5,509 results match your criteria fluid urea


Thirst distress in outpatients with heart failure in a Mediterranean zone of Spain.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Thirst Distress Scale for patients with Heart Failure (TDS-HF) and to describe thirst distress-associated factors in outpatients at a heart failure (HF) clinic in Spain. Thirst is common in patients with HF, but thirst distress has rarely been addressed and may significantly decrease quality of life.

Methods And Results: A cross-sectional study was performed assessing perceived thirst distress by patients with HF during the preceding 3 days, with the TDS-HF (scores 8 to 40). Read More

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Nutritive Value, In Vitro Fermentation, and Methane Production of Cactus Cladodes, Sugarcane Bagasse, and Urea.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 28;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Animal Science, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Dom Manoel de Medeiros Street, Dois Irmãos, Recife, Pernambuco 52171-900, Brazil.

This study evaluated the effect of different roughages fed to sheep on nutrient and water intake, ingestive behavior, nitrogen balance, microbial protein synthesis, fermentation parameters, and methane production using an in vitro gas production system. The treatments consisted of five diets: cactus cladodes (NUB) and (OUB), both with the addition of sugarcane bagasse (SB) and urea/ammonium sulfate (urea/as); Tifton hay (TH); corn silage (CS); and sorghum silage (SS), also with added urea/as. The NUB provided greater ( ≤ 0. Read More

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Effects of spray-dried bovine plasma protein in milk replacers fed at a high plane of nutrition on performance, intestinal permeability, and morbidity of Holstein calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana 61801. Electronic address:

Spray-dried plasma protein (SDP) has been shown to improve growth and intestinal function in young calves when included in milk replacers (MR) fed at conventional rates. Use of an SDP and wheat protein blend to replace a portion of whey protein has been shown to perform similarly to using an all-whey protein control MR. However, a trend in the dairy industry is to feed calves for greater rates of growth during the preweaning period. Read More

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Effects of canola meal inclusion rate in starter mixtures for Holstein heifer calves on dry matter intake, average daily gain, ruminal fermentation, plasma metabolites, and total-tract digestibility.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Saskatchewan, S7N 5A8, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of the canola meal (CM) inclusion rate in pelleted starter mixtures for Holstein heifer calves on dry matter intake, average daily gain, ruminal fermentation, plasma metabolites, and total-tract digestibility. Fifty Holstein heifer calves were blocked by birth date and body weight and, within block, randomly assigned to 1 of 5 pelleted starter treatments with 0, 15, 30, 45, or 60% of the crude protein supplied by CM instead of soybean meal (SBM). Pellets were formulated to be similar in crude protein (24. Read More

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Establishment of a clinical diagnostic model for gouty arthritis based on the serum biochemical profile: A case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25542

National Pharmaceutical Engineering Center for Solid Preparation in Chinese Herbal Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Abstract: The disease progression of gouty arthritis (GA) is relatively clear, with the 4 stages of hyperuricemia (HUA), acute gouty arthritis (AGA), gouty arthritis during the intermittent period (GIP), and chronic gouty arthritis (CGA). This paper attempts to construct a clinical diagnostic model based on blood routine test data, in order to avoid the need for bursa fluid examination and other tedious steps, and at the same time to predict the development direction of GA.Serum samples from 579 subjects were collected within 3 years in this study and were divided into a training set (n = 379) and validation set (n = 200). Read More

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[The diagnostic performance of galactomannan detection in invasive pulmonary aspergillosis with severe and critically ill influenza].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;101(15):1050-1056

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325015, China.

To analyze the diagnostic performance of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) galactomannan (GM) test in invasive pulmonary aspergillosis(IPA) with severe and critically ill influenza. A retrospective study was performed for 157 patients with severe and critically ill influenza admitted to the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from December 2017 to April 2019.Clinical characteristics and serum and BALF GM values were collected. Read More

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Effect of dietary treatment and fluid intake on the prevention of recurrent calcium stones and changes in urine composition: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(4):e0250257. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for investigating the effect of dietary treatment and fluid intake on the prevention of recurrent calcium stones and changes in urine composition. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases (updated November 2020) were searched for studies with the following keywords: diet, fluid, recurrent, prevention, randomized controlled trials, and nephrolithiasis. The search strategy and study selection process was conducted by following the PRISMA statement. Read More

