Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 3;114:104962. Epub 2021 Feb 3.
College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University, 145 Convocation Way, 315 Eppes Hall, Tallahassee, FL, 32306-1273, USA; Center for Social and Humanities Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:
Background: Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have negative effects on subsequent wellbeing, questions remain regarding how and why they do so. Sex, environmental effects, and genetic influences may play a role in both one's exposure to ACEs as well as one's reactions to ACEs.
Objective: To understand the combined genetic and environmental influences on males' and females' exposure and reactions to ACEs, and to determine whether sex differences in offending and depressive symptoms were partially impacted by genetic influences. Read More