6,606 results match your criteria formula prevention


Risk factors for clinically relevant deviations in patients' medication lists reported by patients in personal health records: a prospective cohort study in a hospital setting.

Int J Clin Pharm 2022 Jan 15. Epub 2022 Jan 15.

Department of Pharmacy, Radboud Institute for Health Sciences (RIHS), Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background Personal health records have the potential to identify medication discrepancies. Although they facilitate patient empowerment and broad implementation of medication reconciliation, more medication discrepancies are identified through medication reconciliation performed by healthcare professionals. Aim We aimed to identify the factors associated with the occurrence of a clinically relevant deviation in a patient's medication list based on a personal health record (used by patients) compared to medication reconciliation performed by a healthcare professional. Read More

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January 2022

Ginseng in vascular dysfunction: A review of therapeutic potentials and molecular mechanisms.

Phytother Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Jilin Ginseng Academy, Key Laboratory of Active Substances and Biological Mechanisms of Ginseng Efficacy, Ministry of Education, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Bio-Macromolecules of Chinese Medicine, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China.

Vascular dysfunction can lead to a variety of fatal diseases, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. Although a large number of studies have reported the therapeutic effects of natural compounds on vascular-related diseases, ginseng is still the focus of research. Ginseng and its active substances have bioactive effects against different diseases with vascular dysfunction. Read More

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January 2022

Identification and validation of the high expression of pseudogene TCAM1P in cervical cancer via integrated bioinformatics analysis.

Cancer Cell Int 2022 Jan 11;22(1):17. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou Key Laboratory of Cervical Diseases, No. 7, Front Kangfu Street, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Background: HPV as the main cause of cervical cancer has long been revealed, but the detailed mechanism has not yet been elucidated. The role of testis/cancer antigen in cervical cancer has been revealed. However, there are no reports about the statement of testis/cancer-specific non-coding RNA. Read More

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January 2022

Retarding performance of the vadose zone for nitrogen pollutants derived from municipal solid waste landfills in the red bed zone.

J Environ Manage 2022 Jan 8;306:114406. Epub 2022 Jan 8.

State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (Chengdu University of Technology), Chengdu, 610059, China; State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Synergetic Control and Joint Remediation for Soil & Water Pollution (Chengdu University of Technology), Chengdu, 610059, China; College of Ecology and Environment, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, 610059, China.

Nitrogen pollutants such as ammonia and nitrates cause soil and groundwater contamination at municipal solid waste landfill (MSWL) sites due to leachate leakage. Here, the migration of nitrogen pollutants in the vadose zone of the red bed (VZRB) at a MSWL site was studied by static adsorption batch experiments and one-dimensional simulated migration experiments. The results indicated that the soil in the red bed did not adsorb nitrates. Read More

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January 2022

Nutrition Concepts for the Treatment of Obesity in Adults.

Nutrients 2021 Dec 30;14(1). Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Institute for Nutritional Medicine, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, 80992 Munich, Germany.

Obesity caused by a positive energy balance is a serious health burden. Studies have shown that obesity is the major risk factor for many diseases like type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary heart diseases, or various types of cancer. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of increased body weight are key. Read More

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December 2021

Benefits of immunonutrition in patients with head and neck cancer receiving chemoradiation: A phase II randomized, double-blind study.

Clin Nutr 2021 Dec 28;41(2):433-440. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Holistic Center for Cancer Study and Care (HOCC-PSU), Unit of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, 15 Kanjanavanich Rd, Hatyai, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: The benefits of immunonutrition in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), especially for those undergoing definitive concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT), remain unclear. We evaluated the benefits of immunonutrition regarding the prevention of severe oral mucositis. Secondary objectives included assessments of other treatment-related toxicities, changes of nutritional and inflammatory marker levels, treatment tolerance, and survival. Read More

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December 2021

Herbal Formula Longteng Decoction Promotes the Regression of Synovial Inflammation in Collagen-Induced Arthritis Mice by Regulating Type 2 Innate Lymphocytes.

Front Pharmacol 2021 23;12:778845. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Key Laboratory of Chinese Internal Medicine of Ministry of Education and Beijing, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

The etiology and pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have not yet been fully elucidated, with greater adverse drug effects in traditional treatment of RA. It is particularly necessary to develop and study Chinese herbal formula as a supplement and alternative drug for the treatment of RA. The traditional Chinese medicine compound Longteng Decoction (LTD), as an empirical prescription in the treatment of RA in Dongzhimen Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, has been widely used in clinic. Read More

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December 2021

Scope of herbal disinfectants to fight against SARS-CoV2 virus.

