3,623 results match your criteria gain postpartum


Barriers to a healthy postpartum lifestyle and the possibilities of an information technology-based intervention: A qualitative study.

Midwifery 2021 Apr 3;98:102994. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Centre for Innovative Medical Technology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark; Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark; Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; Steno Diabetes Center Odense, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: Being overweight or obese is associated with higher risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, including gestational diabetes and childhood obesity. Many women exceed the gestational weight gain recommendations. Thus, it is important to focus on the women's lifestyle between their pregnancies to lower the risk of weight retention before the next pregnancy as well as in a life course perspective. Read More

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Specific amino acids but not total protein attenuate postpartum weight gain among Hispanic women from Southern California.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Apr 13;9(4):1842-1850. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Pediatrics The Saban Research Institute Children's Hospital Los Angeles University of Southern California Los Angeles CA USA.

There is a high prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the United States, particularly among Hispanic women, which may be partly explained by failure to lose gestational weight during the postpartum period. Previous work indicates that protein and amino acids may protect against weight gain; therefore, this study examined the impact of dietary protein and amino acid intake on changes in postpartum weight and the percent of women meeting the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for these dietary variables among Hispanic women from the Southern California Mother's Milk Study ( = 99). Multivariable linear regression analysis was used to examine the associations between protein and amino acid intake with change in weight after adjusting for maternal age, height, and energy intake. Read More

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Heat stress during late pregnancy and postpartum influences genetic parameter estimates for birth weight and weight gain in dual-purpose cattle offspring generations.

J Anim Sci 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany.

Impact of direct heat stress (HS) on genetic parameter estimates, i.e., HS close to the trait recording date, was verified in several previous studies conducted in dairy and beef cattle populations. Read More

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Long-Term IoT-Based Maternal Monitoring: System Design and Evaluation.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;21(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3435, USA.

Pregnancy is a unique time when many mothers gain awareness of their lifestyle and its impacts on the fetus. High-quality care during pregnancy is needed to identify possible complications early and ensure the mother's and her unborn baby's health and well-being. Different studies have thus far proposed maternal health monitoring systems. Read More

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Maternal weight change from prepregnancy to 18 months postpartum and subsequent risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in Danish women: A cohort study.

PLoS Med 2021 Apr 2;18(4):e1003486. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Research Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: One-fourth of women experience substantially higher weight years after childbirth. We examined weight change from prepregnancy to 18 months postpartum according to subsequent maternal risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Methods And Findings: We conducted a cohort study of 47,966 women with a live-born singleton within the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1997-2002). Read More

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Adverse Neonatal and Obstetric Outcomes in a 20-year Brazilian Retrospective Cohort of Pregnancies after Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Graduate Program in Medicine and Health Sciences, PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Purpose: Evaluation of obstetric and neonatal outcomes in a Brazilian retrospective cohort of pregnancies after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), regarding the 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations about gestational weight gain (GWG) and RYGB-conception interval. Additionally, search for intrapopulation risk factors for small gestational age (SGA) offspring and mental health assessments.

Material And Methods: Retrospective analysis of 132 singleton pregnancies after RYGB. Read More

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Caught Between External Pressures and Internal Battles: Psychosocial Factors Affecting Gestational Weight Gain - A Scoping Review.

Cureus 2021 Feb 22;13(2):e13487. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Internal Medicine, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, PAK.

Many physical factors (including maternal comorbidities) affecting gestational weight gain (GWG) have been widely studied; however, the psychosocial aspects pertaining to this need to be put under the microscope, especially in countries characterized by low indicators of socioeconomic development. Gaining and maintaining an adequate amount of weight during pregnancy is important to prevent premature deliveries, fetal demise, fetal macrosomia, shoulder dystocia during delivery, emergency cesarean sections, postpartum weight retention, childhood obesity, etc. A scoping review of the articles published in the last five years has revealed that perinatal outcomes like gestational weight are influenced by certain psychosocial factors, including, but not limited to, intimate partner violence, lack of social support and recognition, financial distress, household food insecurity, chronic stress and depression related to pregnancy, eating pathologies, and low self-esteem. Read More

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February 2021

Biologically normal sleep in the mother-infant dyad.

