8,884 results match your criteria flu season

Potential problem of the co-occurrence of pandemic COVID-19 and seasonal influenza.

Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol 2021 ;70(1):68-71

In times of COVID-19 pandemics, the upcoming period of the year when influenza activity usually increases in the Northern Hemisphere brings new medical and public health challenges. These challenges include the risk of mixed infections and/or a possible collision of the two epidemics (“twindemia”) with a potentially serious impact on individual health and public health. In this report, we discuss the results of the published stu-dies and conclude that the catastrophic collision of the seasonal influenza and COVID-19 epidemics is unlikely when efficient non-pharmaceutical public health measures are applied to control or mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic. Read More

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Value of influenza vaccines in cancer patients during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: a cross-sectional study.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Biostatics and Epidemiology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran.

Background: According to the recommendation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), getting influenza vaccines during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemics is especially important for people with certain underlying medical conditions, like cancer. Due to the similarities between the symptoms of influenza and COVID-19, receiving the flu vaccine in suspicious cases can be helpful because it will make it easier to request a medical test and diagnosis. In this study, the value of influenza vaccination in the cancer population was investigated. Read More

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One "misunderstood" health issue: demonstrating and communicating the safety of influenza a vaccination in pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 9;21(1):703. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Broadcasting and Television, School of Journalism and Information Communication, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430000, People's Republic of China.

Background: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) makes certain recommendations including the annual influenza vaccination of pregnant and pre-pregnant women during influenza (flu) season with an inactivated influenza vaccine as soon as it becomes available. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in association with ACOG state that the vaccine is safe to be given any trimester during pregnancy. However, due to a lack of communication, the public is unaware of the effects of influenza A vaccination in pregnancy. Read More

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Effects of weather-related social distancing on city-scale transmission of respiratory viruses: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 9;21(1):335. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Institute for Disease Modeling, Bellevue, WA, USA.

Background: Unusually high snowfall in western Washington State in February 2019 led to widespread school and workplace closures. We assessed the impact of social distancing caused by this extreme weather event on the transmission of respiratory viruses.

Methods: Residual specimens from patients evaluated for acute respiratory illness at hospitals in the Seattle metropolitan area were screened for a panel of respiratory viruses. Read More

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The Impact of Immunization and Use of Oseltamivir on Influenza-Related Hospitalizations: A Population-Based Study.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211005906

Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Background: As the COVID-19 pandemic continues into flu season, it is critical to minimize hospitalizations to maximize capacity and preserve critical care resources. We sought to identify risk factors for influenza-related hospitalization, specifically the role of immunization and oseltamivir prescriptions.

Methods: Patients with influenza diagnoses were identified from the MarketScan database (2014-2018). Read More

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Differences in antibiotic and antiviral use in people with confirmed influenza: a retrospective comparison of rapid influenza PCR and multiplex respiratory virus PCR tests.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Apr 7;21(1):321. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory virus with clinical impacts on patient morbidity, mortality and hospital bed management. The effect of rapid nucleic acid testing (RPCR) in comparison to standard multiplex PCR (MPCR) diagnosis in treatment decisions is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether RPCR influenza testing in comparison to standard MPCR testing was associated with differences in antibiotic and antiviral (oseltamivir) utilisation and hospital length of stay in emergency department and inpatient hospital settings. Read More

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Does airborne pollen influence COVID-19 outbreak?

Sustain Cities Soc 2021 Jul 27;70:102887. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Environment Studies, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014, India.

The fast spread of SARS-CoV-2 presented a worldwide challenge to public health, economy, and educational system, affecting wellbeing of human society. With high transmission rates, there are increasing evidences of COVID-19 spread via bioaerosols from an infected person. The current review was conducted to examine airborne pollen impact on COVID-19 transmission and to identify the major gaps for post-pandemic research. Read More

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Achieving Influenza Vaccine Uptake Target in Canada via a Pharmacy-Led Telephone Discussion during the 2019-2020 Season.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;9(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Western University Canada, London, ON N6A 5C2, Canada.

