9,082 results match your criteria fruit yield

Leaf spot caused by Colletotrichum fructicola on star anise (Illicium verum) in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of Guelph, Environmental Sciences, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G2W1;

Star anise (Illicium verum) has been cultivated for centuries in southern China, and its fruit is an important seasoning spice, and can be used as a medicine (Wang et al. 2011). It is grown mainly in Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou, and Yunnan provinces, in China. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of individual capabilities on the access to ecosystem services: a case study from the Loess Plateau, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northwest University, Xuefu Ave. 1, Xi'an, 710127, China.

Exploring how people access ecosystem services and revealing the individual capabilities that affect the accessibility of ecosystem services are important for obtaining a clear understanding of the contribution of ecosystem services to human well-being. Previous studies on ecosystem services have incorporated too little empirical research on the accessibility of ecosystem services and on the individual capabilities that affect accessibility. We chose the ecologically fragile and economically underdeveloped Loess Plateau as the research area because local farmers in this area are dependent on ecosystem services. Read More

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September 2021

Low sink demand caused net photosynthetic rate decrease is closely related to the irrecoverable damage of oxygen-releasing complex and electron receptor in peach trees.

J Plant Physiol 2021 Sep 3;266:153510. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

The Engineering Research Institute of Agriculture and Forestry, Ludong University, 186 Hongqizhong Road, Yantai, 264025, China; The Key Laboratory of Molecular Module-Based Breeding of High Yield and Abiotic Resistant Plants in the Universities of Shandong (Ludong University), Institute for Advanced Study of Coastal Ecology, Ludong University, 186 Hongqizhong Road, Yantai, 264025, China. Electronic address:

Source sink balance is one of the major determinants of carbon partitioning in plants. However, its effects on photosynthesis in fruit trees are largely unknown. In this work, the effects of low sink demand on net photosynthetic rate (P) and chlorophyll fluorescence after fruit removal (-fruit) in peach (Prunus persica (L. Read More

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September 2021

Climate variables effect on fruiting pattern of Kinnow mandarin (Citrus nobilis Lour × C. deliciosa Tenora) grown at different agro-climatic regions.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 13;11(1):18177. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah- Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Kinnow orchards grown in different agro-ecological regions of Punjab, Pakistan, namely Sargodha, Toba Tek Singh (TTS) and Vehari districts, were selected to assess the effect of climate variables on fruit-bearing patterns. Experiment was laid out in RCBD while selecting identical features Kinnow plants and labeled twigs at analogous canopy positions in all three sites. Temperature was reported higher in TTS and Vehari areas, while relative humidity in Sargodha accounted for different levels of agrometeorological indices by computing more variations in warm districts. Read More

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September 2021

Ethanolic extract of Pyrus pashia buch ham ex. D. Don (kainth): A bioaccessible source of polyphenols with anti-inflammatory activity in vitro and in vivo.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Sep 10:114628. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Fruit and Vegetable Technology, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka, 570020, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, 201002, India. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Pyrus pashia Buch ham ex. D. Don (Kainth) fruit from the Himalayan region is traditionally consumed by native people in the form of decoctions for various clinical conditions including inflammatory diseases. Read More

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September 2021

Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): A Decade of Research Towards a Sustainable Integrated Pest Management Program.

J Econ Entomol 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Entomology, Cornell AgriTech, Geneva, NY, USA.

Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) also known as spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), is a pest native to Southeast Asia. In the last few decades, the pest has expanded its range to affect all major European and American fruit production regions. SWD is a highly adaptive insect that is able to disperse, survive, and flourish under a range of environmental conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Characterization of A4, an Almond-Derived Plant Growth-Promoting Endophyte.

Front Microbiol 2021 25;12:687971. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Sierra Nevada Research Institute, University of California, Merced, Merced, CA, United States.

