11,923 results match your criteria forms psychological


Prefrontal responses during proactive and reactive inhibition are differentially impacted by stress in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

J Neurosci 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Herchel Smith Building, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0SZ, UK.

Binge-eating is a distressing, transdiagnostic eating disorder symptom associated with impulsivity, particularly in negative mood states. Neuroimaging studies of bulimia nervosa (BN) report reduced activity in fronto-striatal regions implicated in self-regulatory control, and an influential theory posits that binge-eating results from self-regulation failures under stress. However, there is no direct evidence that psychological stress impairs self-regulation in binge-eating disorders, or that any such self-regulatory deficits generalize to binge-eating in underweight individuals (i. Read More

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Structured versus free block play: the impact on arithmetic processing.

Trends Neurosci Educ 2021 Mar 22;22:100146. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

College of Education, University of Alabama.

Background: Block play is one type of intervention that improves visuospatial skills. There are multiple forms of block play and it is unclear whether they have differential cognitive effects.

Method: Given the importance of visuospatial skills for mathematical performance, we studied the differential impact of two types of block playstructured (copying a block design) and free (building from imagination) on arithmetic processing, using behavioral and fMRI methods. Read More

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HEALTH OF THE TEACHER OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS (EFFICIENCY - DEVELOPMENT).

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 2):773-776

BOGOMOLETS NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, KYIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Of the work is to find a scientifically based approach to improve the health of teachers on the basis of a comprehensive socio-hygienic analysis of the factors that affect the state of their health. Identify the main aspects of psychological work with teachers to support the mechanisms of self-regulation of their psychological health.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: Theoretical and methodological analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature; сomparison; generalization; systematization. Read More

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January 2021

Obstetrics violence among parturient women in Kano State, north-west Nigeria.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2021 Apr 2;29:100620. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Community Medicine, Bayero University Kano/ Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

Objectives: Women endure physical and psychological abuse from carers during delivery. This form of human-right violation has not been well investigated, especially, in low-income countries. This study determined the prevalence and predictors of obstetric violence among women who gave birth in urban Kano, Nigeria. Read More

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Stress and circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA: a systematic review of human studies, physiological considerations, and technical recommendations.

Mitochondrion 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA; Department of Neurology, H. Houston Merritt Center, Columbia Translational Neuroscience Initiative, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Cell-free mitochondrial DNA (cf-mtDNA) is a marker of inflammatory disease and a predictor of mortality, but little is known about cf-mtDNA in relation to psychobiology. A systematic review of the literature reveals that blood cf-mtDNA varies in relation to common real-world stressors including psychopathology, acute psychological stress, and exercise. Moreover, cf-mtDNA is inducible within minutes and exhibits high intra-individual day-to-day variation, highlighting the dynamic regulation of cf-mtDNA levels. Read More

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Self-reported quit aids and assistance used by smokers at their most recent quit attempt: Findings from the 2020 International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: This study retrospectively describes smoking cessation aids, cessation services, and other types of assistance used by current and ex-smokers at last quit attempt (LQA) in four high-income countries.

Methods: Data are from the Wave 3 (2020) International Tobacco Control Four Country Smoking and Vaping Survey in Australia, Canada, England, and the US. Eligible respondents were daily smokers or past-daily recent ex-smokers who made a quit attempt/quit smoking in the last 24-months, resulting in 3614 respondents. Read More

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The role of mood states in cyberbullying and cybervictimization behaviors in adolescents.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 1;300:113908. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Italy; Department of Education Science, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Cyberbullying is an intentional aggressive behavior repeatedly perpetrated by a single person or a group against a peer who can not easily defend, characterized by the use of electronic forms of contact. This phenomenon is a public health concern with serious implications for adolescents' mental health. We aimed to investigate the role of gender, age, and subjective self perceived mood states in cyberbullying and victimization (being a victim of cyberbullying) behaviors. Read More

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Examining the impact of weight bias on the association between exercise identity and maladaptive exercise behaviors.

Eat Behav 2021 Mar 29;41:101503. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.

Objective: Though exercise behaviors are typically viewed as health-promoting, certain forms of exercise (i.e., excessive exercise, unhealthy muscle-building behaviors) are considered maladaptive and are associated with negative physical and psychological outcomes. Read More

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Should Catatonia Be Conceptualized as a Pathological Response to Trauma?

J Nerv Ment Dis 2021 May;209(5):320-323

Dwight Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon.

Abstract: Although catatonia is related to several medical conditions, catatonia as a response to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is less clear. The aim of this review is to explore the small emerging body of preliminary evidence that suggests a possible correlation between psychological trauma and catatonia. Initial data suggests a correlation between episodes of intense fear associated with trauma and PTSD and some forms of catatonic responses. Read More

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Impact of self-determination theory in a physiotherapeutic training : A pilot-study on motivation for movement of obese adolescents.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: This study determined to what extent the underpinning of physiotherapeutic interventions with the evidence-based motivational psychological concept of the self-determination theory (SDT) by Ryan and Deci can increase motivation and enjoyment of movement in obese adolescents.