Older adults (≥65 years) are at elevated risk of influenza-related morbidity and mortality. Many developed countries do not achieve the World Health Organization influenza immunization target of 75% in people ≥65 years. We aimed to determine whether a brief pharmacy phone call could increase vaccine uptake of standard and enhanced influenza. Read More

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Attitudes and Knowledge of European Medical Students and Early Graduates about Vaccination and Self-Reported Vaccination Coverage-Multinational Cross-Sectional Survey.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 30;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

European Medical Students' Association (EMSA), Rue Guimard 15, 1040 Brussels, Belgium.

Vaccination is one of the most useful preventive interventions in healthcare. The purpose of our study was to gain overview of the opinions, knowledge, and engagement in vaccination practices among medical students (MS) and junior doctors (JD) in Europe. The survey was distributed from March 2016 until August 2016 via the e-mail and social media of the European Medical Students' Association. Read More

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Spread of Influenza Viruses in Poland and Neighboring Countries in Seasonal Terms.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 8;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

National Influenza Center, Department of Influenza Research, National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland.

In Poland, flu supervision is coordinated by the National Influenza Center at the National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene. In this publication, we want to determine geographical trends in influenza virus circulation in the region. A detailed analysis of virological and epidemiological data showed the course of the epidemic season in Poland, as well as in neighboring countries. Read More

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Pattern of Respiratory Viruses among Pilgrims during 2019 Hajj Season Who Sought Healthcare Due to Severe Respiratory Symptoms.

Pathogens 2021 Mar 8;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Special Infectious Agents Unit, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of our study was to define the spectrum of viral infections in pilgrims with acute respiratory tract illnesses presenting to healthcare facilities around the holy places in Makkah, Saudi Arabia during the 2019 Hajj pilgrimage. During the five days of Hajj, a total of 185 pilgrims were enrolled in the study. Nasopharyngeal swabs (NPSs) of 126/185 patients (68. Read More

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Absence of detection of RSV and influenza during the COVID-19 pandemic in a Brazilian cohort: Likely role of lower transmission in the community.

J Glob Health 2021 Mar 1;11:05007. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Social Responsibility - PROADI-SUS, Hospital Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza are prevalent seasonal community viruses. Although not completely understood, SARS-CoV-2 may have the same means of transmission. Preventive social measures aimed at preventing SARS-CoV-2 spread could impact transmission of other respiratory viruses as well. Read More

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Adaptation of the Flu-FIT Program for Patient-Aligned Care Teams: A Quality Improvement Project.

J Public Health Manag Pract 2021 May-Jun 01;27(Suppl 3):S159-S163

Department of Medicine (Drs Friedman, Korenblit, and Thomas), Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey (Dr Funes and Ms Flores); Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey (Dr Davidow); and VA New Jersey Healthcare System, East Orange, New Jersey (Dr Korenblit).

The Flu-FIT program aims to increase colorectal cancer screening rates by offering a home fecal immunochemical test (FIT) at the time of annual influenza immunization. This program was piloted at a VA campus in New Jersey during the 2018-2019 influenza season, with a 9% increase in colorectal cancer screening rates. In the 2019-2020 season, the program was implemented in 6 primary care teams; 6 additional teams maintaining standard of care served as a comparison group. Read More

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Viral community acquired pneumonia at the emergency department: Report from the pre COVID-19 age.

J Med Virol 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

The role of viruses in community acquired pneumonia (CAP) has been largely underestimated in the pre-coronavirus disease 2019 age. However, during flu seasonal early identification of viral infection in CAP is crucial to guide treatment and in-hospital management. Though recommended, the routine use of nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) to detect viral infection has been poorly scaled-up, especially in the emergency department (ED). Read More

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Burden of noninfluenza respiratory viral infections in adults admitted to hospital: analysis of a multiyear Canadian surveillance cohort from 2 centres.