Trop Biomed 2021 Dec;38(4):605-612

Food Protectants and Infestation Control Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore - 570 020, India.

Globally, COVID-19 outbreak is a major social issue in the current trend. SARS-CoV2 is a novel coronavirus causing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in human and it is spreading rapidly among human population. In order to prevent SARS-CoV2 infection and managing this corona disease, WHO formula based alcoholic hand sanitisers are being widely used as one of the primary preventive agent and the demand is increasing worldwide. Read More

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December 2021

Dietary exposures and allergy prevention in high-risk infants.

Paediatr Child Health 2021 Dec 27;26(8):504-505. Epub 2021 Dec 27.

Canadian Paediatric Society, Community Paediatrics Committee and Allergy Section; Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Dietitians of Canada.

Infants at high risk for developing a food allergy have either an atopic condition (such as eczema) themselves or an immediate family member with such a condition. Breastfeeding should be promoted and supported regardless of issues pertaining to food allergy prevention, but for infants whose mothers cannot or choose not to breastfeed, using a specific formula (i.e. Read More

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December 2021

How reliable is measurement of posture during sleep: real-world measurement of body posture and movement during sleep using accelerometers.

Physiol Meas 2022 Jan 5. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

NHMRC Centre for Clinical Research Excellence in Spinal Pain, Injury and Health, The University of Queensland, 84A Services Rd, Saint Lucia, Queensland, 4072, AUSTRALIA.

Objective Understanding sleeping behaviours could improve prevention and treatment of sleep problems and associated health conditions. This study aimed to evaluate a method to assess body posture and movement during sleep using trunk-worn accelerometers for 28 days. Approach Participants (50 adults with low back pain (66% female); aged 32(±9) years) wore two activPAL-micro sensors (thigh, trunk) during their normal daily life for 28 consecutive days. Read More

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January 2022

Efficacy and safety of Xiaoyao pills for mild to moderate depression: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2022 Jan 4;23(1):10. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 11, Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: Depression is one of the most frequent and severe psychiatric conditions. Many chemical drugs to treat depression are associated with adverse reactions and have shortcomings. Traditional Chinese medicine is of great significance in the prevention and treatment of depression. Read More

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January 2022

[Analysis of first-time hearing screening tests among singlets and twin neonates in neonatal intensive care unit].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 Jan;36(1):45-50

Department of Otolaryngology and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery,Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University,Shanghai,200127,China.

To investigate the failure in the hearing screening test among twin neonates in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to further clarify the etiology of neonatal hearing impairment, thus to provide insights into prevention and early intervention. Automated auditory brainstem response(AABR), distortion product otoacoustic emission(DPOAE) and acoustic immittance were performed on 1452 neonates(including 130 twins) admitted in NICU from January 2015 to June 2018 and the risk factors including premature birth, hyperbilirubinemia, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, etc. were analyzed retrospectively by univariate chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Read More

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January 2022

Kampo formulas alleviate aging-related emotional disturbances and neuroinflammation in male senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 mice.

Aging (Albany NY) 2022 Jan 3;14(undefined). Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Laboratory of Genomics for Health and Longevity, School of Pharmacy, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0373, Japan.

Aging-induced neuroinflammation, also known as neuroinflammaging, plays a pivotal role in emotional disturbances, including depression and anxiety, in older individuals, thereby leading to cognitive dysfunction. Although numerous studies have focused on therapeutic strategies for cognitive impairment in older individuals, little research has been performed on treating its preceding emotional disturbances. Here, we examined whether Kampo formulas (kososan [KS], nobiletin-rich kososan [NKS], and hachimijiogan [HJG]) can ameliorate aging-induced emotional disturbances and neuroinflammation in mice. Read More

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January 2022

Phytochemical Analysis Using UPLC-MS/MS Combined with Network Pharmacology Methods to Explore the Biomarkers for the Quality Control of Lingguizhugan Decoction.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 22;2021:7849032. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

College of Integrative Medicine, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang 050091, China.

As a classic TCM prescription, LGZG has been widely used in clinical prevention and treatment of heart failure, nonalcoholic fatty liver, and hyperlipidemia. However, there are few studies on chemical components in recent years, and the basis of quality evaluation is not sufficient. This study was to find the active ingredients of the Lingguizhugan decoction using UPLC-MS/MS and network pharmacology. Read More

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December 2021

Indian Academy of Pediatrics Revised (2021) Guidelines on Prevention and Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency and Rickets.