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Bioengineering a cryogel-derived bioartificial liver using particle image velocimetry defined fluid dynamics.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Apr 23;123:111983. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Bioartificial Liver (BAL) devices are extracorporeal systems designed to support or recover hepatic function in patients with liver failure. The design of an effective BAL remains an open challenge since it requires a complex co-optimisation of cell colonisation, biomaterial scaffold and BAL fluid dynamics. Building on previous evidence of suitability as a blood perfusion device for detoxification, the current study investigated the use of RGD-containing p(HEMA)-alginate cryogels as BAL scaffolds. Read More

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Isolation and Characterization of Yeasts from Rumen Fluids for Potential Use as Additives in Ruminant Feeding.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 19;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Faculty of Animal Science and Technology, Maejo University, Chiangmai 50290, Thailand.

is a yeast strain often used to improve the feed quality of ruminants. However, has limited capacity to provide biomass when inoculated with carbon sources and a low ability to produce cellulase enzymes. Here, we hypothesized that yeast in the rumen produces a large amount of biomass and could release cellulase enzymes to break down fiber content. Read More

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Stability of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals at Humid Conditions Can Be Predicted.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Mar 23;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Laboratory of Thermodynamics, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, TU Dortmund University, Emil-Figge-Str. 70, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany.

Knowledge of the stability of pharmaceutical formulations against relative humidity (RH) is essential if they are to become pharmaceutical products. The increasing interest in formulating active pharmaceutical ingredients as stable co-crystals (CCs) triggers the need for fast and reliable in-silico predictions of CC stability as a function of RH. CC storage at elevated RH can lead to deliquescence, which leads to CC dissolution and possible transformation to less soluble solid-state forms. Read More

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Molecular profile of oral fluid in new coronavirus infection.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Mar;66(3):133-138

Samara State Medical University.

Oral fluid is an alternative biological material that confirms correlations with blood parameters in various pathological conditions of the body. In order to find a non-invasive approach to stratification of patients with COVID-19 disease, molecular biomarkers of the oral fluid have been determined in patients with moderate coronavirus infection in comparison with clinically healthy individuals. It has been shown that proteomic, carbohydrate, macro- and microelement profiles of the oral fluid in coronavirus infection can be used for diagnostics. Read More

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Identification of Candidate Synovial Fluid Biomarkers for the Prediction of Patient Outcome After Microfracture or Osteotomy.

Am J Sports Med 2021 May 31;49(6):1512-1523. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Pharmacy and Bioengineering, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, UK.

Background: Biomarkers are needed to predict clinical outcomes for microfracture and osteotomy surgeries to ensure patients can be better stratified to receive the most appropriate treatment.

Purpose: To identify novel biomarker candidates and to investigate the potential of a panel of protein biomarkers for the prediction of clinical outcome after treatment with microfracture or osteotomy.

Study Design: Descriptive laboratory study. Read More

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Comparison between the effects of feeding copper sulphate-treated and untreated rapeseed cake containing high glucosinolates on rumen fermentation, nutrient digestion and nitrogen metabolism in steers.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Two trials were carried out to study the effects of copper sulphate (CuSO ) on detoxifying glucosinolates (GLS) in rapeseed cake (RSC) and compare the effects of feeding CuSO -treated and untreated RSC on nutrient digestion and nitrogen (N) metabolism in steers. In Trial 1, different concentrations of CuSO solution (1.6 vs. Read More

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Simulation Study on Prediction of Urea Crystallization of a Diesel Engine Integrated after-Treatment Device.

ACS Omega 2021 Mar 3;6(10):6747-6756. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Automotive Components, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China.

An integrated after-treatment device model was established for our target engine based on the fluid simulation software (Converge), and simulation was performed to determine the NH, temperature, and velocity uniformity at the front-end cross section of its SCR catalyst, urea deposition rate, liquid film mass of the mixer, and its positions under a low-load condition. Moreover, the structure of the mixer and injection pressure were optimized to improve the uniformity and reduce the liquid film mass. Our simulation results show the following facts: the liquid film is easily accumulated under a low-load condition and the structure of the mixer and the injection pressure significantly affect the urea deposition rate and uniformities and accumulation masses of the liquid film. Read More

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The effect of tetrastarch solution for capillary leak syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A report of 2 cases.

