306,817 results match your criteria fusion follow-up


The Impact of Incorporating Evidence-based Guidelines for Lumbar Fusion Surgery in Neurosurgical Resident Education.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Instrumented fusion procedures are essential in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spine disease to alleviate pain and improve neurologic function, but are being performed with increasing incidence and variability.

Objective: We implemented a training module for neurosurgery residents that is based on evidence-based criteria for lumbar fusion surgery and measured its effectiveness in the residents' decision making regarding whether patients should or should not undergo instrumented fusion.

Methods: The study design is a pretest versus posttest experiment conducted from September 2019 until July 2020 to measure improvement after formalized instruction on evidence-based guidelines. Read More

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Spinous process screw fixation: A salvage technique in sub-axial cervical spinal instrumentation.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of spinous process screws (SPS) in sub-axial cervical fixation.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on seven patients receiving posterior cervical instrumentation for sub-axial fracture dislocation or atlantoaxial dislocation from 2014 to 2015. Additionally, a biomechanical test was performed on seven fresh-frozen cadaveric spine samples (from the occiput to C7) from healthy human subjects with no history of spinal trauma. Read More

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Purification and characterization of an amyloidogenic repeat domain from the functional amyloid Pmel17.

Protein Expr Purif 2021 Jul 20;187:105944. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Laboratory of Protein Conformation and Dynamics, Biochemistry and Biophysics Center, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, United States. Electronic address:

The pre-melanosomal protein (Pmel17) is a human functional amyloid that supports melanin biosynthesis within melanocytes. This occurs in the melanosome, a membrane-bound organelle with an acidic intraluminal pH. The repeat region of Pmel17 (RPT, residues 315-444) has been previously shown to form amyloid aggregates under acidic melanosomal conditions, but not under neutral cytosolic conditions, when expressed and purified using a C-terminal hexa-histidine tag (RPT-His). Read More

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Design and evaluation of GLP-1 receptor G-protein biased agonist with prolonged efficacy on diabetes.

Life Sci 2021 Jul 19:119844. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, PR China. Electronic address:

Aim: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) have emerged as potent drug development target for treating diabetes and obesity. Here, we designed and evaluated novel long-acting GLP-1R G protein biased agonist with potent clinical application.

Main Methods: GLP-1R G-protein biased sequences were screened via a high-throughput autocrine-based strategy and then fused to Exendin (9-39). Read More

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Transcondylar Odontoid Resection and Stabilization for Craniovertebral Degenerative Compression: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Non-neoplastic craniovertebral junction lesions are well known with various etiologies.1,2 They are frequently associated with craniovertebral junction instability. Many require only stabilization for their management. Read More

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International consensus statement on nomenclature and classification of the congenital bicuspid aortic valve and its aortopathy, for clinical, surgical, interventional and research purposes.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

St Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

This International Consensus Classification and Nomenclature for the congenital bicuspid aortic valve condition recognizes 3 types of bicuspid valves: 1. The fused type (right-left cusp fusion, right-non-coronary cusp fusion and left-non-coronary cusp fusion phenotypes); 2. The 2-sinus type (latero-lateral and antero-posterior phenotypes); and 3. Read More

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Orthopedic Specialty Hospitals Are Associated With Lower Rates of Deep Surgical Site Infection Compared With Tertiary Medical Centers.

Orthopedics 2021 Jul-Aug;44(4):e521-e526. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Orthopedic specialty hospitals may allow for more streamlined and efficient care, resulting in shorter lengths of stay, lower costs, and fewer complications. Surgical site infection can be a devastating complication of orthopedic procedures and is difficult to treat successfully, requiring substantial cost and resources. The goal of this study was to determine whether specialty hospitals had lower rates of infection than tertiary care institutions. Read More

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Treatment of Kyphosis Arising Secondary to Laminectomy and Irradiation in the Pediatric Population.

Orthopedics 2021 Jul-Aug;44(4):e563-e569. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

The effects of radiation therapy and laminectomy on the growing spine have been well documented. Due to compromised bone quality after irradiation, spinal fusion has a high failure rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment of post-laminectomy and post-irradiation kyphosis in children using a vascularized rib graft (VRG) to augment anterior spinal fusion and posterior spinal fusion. Read More

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Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacodynamics of Tremelimumab Plus Durvalumab for Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Randomized Expansion of a Phase I/II Study.

