307,304 results match your criteria fish

A lacto-ovo-vegetarian dietary pattern is protective against sarcopenic obesity: A cross-sectional study of elderly Chinese people.

Nutrition 2021 Jun 7;91-92:111386. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. Electronic address:

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between dietary patterns and the risk of sarcopenic obesity (SO) in community-dwelling elderly people.

Methods: SO was defined as the coexistence of sarcopenia and obesity. Participants with low skeletal muscle index, low muscle strength, or low physical performance were diagnosed with sarcopenia, whereas obesity was defined as waist circumference ≥85 cm in men and ≥80 cm in women. Read More

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Frequency, variations, and prognostic implications of chromosome 14q32 deletions in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Leuk Res 2021 Jul 11;110:106665. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Human Genetics Laboratory, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, United States. Electronic address:

The clinical implications of deletions within chromosome 14q32 in CLL pathogenesis remain unclear. We examined the frequency of 14q32 deletions among CLL cases by karyotype and FISH, categorized the variation using genomic microarray, and assessed the prognostic impact by time-to-first-treatment (TTFT) analysis. A 14q32 abnormality was detected in 35 % (245/698) of cases, with the majority containing a 5' partial telomeric 14q32 deletion. Read More

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Pleiotropic function of the oca2 gene underlies the evolution of sleep loss and albinism in cavefish.

Curr Biol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Jupiter Life Science Initiative, Florida Atlantic University, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA; Harriet L. Wilkes Honors College, Florida Atlantic University, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA. Electronic address:

Adaptation to novel environments often involves the evolution of multiple morphological, physiological, and behavioral traits. One striking example of multi-trait evolution is the suite of traits that has evolved repeatedly in cave animals, including regression of eyes, loss of pigmentation, and enhancement of non-visual sensory systems. The Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, consists of fish that inhabit at least 30 caves in Mexico and ancestral-like surface fish that inhabit the rivers of Mexico and southern Texas. Read More

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Oils Rich in α-Linolenic Acid or Docosahexaenoic Acid Have Distinct Effects on Plasma Oxylipin and Adiponectin Concentrations and on Monocyte Bioenergetics in Women with Obesity.

J Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Manitoba, Canada.

Background: Omega-3 fatty acids, including DHA and α-linolenic acid (ALA), are proposed to improve metabolic health by reducing obesity-associated inflammation. Their effects are mediated in part by conversion to oxylipins. ALA is relatively understudied, and direct comparisons to other omega-3 fatty acids are limited. Read More

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Long-term dietary protein intake and subjective cognitive decline in US men and women.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Diet is one of the modifiable risk factors for cognitive decline. However, studies on dietary protein intake and cognitive decline have remained limited and inconclusive.

Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the associations between long-term dietary protein intake and subsequent subjective cognitive decline (SCD). Read More

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An insight on the impact of teleost whole genome duplication on the regulation of the molecular networks controlling skeletal muscle growth.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0255006. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Structural and Functional Biology, Institute of Biosciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Fish muscle growth is a complex process regulated by multiple pathways, resulting on the net accumulation of proteins and the activation of myogenic progenitor cells. Around 350-320 million years ago, teleost fish went through a specific whole genome duplication (WGD) that expanded the existent gene repertoire. Duplicated genes can be retained by different molecular mechanisms such as subfunctionalization, neofunctionalization or redundancy, each one with different functional implications. Read More

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Habitat selection by wolves and mountain lions during summer in western Montana.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254827. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, Wildlife Biology Program, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, United States of America.

In the Northern Rockies of the United States, predators like wolves (Canis lupus) and mountain lions (Puma concolor) have been implicated in fluctuations or declines in populations of game species like elk (Cervus canadensis) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). In particular, local distributions of these predators may affect ungulate behavior, use of space, and dynamics. Our goal was to develop generalizable predictions of habitat selection by wolves and mountain lions across western Montana. Read More

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Structural Insights into Notum Covalent Inhibition.

J Med Chem 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7BN, U.K.

