5,145 results match your criteria fsh-beta


Effect of prenatal phthalate exposure on the association of maternal hormone levels during early pregnancy and reproductive markers in infants at the age of 3 months.

Reprod Toxicol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Social Sciences and Health Care, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Kraskova 1, 949 74, Nitra, Slovak Republic. Electronic address:

Phthalates belong to the endocrine-disrupting chemicals, altering the hormonal balance in humans during pregnancy with further effects on the reproductive system. This study aimed to investigate the associations between maternal hormone levels during early pregnancy (≤15 week of pregnancy) and reproductive markers in infant boys (n = 37; 61.67%; average age 3. Read More

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Distal Enhancer Potentiates Activin- and GnRH-Induced Transcription of FSHB.

Endocrinology 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Center for Reproductive Science and Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is critical for fertility. Transcription of FSHB, the gene encoding the beta subunit, is rate-limiting in FSH production and is regulated by both gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and activin. Activin signals through SMAD transcription factors. Read More

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Analysis of Ovarian Injury Associated With COVID-19 Disease in Reproductive-Aged Women in Wuhan, China: An Observational Study.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 19;8:635255. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Clinical Research Center for Obstetrical and Gynecological Diseases, Tongji Medical College, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

This study was intended to investigate the relationship between COVID-19 disease and ovarian function in reproductive-aged women. Female COVID-19 patients of reproductive age were recruited between January 28 and March 8, 2020 from Tongji Hospital in Wuhan. Their baseline and clinical characteristics, as well as menstrual conditions, were recorded. Read More

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New Human Follitropin Preparations: How Glycan Structural Differences May Affect Biochemical and Biological Function and Clinical Effect.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 19;12:636038. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Red de Apoyo a la Investigación, National University of Mexico-Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición SZ., Mexico City, Mexico.

It is well accepted that pituitary follitropin is secreted into the circulation as a mixture of variants, which differ not in primary structure but rather at the level of glycosylation. These glycosidic forms vary in the number of glycosylation sites filled, complexity of glycosidic chains, and sialylation and sulfation. It is generally agreed that high sialylation, 2,3 sialic acid capping of terminal N-acetyl galactosamine or galactose leads to longer circulating half-life, by blocking binding of asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) in the liver. Read More

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The effect of γ-linolenic acid on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome associated Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis via TGF-β pathway.

Life Sci 2021 Mar 31;276:119456. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore, Tamil Nadu 632014, India. Electronic address:

Background: In recent years, female infertility from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) has gained scientific interest. PCOS alters the metabolic and endocrine functioning in females. The elevation in androgens can damage the androgen receptors present on the kidney giving rise to renal disorders like Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Read More

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Possible Relevance of Soluble Luteinizing Hormone Receptor during Development and Adulthood in Boys and Men.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 16;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Group of Skeletal, Mineral and Gonadal Endocrinology, University Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Luteinizing hormone (LH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are agonists for the luteinizing hormone receptor (LHCGR) which regulates male reproductive function. LHCGR may be released into body fluids. We wish to determine whether soluble LHCGR is a marker for gonadal function. Read More

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A Novel Follitropin Analog Inhibits Follitropin Activity In Vitro.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Mar 3;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel.

Follitropin (FSH) is a heterodimeric protein composed of an subunit that is shared with the glycoprotein hormone family, including lutropin (LH), thyrotropin (TSH), human choriogonadotropin (hCG), and a unique specific subunit. Both and FSH subunits contain two sites of -linked oligosaccharides, which are important for its function. FSH has a crucial function in the reproductive process in mammals. Read More

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Prolactin Is Associated With Insulin Resistance and Beta-Cell Dysfunction in Infertile Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 25;12:571229. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Reproductive Medicine Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Our study aimed to investigate if serum prolactin (PRL) levels associated with insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction in infertile patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study performed in the reproductive medicine center of the first affiliated hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. From January 2007 to August 2018, a total of 792 PCOS and 700 non-PCOS infertile women were included. Read More

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February 2021

The role of serum β-trophin and endostatin in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: Are they correlated?

BMC Womens Health 2021 Mar 11;21(1):104. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Gynecology, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, No. 116 Huanghe Road, Urumqi, 214000, Xinjiang, China.