CMAJ 2021 Mar;193(13):E439-E446

Division of Infectious Disease (Lee, Smith, Zapernick, Taylor), Department of Medicine, and Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology (Zelyas, Tipples), and Division of Nephrology (Klarenbach, So), Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta.; Sunnybrook Research Institute (Bekking, Yip, Mubareka); Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology (Mubareka), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

Background: Data on the outcomes of noninfluenza respiratory virus (NIRV) infections among hospitalized adults are lacking. We aimed to study the burden, severity and outcomes of NIRV infections in this population.

Methods: We analyzed pooled patient data from 2 hospital-based respiratory virus surveillance cohorts in 2 regions of Canada during 3 consecutive seasons (2015/16, 2016/17, 2017/18; = 2119). Read More

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COVID-19 Is Not the Flu: Four Graphs From Four Countries.

Front Public Health 2021 10;9:628479. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Montreal Behavioral Medicine Centre, Centre integrée universitaire de santé et services sociaux du Nord de l'Ile de Montréal (CIUSSS-NIM), Montreal, QC, Canada.

COVID-19 has caused a global public health emergency. Government mitigation strategies included a series of behavior-based prevention policies that had a likely impact on the spread of other contagious respiratory illnesses, such as seasonal influenza. Our aim was to explore how 2019-2020 influenza tracked onto COVID-19 pandemic and its mitigation methods. Read More

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The immunogenicity and safety of respiratory syncytial virus vaccines in development: A systematic review.

Influenza Other Respir Viruses 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

The Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The Children's Hospital Westmead Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW, Australia.

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory infection globally. There are vaccine candidates in development, but a systematic review on immunogenicity and safety of vaccine is lacking.

Methods: This systematic review of RSV vaccine clinical trials was undertaken using four databases. Read More

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Significant impact of nationwide SARS-CoV-2 lockdown measures on the circulation of other respiratory virus infections in Austria.

J Clin Virol 2021 04 16;137:104795. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Center for Virology, Medical University Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Since the worldwide spread of SARS-CoV-2, different European countries reacted with temporary national lockdowns with the aim to limit the virus transmission in the population. Also Austria started a lockdown of public life in March 2020.

Objectives: In this study we investigated whether the circulation of different respiratory virus infections in Austria, as assessed by the established respiratory virus surveillance system, is affected by these measures as well and may reflect the success of the lockdown in limiting respiratory virus transmission. Read More

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Symptoms and symptom clusters associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection in community-based populations: Results from a statewide epidemiological study.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(3):e0241875. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Center for Biomedical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America.

Background: Prior studies examining symptoms of COVID-19 are primarily descriptive and measured among hospitalized individuals. Understanding symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pre-clinical, community-based populations may improve clinical screening, particularly during flu season. We sought to identify key symptoms and symptom combinations in a community-based population using robust methods. Read More

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Influenza and other respiratory viral infections associated with absence from school among schoolchildren in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA: a cohort study.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Mar 22;21(1):291. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Information on the etiology and age-specific burden of respiratory viral infections among school-aged children remains limited. Though school aged children are often recognized as driving the transmission of influenza as well as other respiratory viruses, little detailed information is available on the distribution of respiratory infections among children of different ages within this group. Factors other than age including gender and time spent in school may also be important in determining risk of infection but have been little studied in this age group. Read More

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A stacked ensemble method for forecasting influenza-like illness visit volumes at emergency departments.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(3):e0241725. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Research and Innovation, Provincial Population and Public Health, Alberta Health Services, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Accurate and reliable short-term forecasts of influenza-like illness (ILI) visit volumes at emergency departments can improve staffing and resource allocation decisions within hospitals. In this paper, we developed a stacked ensemble model that averages the predictions from various competing methodologies in the current frontier for ILI-related forecasts. We also constructed a back-of-the-envelope prediction interval for the stacked ensemble, which provides a conservative characterization of the uncertainty in the stacked ensemble predictions. Read More

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Severe neurological manifestations of influenza during 2018-2019 influenza season: Case series of 13 pediatric patients.

