63 results match your criteria ffm correlates

Facet-level analysis of the relations between personality and laboratory aggression.

Aggress Behav 2020 05 9;46(3):266-277. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

Multiple reviews and meta-analyses have identified the low pole of the Five-Factor Model (FFM) Agreeableness (also called Antagonism) as the primary domain-level personality correlates of aggression across self-report and behavioral methodologies. In the current study, we expand on this literature by investigating the relations between FFM facets and aggressive behavior as measured by laboratory competitive reaction time tasks (CRTTs). Across three samples (total N = 639), we conducted weighted mean analyses, multiple regression analyses, and dominance analyses to determine which FFM facets were the strongest predictors of aggression within and across domains. Read More

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Current opinion on dietary advice in order to preserve fat-free mass during a low-calorie diet.

Nutrition 2020 04 5;72:110667. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Objectives: The loss of fat-free mass (FFM) that occurs during weight loss secondary to low-calorie diet can lead to numerous and deleterious consequences. We performed a review to evaluate the state of the art on metabolic and nutritional correlates of loss of fat free mass during low calorie diet and treatment for maintaining fat free mass.

Methods: This review included 44 eligible studies. Read More

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Resting Energy Expenditure, Insulin Resistance and Expression in Human Subcutaneous and Visceral Adipose Tissue of Patients With Obesity.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2019 7;10:548. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Internal Medicine 3, Department of Medicine, DIMED, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Determinants of resting energy expenditure (REE) in humans are still under investigation, especially the association with insulin resistance. Brown adipose tissue (AT) regulates energy expenditure through the activity of the uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1). White AT browning is the process by which some adipocytes within AT depots acquire properties of brown adipocytes ("brite" adipocytes) and it correlates with metabolic improvement. Read More

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Correlates between Five-Factor Model traits and the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines dimensions in an adolescent clinical sample.

Personal Ment Health 2019 11 9;13(4):197-204. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Laboratory for the Study of Adult Development, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, USA.

Objective: Extensive evidence supports the association between Five-Factor Model (FFM) traits involving high neuroticism, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness and borderline personality disorder (BPD) characteristics, particularly among adults in community samples. However, studies supporting this link in adolescent samples are relatively limited, and few studies have examined the links between FFM traits and specific dimensions of BPD, such as those distinguished by the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines (DIB-R). In this study, we examined associations between FFM traits and BPD characteristics in a group of clinical and non-clinical adolescents. Read More

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November 2019

Higher Weight and Weight Gain after 4 Years of Age Rather than Weight at Birth Are Associated with Adiposity, Markers of Glucose Metabolism, and Blood Pressure in 5-Year-Old Ethiopian Children.

J Nutr 2019 10;149(10):1785-1796

Clinical Epidemiology, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Fetal and early life growth is associated with adult risk of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. However, little is known about the relative importance of birth weight and successive periods of weight gain on markers of cardiometabolic risk in childhood in low-income populations.

Objectives: The objective was to study associations of birth weight and weight gain velocities in selected age intervals from birth to 60 mo with height, fat-free mass (FFM), and markers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk at 60 mo. Read More

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October 2019

The importance of being humble: A meta-analysis and incremental validity analysis of the relationship between honesty-humility and job performance.

J Appl Psychol 2019 Dec 13;104(12):1535-1546. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Department of Management and Entrepreneurship.

The HEXACO model presents a conceptualization of personality that includes the trait honesty-humility (H-H) in addition to 5 other personality traits (i.e., agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotionality, extraversion, openness) that closely approximate the ubiquitous five-factor model (FFM) of personality. Read More

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December 2019

Cortical morphometry of the five-factor model of personality: findings from the Human Connectome Project full sample.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2019 05;14(4):381-395

Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

This study is a replication of an existing large study (N = 507) on the surface-based morphometric correlates of five-factor model (FFM) personality traits. The same methods were used as the original study in another large sample drawn from the same population (N = 597) with results then being aggregated from both samples (N = 1104), providing the largest investigation into the neuroanatomical correlates of FFM personality traits to date. Clusters of association between brain morphometry and each FFM trait are reported. Read More

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Stunting, wasting and breast-feeding as correlates of body composition in Cambodian children at 6 and 15 months of age.

Br J Nutr 2019 03 23;121(6):688-698. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

1Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports,University of Copenhagen,Rolighedsvej 26,1958 Frederiksberg C,Denmark.