Background: It's necessary to investigate the serum β-trophin and endostatin (ES) level and its influencing factors in patients with newly diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Methods: Newly diagnosed PCOS patients treated in our hospital were selected, and healthy women who took physical examination during the same period as healthy controls. We detected and compared the related serum indicators between two groups, Pearson correlation were conducted to identify the factors associated with β-trophin and ES, and the influencing factors of β-trophin and ES were analyzed by logistic regression. Read More

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Granulosa cell genes that regulate ovarian follicle development beyond the antral stage: The role of estrogen receptor β.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 Mar 4;528:111212. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Kansas City, KS, USA; Institute for Reproduction and Perinatal Research, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA. Electronic address:

Follicle development beyond the preantral stage is dependent on gonadotropins. FSH signaling is crucial for the advancement of preantral follicles to the antral stage, and LH signaling is essential for further maturation of preovulatory follicles. Estrogen is intricately tied to gonadotropin signaling during the advanced stages of folliculogenesis. Read More

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Molecular characterization and expression analysis of anti-Müllerian hormone in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) adult testes.

Gene Expr Patterns 2021 Mar 3;40:119169. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Reproductive and Molecular Biology Group, Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Anti-Müllerian hormone (Amh) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β (Tgf-β) superfamily required in the regression of Müllerian ducts during gonadal sex differentiation of higher vertebrates. Teleost fish lack Müllerian ducts, but identified Amh orthologs have been shown to exert crucial functions during sex determination and differentiation of several species of teleosts. However, the function of Amh during gametogenesis in adult fish remains poorly investigated. Read More

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RB51 Δ expressing FliC conjugated gonadotropins reduces mouse fetal numbers: A possible feral swine brucellosis immunocontraceptive vaccine.

Heliyon 2021 Feb 2;7(2):e06149. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech, 205 Duck Pond Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.

Population and health management of wildlife is a key to environmental health, domestic herd health, and ultimately public health. Many different methods including: surgical sterilization, poison baits, and sponsored hunting programs have been used in the attempt to control populations of various nuisance animal species. Particular interest has been given to immunocontraception through wildlife vaccination protocols. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship Between Pituitary Siderosis and Endocrinological Disorders in Pediatric Patients with Beta-Thalassemia.

Cureus 2021 Jan 23;13(1):e12877. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Radiology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, TUR.

Introduction Excess iron accumulation occurs mainly in organs such as reticuloendothelial cells, the pituitary gland, and the pancreas in beta-thalassemia because of blood transfusions. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate the relationship between T2* values on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinically diagnosed pituitary endocrinological disorders in children with thalassemia major. Methods This study enrolled patients diagnosed with beta-thalassemia at pediatric hematology outpatient clinics. Read More

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January 2021

An update on platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy in endometrium and ovary related infertilities: clinical and molecular aspects.

Syst Biol Reprod Med 2021 Feb 25:1-12. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

OB/GYN, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Administration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is one of the well-recommended strategies for the treatment of endometrium- and ovary-associated infertility. Due to the autologous source of PRP, minimal risks for disease transmission and immunogenic and allergic responses are expected in this method. Despite the extensive use of PRP in medicine, its precise mechanism of action in endometrial and ovarian tissues is still unknown. Read More

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February 2021

Distribution of GnRH and Kisspeptin Immunoreactivity in the Female Llama Hypothalamus.

Front Vet Sci 2020 2;7:597921. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Instituto de Ciencia Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

Llamas are induced non-reflex ovulators, which ovulate in response to the hormonal stimulus of the male protein beta-nerve growth factor (β-NGF) that is present in the seminal plasma; this response is dependent on the preovulatory gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release from the hypothalamus. GnRH neurones are vital for reproduction, as these provide the input that controls the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the pituitary gland. However, in spontaneous ovulators, the activity of GnRH cells is regulated by kisspeptin neurones that relay the oestrogen signal arising from the periphery. Read More

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February 2021

Comparing the effects of alcohol sclerotherapy with those of surgery on anti-Müllerian hormone and ovarian reserve after endometrioma treatment. A prospective multicenter pilot cohort study.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 22;259:60-66. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Gynaecology, Hospital Universitari Bellvitge, Hospitalet de Llobregat Idibell, Barcelona, Spain.

Study Objective: To compare the effects of ultrasound-guided aspiration and ethanol sclerotherapy with those of laparoscopic surgery on anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels and ovarian reserve in benign-appearing ovarian endometrioma.

Design: A prospective, cohort pilot study.

Setting: Multiple centers, Spain. Read More

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Structural and chemical role of mesenchymal stem cells and resveratrol in regulation of apoptotic -induced genes in Bisphenol-A induced uterine damage in adult female albino rats.

Tissue Cell 2021 Jan 29;70:101502. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt.