Arch Argent Pediatr 2021 04;119(2):e142-e148

Pediatric Clinic, Antalya Research and Training Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Influenza is mostly associated with the respiratory tract system, especially in the winter season. Various neurological complications could occur due to influenza infection. Pediatric patients who had severe neurological manifestations due to influenza infection from September 2018 to February 2019 were evaluated for clinical characteristics, neuroimaging studies, treatment, and outcome. Read More

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Epidemiological and evolutionary dynamics of influenza B virus in coastal Kenya as revealed by genomic analysis of strains sampled over a single season.

Virus Evol 2020 Jul 16;6(2):veaa045. Epub 2020 Aug 16.

Epidemiology and Demography Department, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) - Wellcome Trust Research Programme, P.O. Box 230, Kilifi-80108, Kenya.

The genomic epidemiology of influenza B virus (IBV) remains understudied in Africa despite significance to design of effective local and global control strategies. We undertook surveillance throughout 2016 in coastal Kenya, recruiting individuals presenting with acute respiratory illness at nine outpatient health facilities (any age) or admitted to the Kilifi County Hospital (<5 years old). Whole genomes were sequenced for a selected 111 positives; 94 (84. Read More

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Longitudinal Assessment of Immune Responses to Repeated Annual Influenza Vaccination in a Human Cohort of Adults and Teenagers.

Front Immunol 2021 3;12:642791. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.

The overall performance of a multiple component vaccine assessed by the vaccine-elicited immune responses across various strains in a repeated vaccination setting has not been well-studied, and the comparison between adults and teenagers is yet to be made. A human cohort study was conducted at the University of Georgia, with 140 subjects (86 adults and 54 teenagers) repeatedly vaccinated in the 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 influenza seasons. Host information was prospectively collected, and serum samples were collected before and after vaccination in each season. Read More

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Divergences on expected pneumonia cases during the COVID-19 epidemic in Catalonia: a time-series analysis of primary care electronic health records covering about 6 million people.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Mar 20;21(1):283. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Institut Català de la Salut (ICS), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Pneumonia is one of the complications of COVID-19. Primary care electronic health records (EHR) have shown the utility as a surveillance system. We therefore analyse the trends of pneumonia during two waves of COVID-19 pandemic in order to use it as a clinical surveillance system and an early indicator of severity. Read More

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US Hospital Capacity Managers' Experiences and Concerns Regarding Preparedness for Seasonal Influenza and Influenza-like Illness.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 03 1;4(3):e212382. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Importance: The 2017-2018 influenza season in the US was marked by a high severity of illness, wide geographic spread, and prolonged duration compared with recent previous seasons, resulting in increased strain throughout acute care hospital systems.

Objective: To characterize self-reported experiences and views of hospital capacity managers regarding the 2017-2018 influenza season in the US.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this qualitative study, semistructured telephone interviews were conducted between April 2018 and January 2019 with a random sample of capacity management administrators responsible for throughput and hospital capacity at short-term, acute care hospitals throughout the US. Read More

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Very little influenza in the WHO European Region during the 2020/21 season, weeks 40 2020 to 8 2021.

Euro Surveill 2021 03;26(11)

The members of the European Influenza Surveillance Network are listed below.

Between weeks 40 2020 and 8 2021, the World Health Organization European Region experienced a 99.8% reduction in sentinel influenza virus positive detections (33/25,606 tested; 0.1%) relative to an average of 14,966/39,407 (38. Read More

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Determinants of influenza vaccine uptake and willingness to be vaccinated by pharmacists among the active adult population in Hungary: a cross-sectional exploratory study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Mar 17;21(1):521. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Szeged, Szikra utca 8, Szeged, 6725, Hungary.

Background: Many studies have addressed influenza vaccine uptake in risk-group populations (e.g. the elderly). Read More

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Factors Associated With Emergency Medical Services Providers' Acceptance of the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Mar 17:1-6. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objective: Influenza vaccination remains the most effective primary prevention strategy for seasonal influenza. This research explores the percentage of emergency medical services (EMS) clinicians who received the seasonal flu vaccine in a given year, along with their reasons for vaccine acceptance and potential barriers.

Methods: A survey was distributed to all EMS clinicians in Virginia during the 2018-2019 influenza season. Read More

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