J Clin Oncol 2021 Jul 22:JCO2003555. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY.

Purpose: This phase I/II study evaluated tremelimumab (anticytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 monoclonal antibody) and durvalumab (antiprogrammed death ligand-1 monoclonal antibody) as monotherapies and in combination for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), including a novel regimen featuring a single, priming dose of tremelimumab (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02519348).

Patients And Methods: Patients with HCC who had progressed on, were intolerant to, or refused sorafenib were randomly assigned to receive T300 + D (tremelimumab 300 mg plus durvalumab 1,500 mg [one dose each during the first cycle] followed by durvalumab 1,500 mg once every 4 weeks), durvalumab monotherapy (1,500 mg once every 4 weeks), tremelimumab monotherapy (750 mg once every 4 weeks [seven doses] and then once every 12 weeks), or T75 + D (tremelimumab 75 mg once every 4 weeks plus durvalumab 1,500 mg once every 4 weeks [four doses] followed by durvalumab 1,500 mg once every 4 weeks). Read More

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Toward the Cure of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children in China.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jul;7:1176-1186

Department of Hematologic Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China.

This study explored results of therapy of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in China, recent progress, and challenges. Included are a survey of therapy outcomes of ALL in Chinese children nationwide, comparison of these data with global ALL therapy outcomes, analyses of obstacles to improving outcomes, and suggestions of how progress can be achieved. Therapy outcomes at many Chinese pediatric cancer centers are approaching those of resource-rich countries. Read More

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Modular Platform for the Development of Recombinant Hemoglobin Scavenger Biotherapeutics.

Mol Pharm 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Division of Internal Medicine, Universitätsspital and University of Zurich, Zurich 8091, Switzerland.

Cell-free hemoglobin (Hb) is a driver of disease progression in conditions with intravascular or localized hemolysis. Genetic and acquired anemias or emergency medical conditions such as aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage involve tissue Hb exposure. Haptoglobin (Hp) captures Hb in an irreversible protein complex and prevents its pathophysiological contributions to vascular nitric oxide depletion and tissue oxidation. Read More

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The sensitivity of planktonic cultures and biofilms of gram-negative bacteria to commercial disinfectant and antiseptic preparations.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Jul;66(7):438-447

State Research Center for Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.

The in vitro antibacterial activity of 11 commercial disinfectant preparations and 8 antiseptics against 10 strains of the bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Enterobacter cloaceae and Providencia stuartii obtained from international collections and isolated from neuroresuscitation patients in Moscow in 2018 was studied. The sensitivity of planktonic cultures to the preparations was determined by the method of serial dilutions in broth and the spot method on solid nutrient media, the sensitivity of biofilms by the applicator method. A general pattern was revealed: the level of sensitivity to tested disinfectants in clinical strains was lower than in reference strains. Read More

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Some Pleomorphic Adenomas of the Breast Share PLAG1 Rearrangements with the Analogous Tumor of the Salivary Glands.

Histopathology 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pathology, the Basic Medicine Science and the First Affiliated Hospital of the Air Force Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaan Xi Province, 710032, China.

Aims: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) of the breast, and especially its malignant transformation, is extremely rare and represents a diagnostic pitfall. Molecular alterations in this entity have not been investigated. We aimed to examine the clinicopathologic features of our breast PAs and perform molecular analysis. Read More

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Molecular Biology and Genetic Tools to Investigate Functional Redundancy Among Fe-S Cluster Carriers in E. coli.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2353:3-36

Laboratoire de Chimie Bactérienne, Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, CNRS UMR 7283, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

Iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters are among the oldest protein cofactors, and Fe-S cluster-based chemistry has shaped the cellular metabolism of all living organisms. Over the last 30 years, thanks to molecular biology and genetic approaches, numerous actors for Fe-S cluster assembly and delivery to apotargets have been uncovered. In prokaryotes, Escherichia coli is the best-studied for its convenience of growth and its genetic amenability. Read More

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January 2021

Inter- and intra-rater reliability and accuracy of Sanders Skeletal Maturity Staging System when used by surgeons performing vertebral body tethering.

Spine Deform 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Pediatric orthopedic surgeons must accurately assess the skeletal stage of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients for selection and timing of optimal treatment. Successful treatment using vertebral growth modulation is highly dependent on skeletal growth remaining. We sought to evaluate the current-state use of the Sanders Skeletal Maturity System (SSMS) in regard to precision and accuracy. Read More

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Comparison of Hepatotoxicity Associated With New BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors vs Imatinib Among Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jul 1;4(7):e2120165. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

School of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Panjin, China.