Hematol Rep 2021 Mar 5;13(1):8750. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Divisions of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan.

Capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is a severe complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) characterized by weight gain, generalized edema, hypotension, and hypoalbuminemia. The primary pathogenesis is injury of the capillary endothelium resulting in a loss of intravascular fluid into the interstitial space. Treatment is limited to vascular endothelial growth factor withdrawal and systemic corticosteroids. Read More

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Numerical Investigation on the Urea Deposit Formation Process in a Selective Catalytic Reduction System of a Diesel Engine Based on a Fluid-Solid Coupling Method.

ACS Omega 2021 Mar 16;6(8):5921-5932. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

National Engineering Laboratory for Mobile Source Emission Control Technology, China Automotive Technology & Research Center Co., Ltd., Tianjin 300300, China.

Currently, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems have become an essential part in diesel engines, and urea crystallization is one of the most serious issues in SCR systems. In this paper, the urea deposit formation processes in the SCR system were investigated by numerical simulations based on a fluid-solid coupling method. The results show that the masses of the wall film and solid urea are larger at conditions with lower temperatures and higher injection rates. Read More

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Pleural Effusion Is Associated with Severe Renal Dysfunction in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Mar 8;27:e928118. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Renal dysfunction is a leading cause of death in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) and often occurs later than respiratory complications. Whether respiratory complications can predict renal impairment remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between pleural effusion and renal dysfunction in AP. Read More

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MSCs derived from amniotic fluid and umbilical cord require different administration schemes and exert different curative effects on different tissues in rats with CLP-induced sepsis.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 Mar 6;12(1):164. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Key Laboratory for Major Obstetric Diseases of Guangdong Province, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510150, Guangdong, China.

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are derived from multiple tissues, including amniotic fluid (AF-MSCs) and the umbilical cord (UC-MSCs). Although the therapeutic effect of MSCs on sepsis is already known, researchers have not determined whether the cells from different sources require different therapeutic schedules or exert different curative effects. We assessed the biofunction of the administration of AF-MSCs and UC-MSCs in rats with caecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis. Read More

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A New Peritoneal Dialysis Solution Containing L-Carnitine and Xylitol for Patients on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis: First Clinical Experience.

Toxins (Basel) 2021 02 24;13(3). Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, Department of Medicine, G. D'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Via dei Vestini, 66013 Chieti, Italy.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a feasible and effective renal replacement therapy (RRT) thanks to the dialytic properties of the peritoneal membrane (PM). Preservation of PM integrity and transport function is the key to the success of PD therapy, particularly in the long term, since the prolonged exposure to unphysiological hypertonic glucose-based PD solutions in current use is detrimental to the PM, with progressive loss of peritoneal ultrafiltration capacity causing technique failure. Moreover, absorbing too much glucose intraperitoneally from the dialysate may give rise to a number of systemic metabolic effects. Read More

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February 2021

Physically effective neutral detergent fiber improves chewing activity, rumen fermentation, plasma metabolites, and milk production in lactating dairy cows fed a high-concentrate diet.

J Dairy Sci 2021 May 2;104(5):5631-5642. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) continues to be a common and costly metabolic disorder in high-producing dairy cows worldwide. The objective of this study was to evaluate if increasing the concentration of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) in diets can reduce the risk of SARA in cows fed a high-concentrate diet. Thirty second-parity Holstein cows in mid lactation (131 ± 8. Read More

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Albumin Utilization in Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis.

J Pharm Pract 2021 Mar 2:897190021997002. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Pharmacotherapy and Translational Research, University of Florida College of Pharmacy, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Background: Albumin has been shown to decrease the incidence of mortality and acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Albumin administration in SBP is recommended within 6 hours of diagnosis and for reserved use in high-risk patients with the following baseline laboratory tests: serum creatinine >1 mg/dL, blood urea nitrogen >30 mg/dL or total bilirubin >4 mg/dL.

Objective: We aimed to assess the impact of an albumin order set restricted to high-risk SBP. Read More

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Neutron total scattering investigation on the dissolution mechanism of trehalose in NaOH/urea aqueous solution.