The probable beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and resveratrol were assessed in an experimental model of Bisphenol-A (BPA)-evident uterine damage in rats. Thirty-five albino rats were involved and equally divided into five groups: Group I: negative control rats received usual diet, Group II: positive control rats received BPA by oral gavage for 15 days, Group III: BPA-treated rats received single oral gavage of resveratrol daily for two weeks, Group IV: BPA-treated rats received a single intravenous dose of MSCs and Group V: BPA-treated rats received combined treatment of resveratrol and MSCs. Oxidative stress markers, apoptosis-related genes, and gonadal hormones were assessed. Read More

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January 2021

Development and characterization of in vitro self-assembled recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone originated from goat mammary epithelial cells.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 04 11;526:111211. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, Yangling, 712100, China. Electronic address:

Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), composed of FSHα and FSHβ subunits, is essential for female follicle development and male spermatogenesis. The recombinant human FSH (rhFSH) products on the market are mainly generated from mammalian cells and are expensive. Large animal mammary gland bioreactors are urgently needed to produce large amounts of rhFSH. Read More

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Healing potential of Spirulina platensis for skin wounds by modulating bFGF, VEGF, TGF-ß1 and α-SMA genes expression targeting angiogenesis and scar tissue formation in the rat model.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 7;137:111349. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology, and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt.

Blue-green microalga Spirulina platensis (SP) gained more attention for its antioxidant and/or anti-inflammatory properties magnifying its beneficial effects as a feed additive and for cosmetic and biomedical applications. This study was performed to examine the impact of SP on the cutaneous wound and burn healing and to develop an understanding of the correlation between the sequelae of wound healing and the molecular expression patterns of wound healing-related genes as angiogenic basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibrosis-related genes as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in rat wound models. To achieve these goals, two experiments were performed on 32 Wister male rats that were divided into 4 groups of 8 rats each. Read More

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs act as endocrine disruptors in Astyanax lacustris (Teleostei: Characidae) reproduction: An ex vivo approach.

Aquat Toxicol 2021 Jan 29;232:105767. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Anhembi Morumbi - R. Dr. Almeida Lima, 1134 - Parque da Mooca, 03164-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Pharmaceutical products can act as endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs), affecting the physiological processes of animals, such as development or reproduction. This study aimed to investigate the influence of different concentrations of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) diclofenac (DCF) and ibuprofen (IBU) alone and mixed (MIX) on gonadotropin gene expression and gonadal steroid release using Astyanax lacustris pituitary and testes explant systems, respectively. The explant organs were maintained for 12 h in Leibovitz (L-15) medium supplemented with 0, 0. Read More

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January 2021

Characterization of stem cells from human ovarian follicular fluid; a potential source of autologous stem cell for cell-based therapy.

Hum Cell 2021 Mar 4;34(2):300-309. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Human ovarian follicular fluid (HOFF) contains proteins, extracellular matrixes necessary for growth and maturation of oocytes as well as granulosa cells. Epithelial cells and stem cells can be isolated from HOFF. However, information regarding stem cells derived from HOFF is still lacking. Read More

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Predictors of irritability symptoms in mildly depressed perimenopausal women.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Apr 7;126:105128. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology / Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis St., Thorn 1117, MA 02115, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Irritability is a highly burdensome complaint, commonly, but not universally, linked with depressive symptoms. While increased variability in estradiol has been associated with depressive symptoms during perimenopause, more insight is needed into reproductive hormone dynamics and other factors that predispose perimenopausal women to irritable mood.

Methods: Among 50 mildly depressed perimenopausal women (mean (SD) age 48. Read More

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Endocrine Fertility Parameters-Genomic Background and their Genetic Relationship to Boar Taint in German Landrace and Large White.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jan 18;11(1). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn, Germany.

The surgical castration of young male piglets without anesthesia is no longer allowed in Germany from 2021. One alternative is breeding against boar taint, but shared synthesis pathways of androstenone (AND) and several endocrine fertility parameters (EFP) indicate a risk of decreasing fertility. The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic background between AND, skatole (SKA), and six EFP in purebred Landrace (LR) and Large White (LW) populations. Read More

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January 2021

Association of Testosterone-Related Dietary Pattern with Testicular Function among Adult Men: A Cross-Sectional Health Screening Study in Taiwan.

Nutrients 2021 Jan 18;13(1). Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Research Center for Healthcare Industry Innovation, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-Te Road, Beitou District, Taipei 112, Taiwan.

Diets could play an important role in testicular function, but studies on how adherence to the dietary patterns influences human testicular function in Asian countries are scarce. Herein, we examined the association between testosterone-related dietary patterns and testicular function among adult men in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study recruited 3283 men who attended a private medical screening program from 2009 to 2015. Read More

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January 2021

Primary Partial Empty Sella presenting with Prepubertal Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism: A Case Report.

