain 2020 Jan-Dec;16:1744806920970368

Anatomy and Histology, Flinders Health & Medical Research Institute, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

The embryonic rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron-derived 50B11 cell line is a promising sensory neuron model expressing markers characteristic of NGF and GDNF-dependent C-fibre nociceptors. Whether these cells have the capacity to develop into distinct nociceptive subtypes based on NGF- or GDNF-dependence has not been investigated. Here we show that by augmenting forskolin (FSK) and growth factor supplementation with NGF or GDNF, 50B11 cultures can be driven to acquire differential functional responses to common nociceptive agonists capsaicin and ATP respectively. Read More

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December 2020

Regulation of Pain Genes-Capsaicin vs Resiniferatoxin: Reassessment of Transcriptomic Data.

Front Pharmacol 2020 29;11:551786. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Institutes for Systems Genetics, Frontiers Science Center for Disease-related Molecular Network, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Emerging evidence has shown a strong association between neuropathic pain and chronic diseases. In recent years, the treatment of neuropathic pain has attracted more attention. Natural products, such as capsaicin and resiniferatoxin, have been well utilized to treat this disease. Read More

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October 2020

The TRPM3 ion channel mediates nociception but not itch evoked by endogenous pruritogenic mediators.

Biochem Pharmacol 2021 01 29;183:114310. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address:

During the molecular transduction of itch, the stimulation of pruriceptors on sensory fibers leads to the activation or sensitization of ion channels, which results in a consequent depolarization of the neurons. These ion channels mostly belong to the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, which are involved in nociception and thermosensation. In particular, TRPV1 and TRPA1 were described in the transduction of both thermal nociception as well as histaminergic and non-histaminergic itch. Read More

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January 2021

Descending Modulation of Laryngeal Vagal Sensory Processing in the Brainstem Orchestrated by the Submedius Thalamic Nucleus.

J Neurosci 2020 12 28;40(49):9426-9439. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, The University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010, Victoria, Australia

The nodose and jugular vagal ganglia supply sensory innervation to the airways and lungs. Jugular vagal airway sensory neurons wire into a brainstem circuit with ascending projections into the submedius thalamic nucleus (SubM) and ventrolateral orbital cortex (VLO), regions known to regulate the endogenous analgesia system. Here we investigate whether the SubM-VLO circuit exerts descending regulation over airway vagal reflexes in male and female rats using a range of neuroanatomical tracing, reflex physiology, and chemogenetic techniques. Read More

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December 2020

Evidence for multiple bulbar and higher brain circuits processing sensory inputs from the respiratory system in humans.

J Physiol 2020 12 7;598(24):5771-5787. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Key Points: Unpleasant respiratory sensations contribute to morbidity in pulmonary disease. In rodents, these sensations are processed by nodose and jugular vagal sensory neurons, two distinct cell populations that differentially project to the airways and brainstem. Whether similar differences exist in bronchopulmonary sensory pathways in humans is unknown. Read More

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December 2020

Early Stimulation of TREK Channel Transcription and Activity Induced by Oxaliplatin-Dependent Cytosolic Acidification.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Sep 28;21(19). Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Via Bovio 6, 28100 Novara, Italy.

Oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy is characterized by an acute hyperexcitability syndrome triggered/exacerbated by cold. The mechanisms underlying oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy are unclear, but the alteration of ion channel expression and activity plays a well-recognized central role. Recently, we found that oxaliplatin leads to cytosolic acidification in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Read More

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September 2020

The indirect γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor agonist gabaculine-induced loss of the righting reflex may inhibit the descending analgesic pathway.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2020 11 7;198:173034. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Department of Molecular and Pharmacological Neuroscience, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.

In the spinal cord, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneurons play an essential role in antinociception. However, not all actions of GABA favor antinociception at the supraspinal level. We previously reported that gabaculine, which increases endogenous GABA in the synaptic clefts, induces loss of the righting reflex (LORR) that is one indicator of hypnosis, but not immobility in response to noxious stimulus. Read More

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November 2020

Global transcriptome analysis of rat dorsal root ganglia to identify molecular pathways involved in incisional pain.