The carboxylesterase Notum hydrolyzes a palmitoleate moiety from Wingless/Integrated(Wnt) ligands and deactivates Wnt signaling. Notum inhibitors can restore Wnt signaling which may be of therapeutic benefit for pathologies such as osteoporosis and Alzheimer's disease. We report the identification of a novel class of covalent Notum inhibitors, 4-(indolin-1-yl)-4-oxobutanoate esters. Read More

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Investigating Endocrine Disrupting Properties of Chemicals in Fish and Amphibians: Opportunities to Apply the 3Rs.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Shell Health, Shell International B.V., Carel van Bylandtlaan 16, 2596 HR, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Many regulations are beginning to explicitly require investigation of a chemical's endocrine disrupting properties as a part of the safety assessment process, for substances already on or about to be placed on the market. Different jurisdictions are applying distinct approaches. However, all share a common theme requiring testing for endocrine activity and adverse effects, typically involving in vitro and in vivo assays on selected endocrine pathways. Read More

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Morphological and microstructural characteristics of scales in longnose goby Awaous jayakari (Teleostei: Gobiidae): Light and scanning electron microscopy approaches.

Microsc Res Tech 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

The scale morphology of a native goby, Awaous jayakari (Gobiidae) was studied using scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. The morphological descriptions were based on the scale's type, shape, and features of the anterior, posterior, and lateral fields. Further characteristics of the focus, circuli, radii, lepidonts, and cteni, were investigated. Read More

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Some Pleomorphic Adenomas of the Breast Share PLAG1 Rearrangements with the Analogous Tumor of the Salivary Glands.

Histopathology 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pathology, the Basic Medicine Science and the First Affiliated Hospital of the Air Force Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaan Xi Province, 710032, China.

Aims: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) of the breast, and especially its malignant transformation, is extremely rare and represents a diagnostic pitfall. Molecular alterations in this entity have not been investigated. We aimed to examine the clinicopathologic features of our breast PAs and perform molecular analysis. Read More

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Structural diversity and tree density drives variation in the biodiversity-ecosystem function relationship of woodlands and savannas.

New Phytol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3FF, United Kingdom.

Positive biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships (BEFRs) have been widely documented, but it is unclear if BEFRs should be expected in disturbance-driven systems. Disturbance may limit competition and niche differentiation, which are frequently posited to underlie BEFRs. We provide the first exploration of the relationship between tree species diversity and biomass, one measure of ecosystem function, across southern African woodlands and savannas, an ecological system rife with disturbance from fire, herbivores and humans. Read More

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Habitat use and nursery evaluation for the longnose stingray Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) using vertebral microchemistry.

J Fish Biol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Laboratório de Dinâmica de Populações Marinhas (DIMAR), Departamento de Pesca e Aquicultura, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Here, we use vertebral microchemistry to investigate the habitat use patterns of the longnose stingray Hypanus guttatus in the northern and northeastern regions of Brazil, and to evaluate the existence of potential nurseries of the species. Samples were collected in Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte, and Pernambuco states between 2008 and 2019. Trace element concentrations of Ba:Ca, Mg:Ca, Mn:Ca, and Sr. Read More

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Effect of Traditional Processing Methods on the Cultivated Fish Species, Egypt. Part I. Mineral and Heavy Metal Concentrations.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

The study aimed to determine the effects of wet salting, dry salting, and smoking processing methods on the heavy metal and mineral concentrations in the cultivated fish species which collected from private fish farms at Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate, Egypt, during winter, 2017. The impacts of fish processing on mineral contents of the raw and processed fish were significantly different (P ≤ 0.05). Read More

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Qingbo, a common cyprinid fish, responds diversely in behavior and locomotion to predators with different hunting modes.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Laboratory of Evolutionary Physiology and Behavior, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Animal Biology, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing, 401331, China.

