4,544 results match your criteria flaxseed

The effects of pectin and wax on the characteristics of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions.

J Food Sci 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Food Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

The study was aimed to investigate characteristics of emulsion containing pectin, wax, maltodextrin, and carotenoid enriched flaxseed oil by means of stability, rheology, particle size, and low-resolution of time domain nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxometry measurements. Emulsions were prepared with different carotenoid enriched-flaxseed oil concentrations (6%, 9%, 12%, and 15% w/w) and ratios of maltodextrin/(pectin+wax) (3:1, 6:1, 9:1, and 12:1 g/g). Percentage separation of 12% oil 12:1 ratio of maltodextrin/(pectin+wax) (g/g), 15% oil 9:1, and 12:1 ratios of maltodextrin/(pectin+wax) (g/g) of emulsions was determined as 2. Read More

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Usability of microfluidized flaxseed as a functional additive in bread.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Ankara University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, GölbaŞı Campus TR-06830 Gölbasi, Ankara, TURKEY.

Background: Flaxseed is a rich source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, lignans, and dietary fiber. However, it also contains phytic acid that inhibits mineral absorption and has the potential to adversely affect the properties of bread. Microfluidization prevents these negative effects, reduces the amount of phytic acid, and improves functional properties. Read More

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Effects of flaxseed on blood pressure, body mass index, and total cholesterol in hypertensive patients: A randomized clinical trial.

Explore (NY) 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Objectives: Given the antioxidant properties of flaxseed and its biologically active ingredients, this study was conducted to determine the effects of flaxseed supplementation on body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, and total cholesterol levels in patients with hypertension.

Methods: In this triple-blind clinical trial, 112 patients, with an age range of 35 to 70 years, were randomized to 2 groups receiving 10 g (n = 45) and 30 g (n = 45) of flaxseed supplementation and 1 group receiving placebo (n = 45) for 12 weeks by stratified block randomization. They were evaluated in terms of systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), BMI, and total serum cholesterol. Read More

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The relationship between seeds consumption, lipid profile and body mass index among patients with cardiovascular diseases.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2021 ;72(2):145-153

Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Department of Human Nutrition, Nitra, Slovak Republic.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and largely preventable through improving diet quality and other lifestyle factors. In recent years, dietary recommendations have shifted towards diets high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods for the prevention of chronic diseases.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between seeds consumption, lipid profile and body mass index (BMI) in a group of 889 (313 female and 576 male) randomly selected patients hospitalized in the Nitra Cardio Center, Slovakia. Read More

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January 2021

Ex-foliar application of glycine betaine and its impact on protein, carbohydrates and induction of ROS scavenging system during drought stress in flax (Linum usitatissimum).

J Biotechnol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

ICAR- National Institute for Plant Biotechnology, PUSA, New Delhi, 110012, India. Electronic address:

Crop plants have an innate capacity to acclimatize and survive myriad stresses in field conditions. This acclimatization to stress enhances crop stand in field and productivity of plant. Inter alia field crops withstand drought stress (hydropenia) by inducing synthesis or accumulation of osmolytes such as (i) proline and other amino acids, (ii) glycine betaine (GB), (iii) soluble carbohydrates, and (iv) reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging system as intrinsic drought antagonizing molecules. Read More

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Seed Storage Proteins, 2S Albumin And 11S Globulin, Associated to Severe Allergic Reactions after Flaxseed Intake.

