92 results match your criteria foxes captured

Evidence of Arctic Fox Survival following Exposure to Rabies Virus.

J Wildl Dis 2021 Nov 23. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

US Department of Agriculture, National Wildlife Research Center, 4101 Laporte Avenue, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521, USA.

The arctic fox variant of the rabies virus (RABV) is enzootic in the circumpolar north. Reports of abortive RABV exposures motivated a retrospective analysis of sera from 41 arctic foxes captured at Karrak Lake in Nunavut, Canada, during 2011-2015. Estimated RABV antibody prevalence among foxes was 14% (95% confidence interval, 7-28%). Read More

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November 2021

[Establishment and preliminary application of a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay-based multiplex nucleic acid assay for detection of three species].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2021 Aug;33(4):339-345

College of Veterinary Medicine, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China.

Objective: To establish a multiplex nucleic acid assay for rapid detection of , and based on the recombinase-aided isothermal amplification assay (RAA) and to preliminarily assess its diagnostic efficiency.

Methods: The mitochondrial genomic sequences of (GenBank accession number: NC_000928), (GenBank accession number: NC_044548) and (GenBank accession number: NC_009460) were used as target sequences, and three pairs of primers were designed based on the RAA primer design principle and synthesized for the subsequent multiple RAA amplification. The genomic DNA of , and at different concentrations and the recombinant plasmids containing the target gene at various concentrations were amplified to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of the multiplex RAA assay, and the genomic DNA of , , , , , , , , , , , and was detected using the multiplex RAA assay to evaluate its specificity. Read More

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Living in the concrete jungle: carnivore spatial ecology in urban parks.

Ecol Appl 2021 09 1;31(6):e02393. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, 1101 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106, USA.

People and wildlife are living in an increasingly urban world, replete with unprecedented human densities, sprawling built environments, and altered landscapes. Such anthropogenic pressures can affect multiple processes within an ecological community, from spatial patterns to interspecific interactions. We tested two competing hypotheses, human shields vs. Read More

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September 2021

Genomic Characterization of the Novel sp. Isolated from the Blood of a (Pallas, 1811).

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2021 Jun 16;21(6):432-440. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

UMR VITROME, Aix-Marseille University, Institut pour la Recherche et le Développement, Service de Santé des Armées, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

species are reemerging infectious agents that are transmitted by arthropod vectors among animals and/or humans. At least 13 of the 35 currently recognized species are pathogenic for humans. Most of the pathogenic species, except and are zoonotic agents with animal reservoirs, including cats, dogs, coyotes, foxes, cattle, and rodents. Read More

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J Zoo Wildl Med 2020 Nov;51(3):631-642

School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Sarcoptic mange epidemics can have long-lasting impacts on susceptible wildlife populations, potentially contributing to local population declines and extirpation. Since 2013, there have been 460 reported cases of sarcoptic mange in an urban population of endangered San Joaquin kit foxes () in Bakersfield, CA, with many of them resulting in fatality. As part of a multifaceted response to mitigate mange-caused mortalities and reduce this conservation threat, a 2-yr randomized field trial was conducted to assess the efficacy of long-acting flumethrin collars against sarcoptic mange in kit foxes. Read More

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November 2020

High endemicity of alveolar echinococcosis in Yili Prefecture, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, the People's Republic of China: Infection status in different ethnic communities and in small mammals.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 01 19;15(1):e0008891. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia, Xinjiang Medical University, and WHO-Collaborating Centre for Prevention and Care Management of Echinococcosis, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China.

Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a life-threatening disease in humans caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. The tapeworm is transmitted between small mammals and dogs/foxes in the Northern Hemisphere. In this study 286 AE cases were reported from eight counties and one city in Yili Prefecture, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, the People's Republic of China from 1989 to 2015 with an annual incidence (AI) of 0. Read More

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January 2021

Hopping species and borders: detection of Bartonella spp. in avian nest fleas and arctic foxes from Nunavut, Canada.

Parasit Vectors 2020 Sep 14;13(1):469. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 5B4, Canada.

Background: In a warmer and more globally connected Arctic, vector-borne pathogens of zoonotic importance may be increasing in prevalence in native wildlife. Recently, Bartonella henselae, the causative agent of cat scratch fever, was detected in blood collected from arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) that were captured and released in the large goose colony at Karrak Lake, Nunavut, Canada. This bacterium is generally associated with cats and cat fleas, which are absent from Arctic ecosystems. Read More

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September 2020

Seasonal food webs with migrations: multi-season models reveal indirect species interactions in the Canadian Arctic tundra.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 2020 Oct 31;378(2181):20190354. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Département de Biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Canada.