The rapidly increasing global population and anthropogenic climate change have created intense pressure on agricultural systems to produce increasingly more food under steadily challenging environmental conditions. Simultaneously, industrial agriculture is negatively affecting natural and agricultural ecosystems because of intensive irrigation and fertilization to fully utilize the potential of high-yielding cultivars. Growth-promoting microbes that increase stress tolerance and crop yield could be a useful tool for helping mitigate these problems. Read More

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Zinc ionophores isolated from Terminalia bellirica fruit rind extract protect against cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation injury.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Sep 6;46:116394. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Laboratory of Biochemistry, Department of Basic Sciences, Forest College and Research Institute Hyderabad, Mulugu, Telangana, India. Electronic address:

The study aimed to isolate and characterize zinc ionophores from Terminalia bellirica fruit using a liposome assay and test its utility in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts cells subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation. Ethyl acetate extract that exhibited zinc ionophore activity was resolved to yield three polyphenols that were characterized as epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG), epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and epigallocatechin (EGC) by nuclear magnetic resonance and electrospray ionization-mass spectra. The polyphenols enhanced the uptake of zinc into the liposomes and increased FluoZin-3 fluorescence. Read More

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September 2021

Genetic dissection of grain architecture-related traits in a winter wheat population.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Sep 10;21(1):417. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Genebank Department, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), OT Gatersleben, Corrensstr 3, D-06466, Seeland, Germany.

Background: The future productivity of wheat (T. aestivum L.) as the most grown crop worldwide is of utmost importance for global food security. Read More

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September 2021

Multifunctional Surface, Subsurface, and Systemic Therapeutic (MS3T) Formulation for the Control of Citrus Canker.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850, United States.

A multifunctional surface, subsurface and systemic therapeutic (MS3T) formulation comprised of two bactericides, both didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) and a zinc (Zn)-chelate, was developed as an alternative to copper pesticides for crop protection. Agricultural grade chemicals were used to prepare MS3T formulations. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined to be tested in vitro against subsp. Read More

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September 2021

A Novel Approach for Development and Evaluation of LiDAR Navigated Electronic Maize Seeding System Using Check Row Quality Index.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Sep 3;21(17). Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Division of Agricultural Engineering, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India.

Crop geometry plays a vital role in ensuring proper plant growth and yield. Check row planting allows adequate space for weeding in both direction and allowing sunlight down to the bottom of the crop. Therefore, a light detection and ranging (LiDAR) navigated electronic seed metering system for check row planting of maize seeds was developed. Read More

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September 2021

Metabolomics analysis of cucumber fruit in response to foliar fertilizer and pesticides using UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-HRMS.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 26;369:130960. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Innovation Center of Pesticide Research, Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

Pesticides and fertilizers are often used to improve the yield and quality of cucumber fruit. In this study, the effect of pesticide applied with or without foliar fertilizer on the cucumber fruit metabolism was investigated. The results showed that the mixed use of pesticides and foliar fertilizer could significantly increase the contents of organic acids and the antioxidant level. Read More

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Effects of foliar spray of agricultural grade mineral oil in springtime, in combination with potassium and calcium sulfates on the phenological and biophysical indices of clusters, and foliar nutritional levels in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Sultana (Id. Thompson seedless, Sultanina).

Biol Res 2021 Sep 8;54(1):28. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, 38156-8-8349, Arak, Iran.

Background: Improving the nutritional condition of grapevine in spring to regulate bloom, fruit set, and yield is among the management goals of vineyards.

Methods: In the present study, the early season spray of calcium sulfate (C; 0.00 and 2. Read More

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September 2021

First report of causing fruit rot of spaghetti squash in California.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

California Department of Food and Agriculture Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, 210324, Sacramento, California, United States;

Spaghetti squash ( L. subsp. ) is a yellow-skinned squash that forms translucent spaghetti-like strands when cooked. Read More

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September 2021

[Current status and research advances of high-temperature hazards in rice].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2817-2830

Jiangxi Institute of Meteorological Science Research, Nanchang 330096, China.

High temperature stress occurs frequently in rice due to global warming. High-temperature hazard during the booting-flowering and grain-filling stages is one of the major factors limiting rice yield and quality. Here, we summarized the occurrence characteristics (identification, classification, region, and time) of high-temperature hazards, and the effects of high temperature on rice growth and development, including physiology, grain yield, and grain quality. Read More

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[Effects of nitrogen application level on photosynthate distribution of Korla fragrant pear trees].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2637-2643

College of Grassland and Environment Sciences, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, China.

