3,201 results match your criteria females pcl


Neural responses to morally laden interactions in female inmates with psychopathy.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Mar 27;30:102645. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Psychiatry, and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Much of social cognition requires making inferences about the mental and emotional states of others. Moreover, understanding the emotions of others is an important foundation for moral decision-making. Psychopathy is associated with both aberrant emotional understanding and atypical hemodynamic responses when viewing and evaluating morally laden social interactions. Read More

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Association of Sex and Age With Mild Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Symptoms: A TRACK-TBI Study.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e213046. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Knowledge of differences in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) recovery by sex and age may inform individualized treatment of these patients.

Objective: To identify sex-related differences in symptom recovery from mTBI; secondarily, to explore age differences within women, who demonstrate poorer outcomes after TBI.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The prospective cohort study Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) recruited 2000 patients with mTBI from February 26, 2014, to July 3, 2018, and 299 patients with orthopedic trauma (who served as controls) from January 26, 2016, to July 27, 2018. Read More

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Clarifying fearlessness in psychopathy: An examination of thrill-seeking and physical risk-taking.

J Psychopathol Behav Assess 2021 Mar 5;43(1):21-32. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

The Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM.

has been described among the traits associated with psychopathy; however, disparities in conceptualizations of fear and how related elements are operationalized among different measures of psychopathic traits have led to some enduring controversy. Here we address a subset of elements characterizing fearlessness represented in thrill-seeking and physical risk-taking among a large sample of incarcerated individuals (n = 688). We examine these relationships utilizing Hare's Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R), the Psychopathy Personality Inventory-Short Form (PPI-SF), and the Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS). Read More

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PECULIARITIES OF THE MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF SUPRAHYOID REGION OF THE HUMAN PREFETUSES.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(2):291-294

I. HORBACHEVSKY TERNOPIL NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TERNOPIL, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To determine the peculiarities of the morphometric parameters of suprahyoid region of the human prefetuses.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: Thirty specimens of human prefetuses of 14.0-80. Read More

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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among COVID-19 Survivors at 3-Month Follow-up After Hospital Discharge.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe but treatable mental disorder that develops after a life-threatening traumatic event. Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) hospitalisation is a potentially traumatic experience, especially in severe cases. Furthermore, the unprecedented context of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic, with daily media bombardment about COVID-19 mortality, may have amplified life-threatening perception also in patients with moderate infection. Read More

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Psychopathy, addictions and female gender: comparative study using the Psychopathy Checklist Revised and the Comprehensive Assessment of Psychopathic Personality.

Adicciones 2021 Mar 11;0(0):1500. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

CIBERSAM. Servicios Médicos del Centro Penitenciario de Pereiro de Aguiar.

Traditionally, psychopathy research has focused on assessing men with the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R). Research on women with other assessment tools is scarce. The objective of this study is to evaluate psychopathy, using various tools, in a sample with both women and men. Read More

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Clinical Anatomy of the Posterior Meniscofemoral Ligament of Wrisberg: An Original MRI Study, Meta-analysis, and Systematic Review.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Feb 22;9(2):2325967120973195. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina, Minnesota, USA.

Background: The posterior meniscofemoral ligament (pMFL) of Wrisberg attaches to the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus and the lateral intercondylar aspect of the medial femoral condyle and passes posteriorly to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). The pMFL plays a role in recovery after PCL injuries and offers stability to the lateral meniscus, promoting normal knee function.

Purpose/hypothesis: The aim of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arm of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the pMFL in Polish patients. Read More

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February 2021

Female victims of acquaintance rape in college: Incidence and effects of encounters with perpetrators.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Mar 18:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Acquaintance rape is the most common type of rape perpetrated against college women, but little information exists on later encounters with the perpetrator, lifestyle changes, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The sample consisted of 463 college-attending females, 16% of which indicated they were raped since attending college. The current study examines the incidence and effects of acquaintance rape perpetrated against female college students at a large, public university in the southeastern United States. Read More

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Health-related quality of life among survivors in minority area 2 years after Jiuzhaigou earthquake: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(10):e25089

Institute of Hospital Management, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.

