133,003 results match your criteria food consumption

Exploring the nexus between agriculture and greenhouse gas emissions in BIMSTEC region: The role of renewable energy and human capital as moderators.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 20;297:113316. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

University School of Management Studies, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Sector 16C, Dwarka, New Delhi, 110078, India. Electronic address:

Agriculture and the food system emit a considerable amount of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in the atmosphere. Hence, current researchers, policymakers, and other stakeholders are calling for improving the environmental performance of agriculture. This study utilizes the countries of The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) to investigate the effect of agriculture value-added, pesticide use, renewable energy adoption, human capital, and economic growth on greenhouse gas emissions. Read More

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Isolation and functionalities of bioactive peptides from fruits and vegetables: A reviews.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 6;366:130494. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar-Delhi GT Road, Phagwara 144411, Punjab, India. Electronic address:

Bioactive peptides have recently gained more research attention as potential therapies for the management of bodily disorders and metabolic syndromes of delicate health importance. On another note, there is a rising trend on a global scale for the consumption and adoption of fruit and vegetables for the fulfilment of dietary and health needs. Furthermore, fruits and vegetables are being more studied as base materials for the isolation of biologically functional components and accordingly, they have been investigated for their concomitant bioactive peptides. Read More

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Oils Rich in α-Linolenic Acid or Docosahexaenoic Acid Have Distinct Effects on Plasma Oxylipin and Adiponectin Concentrations and on Monocyte Bioenergetics in Women with Obesity.

J Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Background: Omega-3 fatty acids, including DHA and α-linolenic acid (ALA), are proposed to improve metabolic health by reducing obesity-associated inflammation. Their effects are mediated in part by conversion to oxylipins. ALA is relatively understudied, and direct comparisons to other omega-3 fatty acids are limited. Read More

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Nutritional value and organoleptic assessment of traditionally smoked cheeses made from goat, sheep and cow's milk.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254431. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Animal Product Processing, Faculty of Food Technology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Krakow, Poland.

The use of small ruminant milk for smoked cheese production makes it possible to incorporate valuable nutrients into the diet, especially as the consumption of unprocessed sheep or goat's milk is low compared to that from cows. Smoking of food not only prolongs its shelf-life but also improves its flavour. Taking the fact that many consumers do not accept some organoleptic properties of milk from small ruminants into account, the aim of the study was to assess and compare the organoleptic and nutritional properties of traditionally smoked cheeses made from goat, sheep and cow's milk. Read More

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Measuring the Healthiness of Ready-to-Eat Child-Targeted Cereals: Evaluation of the FoodSwitch Platform in Sweden.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jul 22;9(7):e17780. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Childhood obesity is a major public health issue. The increase in the consumption of foods with poor nutritional value, such as processed foods, contributes to this. Breakfast cereals are often advertised as a healthy way to start the day, but the healthiness of these products varies greatly. Read More

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A meta-analytical evaluation of the effects of high-salt water intake on beef cattle.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Adequate drinking water is essential to maintain acceptable production levels in beef cattle operations. In the context of global climate change, the water scarcity forecasted for the future is a growing concern and it would determine an increase in the use of poorer quality water by the agricultural sector in many parts of the world. However, consumption of high-salt water by cattle have consequences often overlooked. Read More

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The future is bright: Biofortification of common foods can improve vitamin D status.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jul 22:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Vitamin D deficiency is a global concern, linked to suboptimal musculoskeletal health and immune function, with status inadequacies owing to variations in UV dependent cutaneous synthesis and limited natural dietary sources. Endogenous biofortification, alongside traditional fortification and supplement usage is urgently needed to address this deficit. Evidence reviewed in the current article clearly demonstrates that feed modification and UV radiation, either independently or used in combination, effectively increases vitamin D content of primary produce or ingredients, albeit in the limited range of food vehicles tested to date (beef/pork/chicken/eggs/fish/bread/mushrooms). Read More

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[Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke].

Ther Umsch 2021 Aug;78(6):259-268

Departement für Neurologie, Inselspital, Universitätsspital und Universität Bern.

Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke An unhealthy diet is one of the modifiable risk factors for stroke. The world population's diet is suboptimal. Healthy and nutritious food such as whole grain, vegetables, fruit and fish is not consumed enough, and unhealthy food such as sweetened beverages, processed meat and salty food takes up a higher proportion of the diet than recommended. Read More

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Health risk assessment of As due to rice ingestion based on iAs distribution and actual consumption patterns for the residents in Beijing: a cross-sectional study.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants, School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, 100083, People's Republic of China.

As a well-known human carcinogen, arsenic (As) could pose various detrimental health effects to humans mainly through the exposure pathway of food ingestion. In comparison with other foods, rice can accumulate more arsenic due to its tissue specificity. Thus, it is of great significance to assess the health risk of As due to rice ingestion. Read More

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Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Its Determinants Among Households With Breast Cancer Patients in China: A Multicentre, Cross-Sectional Survey.

Front Public Health 2021 5;9:704700. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Although numerous studies have examined catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) worldwide, most focus on the general population, not on specific vulnerable groups. We aimed to analyse the extent and the influencing factors of CHE in households with breast cancer patients in China, and explore the ability of different insurances to protect these households from CHE. A multicentre, cross-sectional interview surveys was conducted in households with breast cancer patients across seven provinces/municipalities in China. Read More

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Enzymatic approaches in the bioprocessing of shellfish wastes.

3 Biotech 2021 Aug 6;11(8):367. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Center for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR- Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR), 31 MG Marg, Lucknow, 226001 India.

Several tonnes of shellfish wastes are generated globally due to the mass consumption of shellfish meat from crustaceans like prawn, shrimp, lobster, crab, Antarctic krill, etc. These shellfish wastes are a reservoir of valuable by-products like chitin, protein, calcium carbonate, and pigments. In the present scenario, these wastes are treated chemically to recover chitin by the chitin and chitosan industries, using hazardous chemicals like HCl and NaOH. Read More

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Postprandial effects of a whey protein-based multi-ingredient nutritional drink compared with a normal breakfast on glucose, insulin, and active GLP-1 response among type 2 diabetic subjects: a crossover randomised controlled trial.

J Nutr Sci 2021 12;10:e49. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Postprandial hyperglycaemia is recognised as an important target in type 2 diabetes management. Dietary pattern, meal composition, and amount of food intake are major factors for maintaining postprandial blood glucose levels. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of consuming a whey protein-based multi-ingredient nutritional drink (WD) on postprandial glycaemic, insulinaemic, and active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses in comparison to a typical breakfast, which is boiled white rice with chicken (BC) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Read More

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Ultra-processed food consumption and its correlates among Italian children, adolescents and adults from the Italian Nutrition & Health Survey (INHES) cohort study.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Jun 24:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS NEUROMED, Via dell'Elettronica, 86077 Pozzilli (IS), Italy.

Objective: To assess ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption and its socio-demographic, psychosocial and behavioural correlates in a general population of Italian children, adolescents and adults.

Design: Cross-sectional telephone-based survey.

Setting: Italy, 2010-2013. Read More

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Self-reported health and life satisfaction in older emergency department patients: sociodemographic, disease-related and care-specific associated factors.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 21;21(1):1440. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institute of Medical Sociology and Rehabilitation Science, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Self-reported health (SRH) and life satisfaction (LS) are patient-reported outcomes (PROs) that independently predict mortality and morbidity in older adults. Emergency department (ED) visits due to serious health problems or accidents might pose critical life events for patients. This study aimed (a) to characterize older patients' SRH and LS during the distinct event of an ED stay, and (b) to analyze concomitant associations of PROs with ED patients' sociodemographic, disease-specific and care-related variables. Read More

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Dietary habits and perceptions of psoriatic patients: .

J Dermatolog Treat 2021 Jul 21:1-25. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Mediterranean diets have been reported to improve psoriasis. Asian food has a unique character and differs from Mediterranean diets. This study compared the dietary intake of psoriatic patients and individuals without psoriasis, and investigated the association between diet and psoriasis severity. Read More

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Whey allergens: Influence of nonthermal processing treatments and their detection methods.

Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, 5# Yushan Road, Qingdao, 266003, China.

