18 results match your criteria full-time insecure

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Food insecurity in baccalaureate nursing students: A cross-sectional survey.

J Prof Nurs 2021 Mar-Apr;37(2):249-254. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Texas A & M University, 2200 Campbell St, Commerce, TX 75428, United States of America.

Background: Food insecurity, the limited or uncertain availability of food, is reported in college students, but little is known about its prevalence in nursing students. Nursing students have extensive required clinical hours limiting their ability to work and spend money on academic and living expenses before spending on food.

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and characterize its relationship to social support and first-generation status among nursing students at a public university. Read More

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December 2020

Is Job Insecurity Worse for Mental Health Than Having a Part-time Job in Canada?

J Prev Med Public Health 2021 Mar 11;54(2):110-118. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Wonju, Korea.

Objectives: A growing number of people depend on flexible employment, characterized by outsider employment status and perceived job insecurity. This study investigated whether there was a synergistic effect of employment status (full-time vs. part-time) and perceived job insecurity on major depressive disorder. Read More

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Wage-Setting Policies, Employment, and Food Insecurity: A Multilevel Analysis of 492 078 People in 139 Countries.

Am J Public Health 2021 04 18;111(4):718-725. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Aaron Reeves is with the Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Rachel Loopstra is with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, King's College London, London, UK. Valerie Tarasuk is with the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

To examine the association between wage-setting policy and food insecurity. We estimated multilevel regression models, using data from the Gallup World Poll (2014-2017) and UCLA's World Policy Analysis Center, to examine the association between wage setting policy and food insecurity across 139 countries (n = 492 078). Compared with countries with little or no minimum wage, the probability of being food insecure was 0. Read More

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Socio-demographic characteristics, diet and health among food insecure UK adults: cross-sectional analysis of the International Food Policy Study.

Public Health Nutr 2020 10 27;23(14):2602-2614. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Centre for Diet and Activity Research, MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objective: To estimate food insecurity (FI) prevalence among UK adults and investigate associations with socio-demographic characteristics, diet and health.

Design: Weighted cross-sectional survey data. FI was measured using the USDA Adult Food Security Survey Module. Read More

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October 2020

Predictors of Diet-Related Health Outcomes in Food-Secure and Food-Insecure Communities.

Soc Work Public Health 2019 15;34(3):214-229. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

c Research and Modeling , Moody's Analytics , San Francisco , California , USA.

This study explored health outcomes of 301 individuals living within three food secure and three food insecure neighborhoods in a midwestern city by using a multi-level model that included household-level and neighborhood-level variables. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between household participation in food assistance programs, perceptions of neighborhood food access, distance to food stores where participants purchased food regularly, reliance upon social support systems for food provisioning, and use of community-based food system markets and/or programs with various diet-related health outcomes. Participants in food insecure areas had higher rates of obesity and type II diabetes, with variability related to food insecurity. Read More

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Vulnerability and Resilience in Patients with Chronic Pain in Occupational Healthcare: A Pilot Study with a Patient-Centered Approach.

Pain Res Treat 2018 2;2018:9451313. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine/Pain Centre, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to describe vulnerability and resilience and possible subgroups in patients with chronic work related musculoskeletal pain in occupational healthcare. A second aim was to evaluate a patient-centered approach.

Methods: This study was based on consecutive patients with chronic pain, seen by the same physician and sick-listed full or part time three months or longer. Read More

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December 2018

Food acquisition methods and correlates of food insecurity in adults on probation in Rhode Island.

PLoS One 2018 8;13(6):e0198598. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Background: Individuals under community corrections supervision may be at increased risk for food insecurity because they face challenges similar to other marginalized populations, such as people experiencing housing instability or substance users. The prevalence of food insecurity and its correlates have not been studied in the community corrections population.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 2016, surveying 304 probationers in Rhode Island to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity, identify food acquisition methods, and determine characteristics of groups most at-risk for food insecurity. Read More

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January 2019

Association Between Unstable Work and Occupational Wellbeing Among Artists in Finland: Results of a Psychosocial Survey.

Med Probl Perform Art 2016 Jun;31(2):104-9

Dep. of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, PB 442, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland. Tel +358947175473, fax +358947175860.

Objective: Although artistic work is in transition, the occupational wellbeing of artists has been less studied than wellbeing among other workers. This study aimed to explore the relationship between work characteristics and occupational (psychosocial) wellbeing of artists.

Methods: A national questionnaire was sent to all artists (theatre artists, writers, and visual artists) reached by four major labor unions in Finland. Read More

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Severity of household food insecurity is sensitive to change in household income and employment status among low-income families.

J Nutr 2013 Aug 12;143(8):1316-23. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Cross-sectional studies have established a relationship between poverty and food insecurity, but little is known about the acute changes within households that lead to changes in food insecurity. This study examined how changes in income, employment status, and receipt of welfare related to change in severity of food insecurity during 1 y among low-income families. In 2005-2007, 501 families living in market and subsidized rental housing were recruited through door-to-door sampling in high-poverty neighborhoods in Toronto. Read More

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Relationship of household food insecurity to health-related quality of life in a large sample of rural and urban women.

