6,319 results match your criteria flea

In-home assessment of flea control and dermatologic lesions in dogs provided by lotilaner (Credelio®) and spinosad (Comfortis®) in west central Florida.

Vet Parasitol 2019 4;276S:100009. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. Electronic address:

Post-launch field investigations of recently-approved flea control products establish an efficacy baseline and in subsequent years can detect any efficacy decline suggestive of emerging resistance. As part of a continuing program of yearly assessment of flea control products in west central Florida, this study, using client-owned dogs, investigated the efficacy of lotilaner and spinosad in controlling fleas and in alleviating dermatologic signs likely associated with flea infestations. Forty-four qualifying households were randomized to either a lotilaner (Credelio®) (minimum dose rate 20 mg/kg) or a spinosad (Comfortis®) (30 mg/kg) group, with 33 and 36 dogs in each group, respectively. Read More

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Adaptation of and assays for diversity profiling by Illumina sequencing to identify and .

J Med Microbiol 2021 Jul;70(7)

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, Faculty of Science, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia.

Bartonellosis is an emerging zoonotic disease caused by bacteria of the genus . Mixed infections are a well-documented phenomenon in mammals and their ectoparasites. The accurate identification of species in single and mixed infections is valuable, as different species have varying impacts on infected hosts. Read More

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Molecular Detection and Characterization of Rickettsia asembonensis in Human Blood, Zambia.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 08;27(8):2237-2239

Rickettsia asembonensis is a flea-related Rickettsia with unknown pathogenicity to humans. We detected R. asembonensis DNA in 2 of 1,153 human blood samples in Zambia. Read More

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Comparisons of hematologic results for juvenile versus adult shelter dogs presented for ovariohysterectomy or castration.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Aug;259(3):275-282

Objective: To compare hematologic results for juvenile versus adult dogs from shelters that outwardly appeared healthy and were presented for ovariohysterectomy or castration.

Animals: 138 dogs from 13 regional shelters.

Procedures: Each dog underwent a physical examination (including use of a flea comb), age estimation by dental eruption characteristics, PCV, CBC, and tests for antigen and , and antibodies. Read More

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Clinical interventions for tungiasis (sand flea disease): a systematic review.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, Canberra, ACT, Australia. Electronic address:

Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is an epidermal parasitic skin disease occurring in resource-limited communities. There is no standard treatment for tungiasis, and available treatment options are scarce. To our knowledge, this is the first systematic review aimed to assess randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating interventions for tungiasis. Read More

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Rush immunotherapy in two cats with atopic skin syndrome.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):20551169211023327. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Allergy, Skin and Ear Clinic for Pets, Livonia, MI, USA.

Case Series Summary: Two cats with feline atopic skin syndrome (FASS) were included in this case series. They were diagnosed with FASS by a combination of history, physical examination and exclusion of other pruritic diseases. They underwent rush immunotherapy (RIT) after determination of offending environmental allergens by either serum IgE or intradermal testing. Read More

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Interrelationship of soil moisture and temperature to sylvatic plague cycle among prairie dogs in the Western United States.

Integr Zool 2021 Jul 4. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA.

Plague, caused by Yersinia pestis (Lehmann & Neumann, 1896), is a flea-borne disease that is endemic in areas throughout the world due to its successful maintenance in a sylvatic cycle, mainly in areas with temperate climates. Burrowing rodents are thought to play a key role in the enzootic maintenance as well as epizootic outbreaks of plague. In the United States, prairie dogs (Cynomys, Rafinesque, 1817), rodents (Muridae, Illiger, 1811), and ground squirrels (Spermophilus, F. Read More

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() in Eurasian badgers () and Ixodidae ticks, Italy.

Parasitology 2021 Jul 5:1-6. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, 70010Valenzano, Italy.