Whey and its components are recognized as value-added ingredients in infant formulas, beverages, sports nutritious foods, and other food products. Whey offers opportunities for the food industrial sector to develop functional foods with potential health benefits due to its unique physiological and functional attributes. Despite all the above importance, the consumption of whey protein (WP) can trigger hypersensitive reactions and is a constant threat for sensitive individuals. Read More

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The effects of income fluctuations on undernutrition and overnutrition across the lifecycle.

Health Econ 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

This study uses individual level data from a 13-year, nationally representative rotating panel survey of Kyrgyzstan to estimate the effects of fluctuations in predicted income on health and nutrition outcomes from early childhood to adulthood. We consider impacts on both undernutrition and overnutrition side-by-side, and carefully consider the mechanisms at work. We address the endogeneity of income following Bartik (1991): We construct a measure of predicted income, obtained using the household's initial period share of income from different sources and aggregate national growth rates over time in each source. Read More

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Dietary fat intake during early pregnancy is associated with cord blood DNA methylation at IGF2 and H19 genes in newborns.

Environ Mol Mutagen 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Division of Environmental Health Sciences, University of California, Berkeley; Berkeley, CA, USA.

Maternal fat intake during pregnancy affects fetal growth, but mechanisms underlying these relations are unclear. We performed an exploratory study of the associations of fat consumption during pregnancy with cord blood DNA methylation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) and H19 genes. We used data from 96 uncomplicated full-term pregnancies of mothers of whom majority had normal BMI (66%) in Project Viva, a prospective pre-birth cohort. Read More

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Preparation and Evaluation of Virgin Olive Oil Oleogels Including Thyme and Cumin Spices with Sunflower Wax.

Gels 2021 Jul 15;7(3). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Çanakkale, Turkey.

This study aimed to prepare and evaluate virgin olive oil (VOO) oleogels enriched with thyme and cumin spices with sunflower wax (SW) organogelator. Common physico-chemical, structural, thermal, and rheological analyses were completed. Furthermore, aromatic volatiles composition, sensory descriptive analysis, and consumer tests were provided. Read More

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Nitrogenous Compound Utilization and Production of Volatile Organic Compounds among Commercial Wine Yeasts Highlight Strain-Specific Metabolic Diversity.

Microbiol Spectr 2021 Jul 21:e0048521. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Food Microbiology, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Genetic background and environmental conditions affect the production of sensory impact compounds by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The relative importance of the strain-specific metabolic capabilities for the production of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) remains unclear. We investigated which amino acids contribute to VOC production and whether amino acid-VOC relations are conserved among yeast strains. Read More

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Antimicrobial susceptibility testing by measuring bacterial oxygen consumption on an integrated platform.

Lab Chip 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Laboratory of Microsystems, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.

Cellular respiration is a fundamental feature of metabolic activity and oxygen consumption can be considered as a reliable indicator of bacterial aerobic respiration, including for facultative anaerobic bacteria like E. coli. Addressing the emerging global health challenge of antimicrobial resistance, we performed antimicrobial susceptibility testing using the bacterial oxygen consumption rate (OCR) as a phenotypic indicator. Read More

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Gut and liver metabolic responses to dietary fructose - are they reversible or persistent after switching to a healthy diet?

Food Funct 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Italy. and Task Force on Microbiome Studies, University of Naples Federico II, Naples 80100, Italy.

The link between increased fructose intake and induction of gut and liver dysfunction has been established, while it remains to be understood whether this damage is reversible, particularly in the young population, in which the intake of fructose has reached dramatic levels. To this end, young (30 days old) rats were fed a fructose-rich or control diet for 3 weeks to highlight the early response of the gut and liver to increased fructose intake. After this period, fructose-fed rats were returned to a control diet for 3 weeks and compared to the rats that received the control diet for the entire period to identify whether fructose-induced changes in the gut-liver axis persist or not after switching back to a control diet. Read More

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Four-Week Repeated Intravenous Dose Toxicity of Self-Assembled-Micelle Inhibitory RNA-Targeting Amphiregulin in Mice.

