Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2020 Aug 6;28(3):253-272. Epub 2020 May 6.
Department of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Center for Advanced Facial Plastic Surgery, 9401 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 650, Beverly Hills, CA 90212, USA.
Facial analysis techniques traditionally separate the upper, middle, and lower facial thirds as distinct entities without guidance in achieving aesthetic youthfulness. There is now an opportunity to develop better analytical tools and specific algorithms to help create an overall harmony to the face and restore a youthful appearance. Facial anatomic subunits have similar three-dimensional qualities based on underlying anatomic structures, craniofacial skeletal modeling, superficial and deep facial fat compartments, skin thickness, facial muscle activity, and curvature (flat, convex, concave). Read More