Models incorporating seasonality are necessary to fully assess the impact of global warming on Arctic communities. Seasonal migrations are a key component of Arctic food webs that still elude current theories predicting a single community equilibrium. We develop a multi-season model of predator-prey dynamics using a hybrid dynamical systems framework applied to a simplified tundra food web (lemming-fox-goose-owl). Read More

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October 2020

The Efficiency of Live-Capture Traps for the Study of Red Fox () Cubs: A Three-Year Study in Poland.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Feb 26;10(3). Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Tropical Parasitology, Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, 80-210 Gdańsk, Poland.

Safe and efficient techniques for the live capture of carnivores are limited. In this study, we identified some of the factors that could affect the success of capturing red fox cubs with live capture traps (also known as cage traps). During a three-year period, we analysed 32 captures of 25 fox cubs (1. Read More

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February 2020

Carnivore Protoparvovirus 1 at the Wild-Domestic Carnivore Interface in Northwestern Mexico.

Ecohealth 2019 09 2;16(3):502-511. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Laboratorio de Virología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico, D.F., Mexico.

Eighty-three wild and domestic carnivores of nine species from Janos Biosphere Reserve (JBR), Mexico, were tested by serologic and molecular assays to determine exposure and infection rates of carnivore protoparvovirus 1. Overall, 50.8% (33/65) of the wild carnivores and 100% (18/18) of the domestic dogs tested were seropositive for Canine protoparvovirus 1 (CPV), while 23% (15/65) of the wild carnivores and 22. Read More

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September 2019

Burmese python target reflectivity compared to natural Florida foliage background reflectivity.

Appl Opt 2019 May;58(13):D98-D104

The Florida Everglades is infested with Burmese pythons caused by the release of exotic pets in the 1980s. The current estimates are between 30,000 and 300,000 pythons, where the result is a severe decline in Everglade mammals: 90% reductions in raccoon, opossum, bobcats, and foxes. The marsh rabbits are completely gone. Read More

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primarily forages in residential areas in Kandal, Cambodia.

Ecol Evol 2019 Apr 13;9(7):4181-4191. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Institut Pasteur du Cambodge Phnom Penh Cambodia.

Bats are the second most species-rich Mammalian order and provide a wide range of ecologically important and economically significant ecosystem services. Nipah virus is a zoonotic emerging infectious disease for which pteropodid bats have been identified as a natural reservoir. In Cambodia, Nipah virus circulation has been reported in , but little is known about the spatial distribution of the species and the associated implications for conservation and public health. Read More

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Spirocercosis in red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in a natural reserve located in a meso-Mediterranean area.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 08 18;13:115-119. Epub 2018 May 18.

Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Spirocerca lupi Rudolphi 1809 (Nematoda Spirocercidae) has an indirect cycle involving intermediate and paratenic hosts, having domestic or wild canids as the main definitive hosts. The most frequent pathology affecting dogs is a granulomatous tumor-like growth containing adults in the oesophagus and aorta. There are very few references about the presence of nodules in the stomach. Read More

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Detection of Rangelia vitalii (Piroplasmida: Babesiidae) in asymptomatic free-ranging wild canids from the Pampa biome, Brazil.

Parasitol Res 2019 Apr 18;118(4):1337-1342. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Instituto de Pesquisas Veterinárias Desidério Finamor (IPVDF), Estrada do Conde, 6000, mail box 47, Eldorado do Sul, RS, 92990-000, Brazil.

Canine rangeliosis is a tick-borne disease caused by the protozoan Rangelia vitalii, which has only been reported in South America. With this knowledge, we hypothesized that neotropical foxes could act as asymptomatic natural carriers of R. vitalii. Read More

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Outcomes of Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma evansi infections on health of Southern coati (Nasua nasua), crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous), and ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in the Brazilian Pantanal.

PLoS One 2018 15;13(8):e0201357. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais e Sustentabilidade Agropecuária, Universidade Católica Dom Bosco, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

The occurrence of Trypanosoma spp. in wild carnivore populations has been intensively investigated during the last decades. However, the impact of these parasites on the health of free-living infected animals has been largely neglected. Read More

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January 2019

Coexistence of coyotes (Canis latrans) and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in an urban landscape.