Women Health 2011 Jul;51(5):442-60

Program for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M Health Science Center, College Station, USA.

The authors examined the associations of household food insecurity and other characteristics with fair-to-poor general health, poor physical health, and frequent mental distress among 1,367 rural and urban women in Texas. The 2006 Brazos Valley Community Health Assessment provided data on demographic characteristics, economic risk factors, health-related quality of life, household food insecurity, and geographic residence. Multivariable logistic regression models were estimated for the three health-related quality of life measures: fair-to-poor health, poor physical health, and frequent mental distress, adjusting for confounding variables. Read More

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[Job insecurity, unemployment and health: results from the health examination centers of the French General Health Insurance].

Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 2009 Jun 18;57(3):141-9. Epub 2009 Apr 18.

Centre technique d'appui et de formation des centres d'examens de santé (Cetaf), Saint-Etienne cedex 02, France.

Background: Job insecurity has increased over the last 30 years. Socioeconomic changes have led to various insecure employment categories, including fixed term employment, part time employment and government sponsored jobs. This study was aimed at investigating relationships between employment status and health. Read More

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Play therapy as a mental health intervention for children and adolescents.

Authors:
Nina Rye

J Fam Health Care 2008 ;18(1):17-9

Norfolk and Waveney Mental Health Partnership.

Play therapy is a child-centred therapy for children between the ages of 3 and 16 years who have mental health and/or other difficulties. The play therapist works one to one with the child, allowing children to explore their inner emotional world in almost any way they choose in the play room. The therapist sets a few necessary behavioural limits in order to safeguard physical and emotional safety during the weekly sessions. Read More

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Parental sensitivity to infants and toddlers in dual-earner and single-earner families.

Authors:
B L Broom

Nurs Res 1998 May-Jun;47(3):162-70

School of Nursing, San Diego State University, CA, USA.

Background: Concerns have been raised about the effects of maternal employment on parent-child relations. Some researchers have concluded that maternal employment status has no effect on children's maternal attachments; others have found that full-time employment initiated in the first year of life is associated with insecure patterns of attachment behavior. The evidence suggests that dual-earner parents who have young children have increased psychological distress, affecting marital quality and spousal and parenting behaviors. Read More

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Infant day-care, attachment, and the "file drawer problem".

Child Dev 1994 Oct;65(5):1429-43

Department of Family and Human Development, Utah State University, Logan 84322-2905.

The research literature on infant day-care and attachment may be biased by the unavailability of "file drawer" studies, unpublished data showing no statistically significant effects. Replication studies, whether showing an effect or not, are essential to clarify the relation between day-care and attachment. This study of 105 12-month-olds is an attempt to replicate four similar studies summarized and combined by Belsky to show that infants in day-care are at risk for insecure attachment. Read More

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October 1994

Nonmaternal care in the first year of life and the security of infant-parent attachment.

Authors:
J Belsky M J Rovine

Child Dev 1988 Feb;59(1):157-67

College of Human Development, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802.

Evidence from 2 longitudinal studies of infant and family development was combined and examined in order to determine if experience of extensive nonmaternal care in the first year is associated with heightened risk of insecure infant-mother attachment and, in the case of sons, insecure infant-father attachment. Analysis of data obtained during Strange Situation assessments conducted when infants were 12 and 13 months of age revealed that infants exposed to 20 or more hours of care per week displayed more avoidance of mother on reunion and were more likely to be classified as insecurely attached to her than infants with less than 20 hours of care per week. Sons whose mothers were employed on a full-time basis (greater than 35 hours per week) were more likely to be classified as insecure in their attachments to their fathers than all other boys, and, as a result, sons with 20 or more hours of nonmaternal care per week were more likely to be insecurely attached to both parents and less likely to be securely attached to both parents than other boys. Read More

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February 1988

Maternal employment in a family context: effects on infant-mother and infant-father attachments.

Child Dev 1987 Dec;58(6):1505-12

George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037.

The relation between resumption of full-time employment by mothers of infants under 6 months of age, and subsequent infant-mother and infant-father attachments, was examined in this study. Attachment classifications and ratings of reunion behavior with mother and with father in Ainsworth's Strange Situation at 12 months were obtained for 57 nonemployed-mother families and 40 employed-mother families. No relation emerged between maternal work status and the quality of infants' attachments to their mothers, indicating that early resumption of employment may not impede the development of secure infant-mother attachment. Read More

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December 1987

Effects of maternal absence due to employment on the quality of infant-mother attachment in a low-risk sample.

Child Dev 1987 Aug;58(4):945-54

Recent reports have suggested that day-care experience initiated prior to 12 months of age is associated with increased proportions of infants whose attachment to mother is classified as "insecure-avoidant." However, reviewers have questioned the generality of these findings, noting that samples in which associations between early day-care experience and avoidant attachment patterns have been reported come from high-risk populations, and/or that the infants' day-care settings may not have been of high quality. In the present study, effects of maternal absences on infant-mother attachment quality were assessed in a low-risk, middle-class sample (N = 110). Read More

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