Almost all prey live in habitats with predators with different hunting modes; however, most studies on predation have investigated the effects of only one predator at a time. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis), a common cyprinid fish, responds differently to active hunting and ambush predators and how qingbo responds when both types of predators coexist. Juvenile qingbo were subjected to catfish (Clarias fuscus, active hunter) exposure, snakehead fish (Channa argus, ambush hunter) exposure, or mixed predator exposure (catfish and snakehead coexistence) for a duration of 60 days. Read More

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Limitations on Development of Polychlorinated Biphenyl Tissue Concentration Thresholds for Survival, Growth, and Reproduction in Fish.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 Aug;40(8):2085-2097

Exponent, Sedona, Arizona, USA.

Polychlorinated biphenyl exposure-response relationships for ecologically relevant endpoints in fish vary greatly whether based on lowest-effect thresholds (Berninger and Tillitt 2019) or all-response data (sensitivity analyses), which precludes use of a single fitted model per endpoint to predict risk or injury to mixed fish populations. PCB = polychlorinated biphenyl. Read More

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Response to Gard et al.'s (2021) Comments on the Critical Review "Polychlorinated Biphenyl Tissue-Concentration Thresholds for Survival, Growth, and Reproduction in Fish".

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 Aug;40(8):2098-2109

Columbia Environmental Research Center, US Geological Survey, Department of the Interior, Columbia, Missouri.

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The future is bright: Biofortification of common foods can improve vitamin D status.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jul 22:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, UK.

Vitamin D deficiency is a global concern, linked to suboptimal musculoskeletal health and immune function, with status inadequacies owing to variations in UV dependent cutaneous synthesis and limited natural dietary sources. Endogenous biofortification, alongside traditional fortification and supplement usage is urgently needed to address this deficit. Evidence reviewed in the current article clearly demonstrates that feed modification and UV radiation, either independently or used in combination, effectively increases vitamin D content of primary produce or ingredients, albeit in the limited range of food vehicles tested to date (beef/pork/chicken/eggs/fish/bread/mushrooms). Read More

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[Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke].

Ther Umsch 2021 Aug;78(6):259-268

Departement für Neurologie, Inselspital, Universitätsspital und Universität Bern.

Healthy diet in primary and secondary prevention of stroke An unhealthy diet is one of the modifiable risk factors for stroke. The world population's diet is suboptimal. Healthy and nutritious food such as whole grain, vegetables, fruit and fish is not consumed enough, and unhealthy food such as sweetened beverages, processed meat and salty food takes up a higher proportion of the diet than recommended. Read More

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Fish oil-based lipid emulsion alleviates parenteral nutrition-associated liver diseases and intestinal injury in piglets.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Xinhua Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Background And Aims: This study aimed to investigate the impact of fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FO) on enterohepatic injuries and intestinal microbiota in piglets of total parenteral nutrition (TPN).

Methods: Newborn piglets were divided into three groups, including enteral diet (the controls), TPN with 100% FO and TPN with MCT/LCT-based lipid emulsion (MCT/LCT) for 14 days. Serum biochemical indicators, hepatic and intestinal histology, and expression of genes associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and lipid metabolism were measured. Read More

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The potential risk of antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus iniae in sturgeon cultivation in Sichuan, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Huimin Road No. 211, Wenjiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, 611130, People's Republic of China.

Sichuan, located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, is the gathering place of many rivers and plays an important role in sturgeon aquaculture and wild sturgeon protection in China, where it suffered the severe influence of Streptococcus iniae infection in sturgeon. However, the annual thousands of tons of antibiotic usage in Sichuan may accumulate in water and cause obstacles to the prevention of S. iniae infection. Read More

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Evaluation of ibuprofen contamination in local urban rivers and its effects on immune parameters of juvenile grass carp.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Center for Informational Biology, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054, People's Republic of China.

Ibuprofen as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug can be detected in the aquatic environments all over the world. This study evaluated the effects of ibuprofen on the immune parameters of juvenile grass carp at the concentration in real environments which were determined by detecting its concentrations in the surface water of local rivers. The concentration of ibuprofen ranged from 13. Read More

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Maternal n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids restructure gut microbiota of offspring mice and decrease their susceptibility to mammary gland cancer.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Nutrition and Health, Qingdao University, 308 Ningxia Road, Qingdao 266071, China. and Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Our previous studies have revealed that a maternal diet rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is associated with decreased mammary cancer risk in offspring. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanism by which maternal n-3 PUFAs decrease the mammary cancer risk of offspring in terms of gut microbiota. Read More

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Effects of Pig Skin Collagen Supplementation on Broiler Breast Meat.