Indian Pediatr 2021 Dec 29. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Pediatric and Clinical Epidemiology, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research, New Delhi.

Justification: The emerging literature on prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in India, prevention and treatment strategies of rickets, and extra skeletal benefits of vitamin D suggest the need for revising the existing guidelines for prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency in India.

Objective: To review the emerging literature on vitamin D prevalence and need for universal vitamin D supplementation. To suggest optimum vitamin D therapy for treatment of asymptomatic and symptomatic vitamin D deficiency, and rickets. Read More

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December 2021

The impact of temperature on the transmissibility potential and virulence of COVID-19 in Tokyo, Japan.

Sci Rep 2021 12 29;11(1):24477. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Assessing the impact of temperature on COVID-19 epidemiology is critical for implementing non-pharmaceutical interventions. However, few studies have accounted for the nature of contagious diseases, i.e. Read More

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December 2021

Engineering Antigens to Assemble into Polymer Particle Vaccines for Prevention of Infection.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Nov 24;9(12). Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Centre for Cell Factories and Biopolymers (CCFB), Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Don Young Road, Natha, QLD 4111, Australia.

is a zoonotic pathogen affecting pigs and humans. This bacterium causes severe economic losses in the swine industry and poses a serious threat to public health and food safety. There is no effective commercial vaccine available for pigs or humans. Read More

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November 2021

Quality of Life of Cancer Patients Receiving Enteral Nutrition: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Nutrients 2021 Dec 19;13(12). Epub 2021 Dec 19.

Department of Dietetics, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS-SGGW), 159C Nowoursynowska Street, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland.

Most studies confirm the beneficial effects of enteral nutrition on the quality of life, but some studies indicate an inverse association and its detrimental impacts. However, there are insufficient data on the effects of enteral nutrition on the quality of life of cancer patients. This systematic review aimed to describe the influence of applied enteral nutrition on the quality of life of cancer patients, based on the results of randomized controlled trials. Read More

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December 2021

Associations between Feeding Patterns and Infant Health in China: A Propensity Score Matching Approach.

Nutrients 2021 Dec 17;13(12). Epub 2021 Dec 17.

Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition of National Health and Family Planning Commission, National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 29 Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050, China.

Breastmilk is the optimal food for infants. Feeding pattern is closely related to physical development and health during infancy. Understanding the associations between feeding patterns and health status can inform related policy interventions and advocacy in China. Read More

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December 2021

Associations of Sarcopenia, Handgrip Strength and Calf Circumference with Cognitive Impairment among Chinese Older Adults.

Biomed Environ Sci 2021 Nov;34(11):859-870

Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, Jiangsu, China; China CDC Key Laboratory of Environment and Population Health, National Institute of Environmental Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100021, China.

Objective: To evaluate the associations of sarcopenia, handgrip strength and calf circumference with cognitive impairment among Chinese older adults.

Methods: Totally 2,525 older adults were recruited from the Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study. Cognitive impairment was assessed by the Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination. Read More

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November 2021

[Effectiveness of BNT162b2 vaccine to preventing COVID-19 in healthcare personnel].

Gac Sanit 2021 Nov 26. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Unidad de Epidemiología, Servicio de Medicina Preventiva, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (ISABIAL), Alicante, España. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of the vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 (BNT162b2) in healthcare personnel of a health department.

Method: Test-negative case̶control study. Healthcare personnel with suspected COVID-19 and healthcare personnel close contacts of COVID-19 cases were included between January 27th and June 6th, 2021. Read More

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November 2021

[Characterization and investigation of 16 European priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in commercial infant formula milk powder in Hangzhou].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2021 Nov;50(6):975-980

Zhejiang Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou 310051, China.

Objective: A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) method for the determination of 16 European priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(16 EUPAHs) in infant formula milk powder was established, and the characterization and investigation of 16 EUPAHs in 70 milk formula powders were carried out in 2020.

Methods: After hydrolysis, extraction, saponification and solid phase extraction, infant formula milk powder was detected by GC-MS using DB-EUPAH capillary column(20 m×0.18 mm, 0. Read More

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November 2021

Effects of Governmental Intervention on Foodborne Disease Events: Evidence from China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 12 17;18(24). Epub 2021 Dec 17.

School of Business, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China.

Foodborne disease events (FDEs) endanger residents' health around the world, including China. Most countries have formulated food safety regulation policies, but the effects of governmental intervention (GI) on FDEs are still unclear. So, this paper purposes to explore the effects of GI on FDEs by using Chinese provincial panel data from 2011 to 2019. Read More

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December 2021

Efficacy and safety of Xijiao Dihuang decoction in treating Henoch-Schönlein purpura: Study protocol for systematic review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Dec;100(51):e28291

Dongguan Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Dongguan, China.

