200,275 results match your criteria females experienced

Prevalence and Distribution of Ankle Joint Equinus in 249 Consecutive Patients Attending a Foot and Ankle Specialty Clinic.

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2021 Mar;111(2)

Background: The definition of equinus varies from less than 0° to less than 25° of dorsiflexion with the foot at 90° to the leg. Despite its pervasive nature and broad association with many lower-extremity conditions, the prevalence of ankle equinus is unclear. Furthermore, there are few data to suggest whether equinus is predominantly a bilateral finding or isolated to the affected limb only. Read More

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Evaluation of the Safety of Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Antagonists for Migraine Treatment Among Adults With Raynaud Phenomenon.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e217934. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale.

Importance: Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) antagonists have demonstrated tremendous promise in migraine management. However, these medications decrease reflex vasodilatory response, which may lead to exacerbation of microvascular disease in susceptible patients, such as patients with Raynaud phenomenon (RP).

Objective: To investigate the microvascular complications of CGRP antagonists in patients with underlying RP. Read More

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Association between Pain, Pulmonary Function, and Respiratory Symptoms in People with HIV.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System and University of Washington, Seattle, WA Division of HIV, Infectious Diseases, and Global Medicine and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Zuckerberg San Francisco General, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Health Care System Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Background: People with HIV (PWH) experience chronic pain and respiratory symptoms, which are closely related in the general population. Pain may impact the impaired pulmonary function seen in PWH beyond its association with HIV alone. Our objective was to investigate the relationship of pain severity to pulmonary function, respiratory symptoms, and sleep disturbance in PWH. Read More

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The effect of stress exposure on depressive symptoms and major depressive episode among US Afro-Caribbean women.

Christy L Erving

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, US.

Purpose: This study examines whether stress exposures experienced within and across various life domains (e.g., interpersonal, financial) are predictors of depression among Afro-Caribbean women, an understudied ethnic group within the US Black female population. Read More

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Beware of Optical Illusion of the Alar Base in Unilateral Cleft Lip Nasal Deformity.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Apr 15;9(4):e3523. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: It is generally accepted that the alar base on the cleft side in the cleft lip nose is displaced outward and downward; therefore, it is rotated inward and upward in almost all procedures for cleft lip closure. However, nostril narrowing and collapse of the lower lateral cartilage on the cleft side are sometimes experienced. In this retrospective study, we investigated whether the preoperative alar base on the cleft side is displaced outward and downward. Read More

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The effects of mode of delivery, maternal age, birth weight, gender and family history on screening hearing results: A cross sectional study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Apr 26;64:102236. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of General and Special Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

Introduction: Congenital hearing impairment is one of the principal issues that make distress to families especially those with a family history of hearing problems. Early detection of hearing impairment can make a difference regarding cognitive, attention, learning, speech, and social and emotional development of babies. Otoacoustic test emission is a very common screening test that can be used to pick up early cases and relieve family stress. Read More

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Doppler waveform analysis during provocative manoeuvres in the assessment for arterial thoracic outlet syndrome results in high false-positive rates; a cross-sectional study.

JRSM Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;10:20480040211006571. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery & Interventional Medicine, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: There is a high rate of false-positive arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (ATOS) diagnoses due to limited research into the optimal use of ultrasound. To improve future diagnostic efficiency, we aimed to characterise the haemodynamic effects of different provocative positions and estimate the prevalence of compression in the healthy population.

Design: In this cross-sectional, observational study, the effect of varying degrees of arm abduction on discomfort levels and/or changes in subclavian artery Doppler waveform was analysed in the healthy population; the peak systolic velocity (PSV), systolic rise time (SRT), phasicity and extent of turbulence were recorded. Read More

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Progression of Nonmotor Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease by Sex and Motor Laterality.

Parkinsons Dis 2021 1;2021:8898887. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Neurology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.

Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) can start up to a decade before motor manifestations and strongly correlate with the quality of life. Understanding patterns of NMS can provide clues to the incipient site of PD pathology. Our goal was to systematically characterize the progression of NMS in PD ( = 489), compared to healthy controls, HC ( = 241), based on the sex of the subjects and laterality of motor symptom onset. Read More

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COVID-19: Are School Counseling Services Ready? Students' Psychological Symptoms, School Counselors' Views, and Solutions.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:647740. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of COVID-19 on high school students' psychological symptoms and to understand how ready counselors and school counseling services are based on the data we have. Therefore, this research is designed under two different studies: (A) Study 1: Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on students' psychological symptoms and (B) Study 2: Views and expectations of students and school counselors about school counseling services. The first study was a quantitative study and included 549 high school students (398 female, 151 male). Read More

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Music Listening as a Strategy for Managing COVID-19 Stress in First-Year University Students.