Am J Hum Biol 2021 Mar 17:e23589. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Anthropology, Infancy & Sleep Centre, Durham University, Durham, UK.

Objectives: We examine infant sleep from evolutionary, historico-cultural, and statistical/epidemiological perspectives and explore the distinct conceptions of "normal" produced by each. We use data from the "Sleeping Like a Baby" study to illustrate how these perspectives influence the ideals and practices of new parents.

Methods: The "Sleeping Like a Baby" study investigated maternal-infant sleep in north-east England. Read More

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Impact of specific essential oils blend on milk production, serum biochemical parameters and kid performance of goats.

Anim Biotechnol 2021 Mar 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Animal and Fish Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Effects of cinnamon, thyme, and peppermint essential oils blend (EOB) on milk production, serum constituents, and energy balance of early lactating does and performance of their kids were investigated. Twenty-seven late pregnant Damascus goats were grouped into two treatments: EOB ( = 14) received orally 1.5 ml EOB/d and control ( = 13) received orally 1. Read More

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Factors Influencing Pregnancy and Postpartum Weight Management in Women of African and Caribbean Ancestry Living in High Income Countries: Systematic Review and Evidence Synthesis Using a Behavioral Change Theoretical Model.

Front Public Health 2021 17;9:637800. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

UCL Social Research Institute, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom.

Women of black African heritage living in high income countries (HIC) are at risk of obesity and weight-related complications in pregnancy. This review aimed to synthesize evidence concerning attitudes to weight management-related health behaviors in pregnancy and postpartum, in women of black African ancestry, living in high-income countries. A systematic review of the literature and thematic evidence synthesis using the Capability-Opportunity-Motivation Behavioral change theoretical model (COM-B). Read More

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February 2021

Influence of prenatal perceived stress on postpartum weight retention is mediated by high gestational weight gain in women with overweight.

Clin Obes 2021 Mar 6:e12446. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania, USA.

Women with excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) are at risk for poor psychosocial well-being and postpartum weight retention (PPWR). Scant research has examined longitudinal interrelations of GWG, psychosocial factors, and PPWR. This study examined: (a) pre-pregnancy weight status (ie, normal, overweight, obesity) differences in PPWR and its psychosocial determinants (perceived social support, perceived stress, depression) in women with excessive GWG (ie, above 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines); and (b) whether GWG mediated associations between psychosocial determinants and PPWR. Read More

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Gestational weight gain and eating-related disorders.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Mar 5:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Policlinico Abano Terme, Abano Terme, Italy.

This prospective cohort study took place at the Division of Perinatal Medicine of Policlinico Abano Terme, Italy, from January to November 2018. In the second day postpartum, 463 healthy at term puerperae, 122 (26.35%) with inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG), 210 (45. Read More

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Inclusion of Oat and Yeast Culture in Sow Gestational and Lactational Diets Alters Immune and Antimicrobial Associated Proteins in Milk.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Feb 14;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Department of Animal Sciences, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA.

Maternal diet supplementation with pro- and prebiotics is associated with decreased incidence of diarrhea and greater piglet performance. This study investigated the impact adding whole ground oat as a prebiotic, alone or in combination with a probiotic, yeast culture (YC) (), to sow gestation and lactation rations had on milk protein composition, piglet growth, and incidence of post-weaning diarrhea (PWD). Diets: control (CON), CON + yeast culture (YC) [5 g/kg], CON + oat (15% inclusion rate) (Oat) or CON+ YC [5 g/kg] + Oat (15%) were fed the last 30 days of gestation and throughout lactation (18-21 days). Read More

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February 2021

Pregnancy weight gain in twin gestations and maternal and child health outcomes at 5 years.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Objective: Current guidelines for maternal weight gain in twin pregnancy were established in the absence of evidence on its longer-term consequences for maternal and child health. We evaluated the association between weight gain in twin pregnancies and the risk of excess maternal postpartum weight increase, childhood obesity, and child cognitive ability.