Trypanosomes are haemoflagellate protozoa transmitted by blood-feeding arthropods causing infections in a wide range of mammals, including humans. Adult badgers (Meles meles, n = 2), displaying severe paralysis, ataxia and severe ectoparasite infestation, were rescued from a peri-urban area of Bari (southern Italy). Blood samples and ectoparasites were screened for Trypanosoma spp. Read More

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Reactive oxygen species-mediated immunity against bacterial infection in the gut of cat fleas (Ctenocephalides felis).

Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Jul 1;136:103620. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Biology, Georgia Southern University, 4324 Old Register Rd., Statesboro, GA, 30460, USA.

Fleas (Order Siphonaptera) transmit numerous bacterial pathogens that cause severe human diseases (e.g., cat scratch disease, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus, plague). Read More

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Molecular Survey and Genetic Diversity of spp. in Small Indian Mongooses () and Their Fleas on Saint Kitts, West Indies.

Microorganisms 2021 Jun 22;9(7). Epub 2021 Jun 22.

One Health Center for Zoonoses and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

This study aimed to molecularly survey and evaluate the genetic diversity of spp. in mongooses and their fleas from St. Kitts. Read More

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Newly Emerging Pest in China, (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): Morphology and Molecular Identification with DNA Barcoding.

Insects 2021 Jun 21;12(6). Epub 2021 Jun 21.

College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China.

The oak flea weevil, Yang et Zhang 1991, is a newly emerging pest that severely damages oak (genus ) in China. The first outbreak occurred in 2020 and caused spectacular damage to all oak forests in Jilin province, northeast China. The lack of key morphological characters complicates the identification of this native pest, especially in larva and pupa stages. Read More

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Chronicle down memory lane: India's sixty years of plague experience.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2021 Jul 27;39(3):279-285. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

NCDC, Delhi, India.

Background: This perspective documents the historical aspects of outbreaks of plague of last six decades, establishment of plague surveillance network in India with detailed insights about its activities and recent developments requiring focus on plague surveillance. Human plague was reported in Mulbagal area of Karnataka in 1966-67 only to re-emerge in the country in 1994 in Beed district (Maharashtra) and subsequently in Surat (Gujarat). Later Plague outbreak has been reported in the year 2002 with index case from Village Hatkoti, Shimla District in Himachal Pradesh. Read More

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Papers and New Species of Minor Insect Orders Published in Zootaxa, 20012020.

Zootaxa 2021 May 28;4979(1):232235. Epub 2021 May 28.

FlyEvidence, Conway House, 27 Stoke Gabriel Road, Galmpton, TQ5 0NQ, UK..

A summary is presented of papers published on minor insect orders (MIO) in Zootaxa's first 20 years, as well as the number of new species described therein. The MIO orders currently covered by the editors and summarized here include Archaeognatha (Microcoryphia), Dermaptera, Embioptera, Siphonaptera, Zoraptera and Zygentoma, as well as the hexapod classes Protura and Diplura. Both fossil and extant taxa of these groups are included in the MIO purview. Read More

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The surf flies of the Mascarene Islands (Diptera: Canacidae: Canacinae), with the description of a new species.

Zootaxa 2021 Jun 22;4990(3):563-570. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Geography Department, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa. .

A survey of the surf flies (Canacinae) of the main Mascarene Islands of La Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodrigues was undertaken between 2015 and 2018. It encompassed intertidal material from 38 sampling stations on the islands and included records supplied by Martin J. Ebejer from La Réunion. Read More

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Flea beetles of the West Indies: the genus Blake, 1937 (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae, Alticini).

Zookeys 2021 16;1044:589-607. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Systematic Entomology Laboratory, USDA, c/o Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, P. O. Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA Smithsonian Institution Washington United States of America.

The West Indian flea beetle genus Blake, 1937 is reviewed. Two new species, both from the Dominican Republic are described and illustrated: and In addition, images of the holotypes of Blake, Blake, and Blake are provided. (Blake) is transferred to . Read More

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Response to doxycycline and oxytetracycline treatments in cats infected with Mycoplasma spp. and analysis of haemato-clinical findings and risk factors.