PLoS One 2018 24;13(1):e0190971. Epub 2018 Jan 24.

Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.

Urban environments are increasing worldwide and are inherently different than their rural counterparts, with a variety of effects on wildlife due to human presence, increased habitat fragmentation, movement barriers, and access to anthropogenic food sources. Effective management of urban wildlife requires an understanding of how urbanization affects their behavior and ecology. The spatial activity and interactions of urban wildlife, however, have not been as rigorously researched as in rural areas. Read More

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February 2018

The prevalence and impact of Babesia canis and Theileria sp. in free-ranging grey wolf (Canis lupus) populations in Croatia.

Parasit Vectors 2017 Apr 4;10(1):168. Epub 2017 Apr 4.

Department for Bacteriology and Parasitology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Zagreb, Savska cesta 143, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. are important emerging causes of disease in dogs. Read More

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Synanthropic Mammals as Potential Hosts of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Panama.

PLoS One 2017 6;12(1):e0169047. Epub 2017 Jan 6.

Department of Pediatrics, Section of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States of America.

Synanthropic wild mammals can be important hosts for many vector-borne zoonotic pathogens. The aim of this study was determine the exposure of synanthropic mammals to two types of tick-borne pathogens in Panama, spotted fever group Rickettsia (SFGR) and Borrelia relapsing fever (RF) spirochetes. One hundred and thirty-one wild mammals were evaluated, including two gray foxes, two crab-eating foxes (from zoos), four coyotes, 62 opossum and 63 spiny rats captured close to rural towns. Read More

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Support for targeted sampling of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) feces in Sweden: a method to improve the probability of finding Echinococcus multilocularis.

Parasit Vectors 2016 11 29;9(1):613. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Section for Parasitology Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7036, Uppsala, 750 07, Sweden.

Background: Localized concentrations of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs from feces of infected red fox (Vulpes vulpes) can create areas of higher transmission risk for rodent hosts and possibly also for humans; therefore, identification of these areas is important. However, in a low prevalence environment, such as Sweden, these areas could be easily overlooked. As part of a project investigating the role of different rodents in the epidemiology of E. Read More

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November 2016


J Wildl Dis 2017 01 10;53(1):111-120. Epub 2016 Oct 10.

5   EcoHealth Alliance, 460 W 34th Street, New York, New York 10001, USA.

Bats of the genus Pteropus (Pteropodidae), colloquially known as flying foxes, are recognized as the natural reservoir of Hendra virus, a zoonotic paramyxovirus responsible for mortality in horses and humans. Some previous studies have suggested that physiologic and ecologic factors promote Hendra virus infection in flying foxes, and by extension, spillover to horses and humans. However, the impact of Hendra virus infection on relevant physiologic biomarkers in flying foxes has not been measured. Read More

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January 2017


J Wildl Dis 2017 01 26;53(1):46-53. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

2   California Department of Fish and Wildlife, Wildlife Investigations Laboratory, 1701 Nimbus Road, Rancho Cordova, California 95670, USA.

The San Joaquin kit fox ( Vulpes macrotis mutica) is a federally endangered small carnivore whose distribution is limited to the San Joaquin Valley in central California. Population decline is due to profound habitat loss, and conservation of all remaining populations is critical. A robust urban population occurs in the city of Bakersfield. Read More

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January 2017

Detection of Leishmania DNA in wild foxes and associated ticks in Patagonia, Argentina, 2000 km south of its known distribution area.

Parasit Vectors 2016 Apr 28;9:241. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Department of Conservation Biology, Estación Biológica de Doñana - CSIC, Américo Vespucio s/n, 41092, Sevilla, Spain.

Background: Zoonotic Visceral Leishmaniasis (ZVL) is a vector-borne disease affecting humans and other mammals and caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum (syn. L. chagasi), belonging to the L. Read More

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Are we getting the full picture? Animal responses to camera traps and implications for predator studies.

Ecol Evol 2016 05 6;6(10):3216-25. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

School of Science and Technology University of New England Armidale NSW 2351 Australia.