Methods: We used 5-year follow-up data from 1000 twins born to 450 mothers in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, a nationally representative U. Read More

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Gestational diabetes mellitus-associated changes in the breast milk metabolome alters the neonatal growth trajectory.

Clin Nutr 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

International Collaborative Laboratory of Reproduction and Development of Chinese Ministry of Education, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China; College of Life Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disturbance during pregnancy and leads to an altered metabolic profile of human breast milk (HBM). The association between HBM metabolites and neonatal growth in GDM pregnancies has not been thoroughly investigated.

Aims: The primary aim was to quantify differences in the HBM metabolome between normal and GDM pregnancies. Read More

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February 2021

Physical activity and sedentary time during pregnancy and associations with maternal and fetal health outcomes: an epidemiological study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Feb 27;21(1):166. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Physical activity is generally considered safe for the pregnant woman as well as for her fetus. In Sweden, pregnant women without contraindications are recommended to engage in physical activity for at least 30 min per day most days of the week. Physical activity during pregnancy has been associated with decreased risks of adverse health outcomes for the pregnant woman and her offspring. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of prenatal lifestyle intervention on maternal postpartum weight retention and child body mass index z-score at 36 months.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Feb 24. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Providence, RI, USA.

Background/objectives: We previously reported results from a randomized trial showing that a behavioral intervention during pregnancy reduced excess gestational weight gain but did not impact maternal weight at 12 months. We now examine the longer-term effects of this prenatal intervention on maternal postpartum weight retention and toddler body-mass-index z scores (BMIz) over 36 months.

Subjects/methods: Pregnant women (N = 264; 13. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of heat stress on posture transitions and reproductive performance of primiparous sows during late gestation.

J Therm Biol 2021 Feb 12;96:102828. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

College of Artificial Intelligence, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of heat stress on posture transitions of perinatal primiparous sows around the parturition period from 72 h prepartum to 24 h postpartum. The reproductive performance of sows was measured, and the relationship between posture transitions and reproductive performance was also analyzed. Ten primiparous sows were randomly assigned to thermoneutral (TN) (18-22 °C; n = 5) or heat stress (HS) (28-32 °C; n = 5) treatments. Read More

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February 2021

A review of maternal overweight and obesity and its impact on cardiometabolic outcomes during pregnancy and postpartum.

Ther Adv Reprod Health 2021 Jan-Dec;15:2633494120986544. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC 3800, Australia. Robinson Research Institute, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, SA, Australia.

The rates of maternal overweight and obesity, but also excess gestational weight gain, are increasing. Pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia and delivery of a preterm or growth restricted baby, are higher for both women with overweight and obesity and women who gain excess weight during their pregnancy. Other conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome are also strongly linked to overweight and obesity and worsened pregnancy complications. Read More

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February 2021

Assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practice of health providers towards the provision of postpartum intrauterine devices in Nepal: a two-year follow-up.

Reprod Health 2021 Feb 17;18(1):43. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Health service providers play a key role in addressing women's need for postpartum pregnancy prevention. Yet, in Nepal, little is known about providers' knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) on providing postpartum family planning (PPFP), particularly the immediate postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD). This paper assesses providers KAP towards the provision of PPIUDs in Nepal prior to a PPIUD intervention to gain a baseline insight and analyzes whether their KAP changes both 6 and 24 months after the start of the intervention. Read More

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February 2021

Benefit of insufficient gestational weight gain in obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus: A multicenter study in Portugal.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jan-Feb;15(1):419-424. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Endocrinology, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Matosinhos Local Health Unit, Rua Dr. Eduardo Torres, 4464-513, Senhora da Hora, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Background: Both obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are independent risk factors for adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends different targets for an adequate gestational weight gain (GWG), depending on the prepregnancy body mass index, but they have been questioned. We aim to compare obese pregnant women with GDM according to GWG stratification (insufficient, adequate and excessive) with regard to maternal and neonatal outcomes and to clarify whether insufficient GWG can be associated with better outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Plane of nutrition during gestation affects reproductive performance and retention rate of hyperprolific sows under commercial conditions.