Background: Henoch-Schönlein purpura is one of the most common systemic vascular inflflammatory disease in childhood with purpuric rash, arthritis, renal involvement, and abdominal pain. As a treatment for it, Xijiao Dihuang decoction, a traditional herbal formula, has been used. The object of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the effificacy and safety on Xijiao Dihuang decoction in treating allergic purpura. Read More

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December 2021

The impact of a multifaceted quality improvement program on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight infants.

Pediatr Neonatol 2021 Dec 5. Epub 2021 Dec 5.

Department of Neonatology, Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a multifactorial gastrointestinal disease which mostly occurs in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In addition to decreasing gestational age (GA) or birth weight (BW), artificial formula, delayed initiation or rapidly advanced feeding, severe anemia and systemic infections were associated with NEC. Several studies demonstrated that breast milk, standardized feeding advancement regimens and treatment of anemia are associated with less incidence of NEC. Read More

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December 2021

Importance of newer cardiac magnetic resonance-based risk markers for sudden death prevention in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: An international multicenter study.

Heart Rhythm 2021 Dec 18. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

HCM Institute, Division of Cardiology, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

Background: The sudden death (SD) risk stratification algorithm in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has evolved, underscored recently by novel cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-based risk markers (left ventricular apical aneurysm, extensive late gadolinium enhancement, and end-stage disease with systolic dysfunction) incorporated into the 2020 American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) HCM guidelines.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the specific impact of newer, predominantly CMR-based risk markers in a large multicenter HCM population that underwent primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implants.

Methods: Longitudinal study of 1149 consecutive HCM patients from 6 North American and European HCM centers prospectively judged to be at high SD risk based on ≥1 AHA/ACC individual risk markers and prophylactically implanted with an ICD was performed. Read More

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December 2021

Pandemic fatigue and attenuated impact of avoidance behaviours against COVID-19 transmission in Hong Kong by cross-sectional telephone surveys.

BMJ Open 2021 12 20;11(12):e055909. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control, School of Public Health, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Objectives: This study aims to explore the attenuated impact of reported avoidance behaviours adherence on the transmission of COVID-19 through cross-sectional surveys in Hong Kong, in order to make up for the lack of research on avoidance behaviours fatigue.

Design: 40 cross-sectional telephone surveys.

Setting: All districts in Hong Kong. Read More

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December 2021

Deciphering mechanism of the herbal formula WuShen in the treatment of postinfarction heart failure.

Phytomedicine 2022 Jan 4;95:153878. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Second Clinical Medical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, P.R. China; Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510120, P.R. China; Cardiac Department, Aerospace Center Hospital, Peking University Aerospace School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing 100049, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Numerous clinical studies reported the effectiveness of herbal formula WuShen (WS) in treating cardiovascular diseases, yet relevant basic research was rarely conducted.

Methods And Results: Twelve main bioactive compounds of WS decoction were identified using the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer. A total of 137 active compounds with 613 targets were predicted by network pharmacology; their bioinformatic annotation and human microarray data suggested that wounding healing, inflammatory response, and gap junction were potentially the major therapeutic modules. Read More

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January 2022

Exploring the Mechanism of Action of Canmei Formula Against Colorectal Adenoma Through Multi-Omics Technique.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 29;9:778826. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Second Department of Oncology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Canmei formula (CMF) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound with definite effect on the prevention and treatment of colorectal adenoma (CRA). CMF can prevent the transformation of intestinal inflammation to cancer. This study explored the mechanism of action of CMF in anti-CRA using multi-omics techniques. Read More

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November 2021

Developing Machine Learning and Statistical Tools to Evaluate the Accessibility of Public Health Advice on Infectious Diseases among Vulnerable People.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2021 17;2021:1916690. Epub 2021 Dec 17.

School of Computer Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: From Ebola, Zika, to the latest COVID-19 pandemic, outbreaks of highly infectious diseases continue to reveal severe consequences of social and health inequalities. People from low socioeconomic and educational backgrounds as well as low health literacy tend to be affected by the uncertainty, complexity, volatility, and progressiveness of public health crises and emergencies. A key lesson that governments have taken from the ongoing coronavirus pandemic is the importance of developing and disseminating highly accessible, actionable, inclusive, coherent public health advice, which represent a critical tool to help people with diverse cultural, educational backgrounds and varying abilities to effectively implement health policies at the grassroots level. Read More

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December 2021