Abstract: To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and related factors, the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among earthquake survivors in minority area 2 years after Jiuzhaigou earthquake.Two years after the Jiuzhaigou earthquake, a cross-sectional survey was conducted by a multi-stage sampling approach. HRQoL was measured by the short form 12 (SF-12), PTSD was measured by the PTSD Check List-Civilian Version (PCL-C), and social support was measured by the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Read More

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Evaluating distal femoral torsion and posterior condylar line reliability for adjusting femoral component rotation in TKA, Egyptian population radiographic study.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Feb 5;13:99-105. Epub 2020 Dec 5.

Orthopaedic and Traumatology Department, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt.

Background: Femoral component rotational alignment is critical for successful TKA. The primary study objective is to measure the preoperative distal femoral torsion (DFT) of an Egyptian patient's cohort using a seated posteroanterior (PA) knee radiograph. The secondary objectives are to check the intraoperative reliability of using the posterior condylar line (PCL) as a reference for rotation and to measure postoperative component rotation using the same radiographic technique. Read More

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February 2021

Improved healing of critical-size femoral defect in osteoporosis rat models using 3D elastin/polycaprolactone/nHA scaffold in combination with mesenchymal stem cells.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2021 Mar 8;32(3):27. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, ShahidBeheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that results in elevated risk of fracture, and delayed bone healing and impaired bone regeneration are implicated by this disease. In this study, Elastin/Polycaprolactone/nHA nanofibrous scaffold in combination with mesenchymal stem cells were used to regenerate bone defects. Cytotoxicity, cytocompatibility and cellular morphology were evaluated in vitro and observations revealed that an appropriate environment for cellular attachment, growth, migration, and proliferation is provided by this scaffold. Read More

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Subtle changes of the crystalline lens after cycloplegia: a retrospective study.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 6;21(1):124. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

School of Basic Medicine, North Sichuan Medical College, Sichuan Province, 637000, Nanchong, China.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shape of the crystalline lens in terms of biometry and diopters before and after cycloplegia using the CASIA2 swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography (OCT) system on the anterior segment.

Methods: This was a retrospective study. Children and adolescents (26 males and 29 females, aged 4-21 years) with simple ametropia were selected for optometry and CASIA2 imaging at 2 separate visits before and after cycloplegia. Read More

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress in Hospitalized and Non-Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 20;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Pulmonary Department, Akershus University Hospital, 1478 Lørenskog, Norway.

This population-based study assessed the prevalence and determinants of symptom-defined post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a cohort of hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients about 1.5-6 months after their COVID-19 onset. The data were acquired from two mixed postal/web surveys in June-September 2020 from patients all aged ≥18 years with a positive polymerase chain reaction for severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) until 1 June 2020, comprising both hospitalized and non-hospitalized subjects. Read More

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February 2021

Diagnostic value of SpyGlass for pancreatic cystic lesions: comparison of EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration and EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration combined with SpyGlass.

Surg Endosc 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Haidian District, No. 28 of Fuxing Road, Beijing, 100853, China.

Background And Aims: No study has evaluated the diagnostic value of SpyGlass by comparing SpyGlass results and non-SpyGlass results. In this retrospective study, we aimed to compare the diagnostic value of EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and EUS-FNA combined with SpyGlass to evaluate whether SpyGlass is valuable for increasing the diagnostic yield of EUS-FNA.

Methods: From April 2015 to April 2020, 251 patients suspected of having pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) by imaging techniques who then underwent EUS-FNA were retrospectively enrolled. Read More

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[Study on reconstruction of posterior cruciate ligament with autologous peroneus longus tendon under arthroscopy].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;35(2):166-170

Department of Joint Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi Guizhou, 563003, P.R.China.

Objective: To discuss the effectiveness of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with autologous peroneus longus tendon under arthroscopy.