Animal 2021 Mar 23;15(3):100153. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Animal Science, School of Veterinary, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, MG, Brazil.

Defining a maternal plane of nutrition during gestation is pivotal for improving sow productivity and the cost-effectiveness of feeding. The benefits of increasing the amount of feed during late gestation have been controversial. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of different planes of nutrition during gestation on reproductive performance of hyperprolific sows and pre-weaning litter performance. Read More

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Healthy Food Density is Not Associated With Diet Quality Among Pregnant Women With Overweight/Obesity in South Carolina.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2021 Feb;53(2):120-129

Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; Prevention Research Center, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Objective: Examine the association and moderating effect of residential location (urban/rural) on the relationship between neighborhood healthy food density and diet quality.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Health in Pregnancy and Postpartum study, a randomized trial designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain.

Participants: Pregnant women in South Carolina with prepregnancy overweight/obesity (n = 228). Read More

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February 2021

Stillbirth as the primary manifestation of disseminated tuberculosis in a young immunocompetent mother with multiple perforations of the ileum.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 9;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences - Rishikesh, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Tuberculosis (TB), a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, is particularly relevant in low/middle-income countries like India, where the disease is endemic. The female reproductive system is very vulnerable to this infection with, the clinical presentation being utterly silent in most patients. Symptoms of TB in pregnancy may initially be attributed to the gravidity itself besides temporary concealment of associated weight loss by the normally occurring weight gain during the pregnancy. Read More

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February 2021

Gestational weight gain and risk factors for postpartum depression symptoms from the Japan Environment and Children's Study: a prospective cohort study.

J Affect Disord 2021 Mar 2;283:223-228. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan; Fukushima Regional Center for the Japan Environmental and Children's Study, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan.

Background: The relationship between postpartum depression symptoms (PPDS) and gestational weight gain is controversial. We aimed to examine the risk of gestational weight gain for PPDS at 1 month postpartum based on the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI).

Methods: A prospective cohort study recruited 80 927 Japanese women 2011-2014. Read More

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A case-control study of clinical characteristics and risk factors of symptomatic postpartum pubic symphysis diastasis.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 8;11(1):3289. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, Republic of Korea.

Postpartum pubic symphysis diastasis (PPSD) refers to the separation of pubic symphysis after delivery. It is typically diagnosed based on clinical symptoms and radiologic findings. This study tried to assess clinical characteristics and risk factors of PPSD. Read More

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February 2021

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome after childbirth: a case report.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Jan;9(1):79

Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.

We report a case of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) that occurred after childbirth. A 33-year-old female was admitted to the emergency room, complaining of abdominal pain six days after giving birth to twins. The patient was diagnosed with hemoperitoneum due to hepatic hemangioma rupture and a left lateral hepatectomy was performed. Read More

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January 2021

Optimal feed level during the transition period to achieve faster farrowing and high colostrum yield in sows.

J Anim Sci 2021 Feb;99(2)

Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University Campus at Foulum, Tjele, Denmark.

This study aimed to determine the optimal supply of lactation feed during the transition period to minimize farrowing duration (FD) and maximize colostrum yield (CY) and quality with the overall aim of reducing piglet mortality. A total of 48 sows were stratified for body weight and assigned to six levels of feed supply (1.8, 2. Read More

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February 2021

Gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention after bariatric surgery: data from a prospective cohort study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Apr 29;17(4):659-666. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, St. Augustinus Hospital, Wilrijk, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: It is unknown whether international guidelines on gestational weight gain can be used in pregnancies after bariatric surgery.

Objectives: To investigate gestational weight gain, intrauterine growth, and postpartum weight retention in postbariatric women.

Setting: 8 Belgian hospitals. Read More

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