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Chemistry Faculty, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Given the increased popularity of flaxseed in meals, several cases of allergy to these seeds have been reported. Little is known about allergens implicated in hypersensitivity reactions to these seeds. The present work aimed to identify the allergens involved in IgE-mediated reactions in five patients with a clinical history of severe systemic symptoms after flaxseed consumption. Read More

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Effect of inclusion of micronized camelina, sunflower, and flax seeds in the broiler chicken diet on performance productivity, nutrient utilization, and intestinal microbial populations.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 11;100(7):101118. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Biological Bases of Food and Feed Technologies, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Głęboka Street 28, 20-612 Lublin, Poland.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of inclusion of micronized full-fat camelina, flax, or sunflower seeds in the diet for broiler chickens on the performance productivity, nutrient utilization, and composition of intestinal microbial populations and to assess the possibility of modification of the resistance of isolated bacteria to chemotherapeutic agents with different mechanisms of action. The use of micronized oilseeds improved the broiler chicken body weight (P = 0.035) and the FCR value (P = 0. Read More

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Comparison of Mechanical and End-Use Properties of Grey and Dyed Cellulose and Cellulose/Protein Woven Fabrics.

Materials (Basel) 2021 May 26;14(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Production Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų Str. 56, LT-51424 Kaunas, Lithuania.

The behaviour of textile products made from different fibres during finishing has been investigated by many scientists, but these investigations have usually been performed with cotton or synthetic yarns and fabrics. However, the properties of raw materials such as linen and hemp (other cellulose fibres) and linen/silk (cellulose/protein fibres) have rarely been investigated. The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the mechanical (breaking force and elongation at break) and end-use (colour fastness to artificial light, area density, and abrasion resistance) properties of cellulose and cellulose/protein woven fabrics. Read More

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Elaboration of Gluten-Free Cookies with Defatted Seed Flours: Effects on Technological, Nutritional, and Consumer Aspects.

Foods 2021 May 27;10(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

E.T.S.I. Agrónomos y de Montes (UCLM), Campus Universitario s/n, 02071 Albacete, Spain.

Cookies, which form the largest category of bakery snacks, are considered a good vehicle to introduce nutrients into the diet. In this study, to increase the nutritional value of traditional commercial cookies, wheat flour was substituted with defatted flours made from flax, sesame, chia, and poppy, which are byproducts of the oil extraction industry. The differences in the technological properties, nutritional composition, and consumer acceptance of the reformulated cookies were evaluated. Read More

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The Egg Yolk Content in ω-3 and Conjugated Fatty Acids Can Be Sustainably Increased upon Long-Term Feeding of Laying Hens with a Diet Containing Flaxseeds and Pomegranate Seed Oil.

Foods 2021 May 19;10(5). Epub 2021 May 19.

Louvain Institute of Biomolecular Science and Technology, UCLouvain, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.

Long-term feeding trials examining the incorporation of conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) into the diet of laying hens are lacking. In the present study, we compared two diets in sixty-six red Sex-Link hens (33 hens/treatment), fed for 26 weeks. The control diet was high in oleic acid, while the test diet was high in α-linolenic acid (ALA) and punicic acid (PunA). Read More

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Endocannabinoid System and Its Regulation by Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Full Spectrum Hemp Oils.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 22;22(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

Standard Process Inc., Nutrition Innovation Center, 150 N Research Campus Drive, Kannapolis, NC 28081, USA.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) consists of endogenous cannabinoids, their receptors, and metabolic enzymes that play a critical homeostatic role in modulating polyunsaturated omega fatty acid (PUFA) signaling to maintain a balanced inflammatory and redox state. Whole food-based diets and dietary interventions linked to PUFAs of animal (fish, calamari, krill) or plant (hemp, flax, walnut, algae) origin, as well as full-spectrum hemp oils, are increasingly used to support the ECS tone, promote healthy metabolism, improve risk factors associated with cardiovascular disorders, encourage brain health and emotional well-being, and ameliorate inflammation. While hemp cannabinoids of THC and CBD groups show distinct but complementary actions through a variety of cannabinoid (CB1 and CB2), adenosine (A2A), and vanilloid (TRPV1) receptors, they also modulate PUFA metabolism within a wide variety of specialized lipid mediators that promote or resolve inflammation and oxidative stress. Read More

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Development and Characterization of Environmentally Friendly Wood Plastic Composites from Biobased Polyethylene and Short Natural Fibers Processed by Injection Moulding.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 May 22;13(11). Epub 2021 May 22.

