Animal 2022 Aug 10;16(9):100609. Epub 2022 Aug 10.
Biotechnology of Animal and Human Reproduction (TechnoSperm), Institute of Food and Agricultural Technology, University of Girona, ES-17003 Girona, Spain; Unit of Cell Biology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Girona, ES-17003 Girona, Spain; Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), ES-08010 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:
In the dairy breeding industry, pregnancy of dairy cows is essential to initiate milk production, so that high fertility rates are required to increase their productivity. In this regard, sperm proteins that are indicative of sperm quality and/or fertility have become an important target of study. Glutathione S-transferase Mu 3 (GSTM3) has been established as a fertility and sperm quality parameter in humans and pigs and, consequently, it might be a potential biomarker in cattle. Read More