The study aimed at assessing stunting, wasting and breast-feeding as correlates of body composition in Cambodian children. As part of a nutrition trial (ISRCTN19918531), fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured using 2H dilution at 6 and 15 months of age. Of 419 infants enrolled, 98 % were breastfed, 15 % stunted and 4 % wasted at 6 months. Read More

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Personality traits share overlapping neuroanatomical correlates with internalizing and externalizing psychopathology.

J Abnorm Psychol 2019 Jan 27;128(1):1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Psychology.

Although personality traits have been linked to internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, the extent to which these traits and psychopathological phenotypes share a common neuroanatomical structure is unclear. To address this gap, we used structural neuroimaging and self-report data from 1101 participants in the Human Connectome Project to generate neuroanatomical profiles (NAPs) of FFM traits and psychopathology indices composed of the thickness, surface area, and gray matter volume of each region in the Desikan atlas, then used a profile matching approach to compare the absolute similarity of the FFM trait NAPs and psychopathology index NAPs. These analyses indicated that the NAPs derived from Neuroticism and Extraversion demonstrated medium to large positive and negative absolute similarities to the NAPs of internalizing psychopathology, respectively. Read More

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January 2019

Energy expenditure in women and men with COPD.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2018 12 14;28:171-178. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Food and Nutrition and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lose weight. Successful nutritional intervention is vital, thus assessment of energy requirement is required. The aim of this study was to present an improved possibility to assess energy requirement in patients with COPD. Read More

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December 2018

Architecture of the femoral and tibial diaphyses in relation to body mass and composition: Research from whole-body CT scans of adult humans.

Am J Phys Anthropol 2018 12 24;167(4):813-826. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Laboratory of 3D Imaging and Analytical Methods, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Charles University, Praha 2, Czech Republic.

Objectives: Recent investigations have evaluated the influence of body composition on long bones in order to overcome the limits of body mass (BM) estimation methods and eventually lead to studying nutrition in past populations. Knowing how fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) impact the skeleton would also enhance the understanding of mobility, activity, and locomotion derived from bone architecture. We investigated the relationship between BM and composition, and the architecture of the entire tibial and femoral diaphyses in an adult sample representative of a wide range of variation in age, BM, and composition. Read More

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December 2018

Serum uric acid potentially links metabolic health to measures of fuel use in lean and obese individuals.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2018 10 20;28(10):1029-1035. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Division of General Medicine, Ospedale S. Giuseppe, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, via Cadorna 90, 28824, Piancavallo di Oggebbio (VB), Italy; Department of Translational Medicine, University of Piemonte Orientale, via Solaroli 17, 28100, Novara, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Uric acid (UA) is a byproduct of the high-energy purine metabolism and is conventionally regarded as a marker of cardio-metabolic impairment. Its potential relationship with energy homeostasis is unknown to date.

Methods And Results: In a cross-sectional study on 121 otherwise healthy obese and 99 sex- and-age-matched lean subjects, UA levels were analyzed in relation to metabolic health, inflammatory markers, respiratory quotient (RQ) and resting energy expenditure (REE) as assessed by indirect calorimetry, fat mass (%FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) as determined by bioimpedance analysis. Read More

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October 2018

Associations between the HEXACO model of personality and gambling involvement, motivations to gamble, and gambling severity in young adult gamblers.

J Behav Addict 2018 Jun 30;7(2):392-400. Epub 2018 May 30.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Calgary , Calgary, Canada.

Background and aims Substantial research has examined the role of personality in disordered gambling. The predominant model in this work has been the five-factor model (FFM) of personality. In this study, we examined the personality correlates of gambling engagement and gambling severity using a six-dimensional framework known as the HEXACO model of personality, which incorporates FFM characteristics with the addition of honesty-humility. Read More

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Advances in assessing body composition during pregnancy.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 05 2;72(5):645-656. Epub 2018 May 2.

Reproductive Endocrinology and Women's Health, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, USA.

The prevalence of excess gestational weight gain is increasing worldwide and is associated with pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, macrosomia, and development of obesity in offspring. Whereas gestational weight gain positively correlates with the gain in fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM) gain is relatively consistent across pregnancies. Commonly used methods to assess body composition include anthropometry, densitometry (air displacement plethysmography, underwater weighing), and hydrometry (isotope dilution, bioimpedance analysis). Read More

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Biological and behavioral correlates of body weight status among rural Northeast Brazilian schoolchildren.