Methods: Between January 2016 and December 2018, 46 patients with PCL injuries were enrolled. There were 34 males and 12 females, with an average age of 40. Read More

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February 2021

The Effectiveness and safety of T-MSAT on inpatients with acute low back pain caused by traffic accidents: A protocol for randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e23851

Jaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Presentation of musculoskeletal symptoms, such as pain, discomfort, or disability, caused by a traffic accident (TA) is a common occurrence. However, studies on treatment and management of sudden low back pain (LBP) caused by a TA are very scarce, while studies on the effectiveness of motion style acupuncture therapy (MSAT) used on such patients are also rare. Accordingly, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is planned to assess the effectiveness and safety of MSAT using traction (T-MSAT) for the treatment of pain and functional problems in patients with acute LBP caused by a TA. Read More

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February 2021

Current Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Mediate the Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Executive Functions.

Psychol Rep 2021 Feb 11:33294120979690. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology, 4530University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are both associated with lower performances on executive function tasks. However, few researchers have evaluated ACEs, posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, and executive function difficulties in conjunction. Using an online micropayment service, the current study assessed whether PTS symptoms mediated the relationship between ACEs and executive functions. Read More

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February 2021

Arcuate sign-fibular head avulsion fracture and associated injuries in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Emerg Radiol 2021 Feb 10. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

E.B. Singleton Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin Street, Suite 470, Houston, TX, 77030-2399, USA.

Purpose: To describe the first "arcuate sign" case series in the pediatric population, radiologic features of the associated injuries, management, and how they compare with the adult population.

Methods: Retrospective study included patients under 18 years of age with a classic "arcuate sign" on radiographs. Data collected included patient demographics, mechanism of injury, and management. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence and risk factors for acute posttraumatic stress disorder during the COVID-19 outbreak.

J Affect Disord 2021 03 28;283:123-129. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Lab for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China; The Emotion & Cognition Lab, Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Naval Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China. Electronic address:

Background: To examine the prevalence of and risk factors for acute posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) shortly after the massive outbreak of COVID-19 in China.

Methods: An online anonymous survey was conducted between 30 January and 3 February, 2020. The survey included two self-administered questionnaires: one collected personal information (gender, age, education background), current location, recent epidemic area contact history, the classification of population, and subjective sleep quality; the other was the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Read More

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Epidemiology of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions in Italy: A 15-Year Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 1;10(3). Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro del Portillo, 200, Trigoria, 00128 Rome, Italy.

Background: The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is an essential element in knee stability. PCL reconstructions represent an under-investigated topic in the literature due to the rarity of this type of knee injury. This study aims to investigate the incidence of PCL reconstructive surgeries in Italy, following their trend during a 15-year period. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence and correlates of chronic fatigue syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder after the outbreak of the COVID-19.

J Neurovirol 2021 02 2;27(1):154-159. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Brain Mapping Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

As the SARS-COV-2 becomes a global pandemic, many researchers have a concern about the long COVID-19 complications. Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a persistent, debilitating, and unexplained fatigue disorder. We investigated psychological morbidities such as CFS and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among survivors of COVID-19 over 6 months. Read More

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February 2021

Structural Consequences of a Partial Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury on Remaining Joint Integrity: Evidence for Ligament and Bone Changes Over Time in an Ovine Model.

Am J Sports Med 2021 03 1;49(3):637-648. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Background: Severe injury to the knee joint often results in accelerated posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). In an ovine knee injury model, altered kinematics and degradation of the cartilage have been observed at 20 and 40 weeks after partial anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transection (p-ACL Tx) surgery. However, changes to the integrity of the remaining intact intra-articular ligaments (posterolateral [PL] band and posterior cruciate ligament [PCL]) as well as the subchondral bone after anteromedial (AM) band Tx remain to be characterized. Read More

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The psychopathic dimension in women of mafia.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2021 Jan-Feb;74:101600. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Policlinico Universitario, p.za G. Cesare, 70124 Bari, Italy. Electronic address:

The authors focus their interest on the socially deviant mafia world, especially on the question of a psychopathic dimension of individuals in mafia. From the scientific point of view this continues to be an unknow world. In all these cases, individuals in mafia, their "feats", their profiles seem to correspond to popular conceptions of the psychopath. Read More

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January 2021

In-vivo assessment of a tissue engineered vascular graft computationally optimized for target vessel compliance.