Int J Toxicol 2021 Jul 21:10915818211031241. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

College of Veterinary Medicine, 34931Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

The present study investigated the potential subchronic toxicity of self-assembled-micelle inhibitory RNA-targeting amphiregulin (SAMiRNA-AREG) in mice. The test reagent was administered once-daily by intravenous injection for 4 weeks at 0, 100, 200, or 300 mg/kg/day doses. Additional recovery groups (vehicle control and high dose groups) were observed for a 2-week recovery period. Read More

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Non-adherence to Mediterranean diet and synergy with lifestyle habits in the occurrence of breast cancer: a case-control study in Italy.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Jul;25(13):4535-4539

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the synergistic effect of non-adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and lifestyle habits on the occurrence of breast cancer (BC).

Patients And Methods: A case-control study was carried out from September 2018 to February 2019 at the Teaching Hospital "Umberto I" in Rome. A Food Frequency Questionnaire was used for assessing the level of adherence to MD, the IPAQ Questionnaire to measure physical activity, and AUDIT-C to estimate alcohol consumption. Read More

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A remarkable food allergy in children: cashew nut allergy.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 Mar 12;56(2):131-135. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Health Science University Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The prevalence of cashew nut allergy is increasing. Clinical reaction to cashew nuts may be severe, including anaphylaxis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the frequency of cashew nut sensitivity in a group of children with food allergy and the clinical features and course of cashew nut allergy. Read More

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Human health risk assessments of organochlorine pesticides in some food crops from Esa-Oke farm settlement, Osun State, Nigeria.

Heliyon 2021 Jul 3;7(7):e07470. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Chemistry Department, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, University of South Africa, Florida Science Campus, South Africa.

Seasonal levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in yam, cassava, sweet potato and cocoyam samples collected from Esa-Oke Farm Settlement, Osun State, Nigeria were evaluated. Sampling regiment for three sites lasted four months each during the dry and wet seasons. The dried samples were extracted using Soxhlet extractor with dichloromethane (DCM) as the extraction solvent, while the identification and estimation of OCPs in the crop filtrates, after clean-up, were carried out with Gas Chromatography equipped with Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopy Detector (GC-TOFMS). Read More

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Infection and food combine to cause atherosclerotic coronary heart disease - Review and hypothesis.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2021 Aug 6;35:100807. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Hypothesis: It is hypothesised that a combination of childhood and later life infections and excess food consumption, particularly of Western style food, initiates and contributes to atherosclerotic coronary heart disease. To consider this hypothesis we have conducted a brief review of the role of childhood infections, food, and their combined influence on atherosclerosis.

Evidence: (i) Studies of populations with high prevalence of infections and low "hunter gather" like food consumption, have extremely low prevalence of atherosclerosis, (ii) there are consistent associations between infections in childhood and adult atherosclerotic coronary heart disease, (iii) there is an association between increased body weight, (an indication of excess eating), and atherosclerotic heart disease, and (iv) there is evidence that a combination of increased body weight and infections influences the development of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease. Read More

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Health behaviors of German university freshmen during COVID-19 in association with health behaviors of close social ties, living arrangement, and time spent with peers.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 6;9(1):582-599. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Objective: The start of university is a critical period for health risk behavior (i.e. eating, physical activity, alcohol use) which can be influenced by expectations and by environmental factors such as living arrangement, health behaviors of close social ties (i. Read More

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Allergy Prevalence in France and Skin Impact - Epidemiological Survey of a Representative Sample of French Adults.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2021 14;14:901-907. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Dermatology and Allergy Department, Tenon Hospital, Medicine Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

Background: Increased allergy frequency may have a significant impact on the skin, one of the largest targeted organs for allergic and immunological responses.

Methods: An online survey of 2036 adults as a representative sample of the French general population was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported allergies, the populations who report allergies and the skin conditions related to allergies.

Results: In general, 20. Read More

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Effects of Oil Tea on Obesity and Dyslipidemia: A Cross-Sectional Study in China.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 12;14:3173-3185. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, Guangxi Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Animal experiments have found that oil tea reduces body weight and improves blood lipid levels. However, the effect of oil tea on human health has not been confirmed yet. This study aims to explore the relationship between oil tea consumption and obesity and dyslipidemia. Read More

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