Technological Institute of Materials (ITM), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV), Plaza Ferrándiz y Carbonell 1, 03801 Alcoy, Spain.

Environmentally friendly wood plastic composites (WPC) with biobased high density polyethylene (BioHDPE) as the polymer matrix and hemp, flax and jute short fibers as natural reinforcements, were melt-compounded using twin-screw extrusion and shaped into pieces by injection molding. Polyethylene-graft-maleic anhydride (PE-g-MA) was added at two parts per hundred resin to the WPC during the extrusion process in order to reduce the lack in compatibility between the lignocellulosic fibers and the non-polar polymer matrix. The results revealed a remarkable improvement of the mechanical properties with the combination of natural fibers, along with PE-g-MA, highly improved stiffness and mechanical properties of neat BioHDPE. Read More

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The Influence of Diet and Sex on the Gut Microbiota of Lean and Obese JCR:LA- Rats.

Microorganisms 2021 May 12;9(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R2H 2A6, Canada.

There is an increased interest in the gut microbiota as it relates to health and obesity. The impact of diet and sex on the gut microbiota in conjunction with obesity also demands extensive systemic investigation. Thus, the influence of sex, diet, and flaxseed supplementation on the gut microbiota was examined in the JCR:LA- rat model of genetic obesity. Read More

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Food Puree for Seniors: The Effects of XanFlax as a New Thickener on Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties.

Foods 2021 May 15;10(5). Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Science and Technology, Dankook University, Cheonan-si 31116, Chungnam, Korea.

With the increasing number of older adults, the elderly-friendly food market has been rapidly growing. The physicochemical and antioxidant properties of soymilk-based banana-blueberry-puree with and without flaxseed-based (XanFlax) and xanthan-gum-based (brand G) thickeners were compared as a potential senior food. Samples included a control, three treatments with XanFlax (1%, 3%, and 5%), and three treatments with brand G (1. Read More

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Oxidative Stability, Microbial Safety, and Sensory Properties of Flaxseed ( L.) Oil Infused with Spices and Herbs.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 15;10(5). Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

In our study, we assessed whether the addition of basil, fennel, oregano, rosemary, and chili can improve oxidative stability and sensory properties of flaxseed oil (FO) during 180 days of storage or induce oil contamination by microorganisms. Results showed that addition of spices and herbs in FO affected the hydrolytic changes, but far less than 2% of free fatty acids after storage, which was in line with regulations. Further, the addition of spices and herbs in FO decreased peroxide value (even up to 68. Read More

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Recent Molecular Mechanisms and Beneficial Effects of Phytochemicals and Plant-Based Whole Foods in Reducing LDL-C and Preventing Cardiovascular Disease.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 15;10(5). Epub 2021 May 15.

School of Life Sciences, BK21 FOUR KNU Creative BioResearch Group, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea.

Abnormal lipid metabolism leads to the development of hyperlipidemia, a common cause of multiple chronic disorders, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), obesity, diabetes, and cerebrovascular disease. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) currently remains the primary target for treatment of hyperlipidemia. Despite the advancement of treatment and prevention of hyperlipidemia, medications used to manage hyperlipidemia are limited to allopathic drugs, which present certain limitations and adverse effects. Read More

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Astaxanthin-loaded emulsion gels stabilized by Maillard reaction products of whey protein and flaxseed gum: Physicochemical characterization and in vitro digestibility.

Food Res Int 2021 Jun 22;144:110321. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Oil Crops and Lipids Process Technology National & Local Joint Engineering Laboratory, Hubei Key Laboratory of Lipid Chemistry and Nutrition, Key Laboratory of Oilseeds Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, No. 2 Xudong 2nd Road, Wuhan 430062, China.

