676 results match your criteria fractures cats


Comparison of Single versus Double Lateral Plating in Treatment of Feline Ilial Fractures Using Veterinary Cuttable Plates.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objective:  The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of implant failure and the extent of pelvic canal narrowing associated with the fixation of ilial fractures in cats with a single veterinary cuttable plate (SLP) or double veterinary cuttable plates (DLP) applied to the lateral surface of the ilium.

Study Design:  Radiographic evaluation of feline ilial fractures plated laterally using SLP or DLP. Pelvic canal narrowing directly postoperatively and at 6 weeks follow-up was objectively measured using the sacral index (SI). Read More

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Dog bite wounds in cats: a retrospective study of 72 cases.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 May 13:1098612X211010735. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care, The Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Objectives: Bite wounds are a common cause of trauma in cats; nevertheless, large-scale studies of this trauma in cats are lacking. The aims of the present study were to characterise the clinical and clinicopathological findings in these cats, to assess the association of these variables and therapeutic measures with survival, and to assess the association between the animal trauma triage (ATT) score and severity of injuries score (SS) at presentation with survival.

Methods: The medical records of cats presented to a veterinary teaching hospital and two large referral clinics were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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Agreement of Magnetic Resonance Imaging With Computed Tomography in the Assessment for Acute Skull Fractures in a Canine and Feline Cadaver Model.

Front Vet Sci 2021 22;8:603775. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Office of Information Technology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, United States.

Computed tomography (CT) is the imaging modality of choice to evaluate patients with acute head trauma. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be chosen in select cases. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the agreement of MRI with CT in the assessment for presence or absence of acute skull fractures in a canine and feline cadaver model, compare seven different MRI sequences (T1-W, T2-W, T2-FLAIR, PD-W, T2-W, "SPACE" and "VIBE"), and determine agreement of four different MRI readers with CT data. Read More

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Traumatic physeal fractures in cats: a review of 36 cases (2010-2020).

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Apr 13:1098612X211005886. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the demography, aetiology, location and classification of physeal fractures in cats, and to describe their management and outcomes.

Methods: Clinical records and radiographs of cats referred for management of physeal fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Fractures of the proximal femoral physis were excluded. Read More

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CT findings and the prognostic value of the Koret CT score in cats with traumatic brain injury.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Apr 13:1098612X211005306. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to evaluate associations between abnormal head CT findings and outcome, and to examine the prognostic value of the Koret CT score (KCTS) in cats sustaining acute traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Methods: The medical records of cats hospitalised with TBI that underwent head CT scans within 72 h of admission were retrospectively reviewed. CT scans were evaluated independently by a radiologist and a neurologist who were blinded to the outcome. Read More

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Chronic paronychia in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Mar 24:1098612X21998612. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Langford Small Animal Hospital, Langford House, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Case Series Summary: The aim of this case series was to describe the clinical features and treatment of paronychia in cats diagnosed with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome (PADS). Clinical records, photographs, microbiology, cytology and histopathology reports were collected, and follow-up was obtained. Five cats with paronychia were included. Read More

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Clinical application of the small I-Loc interlocking nail in 30 feline fractures: A prospective study.

Vet Surg 2021 Apr 24;50(3):588-599. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

Objective: To describe medium-term functional outcome after nail osteosynthesis in feline traumatology and report clinically relevant recommendations for I-Loc angle-stable interlocking nail use in cats.

Study Design: Prospective clinical study.

Sample Population: Client-owned cats (n = 29). Read More

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Radiographically confirmed outcomes after fracture repair with a PLS polyaxial locking system in 40 dogs and cats.

Vet Surg 2021 Apr 22;50(3):571-578. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Centre Hospitalier Vétérinaire Pommery, Reims, France.

Objective: To report radiographic findings and complications after fracture repair with a new polyaxial locking plate system (PLS polyaxial locking system; Aesculap/B Braun, Tuttlingen, Germany) in dogs and cats.

Study Design: Retrospective case review from four veterinary practices.

Sample Population: Twenty-six dogs and 14 cats (40 long bone fractures). Read More

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The performance of PROMIS computer adaptive testing for patient-reported outcomes in hip fracture surgery: a pilot study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Jan 2. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Introduction: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are essential to patient-centered care in orthopaedics. PROMIS measures have demonstrated reliability, validity, responsiveness, and minimal floor and ceiling effects in various populations of patients receiving orthopaedic care but have not yet been examined in hip fracture patients. This pilot study sought to evaluate the psychometric performance of the PROMIS Physical Function (PROMIS PF) and Pain Interference (PROMIS PI) computer adaptive tests and compare these instruments with legacy outcome measures in hip fracture patients. Read More

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January 2021

Conservative management of pelvic fractures in dogs and cats in Algiers: Incidence and long-term clinical outcomes.

Vet World 2020 Nov 12;13(11):2416-2421. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Department of Surgery, Higher National Veterinary School, Algiers, Algeria.

Aim: We performed a retrospective study to evaluate clinical complications and outcomes associated with non-operative management of pelvic fractures in dogs and cats and described owner satisfaction.