Food Sci Anim Resour 2021 Jul 1;41(4):674-686. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Animal Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea.

This study aimed to enhance the quality of broiler breast meat by adding pig skin collagen to feed. A total of 50 Ross 308 broilers were classified according to the following feeding regime for two weeks: basal diet (NC), basal diet+0.1% fish collagen (PC), basal diet+0. Read More

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Prevalence of anemia and associated factors among the elderly population in South Khorasan, Birjand, 2019.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 5;35:86. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Medical Toxicology and Drug Abuse Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Anemia is a multifactorial and common public health problem in geriatric age groups, especially in developing countries. Therefore, this study was designed to study the prevalence of anemia and associated factors among the elderly population in Birjand, Iran, in 2019. This was a cross-sectional approach to the baseline data of the Birjand longitudinal aging study (BLAS) in which 1396 people aged ≥ 60 years were screened for the presence of anemia based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Read More

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Integrative Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals the Immune Mechanism for a CyHV-3-Resistant Common Carp Strain.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:687151. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Heilongjiang River Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Harbin, China.

Anti-disease breeding is becoming the most promising solution to cyprinid herpesvirus-3 (CyHV-3) infection, the major threat to common carp aquaculture. Virus challenging studies suggested that a breeding strain of common carp developed resistance to CyHV-3 infection. This study illustrates the immune mechanisms involved in both sensitivity and anti-virus ability for CyHV3 infection in fish. Read More

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Growth and Antioxidant-Related Effects of the Reestablished Ascorbic Acid Pathway in Zebrafish () by Genomic Integration of L-Gulonolactone Oxidase From Cloudy Catshark ().

Front Physiol 2021 5;12:685595. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Marine Life Sciences & Fish Vaccine Research Center, Jeju National University, Jeju, South Korea.

Loss of L-gulonolactone oxidase (), which catalyzes the last step of the ascorbic acid (AA) biosynthesis pathway, results in a complete lack of AA in several Osteichthyes fish species, including zebrafish. In this study, , the active gene from cloudy catshark () was cloned into zebrafish using the Gateway cloning method. The resulting fish were analyzed for the effects of a reestablished AA pathway. Read More

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Understanding of remora's "hitchhiking" behaviour from a hydrodynamic point of view.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14837. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Naval Architecture, Ocean & Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Henry Dyer Building, 100 Montrose Street, Glasgow, G4 0LZ, UK.

Symbiotic relationships have developed through natural evolution. For example, that of the remora fish attached to the body of a shark. From the remora's perspective, this could be associated to an increased hydrodynamic efficiency in swimming and this needs to be investigated. Read More

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cGAS Is a Negative Regulator of RIG-I-Mediated IFN Response in Cyprinid Fish.

J Immunol 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Fisheries, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China;

In mammals, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) recognizes cytosolic dsDNA to induce the type I IFN response. However, the functional role of cGAS in the IFN response of fish remains unclear or controversial. In this study, we report that cGAS orthologs from crucian carp (cGAS) and grass carp (cGAS) target the dsRNA sensor retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) for negative regulation of the IFN response. Read More

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Molecular and morphological phylogeny of host-specific Dactylogyrus parasites (Monogenea) sheds new light on the puzzling Middle Eastern origin of European and African lineages.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jul 21;14(1):372. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Freshwater fauna of the Middle East encompass elements shared with three continents-Africa, Asia, and Europe-and the Middle East is, therefore, considered a historical geographic crossroad between these three regions. Even though various dispersion scenarios have been proposed to explain the current distribution of cyprinids in the peri-Mediterranean, all of them congruently suggest an Asian origin for this group. Herein, we investigated the proposed scenarios using monogenean parasites of the genus Dactylogyrus, which is host-specific to cyprinoid fishes. Read More

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