Sci Rep 2021 Mar 5;11(1):5346. Epub 2021 Mar 5.
University of Bordeaux, CNRS, MCC, PACEA, UMR 5199, Bâtiment B2, Allée Geoffroy St. Hilaire, CS 50023, 33600, Pessac, France.
Middle Paleolithic Neanderthal populations occupied Eurasia for at least 250,000 years prior to the arrival of anatomically modern humans. While a considerable body of archaeological research has focused on Neanderthal material culture and subsistence strategies, little attention has been paid to the relationship between regionally specific cultural trajectories and their associated existing fundamental ecological niches, nor to how the latter varied across periods of climatic variability. We examine the Middle Paleolithic archaeological record of a naturally constrained region of Western Europe between 82,000 and 60,000 years ago using ecological niche modeling methods. Read More