Materials And Methods: Based on radiographic findings and fracture location, case records were classified into two groups. Group 1 included animals with acetabulum involvement that underwent conservative treatment plus femoral head-and-neck excision. Read More

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November 2020

Lateral condylar fracture secondary to humeral intracondylar fissure in a cat.

Vet Surg 2021 May 12;50(4):898-903. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

Rutland House Referrals, St Helens, Abbotsfield Road, Merseyside, United Kingdom.

Objective: To report the progression of a humeral intracondylar fissure (HIF) into a lateral humeral condylar fracture and successful treatment in a cat.

Study Design: Case report.

Animals: One 8-year-old, male, neutered, Maine coon crossbreed cat. Read More

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Treatment of pelvic fractures in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Apr 18;23(4):375-388. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

University of Bristol, Langford, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the treatment and outcome of acetabular and other pelvic fractures in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome (PADS) and to provide advice on how to manage these cases in practice.

Methods: Data were collated on cats with PADS that were reported to have sustained pelvic fractures or had fractures or fissures of the pelvis identified on submitted radiographs. The details of the fractures were recorded, in addition to any treatment and outcome information. Read More

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Application of Shark Teeth-Derived Bioapatites as a Bone Substitute in Veterinary Orthopedics. Preliminary Clinical Trial in Dogs and Cats.

Front Vet Sci 2020 28;7:574017. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

New Materials Group, Department of Applied Physics, University of Vigo, Galicia Sur Health Research Institute (IISGS), Vigo, Spain.

The autograft is still considered the gold standard for the treatment of bone defects. However, given the significant morbidity of the donor site with which it has been associated, alternative substitutes for bone grafts have been developed. In the present study, a bone substitute composed of CaP biphasic bioceramics obtained from shark teeth was used (BIOFAST-VET). Read More

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October 2020

Writing a Letter to the Editor.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 11 12;33(6). Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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November 2020

Long-term follow-up of a cat with an undetermined osteoporotic bone disease managed with multiple intramedullary pins.

JFMS Open Rep 2020 Jul-Dec;6(2):2055116920964012. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Republic of Korea.

Case Summary: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited disorder related to the synthesis of type 1 collagen. Clinical signs of pain from the fracture of fragile bones are common. A 3-month-old male Chinchilla cat was presented for lameness and pain from a right femoral fracture. Read More

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October 2020

Biomechanical comparison of ex vivo lumbar vertebral fracture luxations stabilized with tension band or polymethylmethacrylate in cats.

Vet Surg 2020 Dec 30;49(8):1517-1526. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Clinic for Small Animal Surgery, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: To evaluate spinal stabilization with tension band stabilization (TS) in cats compared to screw and polymethylmethacrylate fixation (SP).

Study Design: Ex vivo study.

Sample Population: Sixteen feline thoracolumbar spinal specimens. Read More

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December 2020

Plate Stress Does Not Decrease When Working Length Is Increased.

Authors:
Simon C Roe

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 11 28;33(6):457. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.

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November 2020

Fracture Repair in Cats Using a Conical Coupling Mini 1.9 to 2.5 mm Locking Plate System.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 Nov 20;33(6):443-450. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Department of Animal Pathology, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Turin, Italy.

Objective:  The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical application of the Fixin mini 1.9 to 2.5 system for the treatment of long bone fractures in cats. Read More

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November 2020

Traumatic skull fractures in dogs and cats: A comparative analysis of neurological and computed tomographic features.

J Vet Intern Med 2020 Sep 20;34(5):1975-1985. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background: Traumatic skull fractures (TSF) are relatively frequent in dogs and cats, but little information is available regarding their clinical and imaging features.

Hypothesis/objectives: To describe the neurological and computed tomographic (CT) features of a large cohort of dogs and cats with TSF.

Animals: Ninety-one dogs and 95 cats with TSF identified on CT. Read More

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September 2020

Pubic fractures secondary to extended transpelvic urethrostomy in a cat.

Vet Surg 2020 Jul 23;49(5):1052-1057. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Anderson Moores Veterinary Specialists, Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom.

Objective: To report the occurrence and describe the management of pubic fractures after the use of an extended transpelvic urethrostomy (TPU) to treat postprostatic intrapelvic urethral obstruction and laceration in a cat.

Animal: One 6-year-old domestic short-haired cat.

Study Design: Case report. Read More

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Biomechanical Comparison of Two Conical Coupling Plate Constructs for Cat Tibial Fracture Stabilization.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 Jul 21;33(4):252-257. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, United States.

Objective:  This study aimed to compare the biomechanical characteristics of two conical coupling plate (CCP) constructs in an feline tibial fracture gap model.

Study Design:  Paired tibiae harvested from eight recently euthanatized cats were alternately assigned to one of two stabilization groups. One tibia was stabilized with a standard, 6-hole, 2. Read More

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Triple Pelvic Osteotomy Fixed with Lag Screw for the Treatment of Pelvic Canal Stenosis in Five Cats.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 Sep 21;33(5):363-369. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Centro Veterinario Luni Mare, Luni Mare, Luni (SP), Italy.