Methods: In this study 12 obese adolescents aged 14-18 years were offered a targeted group-specific sports program including a home exercise program of 8 weeks. The group leaders were trained in the SDT and supported to integrate motivational aspects. Read More

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Which Risk Factors Are Associated with Pain and Patient-reported Function in Patients with a Rotator Cuff Tear?

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

N. G. Lemaster, N. Heebner, Department of Rehabilitation Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Background: Patient-reported measures guide physicians in clinical decision making and therefore it is critical to determine what clinical factors are associated with these scores. Psychological and physical factors are commonly studied separately in patients with rotator cuff tears to determine their influence on outcomes. It is well established that psychological distress and scapular motion change in the presence of a symptomatic rotator cuff tear. Read More

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Clinician Facial Expression of Emotion Corresponds with Patient Mindset.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Y. Versluijs, M. G. Moore, D. Ring, P. Jayakumar, Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Background: Mental health has a notable and perhaps underappreciated relationship with symptom intensity related to musculoskeletal pathophysiology. Tools for increasing awareness of mental health opportunities may help musculoskeletal specialists identify and address psychological distress and unhealthy misconceptions with greater confidence. One such type of technology-software that identifies emotions by analyzing facial expressions-could be developed as a clinician-awareness tool. Read More

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From "Leaky Gut" to Impaired Glia-Neuron Communication in Depression.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1305:129-155

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

In the last three decades, the robust scientific data emerged, demonstrating that the immune-inflammatory response is a fundamental component of the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Psychological stress and various inflammatory comorbidities contribute to such immune activation. Still, this is not uncommon that patients with depression do not have defined inflammatory comorbidities, and alternative mechanisms of immune activation need to take place. Read More

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What Does CATS Have to Do With Cancer? The Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress (CATS) Forms the SURGE Model of Chronic Post-surgical Pain in Women With Breast Cancer.

Front Psychol 2021 23;12:630422. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

The Mind-Body Lab, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) represents a highly prevalent and significant clinical problem. Both major and minor surgeries entail risks of developing CPSP, and cancer-related surgery is no exception. As an example, more than 40% of women undergoing breast cancer surgery struggle with CPSP years after surgery. Read More

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The prevalence and impact of maltreatment of child laborers in the context of four South Asian countries: A scoping review.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 5;117:105052. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, SA, 5042, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Child maltreatment is a global health concern, which adversely affects millions of children. Among them, child laborers are highly susceptible to maltreatment due to their economic vulnerability and workplace practices.

Objectives: This review seeks to identify the extent, risk factors and psychological impairments associated with the maltreatment of child laborers in four South East Asian countries. Read More

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Validation of the Social Information Processing Application (SIP-AP) across genders, socioeconomic levels, and forms of aggression.

Psychol Assess 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.

The goals of the current study were to (a) replicate the factor structure of the Social Information Processing Application (SIP-AP), (b) evaluate the measurement invariance of the SIP-AP across genders, socioeconomic (SES) levels, and forms of aggression, and (c) assess the convergent validity of the SIP-AP through associations with aggression, social competence, and rule-breaking behavior. Participants were 189 racially/ethnically diverse children (53% male; = 8.50 years) who completed the SIP-AP. Read More

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Comparison of Patient Experience Between Primary Care Settings Tailored for Homeless Clientele and Mainstream Care Settings.

Med Care 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL VA Salt Lake City Health Care System University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System University of California Los Angeles University of Southern California, Los Angeles CA VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA University of Alabama at Birmingham College of Arts and Sciences, Birmingham AL.

Background: More than 1 million Americans receive primary care from federal homeless health care programs yearly. Vulnerabilities that can make care challenging include pain, addiction, psychological distress, and a lack of shelter. Research on the effectiveness of tailoring services for this population is limited. Read More

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Evaluating interventions with victims of intimate partner violence: a community psychology approach.

BMC Womens Health 2021 Apr 6;21(1):138. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, Viale Europa 115, 47521, Cesena, FC, Italy.

Purpose: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is one of the most common forms of domestic violence, with profound implication for women's physical and psychological health. In this text we adopted the Empowerment Process Model (EPM) by Cattaneo and Goodman (Psychol Violence 5(1):84-94) to analyse interventions provided to victims of IPV by a Support Centre for Women (SCW) in Italy, and understand its contribution to women's empowerment.

Method: We conducted semi-structured interviews with ten women who had been enrolled in a program for IPV survivors at a SCW in the past three years. Read More

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Associations between lifetime stress exposure and the error-related negativity (ERN) differ based on stressor characteristics and exposure timing in young adults.