Trop Biomed 2021 Jun;38(2):149-158

Bursa Uluda University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Parasitology, Görükle Campus / Bursa.

This study was planned to determine the efficacy of doxycycline and oxytetracycline in the treatment of feline Mycoplasma spp. infections and to analyze risk factors as well as clinical and haematological findings. Cats accepted to the clinic with complaints such as weakness, loss of appetite and fever were routinely examined. Read More

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A new antidiabetic foot bacteria formula from marine chitosan nanosilver-metal complex.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt.

In more than two-thirds of the diabetic foot ulcer (DFUs) cases, lower limb amputation of foot ulceration is caused by the infection. The role of transition a metal complex as a therapeutic compound is becoming increasingly important. In vitro, four groups of antibiotics and one sulfa drug were tested against diabetic foot resistant bacteria. Read More

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Anthrenus sp. and an Uncommon Cluster of Dermatitis.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 07;27(7):1940-1943

We report patients in their homes in France who had cutaneous lesions caused by Anthrenus sp. larvae during the end of winter and into spring. These lesions mimic bites but are allergic reactions to larvae hairs pegged in the skin. Read More

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Intensity and clinical morbidities of tungiasis in an impoverished south-west Nigerian community.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2021 Aug 27;14:e00215. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Zoology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Sand fleas infestation, , remains a neglected tropical disease of public-health concern in many countries. Tungiasis can lead to destruction of the feet causing serious discomfort and deformities. This study aim was to determine the intensity rate and clinical morbidities of tungiasis among the people living in Igbokoda, Ondo State, Nigeria. Read More

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Poor vector competence of the human flea, Pulex irritans, to transmit Yersinia pestis.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 10;14(1):317. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Bacteriology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH, Hamilton, MT, USA.

Background: The human flea, Pulex irritans, is widespread globally and has a long association with humans, one of its principal hosts. Its role in plague transmission is still under discussion, although its high prevalence in plague-endemic regions and the presence of infected fleas of this species during plague outbreaks has led to proposals that it has been a significant vector in human-to-human transmission in some historical and present-day epidemiologic situations. However, based on a limited number of studies, P. Read More

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Tungiasis in the urban area of Popayán, Colombia: A case report

Biomedica 2021 05 31;41(Supl. 1):8-16. Epub 2021 May 31.

Grupo de Investigación en Lactancia Materna y Alimentación Complementaria, Departamento de Pediatría, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Cauca, Popayán, Colombia.

Tungiasis is an endemic ectoparasitosis in Latin America associated with risk factors such as rurality, poverty, and living with animals. In Popayán, a city in southwest Colombia, the disease was highly prevalent in the past, to such degree that its inhabitants were given the nickname of patojo, a word that describes the way of walking of people infested by the flea. However, it was believed eradicated at present. Read More

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First Recorded Felicola in Turkey

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2021 06;45(2):157-159

Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Parazitoloji Anabilim Dalı, Samsun, Türkiye

Ectoparasite infestation was detected in a macroscopic examination of a red fox () that was brought dead to the Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Ondokuz Mayıs University Collected tick, lice and flea samples were preserved in 70% alcohol. It was determined in microscopic examination that tick samples were (Acari: Ixodidae), flea samples were (Siphonaptera; Vermipsyllidae) and chewing lice samples were () (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae). This study first reported the existence of () from foxes in Turkey. Read More

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Hijacking the Mustard-Oil Bomb: How a Glucosinolate-Sequestering Flea Beetle Copes With Plant Myrosinases.

Front Plant Sci 2021 20;12:645030. Epub 2021 May 20.

Research Group Sequestration and Detoxification in Insects, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany.