Objective:  The aim of this study was to describe the technique and the clinical outcome of cats with obstipation as a result of pelvic canal narrowing, treated using an alternative triple pelvic osteotomy technique.

Methods:  Five cats with obstipation as a result of pelvic canal narrowing due to pelvic fracture malunion or secondary hyperparathyroidism were treated by triple pelvic osteotomy. After performing the iliac osteotomy and medial partial cortical debridement (4/5 cases), the pelvic canal was widened by moving the caudal fragment of the ilium to the lateral aspect of the cranial fragment. Read More

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September 2020

CT examination and 3D analysis of Egyptian animal mummies.

Radiol Med 2020 Oct 11;125(10):943-950. Epub 2020 Apr 11.

Reparto di Radiologia, Ospedale Fatebenefratelli, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milano, Piazza Principessa Clotilde 3, 20121, Milan, Italy.

Aim: To report our experience on CT investigation of animal mummies, focusing on the practical and radiological aspects of the study, the acquisition parameters and the different reconstruction techniques.

Materials And Methods: Thirteen mummies underwent CT examination on the same CT scanner (Siemens sensation) with the following acquisition parameters: 120 kV; 140 mAs; slice thickness: 1 mm; reconstruction interval: 0.7 mm; and rotation time: 0. Read More

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October 2020

Treatment of humeral condylar fractures and humeral intracondylar fissures in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome.

J Feline Med Surg 2020 10 4;22(10):1008-1015. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Langford Veterinary Services, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to describe the treatment and outcome of humeral condylar fractures and humeral intracondylar fissures in cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome (PADS) and to provide advice on how to manage these cases in practice.

Methods: Data were collated on cats with PADS that were reported to have sustained humeral fractures or had fractures or fissures of the humerus identified on radiographs. The details of the fractures were recorded in addition to any treatment and outcome information. Read More

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October 2020

Feline skull injuries: Treatment goals and recommended approaches.

J Feline Med Surg 2020 03;22(3):229-240

Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, C/Ramón y Cajal s/n, Alfara del Patriarca, 46115 Valencia, Spain.

Practical Relevance: Skull trauma in cats, which includes fractures of the mandible and maxilla, as well as temporomandibular joint (TMJ) conditions, is frequently encountered in general practice.

Clinical Approach: Head trauma requires immediate attention and the initial approach should be focused on stabilisation of the patient and evaluation of the major body systems, including respiratory and cardiovascular assessment, and neurological and ophthalmic examination. The head, oral occlusion and the patient's ability to open and close the mouth should be carefully evaluated. Read More

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Feline Distal Tibial Physeal Fracture Repair Using a Modified Cross-Pin Technique with Four Pins.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 May 5;33(3):220-226. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Fitzpatrick Referrals, Eashing, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Objective:  The aim of this article was to report the surgical technique and clinical outcome of a modified cross-pin technique for the treatment of distal tibial physeal fractures in cats without postoperative external coaptation.

Study Design:  This study was a retrospective clinical study.

Animals:  A total of 9 cats were presented with fracture of the distal tibial physis. Read More

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Predictors of comorbidities and mortality in cats with pelvic fractures.

Vet Surg 2020 Feb 26;49(2):281-290. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Clinic for Small Animal Surgery, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: To characterize and evaluate risk factors for comorbidities and death of cats with pelvic fractures.

Study Design: Retrospective case study.

Animals: Cats (n = 280). Read More

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February 2020

Biomechanical Comparison of Two Locking Plate Constructs for the Stabilization of Feline Tibial Fractures.

Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020 Mar 13;33(2):89-95. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States.

Objectives:  The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics of locking compression plate (LCP) and conical coupling plate (CCP) constructs for the stabilization of experimentally induced gap fractures in cat tibiae.

Materials And Methods:  Pelvic limbs were harvested from eight cat cadavers. Paired tibiae were stripped of all soft tissues, and randomly assigned to the LCP or CCP stabilization group. Read More

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Prospective Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) Study Assessing Outcomes of Surgically Managed Ankle Fractures.

Foot Ankle Int 2020 02 4;41(2):206-210. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Orthopedics, Division of Foot & Ankle Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Ankle fractures are a common cause of morbidity that have increased in incidence over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes and prognosis of various fracture subtypes by using 2 validated patient-reported outcome measures: the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function (PF) and Pain Interference (PI) Computer Adaptive Tests (CATs).

Methods: Twelve-month postoperative PF and PI CATs were collected for 126 ankle fracture patients presenting between 2014 and 2017. Read More

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February 2020

Stainless steel wire in a figure-of-eight for repair of distal femoral physeal fractures in ten cats: a case report.

J Vet Sci 2019 Nov;20(6):e71

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Ten cats were treated for distal femoral Salter-Harris fractures types I and II using a stainless steel wire in a figure-of-eight configuration. Healing was uneventful in 8 of the cats. Early fixation failure occurred in one cat, which required revisional surgery. Read More

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November 2019