Front Psychol 2021 1;12:647065. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

UQ Music, Dance & Health Research Group, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

The COVID-19 pandemic brought rapid changes to travel, learning environments, work conditions, and social support, which caused stress for many University students. Research with young people has revealed music listening to be among their most effective strategies for coping with stress. As such, this survey of 402 first-year Australian University students (73. Read More

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Uncemented total hip arthroplasty; increased risk of early periprosthetic fracture requiring revision surgery in elderly females.

J Orthop 2021 May-Jun;25:40-44. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Clinical Orthopedic Research Center - mN, Zeist, Jagersingel 1, 3707, HL, Zeist, the Netherlands.

Purpose: The preferred method of stem fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains debatable. Uncemented THA favors a lower rate of aseptic loosening but has an increased risk of early periprosthetic fractures (EPF). We hypothesize that routine placement of uncemented THA by experienced surgeons diminishes this EPF-risk. Read More

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Insomnia: Sex differences and age of onset in active duty Army soldiers.

Sleep Health 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Cpl. Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: The prevalence of insomnia symptoms, insomnia diagnostic status, and age of onset compared by sex is understudied within the military population.

Method: Data were examined from the All Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (N = 21,294; 18-61 years; 11.7% female and 87. Read More

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Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma of the maxilla with EGFR exon 20 insertions: Relevance of whole-exome sequencing in molecular understanding and therapeutic proposals for rare cancers.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kyoto University Hospital, 54 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) is the most common odontogenic sarcoma, but the incidence is relatively low, and its molecular biology is poorly understood. We experienced a young female patient with a rapidly growing soft tissue tumor of the left maxilla, which eventually occupied the left side of the oral cavity. Histologically, the tumor mainly consisted of a proliferation of atypical spindle to polygonal cells without any specific differentiation, but a small number of benign odontogenic epithelial foci mainly in the tumor periphery were also noted; thus, a diagnosis of AFS was made. Read More

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[Female patients with eating disorders and their parents experience in China: A qualitative study].

Encephale 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Maison de Solenn, Hôpital Cochin, AP-HP, 97, boulevard de Port-Royal, 75014 Paris, France; Inserm, UVSQ, CESP, université Paris-Saclay, hôpital Paul-Brousse, bâtiment 15-16, 16, avenue Paul-Vaillant-Couturier, 94807 Villejuif cedex, France; Université de Paris, 75005 Paris, France.

Introduction: Recent tendencies show a stabilization in Western countries of the incidence of anorexia nervosa but an increase in Asian countries where it used to be lower. The emergence of these diseases in non-Western countries suggests a culture change syndrome on an individual or societal scale. The great number of changes having occurred in China in the past decades would favor the occurrence of eating disorders. Read More

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Evaluation of temporal changes in the sexual function among Japanese women using the female sexual function index: An Internet survey.

Womens Health (Lond) 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17455065211009103

Department of Urology, Medical Corporation ROKUWA Hospital, Inazawa, Japan.

Objectives: Female sexual dysfunction is an underestimated problem that negatively affects women's quality of life. Although the overall prevalence of sexual dysfunction in women is high, only a few studies have focused on this problem. In Japan, an index of female sexual function has not been clearly defined. Read More

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Safety of surgical fertility preservation procedures in children prior to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Pediatric Oncology, Dana Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA.

Background: Long-term survival following hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) in childhood continues to improve and patients are thus increasingly faced with the late effects of treatment. Infertility is very common for both males and females following HSCT and is one of the most distressing sequelae. Adoption and surrogate egg or sperm donation are possibilities for some patients but post-HSCT reversal of gonadal failure is not possible. Read More

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Healthcare professionals' work-related stress in palliative care: a cross-sectional survey.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organisation (IKNL), Utrecht, the Netherlands; Netherlands Association for Palliative Care (PZNL), Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Context: Providing palliative care can lead to work-related stress and ultimately to burnout. The need for palliative care will further increase due to population aging and people living longer with life-threatening diseases. Therefore, a healthy palliative care workforce is vital. Read More

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Clinical Features of Essential Voice Tremor and Associations with Tremor Severity and Response to Octanoic Acid Treatment.

Laryngoscope 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Neurology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical features, tremor variability, and factors related to octanoic acid (OA) treatment response in essential voice tremor (EVT).

Study Design: Prospective, double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study with secondary analysis.

Methods: Clinical tremor features in 16 individuals with EVT were comprehensively assessed, and correlations with acoustic tremor severity were determined. Read More

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[Liposuction with consequences: what to consider when using prilocaine].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Spital Thurgau AG, Hand- und Plastische Chirurgie.