Mol Pain 2020 Jan-Dec;16:1744806920956480

Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

To develop non-opioid therapies for postoperative incisional pain, we must understand its underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, we assessed global gene expression changes in dorsal root ganglia neurons in a model of incisional pain to identify pertinent molecular pathways. Male, Sprague-Dawley rats underwent infiltration of 1% capsaicin or vehicle into the plantar hind paw (n = 6-9/group) 30 min before plantar incision. Read More

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September 2020

Ketamine potentiates TRPV1 receptor signaling in the peripheral nociceptive pathways.

Biochem Pharmacol 2020 12 1;182:114210. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte Ensino e Pesquisa, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

TRPV1 is a cation channel expressed in peripheral nociceptive pathways and its activation can trigger nociception signals to the brain. Ketamine is an intravenous anesthetic routinely used for anesthesia induction and with potent analgesic activity. Despite its proven depressant action on peripheral sensory pathways, the relationship between ketamine and TRPV1 receptors is still unclear. Read More

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December 2020

Modulation of TRPV1 channel function by natural products in the treatment of pain.

Chem Biol Interact 2020 Oct 29;330:109178. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, 19328, Amman, Jordan. Electronic address:

The capsaicin (vanilloid) receptor, TRPV1, is a heat-activated cation channel modulated by inflammatory mediators and contributes to acute and chronic pain. TRPV1 channel is one of the most researched and targeted mechanisms for the development of novel analgesics. Over the years, natural products have contributed enormously to the development of important therapeutic drugs used currently in modern medicine. Read More

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October 2020

Involvement of nNOS in the antinociceptive activity of melatonin in inflammatory pain at the level of sensory neurons.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020 07;24(13):7399-7411

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: The efficacy of melatonin as an analgesic agent has been well documented in animals and humans. However, the underlying mechanisms by which melatonin exerts antinociceptive effects on inflammatory pain are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the potential of melatonin to ameliorate inflammatory pain. Read More

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Neuropeptide FF receptor 2 inhibits capsaicin-induced CGRP Upregulation in mouse trigeminal ganglion.

J Headache Pain 2020 Jul 8;21(1):87. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Chang Gung University, 259 Wenhua 1st Road, Guishan Dist, Taoyuan City, 33302, Taiwan.

Background: Stimulation of trigeminovascular pathway is widely used to establish the headache animal model. Headache is a common neurological disorder, in which symptomatic attacks are mediated by calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP). CGRP is synthesized and released from the trigeminal ganglion to transmit pain signals under stimulation. Read More

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Delta opioid receptor activation modulates affective pain and modality-specific pain hypersensitivity associated with chronic neuropathic pain.

J Neurosci Res 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology and Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Delta opioid receptor (DOR) agonists alleviate nociceptive behaviors in various chronic pain models, including neuropathic pain, while having minimal effect on sensory thresholds in the absence of injury. The mechanisms underlying nerve injury-induced enhancement of DOR function are unclear. We used a peripheral nerve injury (PNI) model of neuropathic pain to assess changes in the function and localization of DORs in mice and rats. Read More

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Identification of a new functional domain of Nogo-A that promotes inflammatory pain and inhibits neurite growth through binding to NgR1.

FASEB J 2020 08 29;34(8):10948-10965. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Nogo-A is a key inhibitory molecule to axon regeneration, and plays diverse roles in other pathological conditions, such as stroke, schizophrenia, and neurodegenerative diseases. Nogo-66 and Nogo-Δ20 fragments are two known functional domains of Nogo-A, which act through the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR1) and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2), respectively. Here, we reported a new functional domain of Nogo-A, Nogo-A aa 846-861, was identified in the Nogo-A-specific segment that promotes complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain. Read More

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Analgesic effects of the CTK 01512-2 toxin in different models of orofacial pain in rats.

Pharmacol Rep 2020 Jun 12;72(3):600-611. Epub 2020 May 12.

Laboratory of Pharmacology, Lutheran University of Brazil (ULBRA), Av. Farroupilha, no 8001, Bairro São José, Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul, CEP 92425-900, Brazil.

Background: Orofacial pain is clinically challenging, having therapeutic failures and side effects. This study evaluated the antinociceptive activities of the CTK 01512-2 toxin, the TRPA1 channel antagonist, and the selective inhibitor of the N-type voltage-gated calcium channels (N-type VGCC), in different pain models.

Materials And Methods: The trigeminal ganglia were stimulated in vitro with capsaicin. Read More

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