Struct Dyn 2021 Jan 10;8(1):014901. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Institute for Advanced Study, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 508060, China.

Trehalose is chosen as a model molecule to investigate the dissolution mechanism of cellulose in NaOH/urea aqueous solution. The combination of neutron total scattering and empirical potential structure refinement yields the most probable all-atom positions in the complex fluid and reveals the cooperative dynamic effects of NaOH, urea, and water molecules in the dissolution process. NaOH directly interacts with glucose rings by breaking the inter- and intra-molecular hydrogen bonding. Read More

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January 2021

The effect of biofloc produced from a fish farming system on nutrients digestibility, rumen fermentation, feeding behavior, and blood parameters of Najdi goats.

Vet Res Forum 2020 15;11(4):393-399. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Aquaculture Research Center-South of Iran, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Ahvaz, Iran.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of biofloc produced from a fish pond on digestibility, rumen fermentation, rumination activity, and blood parameters of Najdi goats. At the first, 200 common carp fish (1.00 g) in two water tanks were used for producing biofloc. Read More

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December 2020

Serum metabonomic study of the effects of Huofeitong tablet on rats with COPD.

Anal Biochem 2021 05 23;620:114150. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Centre for Drug Research and Development, East Waihuan Road 280, Guangzhou, PR China; Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Advanced Drug Delivery Systems, East Waihuan Road 280, Guangzhou, PR China; Guangdong Engineering & Technology Research Center of Topical Precise Drug Delivery System, East Waihuan Road 280, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common respiratory disease. The Huofeitong tablet (HFTT), a Chinese compound medicine, exhibits an unambiguous therapeutic effect on COPD. However, the mechanism of its therapeutic effect on COPD is unclear. Read More

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Effect of Different-Volume Fluid Resuscitation on Organ Functions in Severe Acute Pancreatitis and Therapeutic Effect of .

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 14;2020:6408202. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of different-volume fluid resuscitation (FR) on organ functions in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and to elucidate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of on organ injuries caused by high-volume FR.

Methods: 1. Clinical study: retrospective analysis of thirty-one patients about the effect of titrated fluid resuscitation protocol (TFR) on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) secondary to SAP. Read More

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October 2020

Changes in extracellular water with hemodialysis and fall in systolic blood pressure.

Int J Artif Organs 2021 Feb 20:391398821995503. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

UCL Department of Nephrology, Royal Free Hospital, University College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Intra-dialytic hypotension (IDH) remains the most common complication with outpatient hemodialysis (HD) sessions. As fluid is removed during HD, there is contraction of the extracellular volume (ECW). We wished to determine whether the fall in ECW was associated with a fall in systolic blood pressure (SBP). Read More

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February 2021

Clinical and Laboratory Parameters Associated with Septic Myocardial Dysfunction in Children with Septic Shock.

Indian J Pediatr 2021 Feb 18. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 110029, India.

The authors' objective was to determine the association of clinical and laboratory parameters at admission with septic myocardial dysfunction (SMD) in children with septic shock. A chart review of children aged 3 mo-17 y with fluid refractory septic shock who underwent echocardiography within 3 h of admission was undertaken (2015-2017). Univariate followed by multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors associated with SMD. Read More

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February 2021

Phase equilibria, physical and rheological properties of extracellular polymeric substances in the aqueous urea solutions at different temperatures and concentrations.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 7;284:112103. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, 38156879, Iran.

Extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were extracted from aerobic granule sludge (AGS) using 8 M aqueous urea solution. It seems that the knowledge of these multi-component systems properties and the ability to predict their phase behavior is necessary for the extraction units design as well as process optimization. In this regard, water activity using the Dynamic Vapor Sorption (DVS) method, viscosity and shear stress, pH, and conductivity were measured at 283. Read More

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Inclusion of soybean and linseed oils in the diet of lactating dairy cows makes the milk fatty acid profile nutritionally healthier for the human diet.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(2):e0246357. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Faculty of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil.

Fluid milk and its derivatives are important dietary ingredients that contribute to daily nutrient intake of the modern Homo sapiens. To produce milk that is healthier for human consumption, the present study evaluated the effect of adding soybean oil and linseed oil in the diet of lactating cows. The fatty acid profile of milk, milk composition, and the blood parameters of cows were evaluated. Read More

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February 2021