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Psychology, McGill University, 2001 McGill College Avenue, Montréal, Québec, H3A 1G1, Canada.

Life stress increases risk for multiple forms of psychopathology, in part by altering neural processes involved in performance monitoring. However, the ways in which these stress-cognition effects are influenced by the specific timing and types of life stressors experienced remains poorly understood. To address this gap, we examined how different social-psychological characteristics and developmental timing of stressors are related to the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative-going deflection in the event-related potential (ERP) waveform that is observed from 0 to 100 ms following error commission. Read More

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Training level reveals a dynamic dialogue between stress and memory systems in birds.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Apr 2;408:113280. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

INRAE, CNRS, IFCE, Centre Val de Loire UMR Physiologie de la Reproduction et des Comportements, Université de Tours, 37380 Nouzilly, France. Electronic address:

Chronic stress profoundly affects forms of declarative memory, such as spatial memory, while it may spare non-declarative memory, such as cue-based memory. It is known, however, that the effects of chronic stress on memory systems may vary according to the level of training of an individual was submitted. Here, we investigated, in birds, how chronic stress impact spatial and cue-based memories according to training level. Read More

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ADVENTUROUSNESS OF PERSONALITY: CONSTRUCT AND DIAGNOSTICS.

Georgian Med News 2021 Feb(311):109-115

State institution: K.D. Ushynsky South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University, Odessa, Ukraine.

The article presents the results of the development and testing of the latest, supplemented and modified version of the author's psychodiagnostic technique "Test-questionnaire of propensity adventurousness (AVANT-1)". Adventurousness is viewed as a personality trait, as a stable propensity to adventurous behavior, which is characterized by the internal, mental activity of a person (attitudes, expectations, emotional experiences, thoughts, thought-forms, etc.). Read More

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February 2021

Psoriasis.

Lancet 2021 Apr;397(10281):1301-1315

St John's Institute of Dermatology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Psoriasis is a common, chronic papulosquamous skin disease occurring worldwide, presenting at any age, and leading to a substantial burden for individuals and society. It is associated with several important medical conditions, including depression, psoriatic arthritis, and cardiometabolic syndrome. Its most common form, chronic plaque or psoriasis vulgaris, is a consequence of genetic susceptibility, particularly in the presence of the HLA-C*06:02 risk allele, and of environmental triggers such as streptococcal infection, stress, smoking, obesity, and alcohol consumption. Read More

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The Lègami/Legàmi Service-An Experience of Psychological Intervention in Maternal and Child Care during COVID-19.

Pediatr Rep 2021 Mar 22;13(1):142-161. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Società Italiana di Psicologia Pediatrica (S.I.P.Ped), 90144 Palermo, Italy.

This study provides a descriptive analysis of the Lègami/Legàmi service, a free psychological support service in maternal and childcare, offered through the internet and by telephone that was initiated by the Italian Society of Pediatric Psychology (S.I.P. Read More

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Mitochondrial Functioning and the Relations among Health, Cognition, and Aging: Where Cell Biology Meets Cognitive Science.

Authors:
David C Geary

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 30;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-2500, USA.

Cognitive scientists have determined that there is a set of mechanisms common to all sensory, perceptual, and cognitive abilities and correlated with age- and disease-related declines in cognition. These mechanisms also contribute to the development and functional coherence of the large-scale brain networks that support complex forms of cognition. At the same time, these brain and cognitive patterns are correlated with myriad health outcomes, indicating that at least some of the underlying mechanisms are common to all biological systems. Read More

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Psychosocial Interventions for Women with a or Mutation: A Scoping Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 24;13(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Women's College Research Institute, Women's College Hospital, Toronto, ON M5G 1N8, Canada.

This scoping review aimed to explore the effectiveness of psychological and psychoeducational interventions for mutation carriers. Four electronic bibliographic databases were searched. After review, 23 articles that described or assessed forms of an additional psychosocial intervention for individuals with a mutation were identified and included. Read More

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How to Treat COVID-19 Patients at Home in the Italian Context: An Expert Opinion.

Infect Dis Rep 2021 Mar 20;13(1):251-258. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Italian College of General Practitioners and Primary Care, 50142 Florence, Italy.

The impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, continues to be widespread, with more than 100 million cases diagnosed in more than 220 countries since the virus was first identified in January 2020. Although patients with mild to moderate forms of COVID-19 could be efficiently managed at home, thus reducing the pressure on the healthcare system and minimizing socio-psychological impact on patients, no trial has been proposed, conducted, or even published on COVID-19 home therapy to date. These expert opinions provide indications on the therapeutical at home management of COVID-19 patients, based on the evidence from the literature and on current guidelines. Read More

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