Aetiologically, prilocaine-induced methaemoglobinaemia is a rare form of acquired methaemoglobinaemia, which occurs rarely in the first place. The following report highlights a potentially dangerous complication arising after application of prilocaine during liposuction.A young female visited the Accident and Emergency Department following a pre-syncopal fall. Read More

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Relationships between avian malaria resilience and corticosterone, testosterone and prolactin in a Hawaiian songbird.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 Apr 13:113784. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Glucocorticoids, androgens, and prolactin regulate metabolism and reproduction, but they also play critical roles in immunomodulation. Since the introduction of avian malaria to Hawaii a century ago, low elevation populations of the Hawaii Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens) that have experienced strong selection by avian malaria have evolved increased resilience (the ability to recover from infection), while high elevation populations that have undergone weak selection remain less resilient. We investigated how variation in malaria selection has affected corticosterone, testosterone, and prolactin hormone levels in Amakihi during the breeding season. Read More

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Recurrence of gastric cancer caused by implantation of tumor cells after curative endoscopic submucosal dissection.

Gastric Cancer 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Omori Red Cross Hospital, 4-30-1, Chuo, Ota-Ku, Tokyo, 143-0024, Japan.

A 93-year-old female underwent curative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for intramucosal gastric cancer (70 mm in diameter) in the antrum. The lesion showed an irregularly villous structure covered with mucus. En bloc resection was performed. Read More

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Safety and Reactogenicity of 2 Doses of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients.

Transplantation 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Background: We studied the safety and reactogenicity SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines in transplant recipients because immunosuppressed patients were excluded from vaccine trials.

Methods: US transplant recipients were recruited into this prospective cohort study through social media; those who completed the full vaccine series between 12/9/2020-3/1/2021 were included. We collected demographics, medical history, and safety information within 7 days after doses 1 and 2 (D1, D2). Read More

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Online health information-seeking behaviors and skills of Chinese college students.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 15;21(1):736. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Clinical Research Unit, Shantou University Medical College, Xinling Road 22, Shantou, 515041, PR China.

Background: Seeking online health information (OHI) has become a common practice globally. The information seekers could face health risks if they are not proficient in OHI literacy. The OHI-seeking behaviors and skills of Chinese college students, the largest proportion of college students in the world, are understudied. Read More

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Perceptions of Peer Support for Victim-Survivors of Sexual Violence and Abuse: An Exploratory Study With Key Stakeholders.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 15:8862605211007931. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

University of Bristol, UK.

Experiences of sexual violence, childhood sexual abuse, and sexual assault are common across all societies. These experiences damage physical and mental health, coping ability, and relationships with others. Given the breadth and magnitude of impacts, it is imperative that there are effective, accessible services to support victim-survivors, ease suffering, and empower people to cope, recover and thrive. Read More

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IgA autoreactivity towards brain enriched and apoptosis regulating proteins in saliva of athletes after acute concussion and subconcussive impacts.

J Neurotrauma 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

George Mason University, 10900 University Blvd. 4E5, Manassas, Virginia, United States, 20110;

The diagnosis and management of concussion is hindered by its diverse clinical presentation and assessment tools reliant upon subjectively-experienced symptoms. The biomechanical threshold of concussion is also not well understood and asymptomatic or 'subconcussive impacts' of variable magnitudes are common in contact sports. Concerns have risen because athletes returning to activity too soon have an increased risk of prolonged recovery or long-term adverse health consequences. Read More

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Real-World Treatment Profiles, Clinical Outcomes, and Healthcare Resource Utilization of Patients with Migraine Prescribed Erenumab: A Multicenter Chart-Review Study of US Headache Centers.

Neurol Ther 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, CA, USA.

Introduction: Erenumab, a first-in-class monoclonal antibody targeting the calcitonin gene-related peptide pathway, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2018 for the prevention of migraine in adults. There is limited data available on its impact in real-world settings. The study aim was to characterize the real-world treatment profiles, clinical outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization of patients prescribed erenumab from select major US headache centers. Read More

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Impact of education, age and gender on investor's sentiment: A survey of practitioners9.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 25;7(3):e06495. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pontificia Comillas ICADE, Madrid, Spain.

The field of behavioral finance lacks a homogeneous and structured theoretical framework. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to further systematization in the field by analyzing the impacts of education, gender and age on investor behavior and sentiment. The study is based on online anonymous surveys given to 106 professional investors active in the Spanish market during February 2017. Read More

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Evaluating co-occurrence of depression and sexual dysfunction and related factors among Iranian rural women: A population-based study.

Biomedicine (Taipei) 2020 28;10(1):33-39. Epub 2020 Mar 28.

Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Centre, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Sexual dysfunction and mood disorders have a high prevalence rate and their co-occurrence has been reported in previous studies. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of co-occurrence of sexual dysfunction and depression and related factors in women.

Materials And Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 826 married rural women aged 15-49 years in Sari, Iran in 2018, selected by random sampling. Read More

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Menstrual related discomfort and associated factors among undergraduate students in Ambo University, Central Ethiopia.

SAGE Open Med 2021 24;9:20503121211003361. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon which is an indicator of women's health that occurs throughout the reproductive years of every female. This phenomenon is unique to the females and governed by the girl's general health condition, genetic, socioeconomic, and nutritional factors. Although it is a normal physiological process, most females experience some degree of pain and discomfort in their menstruation period. Read More

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