Using C pulsed labeling technique, we examined the biomass and carbon accumulation of different organs as well as the distribution characteristics of C assimilate of 6-year-old Korla fragrant pear trees under three nitrogen application levels, ., 150, 300, and 450 kg N·hm (marked as N, N, and N, respectively). Results showed that the biomass, carbon accumulation, C fixation and leaf assimilation capacity of the whole pear tree increased while root to shoot ratio decreased with increasing nitrogen application. Read More

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[Effects of spraying desiccant on dehydration characteristics and grain quality of summer maize hybrids differing in maturity].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2020 Aug;31(8):2613-2620

College of Agronomy, Shandong Agricultural University/State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Tai'an 271018, Shandong, China.

Water content of summer maize hybrids grown in China is too high at harvesting stage, which limits the development of grain mechanical harvesting technology. Spraying the desiccant can regulate physiological process of crop grain filling and reduce water content at harvest. We explored the effects of spraying the desiccant on the dehydration process, grain moisture, and grain quality of summer maize hybrids differing in maturity. Read More

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Cross-pollination affects fruit colour, acidity, firmness and shelf life of self-compatible strawberry.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(9):e0256964. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Food Futures Platform, Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Cross-pollination affects the fruit characteristics of many crops but the effects of cross-pollination on fruit quality of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) are poorly known. This study determined how cross-pollination affects fruit quality of the strawberry cultivar, Redlands Joy, under controlled environment conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Nanotechnology advances for sustainable agriculture: current knowledge and prospects in plant growth modulation and nutrition.

Planta 2021 Sep 7;254(4):66. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Centro de Excelencia en Investigación Biotecnológica Aplicada al Medio Ambiente (CIBAMA-BIOREN), Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad de La Frontera, Avenida Francisco Salazar 01145, Temuco, Chile.

Main Conclusion: Advances in nanotechnology make it an important tool for improving agricultural production. Strong evidence supports the role of nanomaterials as nutrients or nanocarriers for the controlled release of fertilizers to improve plant growth. Scientific research shows that nanotechnology applied in plant sciences is smart technology. Read More

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September 2021

First Report of Anthracnose Caused by Colletotrichum tabaci on green pepper (Capsicum annuum) in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Gansu Agricultural University, Plant Protection, No. 1, yingmen village, anning district, lanzhou city, gansu province, LanZhon city, Gansu, China, 7330070;

Vitamins, capsaicin and capsochrome are abundant in pepper (Capsicum annuum), a fruit that is also used as a spice. During hot and rainy seasons, anthracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum spp. affects pepper crops and causes significant yield losses in the pre- and post-harvest stages(Liu et al. Read More

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September 2021

Pollen limitation and xenia effects in a cultivated mass-flowering tree, Macadamia integrifolia (Proteaceae).

Ann Bot 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia.

Background And Aims: Pollen limitation is most prevalent among bee-pollinated plants, self-incompatible plants, and tropical plants. However, we have very little understanding of the extent to which pollen limitation affects fruit set in mass-flowering trees despite tree crops accounting for at least 600 million tons of the 9,200 million tons of annual global food production.

Methods: We determined the extent of pollen limitation in a bee-pollinated, partially self-incompatible, subtropical tree by hand cross-pollinating the majority of flowers on mass-flowering macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia) trees that produce about 200,000-400,000 flowers. Read More

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September 2021

Efficiency of exogenous zinc sulfate application reduced fruit drop and improved antioxidant activity of 'Kinnow' mandarin fruit.

Braz J Biol 2021 27;83:e244593. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Scientific Officer Horticulture Soil and Water Conservation Research Institute, Chakwal, Pakistan.

: Kinnow' mandarin (Citrus nobilis L.× Citrus deliciosa T.) is an important marketable fruit of the world. Read More

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September 2021

Downregulated expression of S-RNase attenuates self-incompatibility in "Guiyou No. 1" pummelo.

Hortic Res 2021 Sep 1;8(1):199. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology, Ministry of Education, College of Horticulture and Forestry Sciences, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Self-incompatibility (SI) substantially restricts the yield and quality of citrus. Therefore, breeding and analyzing self-compatible germplasm is of great theoretical and practical significance for citrus. Here, we focus on the mechanism of a self-compatibility mutation in 'Guiyou No. Read More

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September 2021

Grapevine VlbZIP30 improves drought resistance by directly activating VvNAC17 and promoting lignin biosynthesis through the regulation of three peroxidase genes.

Hortic Res 2020 Sep 1;7(1):150. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi, China.