J ASEAN Fed Endocr Soc 2020 4;35(2):215-219. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Endocrinology, Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan City, Philippines.

Primary partial empty sella occurs when less than 50% of an enlarged or deformed sella turcica is filled with cerebrospinal fluid in the setting of unidentified etiologic pathological conditions. Prepubertal hypogonadotropic hypogonadism presenting as its main manifestation is rare since its peak incidence commonly occurs late at 30 to 40 years of age and has a sexual predilection for female. We described a case of 20-year-old male who presented with micropenis and absent secondary sex characteristics. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluation of candidate genes related to litter traits in Indian pig breeds.

Reprod Domest Anim 2021 Apr 2;56(4):577-585. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

ICAR-National Research Centre on Pig, Guwahati, India.

Improvement in litter traits is the key to profitable pig farming that directly enhances the economic standing of the farmers in developing countries. The present study aimed to explore oestrogen receptor (ESR), epidermal growth factor (EGF), follicle-stimulating hormone beta subunit (FSHβ), prolactin receptor (PRLR) and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) genes as possible candidate genetic markers for litter traits in indigenous pigs of India. The breeds included in the study were Ghungroo, Mali, Niang Megha and Tenyi Vo, and the reproductive traits considered were litter size at birth (LSB), number born alive (NBA), litter weight at birth (LWB), litter size at weaning (LSW) and litter weight at weaning (LWW) at their first parity. Read More

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Eight Days of Water-Only Fasting Promotes Favorable Changes in the Functioning of the Urogenital System of Middle-Aged Healthy Men.

Nutrients 2020 Dec 30;13(1). Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, 40-065 Katowice, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine whether, after 8 days of water-only fasting, there are changes in the efficiency of the lower urinary tract, the concentration of sex hormones, and the symptoms of prostate diseases in a group of middle-aged men ( = 14). For this purpose, before and after 8 days of water-only fasting (subjects drank moderately mineralized water), and the following somatic and blood concentration measurements were made: total prostate specific antigen (PSA-T), free prostate specific antigen (PSA-F), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteotropic hormone (LH), prolactin (Pr), total testosterone (T-T), free testosterone (T-F), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), sex hormone globulin binding (SHGB), total cholesterol (Ch-T), β-hydroxybutyrate (β-HB). In addition, prostate volume (PV), volume of each testis (TV), total volume of both testes (TTV), maximal urinary flow rate (Qmax), and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) values were determined. Read More

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December 2020

TGFBR3L-An Uncharacterised Pituitary Specific Membrane Protein Detected in the Gonadotroph Cells in Non-Neoplastic and Tumour Tissue.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Dec 31;13(1). Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Uppsala University, Dag Hammarskjöldsväg 20, 752 37 Uppsala, Sweden.

Here, we report the investigation of transforming growth factor beta-receptor 3 like (TGFBR3L), an uncharacterised pituitary specific membrane protein, in non-neoplastic anterior pituitary gland and pituitary neuroendocrine tumours. A polyclonal antibody produced within the Human Protein Atlas project (HPA074356) was used for TGFBR3L staining and combined with SF1 and FSH for a 3-plex fluorescent protocol, providing more details about the cell lineage specificity of TGFBR3L expression. A cohort of 230 pituitary neuroendocrine tumours were analysed. Read More

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December 2020

[Fatherhood achieved in a case of nonobstructive azoospermia with Kennedy's disease via microdissection testicular sperm extraction and ICSI: A case report and literature review].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2020 Jul;26(7):625-630

Center of Reproductive Medicine, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China.

Objective: To explore the feasibility of biological fatherhood in nonobstructive azoospermia patient with Kennedy's disease and review the relevant literature.

Methods: A twenty-eight man complaining of weakness in the lower extremities for a year underwent physical and laboratory examinations and was found with azoospermia. At the request of the patient for assisted reproduction, we performed microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE). Read More

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Status of Serum Prolactin Levels among Male Cohort in Infertile Couples.

Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2020 Oct-Dec;10(4):245-251. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Background: Abnormalities of serum prolactin adversely impact the reproductive functions among infertile men. Hence, this study was aimed to determine the influence of prolactin abnormalities on gonadal functions of male cohorts of infertile unions in Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Methods: This was a retrospective survey of 1845 males of infertile unions who presented in a health-care facility for reproductive endocrine evaluation following abnormal semen parameters between 2007 and 2018. Read More

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October 2020