In order to evaluate the effect of ultrasound and Maillard reaction on the physicochemical properties and gastrointestinal fate of astaxanthin-loaded emulsion gels, the Maillard reaction products (MRPs) of whey protein and flaxseed gum (FG) were prepared by traditional or ultrasonic assisted wet-heating. The MRPs obtained by ultrasonic assisted wet-heating had higher grafting degree and more expanded structures evidenced by the browning intensity, fluorescence intensity and circular dichroism (CD) analysis, thus enhancing its functional properties like solubility and emulsifying capacity. The MRPs improved the water holding capacity, encapsulation efficiency, stability of emulsion gels, in which astaxanthin was wrapped as a model bioactive compound. Read More

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Rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial examining the effects of marine- and plant-sourced omega-3 fatty acid supplements on octadecanoid profiles and inflammation in females with obesity (OXBIO trial).

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2021 Jul 20;170:102284. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 0T5, Canada; Canadian Centre for Agri-Food Research in Health and Medicine, St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 2A6, Canada; Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Consumption of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) has been reported to provide health benefits, but it remains unknown whether the fatty acids themselves or their oxygenated metabolites, oxylipins, are responsible for the beneficial effects.

Purpose: This paper describes the design and rationale of a randomized, double-blinded, cross-over study comparing the effects of α-linolenic acid (ALA)-rich flax oil and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich fish oil supplementation on circulating oxylipin profiles in females with obesity, in relation to obesity-induced inflammation.

Methods And Analysis: Pre-menopausal females (n = 24) aged 20-55 with a BMI ≥30, will consume capsules containing flaxseed oil (4 g ALA/day) or fish oil (4 g DHA + 0. Read More

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Plant-Based Milk Alternatives and Risk Factors for Kidney Stones and Chronic Kidney Disease.

J Ren Nutr 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Urology, New York University and New York Harbor VA Healthcare System, New York, New York.

Objective: Patients with kidney stones are counseled to eat a diet low in animal protein, sodium, and oxalate and rich in fruits and vegetables, with a modest amount of calcium, usually from dairy products. Restriction of sodium, potassium, and oxalate may also be recommended in patients with chronic kidney disease. Recently, plant-based diets have gained popularity owing to health, environmental, and animal welfare considerations. Read More

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Oral Pharmacokinetics of Enriched Secoisolariciresinol Diglucoside and Its Polymer in Rats.

J Nat Prod 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5A8, Canada.

Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is the principal lignan of flaxseed and precursor of its aglycone, secoisolariciresinol (SECO), and the mammalian lignans enterolactone (EL) and enterodiol (ED), the putative bioactive forms of oral administration of SDG. SDG is present in the seed hull as an ester-linked polymer. Although extraction and purification of SDG monomer is costly, the use of naturally occurring SDG in polymer form may offer a more economical approach for delivery of this precursor. Read More

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Physiological and molecular responses of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) cultivars under a multicontaminated technosol amended with biochar.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Université d'Orléans, LBLGC INRA USC1328, rue de Chartres 6759, 45067, Orléans Cedex 2, BP, France.

Soil pollution is a worldwide issue and has a strong impact on ecosystems. Metal(loid)s have toxic effects on plants and affect various plant life traits. That is why metal(loid) polluted soils need to be remediated. Read More

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Effects of acetylated cassava starch on the physical and rheological properties of multicomponent protein emulsions.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 May 21;183:1459-1474. Epub 2021 May 21.

College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150030, China; Heilongjiang Green Food Science & Research Institute, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150028, China. Electronic address:

The present study investigates the effect of different acetylated cassava starch (ACS) concentrations on the physical and rheological properties of multicomponent emulsion-based products at specific pH values. The emulsion-based products were made by mixing 2% (w/v) prepared lipid droplets that were stabilized by either native or heated whey proteins, 0.01% (w/v) flaxseed gum and 0-6. Read More

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Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the WRKY transcription factor family in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).

BMC Genomics 2021 May 22;22(1):375. Epub 2021 May 22.

Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, 150086, China.