Importance: Although BCR-ABL fusion oncoprotein tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BCR-ABL TKIs) can substantially improve the survival rate of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), they are clinically accompanied by severe hepatotoxicity.

Objective: To compare the relative risk (RR) of hepatotoxicity of new-generation BCR-ABL TKIs with that of imatinib, and to provide an overall assessment of the clinical benefit.

Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library databases, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Summary: international consensus statement on nomenclature and classification of the congenital bicuspid aortic valve and its aortopathy, for clinical, surgical, interventional and research purposes.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

St Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

This International evidence-based nomenclature and classification consensus on the congenital bicuspid aortic valve and its aortopathy recognizes 3 types of bicuspid aortic valve: 1. Fused type, with 3 phenotypes: right-left cusp fusion, right-non cusp fusion and left-non cusp fusion; 2. 2-sinus type with 2 phenotypes: Latero-lateral and antero-posterior; and 3. Read More

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Same Day Surgical Intervention Dramatically Minimizes Complication Occurrence and Optimizes Perioperative Outcomes for Central Cord Syndrome.

Clin Spine Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Orthopaedics, NYU Langone Orthopedic Hospital, New York, NY Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX Department of Neurologic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada Department of Neurological Surgery Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine Bronx, NY Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD Deparment of Orthopedic Surgery, SUNY Downstate, New York, NY.

Study Design: This was a retrospective cohort study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between time to surgical intervention and outcomes for central cord syndrome (CCS) patients.

Background: As surgery is increasingly recommended for patients with neurological deterioration CCS, it is important to investigate the relationship between time to surgery and outcomes. Read More

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Inhibition of Measles Viral Fusion Is Enhanced by Targeting Multiple Domains of the Fusion Protein.

ACS Nano 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Center for Host-Pathogen Interaction, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, United States.

Measles virus (MeV) infection remains a significant public health threat despite ongoing global efforts to increase vaccine coverage. As eradication of MeV stalls, and vulnerable populations expand, effective antivirals against MeV are in high demand. Here, we describe the development of an antiviral peptide that targets the MeV fusion (F) protein. Read More

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Mesenchymal PLAG1 Tumor With PCMTD1-PLAG1 Fusion in an Infant: A New Type of "Plagoma".

Am J Dermatopathol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Dermatology, University Clinic of Navarra, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, IRCCS Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Roma, Italy; Department of Pathology, Ospedale Bambino Gesù, Roma, Italy; Orthopedic Division, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA; and Department of Pathology, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Abstract: In the past decade, there have been major advances in knowledge related to mesenchymal tumors, and new genetic alterations are being delineated. We report a mesenchymal spindle cell neoplasm harboring a novel gene fusion in an infant. Histopathologically, the neoplasm shared some features with sclerosing perineurioma, but immunohistochemically, EMA was negative, whereas GLUT1, NK1-C3, and BCOR were positive. Read More

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Response of gene regulatory networks after infection of H3N2 virus.

J Bioinform Comput Biol 2021 Jul 21:2150017. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Systems Science, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Jungong Road, No. 516, Shanghai 200093, P. R. China.

Viral infection is a complicated dynamic process, in which viruses intrude into cells to duplicate themselves and trigger succeeding biological processes regulated by genes. It may lead to a serious disaster to human's health. A scheme is proposed to monitor the response of cells after being infected by viruses. Read More

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Elabela gene therapy promotes angiogenesis after myocardial infarction.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Affiliated Nanjing Brain Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

This study was aimed at investigating whether Elabela (ELA) gene therapy can promote angiogenesis in the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI). The fusion expression plasmid pAAV-3 × Flag/ELA-32 was successfully constructed using molecular cloning technique. The model of acute MI was established by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery in mice. Read More

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Achieving High Efficiency at High Luminance in Fluorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diodes via Triplet-Triplet Fusion Based on Phenanthroimidazole-Benzothiadiazole Derivatives.

Chemistry 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics (KLOFE) & Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing Tech University (Nanjing Tech), Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics (KLOFE) & Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Nanjing Tech University (Nanjing Tech), 30 South Puzhu Road, 211816, Nanjing, CHINA.