Myrosinase enzymes play a key role in the chemical defense of plants of the order Brassicales. Upon herbivory, myrosinases hydrolyze the β-S-linked glucose moiety of glucosinolates, the characteristic secondary metabolites of brassicaceous plants, which leads to the formation of different toxic hydrolysis products. The specialist flea beetle, , is capable of accumulating high levels of glucosinolates in the body and can thus at least partially avoid plant myrosinase activity. Read More

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Field study to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a novel orally administered combination drug product containing milbemycin oxime and lotilaner (Credelio Plus) against natural flea and tick infestations on dogs presented as veterinary patients in Europe.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 4;14(1):299. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Daniel E. Snyder, DVM PhD. Consulting, LLC, Indianapolis, IN, 46229, USA.

Background: A pivotal randomised, blinded, positive-controlled, multicentre, European field study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a novel combination tablet of lotilaner and milbemycin oxime (Credelio Plus) administered orally to client-owned dogs naturally infested with fleas and/or ticks.

Methods: In this field study, households with flea- or tick-infested dog(s) were enrolled on Day 0 into the study to provide data for either the tick or flea infestation cohorts. Households were randomised in a 2:1 ratio to receive either the combination investigational product (IP, Credelio Plus tablets) or the control product (CP: Nexgard Spectra tablets). Read More

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Safety concerns about the use of Seresto collars.

Nadine Anderson

Vet Rec 2021 06;188(11):437

VMD, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey, KT15 3LS.

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Insights into the Activation of a Crustacean G Protein-Coupled Receptor: Evaluation of the Red Pigment-Concentrating Hormone Receptor of the Water Flea (Dappu-RPCH R).

Biomolecules 2021 May 10;11(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, Cape Town 7701, South Africa.

The validation of a previously developed model of the interaction between the red pigment-concentrating hormone of and its cognate receptor (Jackson et al., IJBM 106, 969-978, 2018) was undertaken. Single amino acid replacements, noticeably an Ala scan, of the ligand, Dappu-RPCH, were docked to the receptor, and the binding energies calculated and compared to the one with Dappu-RPCH. Read More

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[Severe encephalitis caused by infection of Rickettsia felis: a case report].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2021 Apr;33(4):491-493

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining 272029, Shandong, China. Corresponding author: Feng Xungang, Email:

Rickettsia felis is a Gram-negative prokaryotic organism that is obligatorically parasitic in cells. Cat fleas are the main vector of Rickettsia felis. Clinical symptoms of human infection with Rickettsia felis include fever, fatigue, headache, macular papules, and eschar. Read More

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Adaptation to a novel host and performance trade-off in host-generalist and host-specific insect ectoparasites.

Insect Sci 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer Campus, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel.

We investigated the performance trade-offs of fleas (Siphonaptera) while adapting to a novel host using two host generalists (Xenopsylla conformis and Xenopsylla ramesis) and one host specialist (Parapulex chephrenis) maintained on their principal hosts (Meriones crassus for Xenopsylla and Acomys cahirinus for P. chephrenis). We asked whether, over generations, (i) a host generalist may become a specialist by evolving the ability to exploit a novel host and losing the ability to exploit an original host and (ii) a host specialist can become a generalist by evolving the ability to exploit a novel host without losing the ability to exploit an original host. Read More

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Data needed to allay safety concerns surrounding flea and tick collars.

Vet Rec 2021 05;188(10):397-398

King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS.

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Analysis of gaps in feline ectoparasiticide purchases from veterinary clinics in the United States.

Parasit Vectors 2021 May 20;14(1):264. Epub 2021 May 20.

Heaney Veterinary Consulting, LLC, Bradley Beach, NJ, USA.

Background: The study objective was to examine cat owner ectoparasiticide purchases in the United States and estimate the impact of purchase gaps on timely ectoparasite protection administration. These purchase gaps lead to periods of time when cats are unprotected from ectoparasites.

Methods: Ectoparasiticide purchase transactions for individual cats from 671 U. Read More

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