405 results match your criteria friday saturday

A prospective randomized trial comparing accelerated concurrent chemoradiotherapy with conventional concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced carcinoma cervix (IIA-IVA).

J Cancer Res Ther 2021 Jul-Sep;17(4):1012-1016

Department of Radiation Oncology, Tertiary Cancer Centre, IGMC, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Introduction: Cervical cancer ranks fourth in women worldwide. The management requires a multidisciplinary approach. Concomitant chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin, followed by brachytherapy, is the standard approach. Read More

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September 2021

Influence of weekday of admission and level of distress on length of hospital stay in patients with low back pain: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Aug 5;22(1):656. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Winterthur Cantonal Hospital, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is often a complex problem requiring interdisciplinary management to address patients' multidimensional needs. Providing inpatient care for patients with LBP in primary care hospitals is a challenge. In this setting, interdisciplinary LBP management is often unavailable during weekends. Read More

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Weekend effect in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy initiation: a nationwide cohort study in South Korea.

Ann Transl Med 2021 May;9(9):742

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea.

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy requires close monitoring and optimal management after initiation. However, it remains unclear whether the day of the week of ECMO initiation affects patient outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether the initiation of ECMO therapy during a weekend was associated with increased mortality risk. Read More

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Prevalence and Correlates of Illicit Drug Use among Norwegian Nightlife Patrons.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 12;56(11):1697-1706. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Section of Drug Abuse Research, Department of Forensic Sciences, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Nightclubs and bars are recreational settings with extensive availability and consumption of alcohol and recreational drugs.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the proportion of nightclub patrons in Norway that tested positive for illicit drugs, moreover, we examined the correlation between positive test results and demographic and substance use characteristics.

Methods: Patrons were recruited outside nightclubs on Friday and Saturday nights between 10:00 pm and 04:00 am. Read More

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Chemotherapy with gemcitabine for unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in a patient undergoing maintenance hemodialysis.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Oct 9;14(5):1511-1516. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Gastroenterology, Teikyo University Mizonokuchi Hospital, Kawasaki, Japan.

A 56-year-old man with chronic renal failure due to diabetic nephropathy had received maintenance dialysis (every 4 h, three times/week). A hypoechoic tumor measuring 67 × 50 mm in the right lobe of the liver was discovered following routine abdominal ultrasonography. Dynamic computed tomography showed a low-density liver tumor, enlarged hilar lymph node, and a small nodule on the dorsal side of the lower lobe of the left lung. Read More

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October 2021

Day-to-day pattern of work and leisure time physical behaviours: are low socioeconomic status adults couch potatoes or work warriors?

BMC Public Health 2021 07 7;21(1):1342. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Most studies on day-to-day patterns of physical behaviours (i.e. physical activities and sedentary behaviour) are based on adults with high socioeconomic status (SES) and without differentiating between work and leisure time. Read More

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Is the weekend effect true in acute stroke patients at tertiary stroke center?

J Neurol Sci 2021 08 24;427:117557. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Neurology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: There is contradicting evidence on the outcome of emergency patients treated during weekends versus weekdays. We studied if outcome of ischemic stroke patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) differs according to the treatment time.

Methods: Our retrospective study included consecutive patients receiving IVT within 4. Read More

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Medication Error During the Day and Night Shift on Weekdays and Weekends: A Single Teaching Hospital Experience in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 21;14:2571-2578. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Pharmacy Services, King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The association between medication error incidence and time (day shift vs night shift) have not been extensively studied in Saudi Arabia, this study aimed to answer this question: is there a relationship between medication error incidence and time of the day (day shifts vs night shifts) on weekdays and weekends?.

Objective: To identify whether medication errors and their sub-categories are significantly different between day shifts, night shifts, during weekdays and weekends.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of medication errors reported by health-care practitioners from January 2018 to December 2019 through the Electronic-Occurrence Variance Reporting System (E-OVR) of a university teaching hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 06 22;45(6):1298-1303. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with increased number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of current paper is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

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The who, what and when of drug driving in Queensland: Analysing the results of roadside drug testing, 2015-2020.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Sep 12;159:106231. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Road Safety Research Collaboration, University of the Sunshine Coast, 90 Sippy Downs Dr, Sippy Downs, Queensland 4556, Australia. Electronic address:

Roadside Drug Testing (RDT) is the primary strategy utilised in Australia to detect and deter drug driving. RDT operations have been expanding and evolving in Queensland since their introduction in 2007, with the number of tests increasing by 5.63 times between 2009 and 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Association of Rideshare Use With Alcohol-Associated Motor Vehicle Crash Trauma.

JAMA Surg 2021 Aug;156(8):731-738

Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston.

Importance: Motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are an important public health concern. Recent trends suggest that introducing rideshare services has decreased the incidence of MVCs. However, detailed analyses linking rideshare volume, convictions for impaired driving, and nonfatal MVC traumas remain inconclusive. Read More

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The impact of late-night alcohol restrictions on ambulance call-outs in entertainment precincts.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Jul 20;40(5):708-716. Epub 2021 May 20.

Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Introduction: In July 2016, the Queensland Government introduced the Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence (TAFV) policy to address alcohol-related harm in entertainment precincts [safe night precincts (SNP)]. Additional measures were introduced in February and July 2017. We aim to examine the impact of the policy on Queensland Ambulance Service call-outs in Fortitude Valley, Surfers Paradise, all 15 SNP suburbs combined and statewide. Read More

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The impact of liquor legislation changes on police-recorded serious assault in Queensland, Australia.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Jul 20;40(5):717-727. Epub 2021 May 20.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: In July 2016, the Queensland government introduced the Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence policy, with some amendments over the subsequent 12 months. Key measures included restricting alcohol sales to 3 am in safe night precincts (SNPs), limiting the annual number of extended trading permits (i.e. Read More

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Contribution of sewage to occurrence of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors in natural water.

Sci Rep 2021 05 4;11(1):9470. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Seoul, 163, Seoulsiripdae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02504, Korea.

Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i, such as Sildenafil, Tadalafil and Vardenafil, mainly prescribed to treat erectile dysfunction) and their generic drug equivalents have been widely marketed and consumed in Korea. From the concentrations detected in wastewater, we could deduce that relatively large amounts of PDE-5i were consumed without a legal prescription. Thus, PDE-5i's presence in the environment via sewage is unavoidable, and their environmental fate within a sewage treatment plant (STP) should be evaluated. Read More

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Sleep among Obstetrics and Gynecology Trainees: Results from a Yoga-Based Wellness Initiative.

Am J Perinatol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri.

Objective:  This study aimed to determine the feasibility of using a wrist-based fitness tracking device to assess sleep among Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN) trainees who engaged in a yoga-based wellness program. We also sought to evaluate the effects of yoga on sleep.

Study Design:  A quality improvement initiative consisting of an 8-week wellness program of weekly yoga classes, nutrition, and physical challenges was implemented for OBGYN residents and Maternal-Fetal Medicine fellows. Read More

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Pattern and Cause of Road Traffic Accidents in Morang District.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2021 Apr 23;19(1):87-90. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Koshi Health and Science Campus, Biratnagar, Nepal.

Background: Road traffic accidents is growing continuously as a global burden and would be a leading cause of death in developing countries. The global burden of road traffic accidents continues to grow and promises to overtake tropical diseases as leading causes of death in the developing world. This study aimed to study the pattern and causes of road traffic accidents in Morang district. Read More

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Programmatic mapping and size estimation of female sex workers, transgender sex workers and men who have sex with men in İstanbul and Ankara, Turkey.

Sex Transm Infect 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Institute of Global Public Health University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Objectives: Despite a growing HIV threat, there is no definition and characterisation of key populations (KPs), who could be the major drivers of the epidemic in Turkey. We used programmatic mapping to identify locations where KPs congregate, estimate their numbers and understand their operational dynamics to develop appropriate HIV programme implementation strategies.

Methods: Female and transgender sex workers (FSWs and TGSWs), and men who have sex with men (MSM) were studied in İstanbul and Ankara. Read More

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Mobile HIV Testing Through Social Networking Platforms: Comparative Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 03 26;23(3):e25031. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

School of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Background: Improving HIV screening in key populations is a crucial strategy to achieve the goal of eliminating AIDS in 2030. Social networking platforms can be used to recruit high risk-taking men who have sex with men (MSM) to promote the delivery of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) as mobile HIV testing. Therefore, client recruitment and availability of mobile HIV testing through social networking platforms requires further evaluation. Read More

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Neurobehavioral alterations in a mouse model of chronic partial sleep deprivation.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 08 19;36(6):1315-1330. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Pharmacology Research Laboratory, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (UIPS), Panjab University, Sector 14, 160014, Chandigarh, India.

The night shift paradigm induces a state of chronic partial sleep deprivation (CPSD) and enhances the vulnerability to neuronal dysfunction. However, the specific neuronal impact of CPSD has not been thoroughly explored to date. In the current study, the night shift condition was mimicked in female Swiss albino mice. Read More

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Management of acute paediatric fractures treated surgically in the UK: a cross-sectional study.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Apr 8;103(4):302-307. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

British Orthopaedic Trainees Association, London, UK (Appendix 1).

Introduction: The epidemiology of acute paediatric orthopaedic trauma managed surgically across the NHS is poorly described. Compliance against national standards for the management of supracondylar humeral fractures is also unknown at a national level.

Methods: Collaborators in 129 NHS hospitals prospectively collected data on surgically managed acute paediatric orthopaedic trauma cases. Read More

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Percutaneous coronary intervention during on- and off-hours in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Hellenic J Cardiol 2021 May-Jun;62(3):212-218. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Jan Kochanowski University, 25-317, Kielce, Poland.

Objective: There are conflicting data on the clinical outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) based on the time of admission to the catheterization laboratory. Thus, we aimed to assess clinical outcomes in an unselected cohort of consecutive patients with STEMI treated with PCI during on-and-off hours of work.

Methods: A total of 99,783 patients were included in the analysis. Read More

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Changes in the incidence of assault after restrictions on late-night alcohol sales in New Zealand: evaluation of a natural experiment using hospitalization and police data.