Am J Hum Biol 2018 05 17;30(3):e23096. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, CAV, Federal University of Pernambuco, Vitória de Santo Antão, PE, Brazil.

Objectives: The increase in the prevalence of overweight/obesity in youth is a public health problem worldwide; however, few studies have investigated its prevalence and correlates in children from the Brazilian Northeast region rural zone. The purpose of this study was (1) to estimate the prevalence of children's weight status according to sex, age, and birth weight categories; and (2) to investigate the links between biological and behavioral factors and weight categories.

Methods: The sample comprises 501 children (248 girls), aged 7-10 years, classified as low weight, normal weight, overweight, and obese using body mass index cut-points. Read More

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Interfacing five-factor model and triarchic conceptualizations of psychopathy.

Psychol Assess 2018 06 27;30(6):834-840. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan.

The lexically based five-factor model (FFM) of personality has been a highly influential research framework for characterizing clinical-psychological conditions, including psychopathy, in lexical-trait terms. An alternative trait-descriptive framework, the triarchic model was formulated to characterize psychopathy in neurobehavioral-trait terms, in order to facilitate linkages with variables in the domain of neurobiology. The current study used data from a mixed-gender sample (N = 769; M age = 19. Read More

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Relationships among fat mass, fat-free mass and height in adults: A new method of statistical analysis applied to NHANES data.

Richard F Burton

Am J Hum Biol 2017 May 14;29(3). Epub 2016 Nov 14.

School of Life Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom.

Objectives: The positive influence of fat mass (FM) on fat-free mass (FFM) has been quantified previously by various methods involving regression analysis of population data, but some are fundamentally flawed through neglect of the tendency of taller individuals to carry more fat. Differences in FFM due to differences in FM-and not directly related to differences in height-are expressed as ΔFFM/ΔFM, denoted K . The main aims were to find a sounder regression-based method of quantifying K and simultaneously of estimating mean BMI , the BMI of hypothetical fat-free individuals. Read More

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Elevated blood pressure in adolescent girls: correlation to body size and composition.

BMC Public Health 2016 Jan 26;16:78. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: To improve understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertension in adolescents and pave the way for risk stratification, studies have sought to determine the correlates of blood pressure (BP). Inconsistencies in dependent and independent variables have resulted in an elusive consensus. The aim of this report is to examine an inclusive array of correlates of BP, as a continuous (systolic and diastolic BP) and a dichotomous variable. Read More

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January 2016

Self-reported psychopathy in the Middle East: a cross-national comparison across Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United States.

BMC Psychol 2015 Oct 29;3:37. Epub 2015 Oct 29.

Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: The construct of psychopathy is sparsely researched in the non-Western world, particularly in the Middle East. As such, the extent to which the psychopathy construct can be generalized to other cultures, including Middle Eastern Arab cultures, is largely unknown.

Methods: The present study investigated the cross-cultural/national comparability of self-reported psychopathy in the United States (N = 786), Egypt (N = 296), and Saudi Arabia (N = 341). Read More

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October 2015

Personality Correlates of Midlife Cardiometabolic Risk: The Explanatory Role of Higher-Order Factors of the Five-Factor Model.

J Pers 2016 12 4;84(6):765-776. Epub 2015 Sep 4.

University of Pittsburgh.

Varying associations are reported between Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits and cardiovascular disease risk. Here, we further examine dispositional correlates of cardiometabolic risk within a hierarchical model of personality that proposes higher-order traits of Stability (shared variance of Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, inverse Neuroticism) and Plasticity (Extraversion, Openness), and we test hypothesized mediation via biological and behavioral factors. In an observational study of 856 community volunteers aged 30-54 years (46% male, 86% Caucasian), latent variable FFM traits (using multiple-informant reports) and aggregated cardiometabolic risk (indicators: insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, blood pressure, adiposity) were estimated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Read More

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December 2016

Physiological, anthropometric, strength, and muscle power characteristics correlates with running performance in young runners.