Background: Members of the WRKY protein family, one of the largest transcription factor families in plants, are involved in plant growth and development, signal transduction, senescence, and stress resistance. However, little information is available about WRKY transcription factors in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). Read More

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Strategies to Enhance Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Pathology Training Programs: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

From the Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland (Ware, White).

Context.—: Like many medical specialties, pathology faces the ongoing challenge of effectively enriching diversity, equity, and inclusion within training programs and the field as a whole. This issue is furthered by a decline in US medical student interest in the field of pathology, possibly attributable to increasingly limited pathology exposure during medical school and medical student perceptions about careers in pathology. Read More

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A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of a traditional Chinese medicine prescription, modified RunChang-Tang, in treating functional constipation.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(20):e25760

Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu.

Background: Modified Runchang-Tang (MRCT), a Chinese herbal medicine, is widely used to treat functional constipation (FC), which is a common digestive system disease. However, its efficacy has not been evaluated systematically and objectively. Thus, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of MRCT for treating functional constipation. Read More

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Dietary source of polyunsaturated fatty acids influences cell cytotoxicity in broiler chickens.

Sci Rep 2021 May 17;11(1):10113. Epub 2021 May 17.

Environment and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR), Kuwait, Kuwait.

The current study aims to investigate the effects of dietary source of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on immune response in broiler chickens, represented by cytotoxic cell activity. A total of 255 one-day-old male Cobb 500 broiler chickens were fed on fish oil (FO)-, flaxseed oil-enriched diets at 50 and 19 g/kg, respectively, in addition to the soybean-based control diet. At slaughter, samples of blood and spleen were harvested from 20 birds/treatment (n = 20). Read More

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The Effect of Anti-inflammatory Diet and Vitamin D Supplementation on the Amelioration of the Clinical Status and Cognitive functions of Familial Mediterranean Fever Patients.

Kobe J Med Sci 2021 Feb 15;66(5):E159-E165. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Clinical Genetics, National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of fever, serositis and articular pain. Mutations in the MEFV gene causes inflammation that may trigger cognitive impairment in FMF patients. The objectives were to identify the effect of anti-inflammatory diet containing curcumin, flaxseed and vitamin D supplementation on the clinical presentation and cognitive functions of FMF patients. Read More

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February 2021

Gene Expression Patterns for Proteins With Lectin Domains in Flax Stem Tissues Are Related to Deposition of Distinct Cell Wall Types.

Front Plant Sci 2021 26;12:634594. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Plant Cell Growth Mechanisms, Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, FRC Kazan Scientific Center of RAS, Kazan, Russia.

The genomes of higher plants encode a variety of proteins with lectin domains that are able to specifically recognize certain carbohydrates. Plants are enriched in a variety of potentially complementary glycans, many of which are located in the cell wall. We performed a genome-wide search for flax proteins with lectin domains and compared the expression of the encoding genes in different stem tissues that have distinct cell wall types with different sets of major polysaccharides. Read More

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A comprehensive review on different classes of polyphenolic compounds present in edible oils.

Alam Zeb

Food Res Int 2021 May 16;143:110312. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Edible oils are used as a frying medium and in the preparation of several food products. They are mainly constituting triacylglycerols as major components, while other compounds are classified as minor constituents, which include polyphenols. This class of compounds plays an important role in the thermal stability and quality attributes of the finished industrial food products. Read More

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Dietary SFAs and ω-6 Fatty Acids Alter Incorporation of ω-3 Fatty Acids into Milk Fat of Lactating CD-1 Mice and Tissues of Offspring.

J Nutr 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Animal Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Background: Methods to increase the amount of omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs in milk are desirable for neonatal health. The n-3 PUFA, α-linolenic acid (18:3n-3), can be elongated to EPA (20:5n-3) and DHA (22:6n-3). n-6 PUFAs suppress tissue n-3 PUFA incorporation, but the effect of SFAs is not clear. Read More

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