Pediatr Phys Ther 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.
Early Intervention Associates (Dr Leonard), Rockville, Maryland; Doctoral Programs in Pediatric Science (Dr Sweeney), Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions, Provo, Utah; Functional and Applied Biomechanical Lab at National Institutes of Health (Dr Damiano), NIH Bethesda, Maryland; School of Medicine (Dr Bjornson), University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Marymount University Program in Physical Therapy (Dr Ries), Marymount University, Arlington, Virginia.
Purpose: This exploratory study assessed postural control and muscle activity in children with cerebral palsy while standing barefoot (BF), in prescribed ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) and in distal control orthoses (DCOs), which stabilized foot-ankle and deliberately aligned the shank.
Methods: This within-subject study evaluated 10 participants, Gross Motor Functional Classification System level III, across the 3 ankle-foot conditions in: (1) static standing duration and (2) modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction on Balance with electromyography (EMG) on 7 muscles.
Results: Participants had significantly decreased center of gravity (COG) velocity sway in DCO versus BF and AFO, decreased loss of balance (LOB), and increased standing for DCO versus BF. Read More