Camera trapping is widely used in ecological studies. It is often considered nonintrusive simply because animals are not captured or handled. However, the emission of light and sound from camera traps can be intrusive. Read More

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First identification of Echinococcus multilocularis in rodent intermediate hosts in Sweden.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2016 Apr 8;5(1):56-63. Epub 2016 Mar 8.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Section for Parasitology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7036, Uppsala, 750 07, Sweden.

Echinococcus multilocularis is a zoonotic tapeworm with a sylvatic lifecycle and an expanding range in Europe. Monitoring efforts following its first identification in 2011 in Sweden have focused on the parasite's definitive host, the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). However, identifying rodent intermediate hosts is important to recognize opportunities for parasite transmission. Read More

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Pathology and Epidemiology of Ceruminous Gland Tumors among Endangered Santa Catalina Island Foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae) in the Channel Islands, USA.

PLoS One 2015 30;10(11):e0143211. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Karen C. Drayer Wildlife Health Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.

In this study, we examined the prevalence, pathology, and epidemiology of tumors in free-ranging island foxes occurring on three islands in the California Channel Islands, USA. We found a remarkably high prevalence of ceruminous gland tumors in endangered foxes (Urocyon littoralis catalinae) occurring on Santa Catalina Island (SCA)--48.9% of the dead foxes examined from 2001-2008 had tumors in their ears, and tumors were found in 52. Read More

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Routes of Hendra Virus Excretion in Naturally-Infected Flying-Foxes: Implications for Viral Transmission and Spillover Risk.

PLoS One 2015 15;10(10):e0140670. Epub 2015 Oct 15.

Queensland Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Coopers Plains, Queensland, Australia.

Pteropid bats or flying-foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) are the natural host of Hendra virus (HeV) which sporadically causes fatal disease in horses and humans in eastern Australia. While there is strong evidence that urine is an important infectious medium that likely drives bat to bat transmission and bat to horse transmission, there is uncertainty about the relative importance of alternative routes of excretion such as nasal and oral secretions, and faeces. Identifying the potential routes of HeV excretion in flying-foxes is important to effectively mitigate equine exposure risk at the bat-horse interface, and in determining transmission rates in host-pathogen models. Read More

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Detection of Leishmania Infantum in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Central Greece.

Parasitology 2015 Nov 24;142(13):1574-8. Epub 2015 Sep 24.

Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine,Faculty of Medicine,University of Crete,Greece.

This is the first record of Leishmania detection in foxes in Greece. Spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow and blood samples were collected from 47 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) found dead or captured, narcotized and freed after bleeding, from November 2009 to 2011, in Fthiotida prefecture, central Greece. This is an endemic for canine leishmaniasis area with several human visceral leishmaniasis cases. Read More

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November 2015

[Mycobacterium bovis in wildlife of the dairy regions of Santa Fe (Argentina)].

Rev Argent Microbiol 2015 Jul-Sep;47(3):174-82. Epub 2015 Sep 14.

Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela, Rafaela, Santa Fe, Argentina.

Control eradication campaigns of bovine tuberculosis based on the «test and slaughter» approach were successful in many countries and regions; however, in some areas the infection persists and one of the main reasons is Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild life species. Argentina has applied the same approach since 1999, achieving progress in dairy cattle herds. Nonetheless, the wildlife role has never been investigated. Read More

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February 2016

Haematology and Plasma Biochemistry of Wild Black Flying-Foxes, (Pteropus alecto) in Queensland, Australia.

PLoS One 2015 4;10(5):e0125741. Epub 2015 May 4.

EcoHealth Alliance, New York, NY 10001, United States of America.

This paper establishes reference ranges for hematologic and plasma biochemistry values in wild Black flying-foxes (Pteropus alecto) captured in South East Queensland, Australia. Values were found to be consistent with those of other Pteropus species. Four hundred and forty-seven animals were sampled over 12 months and significant differences were found between age, sex, reproductive and body condition cohorts in the sample population. Read More

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Ectoparasite load in the crested porcupine Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758 in Central Italy.

Parasitol Res 2015 Jun 17;114(6):2223-9. Epub 2015 Mar 17.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Siena, Via P.A. Mattioli, 4, 53100, Siena, Italy,

The crested porcupine Hystrix cristata is a large body-sized rodent, occurring in Europe only in the Italian Peninsula, where it may have been introduced in early Medieval times. Its parasite fauna is currently poorly known and limited to few anecdotal observations. We have analyzed the ectoparasite load of 165 crested porcupines from Tuscany and Latium (Central Italy). Read More

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