Achieving high efficiency at high luminance is one of the most important prerequisites towards practical application for any kinds of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Herein, we report highly emissive organic fluorescent molecules based on phenanthroimidazole-benzothiadiazole derivatives capable of maintaining high external quantum efficiency (EQE) at high luminance enabled by triplet-triplet fusion (TTF) in doped organic LEDs. The PIBzP, PIBzPCN and PIBzTPA based devices showed EQE of 8. Read More

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Evaluating Directional Dependency of Selective Laser Sintered Patient Specific Biodegradable Devices to Improve Predictive Modeling and Design Verification.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for 3D Medical Fabrication (3DMedFab), Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA.

Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, of the bioresorbable polymer [Formula: see text]-polycaprolactone (PCL) is an emerging tissue engineering solution addressing patient specific anatomies. Predictively modeling the mechanical behavior of 3D printed parts comprised of PCL improves the ability to develop patient specific devices that meet design requirements while reducing the testing of extraneous design variants and development time for emergency devices. Predicting mechanical behavior of 3D-printed devices is limited by the variability of effective material moduli that are determined in part by the 3D printing manufacturing process. Read More

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The European Medicines Agency Review of Luspatercept for the Treatment of Adult Patients With Transfusion-dependent Anemia Caused by Low-risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes With Ring Sideroblasts or Beta-thalassemia.

Hemasphere 2021 Aug 19;5(8):e616. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Oncology and Haematology Office, European Medicines Agency, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Luspatercept is a recombinant fusion protein that selectively binds to ligands belonging to the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, resulting in erythroid maturation and differentiation. On June 25, 2020, a marketing authorization valid through the European Union (EU) was issued for luspatercept for the treatment of adult patients with transfusion-dependent anemia caused by very low-, low-, and intermediate-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with ring sideroblasts, or those with transfusion-dependent beta thalassemia (BT). Luspatercept was evaluated in 2 separate phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicentre trials. Read More

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Avascular necrosis of the lunate secondary to perilunate fracture dislocation: Case report and review of the literature.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 12;9:2050313X211032398. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Christine M. Kleinert Institute for Hand and Microsurgery, Louisville, KY, USA.

This is a 39-year-old male, fell from a bike, left wrist with trans-styloid perilunate fracture dislocation that underwent open reduction internal fixation, 20 months after surgery the patient developed avascular necrosis of the lunate, final wrist fusion was performed secondary to the arthritic changes on the wrist. Anatomic dissection was performed and vascularity of the lunate was identified, its origin is from the volar palmar arch, when dislocated palmarly and more than 90 degrees the vessel is still intact. More than 512 patients with perilunate dislocation and perilunate fracture dislocation are included we identified in the literature transient avascular necrosis of the lunate in nine and seventeen of pure avascular necrosis of the lunate. Read More

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Study of the Effect of Reflections on High-Power, 110 GHz Pulsed Gyrotron Operation.

J Infrared Millim Terahertz Waves 2021 May 5;42:547-556. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Plasma Science and Fusion Center (PSFC), Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.

The effect of reflection is studied experimentally and theoretically on a high-power 110 GHz gyrotron operating in the TE mode in 3 s pulses at 96 kV, 40 A. The experimental setup allows variation of the reflected power from 0 to 33 % over a range of gyrotron operating conditions. The phase of the reflection is varied by translating the reflector along the axis. Read More

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Convolutional Rebalancing Network for the Classification of Large Imbalanced Rice Pest and Disease Datasets in the Field.

Front Plant Sci 2021 5;12:671134. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information, Jiangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanchang, China.

The accurate classification of crop pests and diseases is essential for their prevention and control. However, datasets of pest and disease images collected in the field usually exhibit long-tailed distributions with heavy category imbalance, posing great challenges for a deep recognition and classification model. This paper proposes a novel convolutional rebalancing network to classify rice pests and diseases from image datasets collected in the field. Read More

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A Sequential Three-Phase Pathway Constitutes Tracheary Element Connection in the / Interfamilial Grafts.

Front Plant Sci 2021 5;12:664342. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain Industry, School of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, China.

Scion-rootstock union formation is a critical step toward the functional assemblage of heterogeneous plants. Interfamilial scion-rootstock interaction often results in graft incompatibility during the assemblage process, and the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we reported that tracheary element (TE) remodeling, including TE segmentation and deformation, rather than formation from callus or adjacent tissues, took place at the early stage of grafting interface between and (/). Read More

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