Addiction 2021 04 16;116(4):788-798. Epub 2020 Aug 16.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago Medical School, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Aims: To estimate the effect of national restrictions on late-night availability of alcohol on alcohol-related assault at a population level as indicated by (1) change in hospitalizations for weekend assaults and (2) change in the proportion of assaults documented by police that occur at night.

Design: Evaluation of a natural experiment, involving: (1) pre-post comparisons of age-specific incidence rates, adjusted for seasonality and background trend using Poisson regression; and (2) interrupted time-series analyses, using seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) models of national data with no control site.

Setting: New Zealand. Read More

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Optimizing the feeding frequency to maximize the production of sterile males in tsetse mass-rearing colonies.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(1):e0245503. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Insectarium de Bobo-Dioulasso - Campagne d'Eradication de la mouche Tsé-tsé et de la Trypanosomiase (IBD-CETT), Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

Tsetse flies are cyclical vectors of trypanosomes, the causative agents of sleeping sickness or Human African Trypanosomosis and nagana or African Animal Trypanosomosis in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Insectarium de Bobo-Dioulasso (IBD) was created and equipped in the frame of Pan African Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Eradication Campaign (PATTEC) with the main goal to provide sterile males for the different eradication programs in West Africa which is already the case with the ongoing eradication program in Senegal. The aim of this study was to identify the best feeding regime in mass-rearing colonies of Glossina palpalis gambiensis to optimize the yield of sterile males. Read More

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Identification of daily environmental noise patterns in two different urban sites in Santiago, Chile.

Rev Med Chil 2020 May;148(5):582-593

Escuela de Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Environmental noise can cause auditory and non-auditory adverse effects.

Aim: To identify daily environmental noise patterns in two urban sites of Metropolitan Santiago.

Material And Methods: Continuous measurements of environmental noise in two sites of Metropolitan Santiago were analyzed by means of hierarchical cluster analysis. Read More

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Risk of Short-Term Mortality after Intracerebral Haemorrhage due to Weekend Hospital Admission in Poland.

Emerg Med Int 2020 9;2020:2198384. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Departments of Neurology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: The mortality rate for spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) has remained high and stable for many years. The unfavourable prognostic factors include age, bleeding volume, location of the haematoma, high blood pressure, and disturbed consciousness on admission. Other risk factors associated with medical care also deserve attention. Read More

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December 2020

The value of identification scanner technology in monitoring and detecting banned patrons in entertainment precincts.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2020 Dec 9. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Centre for Health Services Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: Networked identification (ID) scanner technology is a novel approach to collecting licensed venue attendance data, and potentially reducing alcohol-related violence by detecting banned patrons. Using ID scanner data from three Queensland entertainment precincts (Safe Night Precincts; SNPs), we aim to: (i) examine patterns in patron attendance to licensed venues; and (ii) examine patterns in the detection of banned patrons.

Design And Methods: We conducted descriptive analyses of licensed venue patron entries between 1 October 2017 and 30 June 2019. Read More

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December 2020

Prevalence of drink-driving in Thimphu, Bhutan: Targeted surveillance at sentinel sites.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2020 Dec 1. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: Bhutan has a high incidence of alcohol-related disease. With economic development, motorised transport is proliferating, increasing the potential for traffic injury. We investigated drink-driving in the country's largest urban environment. Read More

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December 2020

Hip fracture patients admitted to hospital on weekends are not at increased risk of 30-day mortality as compared with weekdays.

J Orthop Traumatol 2020 Dec 2;21(1):23. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Manor Hospital, Walsall Healthcare NHS Trust, Moat Road, Walsall, WS2 9PS, UK.

Background: Hip fractures remain a major health concern owing to the increasing elderly population and their association with significant morbidity and mortality. The effects of weekend admission on mortality have been studied since the late 1970s. Despite most studies showing that mortality rates are higher for patients admitted on a weekend, the characteristics of the admitted patients have remained unclear. Read More

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December 2020

Time for time off? Secondary public holiday shows minimal net hospitalisation benefit.

J Epidemiol Community Health 2020 Nov 26. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand

Background: We aimed to use New Zealand's Anzac Day to test the public health effect of secondary public holidays; and to use weekly hospitalisation counts to identify which dates were more health suitable for a potential new public holiday.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective population cohort study of hospital admissions in New Zealand between 23 April and 27 May 1988-2018. We compared acute and arranged hospitalisation and mortality rates in holiday (Anzac Day Monday to Friday) and non-holiday (Anzac Day Saturday or Sunday) years, for mid-week holidays and long weekends; and measured total weekly average acute and arranged hospitalisation counts. Read More

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November 2020

The sad weekend: A perilous North American tradition.

Neurobiol Pain 2020 Aug-Dec;8:100053. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Obesity is a global concern and affects millions of Americans who consume poor-quality diets. Diets directly affect the gut microbiota, which can have subsequent effects on inflammation and contribute to other chronic states. Previously we have shown that a Standard American Diet (SAD) increased immune cell activation and prolonged recovery and that a beneficial diet could reduce these negative effects. Read More

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November 2020