Acta Biomater 2021 03 20;123:298-311. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; Vascular Medicine Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Tissue engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) have the ability to be tuned to match a target vessel's compliance, diameter, wall thickness, and thereby prevent compliance mismatch. In this work, TEVG compliance was manipulated by computationally tuning its layered composition or by manipulating a crosslinking agent (genipin). In particular, these three acelluluar TEVGs were compared: a compliance matched graft (CM - high gelatin content); a hypocompliant PCL graft (HYPO - high polycaprolactone content); and a hypocompliant genipin graft (HYPO - equivalent composition as CM but hypocompliant via increased genipin crosslinking). Read More

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What is the impact of knee morphology on posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture in men and women: a case control study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jan 21;22(1):100. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Shunyi District Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Several studies on the relationship between morphological parameters and traumatic diseases of the knee have already been conducted. However, few studies focused on the association between knee morphology and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture in adults. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of knee morphology on PCL avulsion fracture. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical impact of COVID-19 on patients with cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibition.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 01;9(1)

Melanoma Institute Australia and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Background: Patients with cancer who are infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are more likely to develop severe illness and die compared with those without cancer. The impact of immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) on the severity of COVID-19 illness is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ICI confers an additional risk for severe COVID-19 in patients with cancer. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of genetic background, sex, and age on murine atrial electrophysiology.

Europace 2021 Jan 19. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Aims: Genetically altered mice are powerful models to investigate mechanisms of atrial arrhythmias, but normal ranges for murine atrial electrophysiology have not been robustly characterized.

Methods And Results: We analyzed results from 221 electrophysiological (EP) studies in isolated, Langendorff-perfused hearts of wildtype mice (114 female, 107 male) from 2.5 to 17. Read More

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January 2021

[Prevalence investigation of plasma cell leukemia in China: a calculation based on national urban medical insurance in 2016].

Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2020 Dec;41(12):984-988

Peking University Institute of Hematology, Peking University People's Hospital, National Clinical Research, Center for Hematologic Disease, Beijing 100044, China; Innovative Center of Hematology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China.

To analyze the epidemiological features of patients with plasma cell leukemia (PCL) and calculate the prevalence of PCL in urban China in 2016. Calculation in this study was based on China's urban basic medical insurance from 23 provinces between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016. The identification of the patients with PCL was based on the disease names and codes in the claim data. Read More

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December 2020

Association of GBA Genotype With Motor and Functional Decline in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Parkinson Disease.

Neurology 2021 02 21;96(7):e1036-e1044. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

From The Norwegian Centre for Movement Disorders (J.M.-G., G.A.), Department of Research, Section of Biostatistics (I.D.), and Department of Neurology (G.A.), Stavanger University Hospital; Department of Chemistry, Bioscience and Environmental Engineering (J.M.-G., G.A.), University of Stavanger; Department of Neurology (O.-B.T.), Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen; Department of Clinical Medicine (O.-B.T.), University of Bergen, Norway; Institute of Applied Health Sciences (A.D.M., C.E.C.), University of Aberdeen, UK; and Department of Clinical Science, Neurosciences (L.F.), Umeå University, Sweden.

Objective: To establish the significance of glucocerebrosidase gene () carrier status on motor impairment in a large cohort of patients with incident Parkinson disease (PD).

Methods: Three European population-based studies followed 528 patients with PD from diagnosis. A total of 440 with genomic DNA from baseline were assessed for variants. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Pharm J 2020 Dec 30;28(12):1666-1673. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The coronavirus diseases of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was classified as one of the worst pandemics in the 21st century. Its rapid transmission, unpredicted mortality rate, and the uncertainty surrounding its transmission method have evoked additional fear and anxiety. Nonetheless, to the best of our knowledge, no prior study has explored PTSD prevalence three months after the start of the quarantine procedures in Saudi Arabia nor has examined PTSD prevalence by three different methods. Read More

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December 2020