J Strength Cond Res 2015 Jun;29(6):1584-91

1Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil; and 2Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physiological, anthropometric, strength, and muscle power variables and a 5-km time trial (5kmT) in young runners. Twenty-three runners volunteered to participate in this study. Height, body mass, body fat, and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured. Read More

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Anthropometric methods in evaluation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Coll Antropol 2014 Jun;38(2):499-504

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is mainly expressed by weight loss with especially fat-free mass (FFM) depletion and a low body weight correlates with increased mortality and a poor prognosis. We investigated whether anthropometric body composition equations could be used for evaluation of the body composition in COPD. Thirty clinically stable patients with COPD and 13 healthy age matched control subjects underwent the skinfolds and circumference measurements in addition to body mass index (BMI) calculations. Read More

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Sex differences in the relation of body composition to cardiovascular parameters and functions in Korean adolescents: a school-based study.

Obes Facts 2014 10;7(3):165-77. Epub 2014 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Sanggye Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Seoul, South Korea.

Objective: Obesity in adolescence is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The patterns of obesity and body composition differ between boys and girls. It is uncertain how body composition correlates with the cardiovascular system and whether such correlations differ by sex in adolescents. Read More

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February 2015

Fasting Leptin Is a Metabolic Determinant of Food Reward in Overweight and Obese Individuals during Chronic Aerobic Exercise Training.

Int J Endocrinol 2014 11;2014:323728. Epub 2014 Mar 11.

Institute of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.

Changes in food reward have been implicated in exercise-induced compensatory eating behaviour. However, the underlying mechanisms of food reward, and the physiological correlates of exercise-induced changes in food reward, are unknown. Methods. Read More

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Physical activity level and its clinical correlates in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a cross-sectional study.

Respir Res 2013 Nov 15;14:128. Epub 2013 Nov 15.

Department of Neuroscience, Physiotherapy, Uppsala University, Box 593/BMC, SE-751 24, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Decreased physical activity is associated with higher mortality in subjects with COPD. The aim of this study was to assess clinical characteristics and physical activity levels (PALs) in subjects with COPD.

Methods: Seventy-three subjects with COPD (67 ± 7 yrs, 44 female) with one-second forced expiratory volume percentage (FEV1%) predicted values of 43 ± 16 were included. Read More

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November 2013

Liver steatosis (LS) evaluated through chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging liver enzymes in morbid obesity; effect of weight loss obtained with intragastric balloon gastric banding.

Acta Diabetol 2014 2;51(3):361-8. Epub 2013 Oct 2.

Divisione di Medicina Generale II, Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute (DISS) Ospedale San Paolo, Università degli Studi di Milano, via antonio di rudinì 8, 20142, Milan, Italy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate in morbid obesity clinical and metabolic effects related to weight loss on liver steatosis (LS), measured through chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and liver enzymes. Forty obese subjects (8 M/32 W; BMI 42.8 ± 7. Read More

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January 2015

Predictors of body composition and body energy changes in response to chronic overfeeding.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2014 Feb 20;38(2):236-42. Epub 2013 May 20.

Department of Kinesiology, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: We have previously shown that 24 young lean men (12 pairs of identical twins) subjected to a standardized 353 MJ (84 000 kcal) overfeeding protocol over 100 days exhibited individual differences in body weight and composition gains. The mean (+s.d. Read More

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February 2014

Neuronal correlates of the five factor model (FFM) of human personality: Multimodal imaging in a large healthy sample.

Neuroimage 2013 Jan 12;65:194-208. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Centre for the Study of Human Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, Norway, PO Box 1094 Blindern, 0317 Oslo, Norway.

Advances in neuroimaging techniques have recently provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits of human personality. Whereas some intriguing findings have connected aspects of personality to variations in brain morphology, the relations are complex and our current understanding is incomplete. Therefore, we aimed to provide a comprehensive investigation of brain-personality relations using a multimodal neuroimaging approach in a large sample comprising 265 healthy individuals. Read More

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January 2013

A five-factor measure of avoidant personality: the FFAvA.

J Pers Assess 2012 20;94(5):466-74. Epub 2012 Apr 20.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, 703 Third Street,West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081, USA.

A new self-report assessment of the basic traits of avoidant personality disorder (AVD) was developed using a general trait model of personality (Five-factor model; FFM) as a framework. Scales were written to assess maladaptive variants of 10 FFM traits found to be robustly related to AVD across a variety of methods. In a sample of 291 undergraduates, the scales from the Five Factor Avoidant Assessment (FFAvA) proved to be internally consistent and strongly related to the original FFM scales from which they were derived. Read More

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January 2013