Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Apr 16;74:105567. Epub 2021 Apr 16.
Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. Electronic address:
This study evaluated a synergistic antimicrobial treatment using a combination of low frequency and a low-intensity ultrasound (LFU) and a food-grade antioxidant, propyl gallate (PG), against a model gram-positive (Listeria innocua) and the gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7). Bacterial inactivation kinetic measurements were complemented by characterization of biophysical changes in liposomes, changes in bacterial membrane permeability, morphological changes in bacterial cells, and intracellular oxidative stress upon treatment with PG, LFU, and a combination of PG + LFU. Combination of PG + LFU significantly (>4 log CFU/mL, P < 0. Read More