Drought stress severely affects grapevine quality and yield, and recent reports have revealed that lignin plays an important role in protection from drought stress. Since little is known about lignin-mediated drought resistance in grapevine, we investigated its significance. Herein, we show that VlbZIP30 mediates drought resistance by activating the expression of lignin biosynthetic genes and increasing lignin deposition. Read More

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September 2020

Tomato fruit as a model for tissue-specific gene silencing in crop plants.

Hortic Res 2020 Sep 1;7(1):142. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Use of CRISPR-Cas9 (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated 9)-mediated genome editing has proliferated for use in numerous plant species to modify gene function and expression, usually in the context of either transient or stably inherited genetic alternations. While extremely useful in many applications, modification of some loci yields outcomes detrimental to further experimental evaluation or viability of the target organism. Expression of Cas9 under a promoter conferring gene knockouts in a tissue-specific subset of genomes has been demonstrated in insect and animal models, and recently in Arabidopsis. Read More

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September 2020

Composition of flesh lipids and oleosome yield optimization of selected sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars grown in Poland.

Food Chem 2021 Aug 21;369:130921. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Faculty of Food Sciences, Chair of Plant Food Chemistry and Processing, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Pl. Cieszyński 1, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland.

Sea buckthorn berries contain lipids rich in palmitoleic acid, carotenoids, tocols and sterols, but their composition varies greatly depending on the cultivar and region of cultivation. Therefore, the current study presents the chemical composition of fruit flesh oils of cultivars grown in Poland and compares them with plants grown worldwide. Among tested cultivars, the highest shares of palmitoleic acid were determined in Golden Rain and Luczystaja cvs. Read More

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DMPP reduces nitrogen fertilizer application rate, improves fruit quality, and reduces environmental cost of intensive apple production in China.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 24;802:149813. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong 271018, China. Electronic address:

In China, excessive application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer is common in intensive apple production. To resolve issues of benefit reduction and environmental pollution caused by excessive N, a two-year trial was conducted in an apple orchard with a split-plot design, in which the main factor was the N level (500, 400, 300, and 200 kg N ha year, expressed as TN, TN80%, TN60%, and TN40%, respectively) and the deputy factor was whether or not to add 3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP, expressed as +D). The effects of N reduction combined with DMPP on soil N transformation, fruit quality, economic benefits, and environmental effects were investigated. Read More

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Priming with Nanoscale Materials for Boosting Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Sep 30;69(35):10017-10035. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Stockbridge School of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, United States.

Seed priming is a cost-effective, practical, environmental, and farmer-friendly method to improve seed germination that can potentially increase the growth and yield of plants. The priming process enhances various physiological and biochemical mechanisms of defense and empowers the seeds or seedlings to overcome different environmental stresses. However, under critical circumstances, plants are hindered from absorbing specific chemical priming reagents owing to their larger size, molecular structure, or lack of carriers. Read More

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September 2021

Dissection of Allelic Variation Underlying Floral and Fruit Traits in Flare Tree Peony () Using Association Mapping.

Front Genet 2021 11;12:664814. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Beijing Guose Peony Technology Co. Ltd., Beijing, China.

Allelic variation in floral quantitative traits, including the elements of flowers and fruits, is caused by extremely complex regulatory processes. In the genetic improvement of flare tree peony (), a unique ornamental and edible oil woody species in the genus , a better understanding of the genetic composition of these complex traits related to flowers and fruits is needed. Therefore, we investigated the genetic diversity and population structure of 160 accessions and conducted single-marker association analysis for 19 quantitative flower and fruit traits using 81 EST-SSR markers. Read More

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Comparative transcriptome analysis of a fan-shaped inflorescence in pineapple using RNA-seq.

Genomics 2021 Aug 26;113(6):3653-3665. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Key Laboratory of Biology and Germplasm Enhancement of Horticultural Crops in South China, Ministry of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China. Electronic address:

Pineapple plant usually has a capitulum. However, a fan-shaped inflorescence was exceptionally evolved in pineapple, having multiple crown buds. In order to reveal the molecular mechanisms of the formation of the fan-shaped inflorescence, fruit traits and the transcriptional differences between the fan-shaped inflorescence and the wild-shaped inflorescence pineapples were analyzed in three tissues, i. Read More

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