J Psychiatry Neurosci 2021 Apr 12;46(2):E271-E280. Epub 2021 Apr 12.
From the Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Zijlmans, Marhe, Bevaart, van Duin, Luijks, Popma); the Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Rotterdam, Netherlands (Marhe, Franken); the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, Massachusetts (Tiemeier); the Erasmus University Medical Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Rotterdam, Netherlands (Tiemeier); and Leiden University, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Leiden, Netherlands (Popma).
Background: Neurobiological measures have been associated with delinquent behaviour, but little is known about the predictive power of these measures for criminal recidivism and whether they have incremental value over and above demographic and behavioural measures. This study examined whether selected measures of autonomic functioning, functional neuroimaging and electroencephalography predict overall and serious recidivism in a sample of 127 delinquent young adults.
Methods: We assessed demographics; education and intelligence; previous delinquency and drug use; behavioural traits, including aggression and psychopathy; and neurobiological measures, including heart rate, heart rate variability, functional brain activity during an inhibition task and 2 electroencephalographic measures of error-processing. Read More